• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회

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A Community-Based Research on Rural Community Outreach (지역실행연구(CBR)에 의한 지역아웃리치(Community Outreach) 실천분석 -농촌지역사회를 대상으로-)

  • Hong, Hyun-Mee-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.105-129
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    • 2008
  • Using a method of Community-Based Research, Reconstructed action plaining for community change within the rural community is to mobilize and develop community resources, to develop and change community service delivery system, to communicate on community issues and advocacy. Research findings are as follows: Firstly, community outreach, its utility is finding some needy client within the lack of resources absolutely. Secondly, one is linking communities between a poor community and a wealthy community. Finally, one is building initiative social capital. The results suggest that social policy for rural community should built up service delivery system. It needs for local government to maintain community change by financial support. It has to link social welfare system and medical system.

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A Study on the Restructuring of Shipbuilding Industry and the Structure of Community Cooperation - The Case of Sinhyeon-eup in Geoje, Korea - (조선산업 구조조정과 지역사회 협력구조에 관한 연구 -거제시 신현읍을 사례로 -)

  • Woo Youn-sub
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.402-415
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    • 2005
  • This study inquired the features of restructuring of shipbuilding industry and structure of community cooperation. The Sinhyeon-eup region has experienced rapid changes as a large shipyard location. Prior to Korea, Japan has developed the cooperation of company-community-residents relationships and the reorganization of location systems through division and accumulation system. The restructuring of shipbuilding industry in Korea have focused on the improvement of business environment. So they have not been efficiently settled in the accumulation and the cooperation structure between company and region. Japan established the organic cooperation structure of company and community before the large restructuring, while the shipbuilding industry city of our country commenced it with the crisis of community by the restructuring. In the Sinhyeon-eup region, The connecting ring among the production sections of a core company in center is established. However the structure of community cooperation is weak. The structure of community cooperation as local governance consist of company, pubic institution, local residents, and regional expert. This structure can be a rational channel in which it can not only strengthen the cohesion of the community, but also solve the present questions of the industrial city.

A Study of the Experiences and Changes of the Self-Sufficient Centers that Converted the Centre Corporation into Social Cooperative (지역자활센터의 사회적협동조합 전환과정과 변화에 대한 연구)

  • Baek, Hakyoung;Kim, KyoungHuy;Han, Kyounghoon
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.265-299
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    • 2018
  • The pilot project for type diversification of self-sufficient support center that convert the centre corporation into social cooperative was introduced in 2015. That aimed to increase the number of participants of self-sufficient programmes and to create more jobs for the working poor through expanding the center's autonomy of usage of budget and arrangement of self-sufficient programmes. This study analyzed the organization transmitting processes and changes of the centers took part in the pilot project, then aimed to suggest the improvement schemes to be helpful for reinforcing positive efforts and removing obstacles in the process converting. The results show that converting into social cooperative is a choice for the sustainability of the centers led by surroundings rather than self-initiated plan. There are some positive changes that are increasing the enterprising spirit and obligation of the center staff. Further more, the cooperation with other community organizations is enhanced based on achieving regional recognition, and support of local governments and the opportunity for new businesses are expanded. However, these are very limited in the regions where social economy is undeveloped. Eventually, we should seek the development schemes of the pilot project considering the reduction of the number of participants in self-sufficient programmes and decreasing of their ability to work, even if some positive aspects are revealed.

The Effects of Poverty on the Psychosocial Adjustment of Adolescents -Testing Mediator Effects of Neighborhood Environments and Parental Depression- (가족 빈곤이 청소년의 심리사회적 적응에 미치는 영향 -지역사회 환경과 부모우울의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Ha, Tae-Jeong;Kang, Hyun-ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.40
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    • pp.139-166
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of poverty on the psychosocial adjustment of adolescents. Particularly, this study seeks to examine the mediating effects of neighborhood environments and parental depression. The 2008 'the Korean Youth General Survey' data were utilized. We analyzed data from 2,218 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 and their parents. We defined poverty as the income-to-needs ratio, and measured neighborhood environment using the degrees of neighborhoods' disorder, attachment, cohesion, and informal social control. Adolescents' externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors were used as indicators of adolescents' psycho-social adjustment. Structural equation modeling was utilized as the major analytic method. This study found that adolescents in low income families were more likely to reside in disadvantaged and dangerous neighborhoods. More importantly, the results revealed that psychosocial adjustment of the adolescents was indirectly influenced by poverty through the mediators, neighborhood environment and parental depression. Based on the results, we discussed policy and practice implications, including various interventions that may improve parental mental health and neighborhood environment of low income communities.

