• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회발전

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Ecotourism as Community Development Tool in Rural villages of Indonesia and Cambodia (동남아 농촌마을의 생태관광을 통한 지역사회 발전: 인도네시아와 캄보디아의 지역사회기반생태관광(CBET))

  • Eom, Eunhui
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.242-264
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    • 2016
  • Tourism is a major sector of the national and regional economy in Southeast Asia endowed with rich natural environment and a variety of cultural and historical heritages. Tourism has been recognized as the industry without chimneys. However, as tourism sector is getting larger and being globally standardized, various problems such as environmental degradation as well as profits leakage from locals have been gradually aggravated. Against negative impacts from massive tourism various efforts have been tried and community-based ecotourism(CBET), seeking environmental conservation and community development at the same time, has emerged as a noteworthy alternative. By comparing the two cases of CBET in Indonesia and Cambodia, this paper aims to review the current status and future challenges of community development through ecotourism in Southeast Asia's rural villages. In the concrete, this paper analyses in-depth on case of JED(the village ecotourism network) in Bali, Indonesia and CBET project in Ramsar wetland reserves of Steung Treng province, Cambodia and founds out the possibility and main obstacles of community developmental strategy through CBET. Both cases have proven the positive outcomes in terms of environmental protection, local people's awareness improvement, and direct/indirect economic gain from CBET project. However, there are significant, but differentiated limitations in management capacities and stabilities of internal governance of two villages. Both villages are still in need of brisk networks with and assistance from the outside. In the conclusion part, this paper suggests CBET development program in Southeast Asia through Korea's social enterprises as one of the possible ODA programs(in tourism sector).

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Knowledge and Technology Transfer of University and Regional Development: A Case Study of Chonnam National University (대학의 지식 및 기술이전과 지역발전: 전남대학을 사례로)

  • 안영진
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.171-191
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    • 2003
  • Today universities are regarded as one of the key institutions in the national and regional innovation systems. First of all the diffusion and distribution of the knowledges, technologies, information and know-hows from higher educations to regions are capable of promoting an innovation-led regional development. This study aims to evaluate the transfer and spatial diffusion of knowledge and technology from the Chonnam National University(CNU) in Kwangju to the regions and to focus the analysis of the technology transfer, personnel transfer and spin-off development. The results show that there are some differences in the spatial range and effects of the knowledge and technology transfer of the CNU by the type of transfers. And the Analysis provide evidence that the knowledge and technology distributions from the CNU make more and less positive contribution to regional developments.

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Education as a Capability for Community Development with a Case of Community Development Model in Kerala, India (사회발전을 위한 토대역량으로서 교육 - 인도 케랄라(Kerala)주(州) 지역사회발전 모델을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoo, Sung-Sang;Chun, You-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.55-80
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    • 2016
  • Kerala, a southern-west state of India, has been vigorously studied due to its unique development status. Indeed, Kerala shows such a high level of social development as Human Development Index indicates, yet it is suffering from the low level of economic. As a result, scholars have examined a broad range of rationales to understand the 'Kerala Development Model' as discussing historical contexts, social welfare policies, land reforms by Communist Party of India, and so on. Among them, scholars agree that education is one of the most critical factors that led to social development of Kerala. Despite the consensus, there has been lack of research that deeply look into how education has been delivered, what impacts it has on people, and why it contributes to social development in Kerala. This research, thus, would discuss the meanings, values and impacts of education with the capability approach that is originally termed by Amartya Sen. The approach criticize the dominant paradigm of 'development' that is materialistic oriented, instead it emphasizes expanding a range of capabilities of people to reach 'development' that people can act upon what they value and cherish. Based on Sen's perspective, we believe that dimensions of education can be re-defined and expanded in a relation to development.

향토자원을 활용한 농촌발전전략

  • 황종환;박진서
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.205-216
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    • 2004
  • UR, DDA, FTA 확대 경제 블록화 등 전 세계적으로 개발 확대 및 경쟁심화 추세가 지속되면서 전체경제와 농업부문간의 성장격차확대, 농가 교역 조건 악화 등으로 농가 경제의 어려움이 증대되고 있으며, 규모화ㆍ전업화 진행과정에서 경영위험이 크게 증가하고 있다. 그러나 주 5일 근무제의 도입ㆍ웰빙 문화의 급속한 확산ㆍ참여정부에 의한 지역균형 발전 정책추진ㆍ바이오 기술의 급격한 발전ㆍ농산물 수출국의 경제발전에 따른 농업인구 감소에 따른 수입 농산물 비용인상 등 위기와 기회가 교차하는 시점으로 농업의 경쟁력 강화가 무엇보다 중요하다.(중략)

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향토자원을 활용한 농촌발전 전략

  • 황종환;박진서
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2004
  • UR, DDA, FTA 확대 경제 블록화 등 전 세계적으로 개발 확대 및 경쟁심화 추세가 지속되면서 전체경제와 농업부문간의 성장격차확대, 농가 교역 조건 악화 등으로 농가경제의 어려움이 증대되고 있으며, 규모화ㆍ전업화 진행과정에서 경영위험이 크게 증가하고 있다. 그러나 주 5일 근무제의 도입ㆍ웰빙 문화의 급속한 확산ㆍ참여정부에 의한 지역균형 발전 정책추진ㆍ바이오 기술의 급격한 발전ㆍ농산물 수출국의 경제발전에 따른 농업인구 감소에 따른 수입 농산물 비용인상 등 위기와 기회가 교차하는 시점으로 농업의 경쟁력 강화가 무엇보다 중요하다. (중략)

