• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회투자활동

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A Study on the Sustainability of Ports : the Case of SuPorts and PPRISM (항만의 지속가능성 측정 요인에 관한 사례연구 : SuPorts와 PPRISM 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Joo-Ho;Kim, Sang-Youl;Jang, Hyun-Mi
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.413-420
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    • 2016
  • Seaports are economically significant infrastructures in terms of dealing with more than 90% of the cargo volume in Korea's international trade. Furthermore, investment costs for constructing ports and the impacts of port industry on national competitiveness lead to the necessity for sustainable port operation. However, the earlier studies dealing with competitiveness and sustainability of the port sector focused on its logistical functions related to port size, operational efficiency, etc. Port competitiveness that considers local community and ecological values as well as the expectations and demands of port users is becoming an important issue in order for ports to cope with volatile external environments while maintaining competitiveness. Therefore, it is necessary to identify port performance indicators and measure their performance in terms of the environmental and social perspectives, as well as the economic perspectives, in order to sustain port development and operations. This paper presents findings from case analyses of SuPorts and PPRISM projects that assist European Union (EU) ports to secure sustainable competitiveness while respecting economic, environmental and social interests between ports and local communities. These projects create port performance indicators with balanced views including not only economic value but also environmental and social values. They measure port performance so port operators can implement these sustainable port practices. This study aims to find the critical factors for sustainable port practices by conducting case analyses of SuPorts and PPRISM projects.

A Study on Analysis of the Preference of Container Ports in Northeast Asia - with the case of Busan Container Port - (동북아 경쟁항만들의 선호도 분석에 관한 연구 - 부산항을 중심으로 -)

  • Chung, Tae-Woo;Kwak, Kyo-Seok
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.363-372
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    • 2002
  • Recently, mutual economy cooperation in Northeast Asia has leaded steady growth among main countries of it and rather promoted a single economy circle. In this region, Busan container port competes with min container ports in China, Taiwan and Japan in it for attracting transshipment container traffic of north-Shanghai in China and for-east Russia. Therefore, this paper aims to suggest competitive strategies for Busan container port to attract container traffic in Northeast Asia To do so, it evaluates the preference of important ports in the competitive situation and competitiveness edgy of important ports in Northeast Asia, and finally proposes the relative order of important factors. Based on the evaluation of it, first, the Busan ports hue tn strengthen port facilities to attract more traffic and in detail, reinforce the number of berth, yard areas and handling equipment Second, they also have to provide high quality of services to deliver cargos in time, not being damaged and swiftly response to shipowner and shipper's claim, Third, they need to review the strategy to adopt flexible tariff policy and to invest the profit from tariff in port service and facilities, as providing higher port tariff level by a regular rate.

A Study on Case for Localization of Korean Enterprises in India (인도 진출 한국기업의 현지화에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Seo, Min-Kyo;Kim, Hee-Jun
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.409-437
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to present the specific ways of successful localization by analyzing the success and failures case for localization within the framework of the strategic models through a theoretical background and strategic models of localization. The strategic models of localization are divided by management aspects such as the localization of product and sourcing, the localization of human resources, the localization of marketing, the localization of R&D, harmony with a local community and delegation of authority between headquarters and local subsidiaries. The results, by comparing and analyzing the success and failures case for localization of individual companies operating in India, indicate that in terms of localization of product and sourcing, there are successful companies which procure a components locally and produce a suitable model which local consumers prefer and the failed companies which can not meet local consumers' needs. In case of localization of human resources, most companies recognize the importance of this portion and make use of superior human resource aggressively through a related education. In case of localization of marketing, It is found that the successful companies perform pre-market research & management and build a effective marketing skills & after service network and select local business partner which has a technical skills and carry out a business activities, customer support, complaint handling with their own organization. In terms of localization of R&D, the successful major companies establish and operate R&D center to promote a suitable model for local customers. In part of harmony with a local community, it shows that companies which made a successful localization understand the cultural environment and contribute to the community through CSR. In aspect of delegation of authority between headquarters and local subsidiaries, it is found that most of Korean companies are very weak for this part. there is a tendency to be determined by the head office rather than local subsidiaries. Implication of this thesis is that Korean enterprises in India should carry forward localization of products and components, foster of local human resource who recognize management and system of company and take part in voluntary market strategy decision, wholly owned subsidiary, establishment and operation of R & D center, understanding of local culture and system, corporate social responsibility, autonomy in management.

