• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회

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A Study on the Activation Plan of Community-based Corrections (지역사회교정의 활성화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Byoung-Rak
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.389-392
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    • 2010
  • 지역사회교정은 기존의 시설내처우와 대비되는 개념으로 형사절차 전반에 지역사회가 개입하여 사회내처우를 실행하는 것이다. 이는 시설내처우가 지닌 과밀 수용, 교정 프로그램의 효율성, 범죄의 학습화 등의 문제점을 극복하고 범죄자들의 진정한 사회복귀를 도모할 수 있는 방법으로 인식되고 있기 때문이다. 하지만 지역사회교정 또한 많은 문제점들을 가지고 있어 이에 대한 해결책의 연구가 필요하다. 이 연구에서는 이러한 문제인식에 기인해서 지역사회교정의 개념과 문제점들에 대해 살펴보고 이의 대안을 제시하였다. 지역사회교정의 활성화를 위해서는 담당기관 및 인력의 확충 및 담당 직원의 세심한 채용 및 지속적인 관리를 통해 전문화를 유도하며, 전문 프로그램을 수행할 수 있는 민간봉사자와의 네트워크 구축이 필요하며, 지역기관, 지자체, 관계 당국 간의 이해와 협조가 반드시 필요하게 될 것이다. 이와 함께 지역사회교정의 실천단계에 있어 발생될 수 있는 많은 문제점들에 대한 객관적이고 실증적인 후속 연구가 진행되어야 할 것이다.

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A Study on the Meanings and Types of Married Immigrant Women's Community Participation (결혼이주여성의 '지역사회 참여' 의미와 유형에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2012
  • This study explored the essential meanings of experiences that married immigrant women living in rural communities have in their community participation process and analyzed the situations and types of their community participation in order to support immigration women's community participation and develop strategies for social welfare by type of community participation. For these purpose, we analyzed story outlines, meanings, types and situations of community participation among married immigrant women who had been over 5 years since their immigration. According to the results of this study, the meaning of married immigrant women's community participation was "Recognize myself as the pioneer of my life and participate in social activities continuously." In the results of analyzing the types of participation, the subjects were classified into 'self directed growth type,' 'self content type,' and 'social support expectation type.' The results of this study are expected to be helpful to understand the life of married immigrant women in rural areas not as 'individuals' otherized in a foreign country but as 'participants' of community that are encountered naturally in daily life, and to develop community level services suitable for such women.

A Study on the Corporate Social Responsibility Execution for Sustainable Development of Regional Community: In Case of POSCO Gwangyang Works. (지역사회의 지속가능발전을 위한 기업의 사회적 책임 수행 연구 : POSCO 광양제철소를 사례로)

  • Lee, Sang-Seok;Kim, Chong-Sung
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.444-460
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the logical bases and the real situation of the CSR(corporate social responsibility) execution in the context of local governance. Basically, some management necessities to establish a strategic relationship between a firm and its regional community, is the main reason of CSR execution in the region or in general. Although some costs in forms of money or manpower or resources, should be paid to execute the CSR in a short term, there are so many advantages resulting from it in terms of long time periods. Corporate social responsibility seeks to induce a sustainable harmony or interdependent relationship between the firm and its regional community. In case of POSCO Gwangyang works, so much various forms of community contributions are promoted as a part of CSR executions from the passive reaction for civil petitions to the good corporate citizenship activities. In spite of such an active CSR execution in Gwangyang works, there seems to be required that another way within the works should be explored in order to make it much more effective. Optimal distribution of various resources which are called out for the CSR, is one of the key factors that can affect the strategic result of CSR.

