• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지르코니아 코어

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Microleakage of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different esthetic post and cores (심미적 포스트 코어의 종류에 따른 미세누출에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Ji-Geun;Park, Ji-Man;Park, Eun-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2009
  • Statement of problem: At present, as the esthetic demands are on the increase, there are many ongoing studies for tooth-colored post and cores. Most of them are about fiber post and prefabricated zirconia post, but few about one-piece milled zirconia post and core using CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) technique. Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare microleakage of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different tooth-colored post and cores. Material and methods: Extracted 27 human maxillary incisors were cut at the cementoenamel junction, and the teeth were endodontically treated. Teeth were divided into 3 groups (n=9); restored with fiber post and resin core, prefabricated zirconia post and heat-pressed ceramic core, and CAD/CAM milled zirconia post and core. After the preparation of post space, each post was cemented with dual-polymerized resin cement (Variolink II). Teeth were thermocycled for 1000 cycles between $5-55^{\circ}C$ and dyed in 2% methylene blue at $37^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours. Teeth were sectioned (bucco-lingual), kept the record of microleakage and then image-analyzed using a microscope and computer program. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Scheffe's multiple range test (${\alpha}=0.05$). Results: All groups showed microleakage and there were no significant differences among the groups (P>.05). Prefabricated zirconia post and heat-pressed ceramic core showed more leakage in dye penetration at the post-tooth margin, but there was little microleakage at the end of the post. Fiber post and resin core group and CAD/CAM milled zirconia post and core group indicated similar microleakage score in each stage. Conclusion: Prefabricated zirconia post and heat-pressed ceramic core group demonstrated better resistance to leakage, and fiber post and resin core group and CAD/CAM milled zirconia post and core group showed the similar patterns. The ANOVA test didn't indicate significant differences in microleakage among test groups. (P>.05)

Comparative study in marginal adaptation of zirconia cores fabricated with 3 different CAD/CAM systems (3종의 CAD/CAM 시스템에서 지르코니아 코어의 변연 적합도에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Kwon, Yong-Joong;Lee, Young-Soo;Park, Won-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2008
  • Statement of problem: There have been many studies about marginal adaptation of Zirconia core fabricated with various CAD/CAM systems. But, the comparative study has not been conducted much. Purpose: This study was to compare marginal adaptations of zirconia cores fabricated with 3 different CAD/CAM systems. Material and methods: The in vitro marginal adaptations of zirconia cores fabricated with 3 different CAD/CAM systems($Adens^{(R)}$ system, $Lava^{(R)}$ system, and $Cerasys^{(R)}$ system) were evaluated and compared. In this study 30 zirconia cores were fabricated(10 zirconia cores per each system). The measurements of the marginal adaptatioin were carried out using microscope $L-150A^{(R)}$(Nikon, Japan). Measurements were recorded at 50 points. The measurements were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Within the limits of this study, the results were as follows. 1. Mean marginal gap values obtained were $284.5{\pm}152.9{\mu}m$ in Adens system, $99.0{\pm}73.0{\mu}m$ in Lava system, and $153.5{\pm}85.7{\mu}m$ in Cerasys system. 2. Zirconia core made by Lava system showed the smallest marginal gap(P<0.05). Conclusion: In the limitation of this study, we concluded that $Lava^{(R)}$ System was superior than other systems($Adens^{(R)}$ system and $Cerasys^{(R)}$ system) in the marginal adaptation.

Push-Shear Bond Strength of Veneering Ceramics and Zirconia Ceramic (비니어 세라믹과 지르코니아 세라믹의 Push-Shear 결합강도)

  • Ahn, Jae-Seok;No, Hyeong-Rok;Lee, Jung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.384-394
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the push-shear bond strength between five commercial zirconia veneering ceramics and zirconia core cylinder, and to investigate the effect of biaxial flexural strength and zirconia liner glass treatments. The biaxial flexural strengths of the veneering ceramics were evaluated by a piston-on-three-ball test. The bond strengths between the Y-TZP cylinder and zirconia veneering ceramics were evaluated using the push-shear bond strength test. The data was analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Scheffe's test. The biaxial flexural strength of Cercon ceram kiss (CE) was higher than those of the other groups. The glass-treated and Triceram zirconia groups showed the highest value and the Creation ZI(CR) showed the lowest. In all groups, the liner glass treatment groups showed significantly higher push-shear bond strength than those without(P<0.05). The liner glass treatments of zirconia can improve the bond strength between the zirconia ceramic core and veneering ceramics.