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Importance-Performance Analysis on Human Rights of the Disabled of Living Rehabilitation Social Worker in Housing Facilities of the Disabled (장애인거주시설 생활재활교사의 장애인 인권에 대한 중요도-실행도 분석)

  • Kim, Sun-joo;Kwon, Sun-ae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.556-563
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the difference of importance-performance about human right of social worker who works in housing facilities of the disabled. Based on our result, we suggest strategies to implement human rights for the disabled. We collected data from 344 social workers in Busan. We analyzed descriptive statistics, and employed T-Test and Importance-Performance Analysis. Results found the importance level was higher than the performance level of human rights for the disabled. Second, agreement of residential space open and vote right guarantees, the importance level was higher than performance level. Items, excluding ensuring religious activities, prohibiting corporal punishment, strengthening the facility monitoring system and improve facility environment and strengthen program, featured a higher performance level than the importance level. Third, based on the IPA analysis, we derived action strategies for each IPA analysis matrix. We examined 10 items, including free communication included in the first quadrant, improvement of facilities management policy in the second quadrant, prohibition of corporal punishment and strengthening of facility monitoring system in the fourth quadrants.

Digital Divide and the Change of Spatial Structure by the Increasing Diffusion of the Internet (인터넷의 확산에 따른 디지털 격차와 공간구조의 변화)

  • Lee, Hee-Yeon;Lee, Yong-Gyun
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.407-427
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    • 2004
  • The rapid innovation of information and communication technology and its sharp falling prices have brought about the expansion of the Internet, integrating the world as one space under converged space and time. This rapid expansion of the Internet and its application in the economy have spurred the emergence of the digital economy. The Internet has influenced strongly on the changes of not only economic activities but also political, social and cultural activities. In this context, a rapidly increasing Internet expansion renders the rhetoric about the death of distance and about the meaningless of geographical place. However, the development and expansion of Internet induces a growing digital divide among nations and also a spatial inequality in a nation as the supply of the Internet has concentrated towards demand-affluent large cities. A large gap of digital access has been occurred between high income and low income countries according to a measurement of the international digital access index. In a national level, the Internet backbone has been built around large cities which favor a large amount of the Internet demand, and the affordable accessibility of these cities for the Internet services has influenced strongly on the agglomeration of Internet related industries, further inducing the construction and investment of the Internet backbone into large cities as cumulative causation effects. As a result, the expansion of the Internet affects immensely on the changes of spatial structure in a nation resulting in the new spatial phenomena such as centralization, concentration and splintering in the digitalized space-economy.

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Degree of Recognition and Preparation for the Old Age Life of Public Servants (공무원들의 노후생활에 대한 인식 및 준비정도)

  • Park, Hyun-Suk;Lim, Jung-Do
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.12
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    • pp.248-260
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    • 2012
  • This study has focused on the degree of recognition and preparation for the old age life of public servants. The subjects of this research were 731 middle-aged public employees in Pusan, Ulsan, Kyeong-Nam Province. The data were collected using a self-administrated questionnaire. The following results were obtained. First, 67.2% respondents were women. Over 45-years old were 28.4%, Middle level quality of life were 46.1%, Over 20-years career were 26.7%, Administration staffs were 33.4%, and 7th grade were 31.9%. Second, In Recognition for the old age life, Respondents and their spouse have the primary responsibility of the dependent elderly. Preferred life area was suburban rural area. The order of anticipated problems of the old age life was financial problem, health problem, and leisure activity. Third, Actually, in preparation for the old age life, the order of respondents preparation was financial stability, health, and leisure activity. Forth, In the satisfaction degree of public pension for the old age life, the order of respondence was insufficient (56.0%), appropriate (17.2%), and ignorant(26.8%).

Fifty years of economic geography in Korea:research trends and issues (한국경제지리학 반세기:연구성과와 과제)

