• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중환자실

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Influence of Communication Competence and Burnout on Nursing Performance of Intensive Care Units Nurses (중환자실 간호사의 의사소통 능력, 소진이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Youn-Jung;Lee, Youn A;Sim, Kyoung Nan;Kong, Seong Sook;Park, Young-Su
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.278-288
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of communication competence and burnout on nursing performance in intensive care units (ICU). Method: The participants were 209 nurses from four university hospitals. Measurements included a socio-demographic and job related survey, communication competence inventory, the Maslach burnout inventory and a nursing performance scale. Data were collected from February 6 to 24, 2012, with a self-report questionnaire. The statistical analyses were performed with SPSS 18.0 software. Results: The mean scores for communication competence, burnout and nursing performance were 50.49, 84.72, and 62.18, respectively. Communication competence (r=.44, p<.001) and burn out (r=-.32, p<.001) were significantly correlated with nursing performance. In the multiple linear regression, factors influencing nursing performance were communication competence, age and burnout. These variables explained about 46% of the total variance of nursing performance. Communication competence (${\beta}$=.34, p<.001) was the most influential factor. Conclusion: Nurses' poor communication skills and burnout can influence the occurrences of medical errors in ICU nursing performance. The results suggest that good communication and burnout resolution skills programs should be implemented to improve nursing performance efficiency.

Risk Factors of Medical Device-Related Pressure Ulcer in Intensive Care Units (중환자실 의료기기 관련 욕창의 위험요인)

  • Koo, MiJee;Sim, YoungA;Kang, InSoon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of and risk factors for medical-device-related pressure ulcer (MDRPU) development in intensive care units. Methods: A prospective cohort study design was used, and the participants were 253 adult patients who had stayed in medical and surgical intensive care units. Data were collected regarding the application of medical devices and MDRPU-related characteristics over a period of six months from June to November, 2017. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, ${\chi}^2-test$, Fisher's exact test, and binary logistic regression analysis with the SPSS 21.0 program. Results: Among the 253 participants, MDRPUs occurred in 51 (19.8%) participants. The results of the logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for MDRPUs were the use of endotracheal tubes (OR=5.79, 95% CI: 1.66~20.20), having had surgery (OR=2.95, 95% CI: 1.11~7.77), being in a semi-coma/coma (OR=5.79, 95% CI: 1.04~32.05), and sedation (OR=5.54, 95% CI: 1.39~22.19). Conclusion: On the basis of the study results, it is effectively facilitated by nurses when they care for patients with MDRPUs in intensive care units and the results are expected to be of help in preventive education for MDRPU development as well as preparing the base data for intervention studies.

The Research on the Breast Feeding and its Related Factors of Premature Infant (신생아 중환자실에 입원한 미숙아의 모유수유 실태와 관련요인 분석)

  • Kim Mi-Soon;Kim Jeong-Un;An Young-Mi;Bae Sang-Mi;Kim Mi-Jin
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.272-284
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this research is to provide basic informations for the encouragements of premature infants' breast feeding. Method: From August 10 to October 9, 2002, we have carried out a statical research which surveyed 148 mothers of premature infants registered in NICU. The sample had generated cluster-randomly from 25 General Hospitals, all over the Korea peninsula and being surveyed with 74 questionnaires. Result: Mean hospitalized day of premature infants was 27.9 days. The mean total feeding period was 19.1 days and continuous breast feeding period 12.4days. They were interested in breast feeding education-they answered that they would join the breast feeding education if they were given the chance 87.8%. There was significant relation between babies fed only breast milk and the body weight of birth(p<.05). The reasons why mother gave the baby her breast milk include 'for her baby's health' and 'people said breast milk is good for babies' with a portion of 99%. The main reason why mothers could not execute breast feeding was 'the deficit of breast milk volume' 50.0% and other reason were 'because of start to support more nutritions '18.2%, 'difficulty to carry out the breast milk to hospital'13.6%. The reasen why mothers could not try breast feeding at first were 'deficit of breast milk volume'37.0%, 'not to be prepared for breast feeding because of unexpected delivery'32.6%. Conclusion: We need a program to inform importance and excellent of the breast feeding and a plan to increase the premature infants' breast feeding through the importation of fortifier.

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Outcome and risk factors of pediatric hemato-oncology patients admitted in pediatric intensive care unit (소아 중환자실에 입실한 소아 종양/혈액 질환 환자의 예후 및 위험인자)

  • Kim, Bo Eun;Ha, Eun Ju;Bae, Keun Wook;Kim, Seon Guk;Im, Ho Joon;Seo, Jong Jin;Park, Seong Jong
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.10
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    • pp.1153-1160
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    • 2009
  • Purpose:To evaluate the risk factors for mortality and prognostic factors in pediatric hemato-oncology patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods:We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of pediatric hemato-oncology patients admitted at the PICU of the Asan Medical Center between September 2005 and July 2008. Patients admitted at the PICU for perioperative or terminal care were excluded. Results:Total 88 patients were analyzed. Overall ICU mortality rate was 34.1%. Mean age at PICU admission was $7.0{\pm}5.7$ years and mean duration of PICU stay was $18.1{\pm}22.2$ days. Hematologic diseases contributed to 77.3% of all the primary diagnoses, and the primary cause of admission was respiratory failure (39.8%). The factors related to increased mortality were C-reactive protein level (P<0.01), ventilation or dialysis requirement (P<0.01), and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P<0.05). In all, 3 scoring systems were investigated [Number of Organ System Failures (OSF number), the Pediatric Risk of Mortality III (PRISM III) score, and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score]; higher score correlated with worse outcome (P<0.01). The Oncological Pediatric Risk of Mortality (O-PRISM) scores of the 21 patients who had received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were higher among the non-survivors, but not statistically significant (P=0.203). Conclusion:The PRISM III and SOFA scores obtained within 24 hours of PICU admission were found to be useful as early mortality predictors. The highest OSF number during the PICU stay was closely related to poor outcome.

The Effect of Oral Care with Normal Saline on Oral State of Patients in Intensive Care Unit (생리식염액을 이용한 구강간호가 중환자실 환자의 구강상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Sun Hee;Kim, Yeong Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.452-459
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of oral care either with normal saline or with tantum solution on the oral state of the patients in intensive care unit as well as the frequency of bacteria occurrence inside their oral cavities. Method: The study was performed from March thru May of 2003 on the nonequivalent control group non-synchronized quasi-experimental design. Forty subjects were selected for each group. The data were analyzed using the SPSS 10.0 Win. The pre-experimental homogeneity and post-experimental differences between the two groups were analyzed with t-test. Result: There was a significant difference in the oral cavity state between the experimental group that had used normal saline and the control group that had used tantum solution. Conclusion: Based on the results described above, it is considered that normal saline is more effective than the tantum solution for the oral care of the patients in intensive care unit.

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