An Analysis on the Current Status and Situation of Extension Services to the Communities of University Libraries in Daegu (대구지역 대학도서관의 지역사회 개방 서비스 현황 분석)

  • Park, Na-Won;Yeo, Ji-Sook;Oh, Dong-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Information Management Conference
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    • pp.131-134
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    • 2015
  • 대학도서관은 연구와 교육의 센터로서 대학의 내부소속인의 교육과 연구, 학습을 뒷받침해왔다. 현대사회에서 평생교육과 자기주도 학습, 지적자유에 대한 사회적 요구가 커지면서 이제 대학도서관은 내부소속인 뿐만 아니라 외부이용자를 위한 서비스도 제공하는 이른바 지역사회 개방을 시행하고 있다. 이 연구는 지역사회 개방에 대한 선행연구들을 참고하여 지역사회 개방에 대해 알아보고, 대구지역의 대학도서관을 중심으로 지역사회 개방의 현황에 대해 구체적으로 분석하였다.

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The Moderating Effect of Community Cohesion on the Relationship between Neighborhood Disorder and Community Integration among Persons with Mental Illnesses (동네무질서와 정신장애인의 지역사회통합과의 관계 - 지역사회응집력의 조절효과 분석 -)

  • Min, So Young
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.3
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    • pp.57-82
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the extent to which community cohesion moderates the effects of neighborhood disorder on community integration among persons with mental illnesses(MI) who are living in the community. Stress process model, social disorganization theory, and neighborhood disorder model were considered with regard to the moderating effect of community cohesion. 692 persons with MI who utilized Community Mental Health Enhancement Centers were surveyed and analyzed, employing moderated regression model. Major findings showed that neighborhood disorder increased social integration. Community cohesion moderated the relationships of neighborhood disorder to three dimensions of community integration: physical, social and psychological integration. Implications for community intervention beyond the individual and service-level interventions were addressed in order to accomplish community integration for persons with MI.

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Modeling Community Capacity Building Using Spatial Asset Mapping (공간자산매핑을 이용한 지역사회 능력배양의 모델링에 관한 연구)

  • Liou, Jaeik
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.98-108
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    • 2004
  • The concept of community capacity is regarded as the ability of people and communities to do works associated with the determinant factors and indicators of the circumstances of socio-economic, environmental and physical contexts. Building capacity of communities to effectively analyze our problematic issues and planning of community development is often required to scrutinize current status of community of socio-economic and infrastructural capacity development with GIS. We consider community development as a planned effort to build assets that increase the capacity of communities. Spatial asset mapping is the process enabling to identify and make inventories of tangible and intangible assets. This mapping requires developing a capacity inventory that collects individual organizational and community capacities in view of human, socio-cultural, natural, financial, digital, and physical capacity. The purpose of this research is not only designed to suggest a new concept capacity building, but also proposes a more creative framework of asset-based community cap linking to parcel-based spatial asset mapping and capacity mapping process.

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Community Change Perceived by participants in the Integrated Program for Early Children Development with Low-income Families Using Photo-voice Method: Centered on the Case of 'Seesaw and Swing' (영유아통합지원 실천의 지역사회변화 인식에 관한 포토보이스 연구: '시소와그네' 사례를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Hyunmeera
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.4
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    • pp.233-255
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    • 2014
  • The article attempts to explore community change perceived by participants result from The Integrated Program for Infant and Young Children, a program operated by the Community Chest. The participants expressed and shared their experiences through photos and discussions using the Photo-voice method under the theme of 'community life, its meaning and change'. The main themes were 1. In the past, 'community life,' non-meaningful space; 2. Now, we have shared identity, 'You are not alone'; 3. Our village which is a new place in my life. The article also may suggest issues on both community intervention for early children development program and organization for fosterers as social capital. Additionally, photo-voice method enabled participants to find the way to restructure their community from non-place to place. There were three stages, the first was to reflect on their community, the second was to re-inhabit in the community, and the last was to restore the community.

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A Case Study on the Community-based Elderly Care Services Provided by the Social Economy Network in Gwangjin-Gu, Seoul (사회적경제 조직의 지역사회 돌봄 네트워킹 가능성에 대한 비판적 고찰: 서울시 광진구 노인돌봄 클러스터 사례연구)

  • Kim, HyoungYong;Han, EunYoung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.1057-1081
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the case of elderly care cluster in Gwangjin-gu to explore the possibilities of social economy as a provider of community-based social services. Community-based means the approach by which community organizations build a voluntary and collaborative network to enhance collective problem-solving abilities. Therefore, it is very likely that the social economy that emphasizes people, labor, community, and democratic principles can contribute to community-based social services. This study analyzed social economic network by using four characteristics of social economy suggested by OECD community economy and employment program as an analysis framework. The results of this study are as follows: First, it is found that social economy would hardly supply community-based social services through network cooperation because of a large variation in community identity, investment to new product, and labor protection. Second, community users are not the consumers of the social economy and the products of the social economy stay in market products only for the organizations in social economy. In order to create good services that meet the needs of residents, community development approaches are required at the same time. The importance of community space where local residents and social economy meet is derived. Third, public support such as purchasing support has weakened the ecosystem of social economy by making the distinction between public economy and social economy more obscure. On the other hand, public investment in community infrastructure is an indirect aid to social economy to communicate with residents and to promote good supply and consumption. In the end, community-based social services need a platform where the social economy and the people meet. This type of public investment can create the ecosystem of the social economy.