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Relationship between Mental Health and Social Capital of Local Residents: Focusing on Gyungsangnam-Do (지역 주민의 사회적 자본과 정신건강과의 관계: 경상남도를 중심으로)

  • Jang, Yu-Mi;Yeum, Dong-Moon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.764-774
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of the study is that which has to do with changes that are inherent in life or mental health of the local population, which appears as a subjective aspect of social capital of local residents. To examine factors that affect the mental health of the residents of a social capital accumulation and changes, as described a positive relationship between social capital in several previous studies related to the quality of life of local residents. The results showed that affect the mental health is the only community consciousness in 2010, higher community consciousness and higher network capacity of 2011 residents, but higher mental health scores, lower mental health scores were greater participation in social participation. Also score high in the mental health component of the group of the high number of people in all social capital and more social capital were higher than residents in low mental health score group. The indirect effects on mental health of the residents of social capital accumulation and changes.

Analysis of regional inequality of social welfare facilities according to local welfare environment (지역복지환경에 따른 사회복지시설의 지역분포 불평등 분석)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the regional distribution of the number of social welfare facilities per 100,000 population by using the concentration index(CI) and to evaluate the relationship with the local welfare environment. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, the distribution of social welfare facilities between urban and rural area were distributed in rural areas. And concentration of rural area was gradually decreasing. Second, the concentration index of the social welfare institution was calculated as the negative index. Therefore, social welfare facilities are concentrated in rural areas. However, the absolute value of concentration index decreased. Finally, there are many social welfare facilities in areas with poor economic conditions, low incomes, low welfare budget input, and poor social demolition indicators. In the future, the relationship between inequality of regional distribution of welfare resources and the relationship between local welfare environment should be continuously monitored.

A Study on Community Development Practice for Children: Applying the Perspective of CCIs (아동중심의 지역사회개발 실천연구 -'포괄적 지역사회 계획(CCIs)'관점 적용-)

  • Hong, Hyun Mee Ra
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.55
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    • pp.57-86
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    • 2016
  • Applying the perspective of Comprehensive Community Initiatives (CCIs), this paper attempted to examine community development practice for children. Using focus group interviews, this qulitative research study collected data from six social workers in Guryonpo-village(fishing village) and Ganeong 1-dong village(city village), all of whom have experience in community development practice for children. The main results were as follows: First, it was found to be important to access the community in the initial stage of CCIs. Second, indigenization strategies were useful for the fishing community. Third, it was important to organize parents of children in poverty. Lastly, the community development practice was more successful in the fishing village than in the city village.

The Effects of Family Social Capital and Community Social Capital on Youth's School Adaptation (가족 사회자본과 지역사회 사회자본이 청소년 학교적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Jeong A
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.135-164
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of family social capital and community social capital on how successfully children adapt to school. Utilizing the second year data from the 1st year of middle school panel found in the 2010 Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey, descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, and hierarchical linear model analysis were conducted successively on 2,056 second-year middle school students living in 93 communities. The data produced was used to determine what degree of influence family social capital and community social capital exert on the ability of children to successfully adapt to school. First, 6.1% of the variables relating to school adaptation were explained by differences among communities, and the remaining 93.3% were explained by differences among individuals. Second, the examination of the effects of family social capital showed that students who experienced lower rates of neglect also experienced less abuse, had parents who were more interested in and better informed about their lives, and better adapted to school. Third, the examination of the effects of community social capital showed that the higher the community spirit the communities had, the better the young students in the communities adapted to school. Fourth, when the effects of family social capital and community social capital were examined in conjunction with each other, it was found that the less neglect the students experienced, the less abuse the students experienced, the greater the interest their parents had in their close friends, the better they themselves adapted to school. In relation to community social capital, the level of community spirit was still found to exert positive effects on the ability of young students to successfully adapt to school.

