• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회투자활동

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The Spatial Disparity of Opportunity Potentials in Korea (한국 도시의 경제 $\cdot$ 문화 $\cdot$ 사회 복지적 기회 잠재력의 지역적 격차)

  • Choi, Yoon-Jeong;Lee, Keumsook
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.91-105
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    • 2005
  • The assessment (or the evaluation) of spatial disparity is the main concern for the study of spatial disparities or spatial inequalities. In order to evaluate the spatial disparity, the regional differences have to be counted quantitatively. Several measurements have been introduced for evaluating the development potentials of each region. Most of them are the composite indices of the socio-economic variables rather than the real potentials of the region. This study attempts to investigate the spatial disparity in Korea. For the purpose, the levels of opportunity potentials of the cities have been calculated by the Potential Model redefined by Lee(1995). The opportunity potentials have been calculated for the educational, cultural, medical service, environmental sectors, income, and consumption sectors, and the spatial patterns of various opportunity potentials have been analyzed. The spatial patterns of opportunity potentials show the severe concentration on the Metropolitan Seoul area through all sectors. The next level concentration appears at the other end of the Keuyng-Bu axis. And the cities relatively high opportunity potential values are distributed along the Keuyng-Bu axis. Remain parts of the country show quietly low opportunity potential values. In particular, the southern-west and the northern-east parts show relatively very low values. This pattern appears for all sectors except for the opportunity potential of the environmental sector. It means that the spatial disparity in Korea have been promoted and enhanced by the national development policies concentrated the investment on the large cities along the Keuyng-Bu axis during the last 40 years.

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An Analysis on the North-Africa Entry Strategies of Korea Logistics Companies (한국 물류기업의 북아프리카 진출 전략에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Chang-Yeoul;Choi, Hyuk-Jun
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.47-65
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    • 2012
  • Africa has got largely attention from around the world and industrial advanced countries mainly have focused their interest on the continent for the purposes of natural resources development or economic cooperation. Such is in part for their exploiting new logistics. Central America, Oceania and Africa are together now emerging as a new mecca for resources development and global logistics. Considering that Western countries are heavily investing in and preoccupying both social overhead infrastructure and logistics in Africa, it is expected that it will be new opportunities for domestic logistics companies. This research is focused on studying strategies for logistics companies to open Africa, especially Northern African market. For this, the method of questionnaire is applied for related companies. And it also considers proper time for the opening the market, how to enter, geographical market range and interests of countries there. From the result, it is important the timing for entering the market, which means competitive edge gets better with fast making inroads into the market. And strategic alliance is revealed more effective. In addition, geographical market range is another important factor in low infrastructure of logistics in Africa. It is shown that relations between governments have directly effect on business activities. It should be kept in mind that African countries have their big influences on the market.

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A Study on the Legislation of Corporate Social Responsibility and its Application - The Indian Companies Act 2013 - (기업의 사회적 책임 입법과 적용에 대한 고찰 -인도 회사법 개정과 적용 경험을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Bong-chul;Park, Jong-ho
    • Journal of Legislation Research
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    • no.53
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    • pp.455-489
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    • 2017
  • The new system on the Corporate Social Responsibility(CSR) in the Indian Companies Act became overnight sensation to the worldwide. However there has been very few studies which are analyzing a purpose of it under the context of Indian societies. This paper examines the circumstance whether the CSR activities is functioning well or not. And verifying problems regarding it and suggesting supportive measures are a target of this paper. Though Indian government already established CSR legislation, they did not stipulate the penalty clause. And that became why corporations were poorly perform on CSR activities in first year of enforcement. Furthermore, There is a proclivity that corporations lack an understanding for which activities could be recognized into the CSR. And they excused that they had no time for themselves to adjust an abruptly changing business landscape. With all, unlike rosy expectations, corporations only showed little interests to the area where the investment or attentions from the media are expected. Fortunately, incumbent legislative is fully aware of it and exploit their best resources to various social fields. Despite the doubts that they originally did not have any intention to introduce the penalty clause, they are handling problems in ways that corporations can be invited in public programs. They also need to request the service sectors to take a leading role of it, which could provide the financial, or telecommunication service to the people in rural province. Thus, the fact that there was a substantial rise in terms of the amount of CSR expenses in 2015 provides a supporting evidence to the endeavors of the government. In doing so, we could finally achieve a better understanding of two-fold goals shown in this paper; maturing settlement of this legislation and development of Indian society.