A study on the shear bond strengths of veneering ceramics to the colored zirconia core (착색지르코니아 코어와 전장 도재 사이의 전단결합강도에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Sun-Nyo;Cho, Wook;Jeon, Young-Chan;Jeong, Chang-Mo;Yun, Mi-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.312-319
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    • 2009
  • Statement of problem: Delamination of veneering porcelain from underlying ceramic substructures has been reported for zirconia-ceramic restorations. Colored zirconia cores for esthetics have been reported that their bond strength with veneered porcelain is weaker compared to white zirconia cores. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the shear bond strength by manufacturing the veneering porcelain on the colored zirconia core, using the layering technique and heat-pressing technique, and to evaluate the clinical stability by comparing the result of this with that of conventional metal ceramic system. Material and methods: A Metal ceramic (MC) system was tested as a control group. The tested systems were Katana zirconia with CZR (ZB) and Katana Zirconia with NobelRondo Press (ZP). Thirty specimens, 10 for each system and control, were fabricated. Specimen disks, 3 mm high and 12 mm diameter, were fabricated with the lost-wax technique (MC) and the CAD-CAM (ZB and ZP). MC and ZB specimens were prepared using opaque and dentin veneering ceramics, veneered, 3 mm high and 2.8 mm in diameter, over the cores. ZP specimens were prepared using heat pressing ingots, 3 mm high and 2.8mm in diameter. The shear bond strength test was performed in a Shear bond test machine. Load was applied at a cross-head speed of 0.50 mm/min until failure. Mean shear bond strengths (MPa) were analyzed with the One-way ANOVA. After the shear bond test, fracture surfaces were examined by SEM. Results: The mean shear bond strengths (SD) in MPa were MC control 29.14 (2.26); ZB 29.48 (2.30); and ZP 29.51 (2.32). The shear bond strengths of the tested systems were not significantly different (P > .05). All groups presented cohesive and adhesive failures, and showed predominance of cohesive failures in ceramic veneers. Conclusion: 1. The shear bond strengths of the tested groups were not significantly different from the control group (P >.05). 2. There was no significant different between the layering technique and the heat pressing technique in the veneering methods on the colored zirconia core. 3. All groups presented cohesive and adhesive failures, and showed predominance of cohesive failures in ceramic veneers.

Marginal Adaptation of Zirconium Dioxide Core according to the Abutment Teeth (지대치 형태에 따른 지르코니아 코어의 변연 적합도)

  • Kim, Ki-Baek;Kim, Seok-Hwan;Kim, Jae-Hong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 2015
  • The present study investigated the influences of various abutment teeth shapes (maxillary right canine, pre-molar, molar) on the marginal adaptation of computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing-fabricated zirconia core. In vitro adaptation of zirconia cores manufactured by three different abutments were evaluated. Thirty zirconia cores were made per each models and the adaptation was evaluated through a silicone replica technique. The measurement of the adaptation was carried out using digital microscope. The mean and standard deviation of each reference point were analyzed using the one-way (ANOVA) and Tukey's honestly significant difference tests (${\alpha}=0.05$). The overall marginal fits of the zirconia cores were as follows: canine: $47.59{\mu}m$, pre-molar: $43.74{\mu}m$, molar: $40.36{\mu}m$. They were no statistically significant differences between groups for adaptation (p>0.05). This confirmed that the type of abutment teeth used does not determine the precision of fit of zirconia core.