사내하청 노동자 조직화에 있어서의 작업장 요인과 지역사회 요인: 광양만권 철강산업지역의 사례

  • Kim, Jik-Su
    • Korean Journal of Labor Studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.209-242
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 현대하이스코 순천공장과 포스코 광양제철소에서의 비정규직 조직화 비교를 통해 사내하청 노동조합의 조직화에 영향을 미치는 작업장 요인과 지역사회 요인들을 살펴보고자 하였다. 기존의 비정규직 노동자 조직화를 비롯한 노동운동, 노동조합 관련 연구들은 대부분 '생산의 정치'의 영역에서 비롯된 '작업장' 요인들에 초점을 맞추고 있다. 그러나 비정규직 노동자 조직화에 대한 보다 분석을 보다 발전시키기 위해서는 작업장뿐만 아니라 '스케일의 정치'가 작동하는 공간인 '지역사회' 또한 분석의 단위로 통합되어야 한다. 따라서 본 연구는 작업장에서의 정규직 및 비정규직 노동자들에 대한 관리통제와 실천뿐만 아니라, 지역사회의 다양한 요인들이 비정규직 노동자들의 조직화 시도에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 검토하고자 한다. 두 사례에서 사내하청 노동자들은 철강산업이라는 산업부문과 사내하청 고용형태에 속한다는 공통점 외에도 낮은 수준의 임금과 노동조건하에서 강한 불만을 지니고 있었으며, 원청 및 사내하청 업체의 강한 통제하에 놓여 있었다는 공통점을 지닌다. 그럼에도 포스코의 경우와 달리 현대하이스코 비정규직 노동자들은 격렬한 대중투쟁과 지역사회의 지원 속에서 성공적인 조직화를 이룰 수 있었다. 사내하청 노동조합 결성 과정 또한 상이하였다. 현대하이스코의 경우 누적된 사내하청노동자들의 불만이 계약해지를 계기로 일순간 터져 나오면서 작업장 점거농성을 비롯한 대중투쟁과 결합하였다. 나아가 현대하이스코 비정규직지회는 지역사회운동과의 연대를 통해 작업장의 문제를 전체 비정규직 노동문제로 확대해 나갔다. 반면, 포스코의 경우 초기 조직화의 범위가 제한적이었고 대중투쟁 또한 강하게 나타나지 않았으며 지역사회의 관심과 지원 또한 약하게 나타났다. 이상과 같이 두 사례를 비교 검토함으로써 비정규직의 조직화에 있어 비정규직 자체 동원기제와 정규직의 지원은 여전히 중요하게 작용하지만, 이것이 확보되지 않을 경우 지역사회를 비롯한 외부의 지원이 일정하게 작용함을 살펴볼 수 있었다. 그러나 이 역시 지역사회구조 및 지역사회운동의 성격에 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났다.

An Analysis of Status Community Forest Management in Vietnam (베트남의 지역사회 산림 관리 현황 분석)

  • Nguyen Din, Hai;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 2004
  • 베트남은 도이 모이 (Doi Moi) 개혁 정책이 1996년에 도입된 이후, 산림분야에서는 분권적 관리 체계를 받아들였고 국가 경제는 정부의 관리 체제하에 시장지향형(market-oriented)으로 변화하였다. 이러한 상황에서 경제 분야에서는 임업활동을 수반할 수 있게 되었고 지속가능한 임업 발전을 위하여 임야와 토지가 개인, 가정 그리고 사회경제적 조직들에게 분배되었다. 지역사회의 주민들은 임업활동에 더 적극적으로 되었고, 사회임업은 베트남에서 점차적으로 발전하며 사람들에 의한 사람들을 위한 임업으로 자리잡고 있다. 지역사회 산림(community forest)의 근본적인 특징은 전과정에 있어서 농민과 지역주민의 참여를 유도한다는 데에 있다. 지역주민에 의한 산림 관리는 새로운 산림 관리 방식으로 각 가정에 의해 관리되는 농업에 있어 급속한 변화들이 나타나는 것과는 대조적이다. 본 논문은 지역사회 산림의 현황과 임업 발전에 있어서 지역주민 참여의 이점과 문제점을 SWOT(Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) 분석을 통해 구명하고자 하였다.

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