Multinational Corporate Linkage Stability in the Canadian Urban System (캐나다 도시체계에서의 다국적기업 연계패턴의 안정성)

  • Kee-Bom Nahm
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.151-172
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    • 1998
  • Over the past two decades, the process of globalization of multinational corporations has increased at a rapid rate. One manifestation of this process is the establishment of corporate head offices in a variety of international centers to administer and coordinate, the day-to-day operations in the host countries. In establishing a subsidiary overseas a firm creates a direct link between the operations of the domestic corporate center and the foreign host center This paper investigates elements of stability and change in the international linkage patterns among domestic parent corporations and host subsidiaries over the past several decades. In particular, it seeks answers to a number of question related to stability and change in linkages among foreign centers of control and those Canadian centers selected to administer the subsidiary operations from 1970 to 1991 over the four primary sectors, namely, resources, manufacturing, services, and finance. By confirming the core stability and dispersed linkages hypotheses, the papar offers some generalizations with respect to the location and stability of subsidiary headquarters centers in Canada and their respective subsector specialties. Finally, it addresses further research avenues fer the quaternary place study.

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A Study on the Effect of EXPO 2012 Yeosu on the Economy of Gwangyang Bay Area (여수세계박람회의 경제적 효과 제고방안: 광양만권을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Gil-Seong;Park, Bok-Jae
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.37-55
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    • 2008
  • This paper attempts to examine the effect of EXPO 2012 Yeosu on the economy of Gwangyang bay area. Based on previous successful EXPOs, We identified four major positive effects (direct economic impact, regional infrastructure developments, redevelopment of slum areas and industrial complex, and internationalization of Gwangyang bay area). Especially, EXPO 2012 Yeosu will contribute to make the job creation of 97,842 employees and promote tourism industry. To maximize the above positive effects of EXPO 2012 Yeosu, we suggest several strategic alternatives in this paper. First of all, we need to make several plans for realizing the specialized theme of EXPO 2012 Yeosu. Second, local governments should create a more favorable business environment for foreign investors. Third, we have to make the strategic tourism programs to attract foreign tourists. Finally, local governments need to make the several communication strategies of utilizing mass media and non-mass media.

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The Trend of Foreign Professional Workers' Influx and Their Geographical Distribution in South Korea (우리나라의 외국인 전문직 이주자 현황과 지리적 분포 특성)

  • Yim, Seok-Hoi;Song, Ju-Youn
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.275-294
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    • 2010
  • In recent years, international migration of professional workers is significantly increasing as globalization has been deepened more and more. South Korea is not an exception for this case. Immigration of professional workers have steadily increased since 2000 in Korea, and the number reached approximately to 50,000 in 2009. In addition, it is a major trend that immigrants of short-sojourn are decreasing and ones of long-sojourn increasing. Our research shows that foreign language instructor has the greatest number of foreign professional immigrants. The next is professional immigrants related to business-activities. There are considerably entertainers, but they have greatly decreased since 2003. Majority of foreign professional immigrants settle down in a few metropolises. Especially, they reside in Seoul Metropolitan Area and Southeast coastal region. Professional immigrants trend to do with Korean on the base of their offices rather than residental communities in terms of adaptation, and they do not have strong will to reside permanently in Korea. Moreover, they are located at a blind spot of Korean government's foreign immigrant policy, comparing to foreign workers and female marriage immigrants.

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Improvement Directions of Regional Science and Technology Policies in the Context of Creative Economy Paradigm: the case of Daegu and Gyungbuk regions (창조경제 패러다임에서의 지방과학기술정책의 개선방향: 대구.경북의 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Taewoon
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.45-68
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    • 2014
  • This research addressed improvement directions and problems of regional science and technology(S&T) policies in Daegu and Gyungbuk regions in terms of 'Creative Economy' which was a new paradigm of Park Gunhye Government. Creative Economy stressed the construction of an ecosystem in regional research and development activities, and thus it was deeply associated with building a regional innovation system(RIS). There were several problems to strengthen RIS with regional S&T policies of the regions as follows: limits in meeting regional needs due to excessive attraction of central government's projects into regions; the high ratio of programs for future basic research potentials; the lack of programs assessing and coordinating the policies; and the lack of experiences and expenditure of research institutes and firm supporting organizations. Due to these problems, the role of the policies in building RIS did not seem to be effective. Therefore, the policies need to be improved through the following measures: the expansion of regional own policies focusing regional needs; the enhancement of policy coordination by shifting to systematic approach; the expansion of soft supporting programs for constructing innovation systems; and the enhancement of stability and ability of research institutes and firm supporting organizations.