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University-Industry Collaboration of Humanities and Social Sciences Majors and Regional Development: The Case of Japan (인문사회계열의 산학협력과 지역발전: 일본 사례를 중심으로)

  • Jang, Hoo-Eun;Lee, Jong-Ho;Heo, Sun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.515-526
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the role of universities in regional development by drawing upon case studies from Japan in which local universities contribute to regional development through the promotion of Industry-University Collaboration Projects of humanities and social sciences majors. Based on these cases, policy implications are derived for Korea. As a result of the analysis of Japan's cases, university-industry collaboration activities incorporating active participation and cooperation of various regional actors led by local universities of humanities and social sciences majors were seen to contribute to regional development. Rather than taking a passive attitude toward solving regional problems, the universities have entered into a more proactive relationship with their local community through university-industry collaboration of humanities and social sciences majors. They thereby also address problems and challenges relating to various aspect of the local community such as economy, culture and education. To activate university-industry collaboration of humanities and social sciences majors in order to strengthen regional development in Korea, awareness-raising of university-industry collaboration, development of student-led programs, proactive attitudes and efforts by the universities, arrangement of support plans by the government, and the like are required.

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The Effects of the Social Contribution Activities on Local Developmental Achievement with a focus on the Mediating effect of Inter-Firm Connected Activity (사회공헌활동이 기업 간 연계 활동의 매개효과를 중심으로 지역발전성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Jae-Hyun;Hong, Seok-Jin;Kim, Sun-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.516-529
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    • 2018
  • Due to the growing awareness and demand for corporate social responsibility, the corporate activities designed to make a social contribution are becoming increasingly diversified. Nonetheless, according to a periodic survey, the public has become dissatisfied with the social contribution activities of domestic corporations. The perceptions of the social contribution activities of domestic corporations and the public were found to be quite different. In this study, the Social Contribution Activities were classified into three factors, "Socio-Cultural Resource Activities", "Indirect Social Resource activities" and "Economic Resource Activities", and the effect of each factor on the inter-firm connected activities and achievements of local development were analyzed. Firstly, the "Socio-Cultural Resource Activities" and "Indirect Social Resource Activities" were shown to have a positive effect on the Inter-firm connected activities in the community. Secondly, it was found that the more active the Inter-firm connected activities were in the community, the bigger their positive effect was on the achievements of local development. Thirdly, the "Economic Resource Activities" were shown to have a positive effect on the achievement of local development. Fourthly, "Socio-Cultural Resource Activities" and "Indirect Social Resource Activities" were shown to have a positive effect on the Inter-firm connected activities and an indirect positive effect on the achievement of local development. Based on this research, we quantitatively determine the relationship between the corporate social contribution activities and performance.

A Development Plan of The Local IT Industry Through The Balanced Built of Internet Exchange Center (인터넷교환센터의 균형적인 구축을 통한 지역 IT산업 발전방안)

  • Lee, Bong-Choon;Ha, Dock-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.905-908
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    • 2008
  • 인터넷의 등장은 인간사회의 의사전달 체계가 발전하는 과정에서 가장 큰 혁명적 사건으로 국가간 경계를 허물고 경제시장을 글로벌화 시키는 주요한 역할을 하였다. 현재 우리나라 인터넷 사용인구는 3,440만명(2007. 2월 기준)으로 전체인구의 50%이상이 활용하고 있으며 사회 경제전반에 중요한 매체 역할을 하고 있다. 본 논문은 현재 중앙 집중 형태로 관리 운영되고 있는 우리나라 인터넷교환(IX)센터의 운영현황 및 문제점을 파악하고 개선방안을 도출하였다. 또한 정부에서 최초로 2003년부터 2007년까지 부산지역 1개소에 구축한 IX(Internet Exchange; 인터넷교환센터)구축 운영의 통신정책 실패사례를 분석하고 지역 인터넷 불균형 해소를 통한 국가균형발전과 지역 IT산업 발전방안의 새로운 정책모델을 개발 제시하였다.

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New Regional Geography and Regional Development in the Age of Globalization (새로운 지역지리학과 세계화시대 지역발전)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.131-149
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    • 2002
  • Geography has been defined traditionally as a discipline on regions, that is, as chorography, which means regional geography. Regional geography, which once withered up with the development of positivist geography, has gained recently its vitality. In particular, as social theories have been introduced actively into geography since the 1980s, new methodologies for regional geography have been suggested through a series of debates, for example, on spatiality, locality, restructuring, and post-modernism, though there remain still some important conceptual issues which have not yet settled down. On the other hand. new regional geography has made its development and significance for regional development in the age of the so-called globalization in the reality. That is, new regional geography has been required for a systematic conceptualization of region and for a theoretical consideration on the dynamic change of regions in the process of globalization. Furthermore, an emphasis can be given to geography education for new regional geography in order to understand new strategies for regional development.

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