  • ;Park, Sam Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.160-197
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to review research trends and issues of economic geography in Korea for the last fifty years by sub-fields of agricultural geography, industrial geography, commercial and service geography, and transportation geography. Research in Korean economic geography has progressed significantly in terms of the scope and the number of papers published during the last a half a century. Agricultural geography was a leading field of economic geography in Korea before mid-1970s. Since the mid-1970s, however, agricultural geography has turned over the leading role in economic geography to industrial geography. Classification and structure of agricultural region has been the most popular research theme in Korea, even though diverse topics has been dealt in the research of agricultulal geography in Korea during the last fifty years. In recent years, emphasis is given to study on the dynamics of agricultural region and regional differentiation of part-time farming. It is suggested that the future issues of research in agricultural geography in Korea are agricultural restructuring and changes in agricultural space under the WTO system, changes in rural area and agricultural region with the progress of informatization, changes in agricultural structures and rural society by the increase of part-time farming, governments agricultulal policy and its impacts, competitive advantages of Korean agricultulal products, and environmental impacts of agricultural restructuring. Research in industrial geography has remarkably progressed since the 1980s. Locational changes, regional industrial structure and formation of industrial region were the major topics of interest in the research of industrial geography in Korea before 1980. Since the early 1980s, in addition to the topics which were interested in before 1980, changes of industrial organization and industrial location, changes of production systems and industrial space development of high technology industries and science parks, industrial restructuring and regional economy, foreign direct investments, industrial linkages and industrial districts, and industrial policy and regional development have been the major research themes of industrial geography in Korea. Considerable number of papers has been published both in Korean journals and in foreign journals during this period. Considering global changes in the organization of industrial space, future research should be more focused on firms strategy for regaining competitive advantages, local and global perspectives of industry, industry and environmental changes, in addition to the topics which have been dealt in recent years. Research in commercial and service geography and transportation geography was negligible in Korea before the late 1970s. These two sub-fields in economic geography have begun to develop since 1980s. Periodic markets, structure of commercial area, and distribution of products were the major topics of interest in the 1980s in the commercial and service geography in Korea. In the 1990s, however reserch in producer services has been active with growth of producer services in Korean economy. It is suggested that regional changes with progress of informatization and technology, changes of international trade and regional changes, development of efficient distribution system, role of producer services in regional development, and network of producer services are the major issues to be studied in the future in the field of commercial and service geography in Korea. Commuting, distribution of products, and transportation networks have been the major topics of research in transportation geography in Korea. Diverse quantitative techniques have been applied in the most of the researches in transportation geography. It is required that future studies in transportation geography should also focus on societal and behavioral issues, policy issues regional impacts of new transportation facilities, an analysis of transportation system at the global or international level. Since the 1980s economic geography in Korea has considerably progressed with publication of papers and books. The progress can be regarded as successful in quantitative aspect, but not in quantitative aspects. For the development of Korean economic geography in both quantitative and qualitative aspects, it is necessary to promote international collaborative researches and interdisciplinary cooperations. Attention should also be given to the research on changes in competitive advantages and economic restructuring, changes of economic space with the development of high technology and the progress of informatization. economic development and culture. and foreign regional studies.

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Analysis of Actual Conditions of Unnatural Death Cases and Questionnaire for Initial Crime Scene Investigation of Police (변사체 발생실태 및 경찰의 현장 초동조치에 관한 설문 분석 - 경북지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Doo-Won;Chae, Jong-Min
    • Journal of forensic and investigative science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.11-30
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    • 2006
  • The preliminary investigative activities by the police officer play a critical role in identifying the cause of death in unnatural death investigations. The failure to secure the crime scene leads to the destruction of significant evidence, which results in the difficulty or impossibility to identify the cause of death. In order to prevent this jeopardizing crucial evidence, and to identify the level of preliminary investigation on the scene, this research is conducted and analyzed with questionnaires of 300 police first responders and 100 detectives. As a result, it was disclosed that there is a possibility for first responders to fail to ensure scene security, scene observation, and canvass interviews. Besides, when medical personnel have no choice but to contaminate the crime scene in order to save lives, it is necessary for them to take photos and to take proper actions before they enter the scene. The importance of scene-control education cannot be emphasized enough in order to prevent media from entering and destroying the evidence. Through research of actual conditions of unnatural death cases which occurred in Kyongbook Province for last five years, the statistics regarding a few different types of death were analyzed as follows. Evidence that homicide, suicide, accidental death, and disaster deaths have increased year by year. Therefore, it is deemed necessary for the government to take multilateral policies to reduce them, and for police to reinforce their investigative skills. Further, the insufficient number of autopsy facilities and forensic pathologists, only 13% of the deceased (1,237 cases) have had an autopsy conducted to identify the cause of death for last five years. The other, 87.3% (8,496 cases) of the deceased, were handled through simple postmortem examination. The significance of this percentage is that there is still the possibility not revealing the cause of unjust deaths. Therefore, it is necessary to furnish police agency with the reasonable amount of funding for autopsies and maintaining enough forensic pathologists.

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