Effect of surface treatmet on the shear bond strength of a zirconia core to veneering ceramic (지르코니아 코어의 표면처리가 비니어링 세라믹과의 전단결합강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Mi-Sun;Kim, Young-Soo;Suh, Kyu-Won;Ryu, Jae-Jun
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.199-205
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the shear bond strength between zirconia core and veneer ceramic after surface treatment. Material and methods: Zirconia cores(N=40, n=10, $10mm{\times}10mm{\times}3mm$) were fabricated according to the manufacturers' instructions and ultrasonically cleaned. The veneering ceramics(thickness 3 mm) were built and fired onto the zirconia core materials. Four groups of specimens with different surface treatment were prepared. Group I: without any pre-treatment, Group II: treated with sandblasting, Group III: treated with liner, Group IV: treated with sandblasting and liner. The shear bond strength was tested in a universal testing machine. Data were compared with an ANOVA and $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ post hoc test(P=.05). Results: The shear bond strength of group VI was significantly higher than the other groups. Conclusion: Both mechanically and chemically treated simultaneously on zirconia core surface influenced the shear bond strength between the core and veneering ceramic in all-ceramic systems.

Comparative study in fracture strength of zirconia cores fabricated with three different CAD/CAM systems (3종의 CAD/CAM 시스템에서 지르코니아 코어의 파절 강도에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Shin, Eon-Sick;Lee, Young-Soo;Park, Won-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.22-30
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare three different CAD/CAM systems through the fracture strength of zirconia core and to evaluate the clinical availability of each system. Material and methods: The following three groups of 30 maxillary mesial incisor core for all-ceramics(each group 10) were fabricated as follows: group 1. $Adens^{(R)}$ CAD/CAM system, group 2. $Cerasys^{(R)}$ CAD/CAM system, group 3. 3M $Lava^{(R)}$ CAD/CAM system. All specimens were manufactured consistently thickness 0.5mm and relief $40{\mu}m$. Specimens were subjected to compressive loading on the lingual area by Z250/$SN5S^{(R)}$. Each group's mean and standard deviation were calculated and Kruskal Waillis test, Wilcoxon Rank Sum test were utilized to find out the relationship among the groups. Results: The results were as follows: 1. The mean fracture strength of $Adens^{(R)}$ system was $615.89{\pm}156.1N$, the $Cerasys^{(R)}$ system was $863.98{\pm}151.5N$, and the 3M $Lava^{(R)}$ system was $1143.1{\pm}286.6N$. 2. The fracture strength of the systems showed the significant statistical differences in order of 3M $Lava^{(R)}$ system, $Cerasys^{(R)}$ system, $Adens^{(R)}$ system. Conclusion: In this study, in spite of the differences among the groups, every group showed clinically useful results. It is necessary to study further clinical experiments on a long term basis.

The effect of repeated firings on the color of zirconia-based all-ceramic system (반복 소성이 지르코니아 전부도재관의 색조에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Jung-Eun;Kim, Mu-Hyon;Yun, Mi-Jung;Jeong, Chang-Mo;Jeon, Young-Chan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of repeated firings on the color of zirconia restoration with different shading method. Materials and methods: Three different types of zirconia frameworks (adding metallic pigments to the initial zirconia powder before sintering (Group NM), dipping the milled frameworks in dissolved coloring agents (Group KI), or application of liner material to the sintered white frameworks (Group KW) were used to support A3 shade dentin porcelain. Repeated firings (3, 5, or 7) were performed, color differences among ceramic specimens were measured using a colorimeter. Repeated measurements analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyze the data for significant difference. The Tukey Honestly Significant Different (HSD) test was used to perform multiple comparisons (${\alpha}$ = .05). Results: 1. $L^*a^*b^*$ values of the ceramic systems were affected by the number of firings (1, 3, 5 or 7 firings) (P < .001) and shading methods (P < .001). 2. As the number of firings increased, the $L^*$ (for all groups) and $a^*$ value (for KW and NM groups) decreased and the $b^*$ value(for all groups) increased. 3. The mean color differences caused by repeated firings were perceptible (${\Delta}E$ > 1) for group KW and KI fired after 3 times, except for group NM fired after 7 times. 4. In order of decreasing ${\Delta}E$ value fired after 7 times, the values were group KI(${\Delta}E$ = 2.26) > group KW (${\Delta}E$ = 1.47) > group NM (${\Delta}E$ = 1.08) (P < .001). Conclusion: Repeated firings influenced the color of the zirconium-oxide all-ceramic specimens with different shading methods.