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A Discourse Analysis of Attempts to Strengthen Global Image through the 2011 World Athletics Championships (스포츠 관광을 통한 대구의 세계화 - 2011 대구세계육상선수권대회의 문화지리학적 분석 -)

  • Ethan, Yorgason
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.454-475
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    • 2013
  • In 2011, Daegu hosted the International Association of Athletics Federation Championships and attempted to use this event strengthen its global profile. Organizers hoped Daegu 2011 would strengthen knowledge about Daegu internationally and help the city overcome recent economic stagnation by bolstering tourism and investment on the global scale. Written from the perspective of a foreigner living in Korea, this interpretive article uses mixed-method cultural geographic analysis to evaluate the momentum Daegu 2011 produced in these directions. The article draws on a tripartite "territorialisation" approach to mega-event tourism's production of space, focusing on representational efforts during the approach to the championships and the event itself. Promotional materials receive particular attention. Interviews with international tourists during 2011 strengthen conclusions drawn from analysis of promotional materials. After reviewing relevant conceptual literature, Daegu's history, and the background of Daegu 2011, the article devotes three subsections to analysis. The first uses critical discourse analysis of a key promotional video to argue that Daegu's self-promotions betrayed insecurity about the city's place within the global tourism market. A second analysis subbsection finds that additional promotional materials did not fully overcome that problem. These materials also produced an overload of Daegu images and aspirations. The third subsection further develops these arguments, pointing to a partial mismatch between images emphasized by promotions and experiences available in the tourism landscape. This subsection also argues that while Daegu 2011 undoubtedly produced positive effects for the city, key challenges remain if Daegu will be placed on the map of globally acknowledged cities.

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공항 접근 교통수단선택 효용함수의 매개변수 추정 및 민감도 분석에 관한 연구

  • 김지홍;전경수
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
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    • pp.261-261
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    • 1998
  • 교통계획의 목적은 교통체계를 분석하여 교통과 활동간의 상호작용을 효율화시켜 도시 및 지역사회의 목표를 달성하는데 있으며, 합리적인 교통계획을 수립하여 한정된 투자재원을 효율적으로 배분하기 위해서는 교통수요에 대한 합리적 접근이 필요하다. 교통수요예측의 접근방법은 미시적인 개별적 접근방법과 거시적인 집단적 접근방법으로 구분되며, 다시 모형화 기법이 결정적인가 확률적인가에 따라 개별결정적, 개별활률적, 그리고 집단결정적, 집단확률적 모형의 4가지로 구분될 수 있다. 이 중에서 일반적으로 관심의 대상이 되는 2가지 형태는 집단결정적, 개발확률적 모형이다. 집단결정적모형은 전통적 교통수요예측모형에 해당되며, 개별확률적모형은 1970년대 Mc Fadden을 시작으로 Ben-Akiva, Manheim을 중심으로 한 소비자 행동선택 이론에 근거한 개별행태모형이 이에 해당된다. 개별행태모형은 개개인의 통행행태를 다른 모든 조건이 동일할 때 개개인은 비용의 최소화를 추구하고, 비용과 관련한 통행행태는 거시적 수준에서의 주어진 제약 조건과 관계가 있으며, 의사결정은 확률분포에 의해서 결정되는 효용원칙(Efficiency Principle)에 입각하여 해석한다. 도시내와 도시간, 취업자와 비취업자, 출퇴근 시, 목적별 등의 여러 가지 통행에 있어서 다양한 변수들을 사용하여 교통수단 선택모형의 파라메카 값을 추정하고 통행패턴을 분석해 왔다. 본 논문에서는 개별행태모형인 로짓모형 중에서 집단다항로짓모형을 이용하여 여러 통행 중 공항시설의 접근에 필요한 교통수단 효용함수의 파라메타 값 추정 시, 일반적으로 사용되는 통행시간, 통행비용이라는 변수를 공통으로 두고, 대중교통의 경우에만 해당하는 환승이라는 특정대안변수(Specific alternative variable)를 첨가하여 그것이 수단선택에 미치는 영향을 분석한다. 또한, 대중교통의 속성을 가지고 있는 지하철과 버스를 하나의 대안으로 묶어서 효용함수를 구한 다음 다시 승용차, 택시, 대중교통을 독립된 대안으로 두고 모형을 정립하는 NESTED LOGIT모형으로 파라메타를 추정하여 대중교통의 효용에 관해 분석·비교하였다. 본 논문에 이용된 자료는 공항을 이용하는 이용객들을 대상으로 직접 설문·면접조사한 자료이며 대상 교통수단은 승용차, 택시, 지하철, 버스로 설정하였다.

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An empirical study on distribution channel choice of shippers (화주기업의 유통경로 선택요인 분석)

  • Kim, Chang-Sung;Park, Min-Young;Park, Dong-Joo;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2008
  • Logistic activities of shippers contains only origin-destin commodity flow information, but also contract relationships, cash flows and distribution channels. Under the lack of understanding of physical distribution channels, most studies have focused on the social and psychological aspects between manufacturers and retailers (e.g., mutual trust, power, conflict, reciprocal commitment, and so on). This study reports empirical results of distribution channel choice drawn from 2001 Korean Commodity Flow Survey(CFS) conducted by Korean government. Based on the CFS data, four distribution channels are classified. This study scrutinized how various factors including mode, commodity and firms characteristics affect distribution channel choice, and reported the problems of 2001 CFS survey questionaires and future directions.