Evaluation using Replica Technique on the marginal and internal fitness of zirconia cores by several CAD/CAM systems (수종의 CAD/CAM 시스템으로 제작한 지르코니아 코어에서 Replica Technique을 이용한 변연 및 내면 적합도 평가)

  • Huh, Jung-Bo;Park, Cheong-Gil;Kim, Ha-Young;Park, Chan-Kyung;Shin, Sang-Wan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.135-142
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to compare the margin and internal fitness of single anterior all-ceramic crown zirconia core made by three deferent CAD/CAM systems. Material and methods: Five single zirconia cores were manufactured by three deferent CAD/CAM systems($Cerasys^{(R)}$system, KaVo $Everest^{(R)}$system, $LAVA^{TM}$system). The manufactured zirconia cores were duplicated through the use of replica technique, and a replicated sample was sectioned in the center of bucolingual and mesiodistal direction to measure the marginal and internal gap. Measurement was carried out by using measuring microscope ($AXIO^{(R)}$) and $I-Solution^{(R)}$ and analysed through the use of ANOVA. Results: As for the mean marginal fitness of the zirconia core, it was $84.74{\pm}27.57{\mu}m$, in $Cerasys^{(R)}$, $80.23{\pm}21.07{\mu}m$ in KaVo $Everest^{(R)}$ and $96.37 {\pm}11.45{\mu}m$ in $LAVA^{TM}$, and as for the mean internal gap, it was $94.11{\pm}30.07{\mu}m$ in $Cerasys^{(R)}$, $92.31{\pm}25.18{\mu}m$ in KaVo $Everest^{(R)}$, and $94.99{\pm}18.74 {\mu}m$ in $LAVA^{TM}$. There was no significant statistically deference among the total average gap of three systems. The internal gap in KaVo $Everest^{(R)}$ seemed to be smaller than $LAVA^{TM}$ (P < .05). The internal gap in the incisal area was larger in all of the three systems. Conclusion: There was no difference in marginal fitness in $Cerasys^{(R)}$, KaVo $Everest^{(R)}$ and $LAVA^{TM}$. As for the internal fitness, it was smaller in KaVo $Everest^{(R)}$ system than $LAVA^{TM}$ system. In all of the three systems, there was a larger gap in incisal area. The marginal and internal gap was within the clinically allowed range in all of the three systems.

임상가를 위한 특집 1 - 지르코니아의 역사 및 이론적 배경

  • No, Gyeong-Ho;Ha, Seung-Ryong;Kim, Seong-Hun
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.47 no.12
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    • pp.798-803
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    • 2009
  • 지르코니아는 물리적 성질이 금속과 가장 가까운 세라믹이며, 색상이 치아와 비슷하여 치과분야에서 사용빈도가 증가하고 있는 재료이다. 지르코니아는 zirconium dioxide 결정체로서, 1975년 Garvie가 'ceramic steer' 이라고 명명하였듯이 기존의 세라믹과 비교하여 뛰어난 물성을 지니고 있다. 즉, 높은 내열성과 낮은 열전도도, 산성에서 알카리성까지 이르는 내화학 안정성, 낮은 열팽창성, 높은 강도 및 경도, 내마모성을 가지고 있기 때문에 이전부터 공업용 재료로 넓게 시용되어 왔다. 지르코니아의 상변 이를 이용한 toughening방법이 Garvie에 의해 제시됨으로서 세라믹의 최대 단점인 취성은 어느 정도 극복할 수 있게 되었고 이를 계기로 금관 및 계속가공 의치, 임플란트 지대주, 인레이, 온레이 등 치과의 여러 분야에 지르코니아를 적용할 수 있게 되었다. 최근에는 임플란트 매식체에 있어서도 그 적용을 시도함으로서 심미치과치료에 있어서 중요한 부분으로 자리 잡고 있다. 현재 지르코니아는 치과용 세라믹 중에서 가장 높은 기계적 물성을 보이기 때문에 구치부 에서의 사용 가능성이 시도되고 있으며, 코어의 두께를 감소시킴으로써 보철 술식에서 필요한 강도 및 심미성 두 마리 토끼를 잡을 수 있도록 많은 연구가 이루어지고 있다. 이에 지르코니아의 역사 및 이론적 배경에 대하여 알아보고자 한다.

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