• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중학생

Search Result 1,842, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Consumption and Preference of Seafood, and Desires for the Seafood Utilization in School Lunch Program among Middle and High School Students in Korea (중.고등학생의 수산물 이용 음식에 대한 이용실태와 선호도 및 학교급식에서의 요구도 조사)

  • 남혜원;이민준;이영미
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 2002
  • A study on the seafood consumption was conducted from 1902 adolescent students (1110 boys and 792 girls) attending middle or high school to assess the attitude and degree of satisfaction for seafood being served in the school lunch program and ultimately to promote greater seafood consumption. A self-administered questionnaire was used to record the results. The results were as follows: Sixty percent of the respondents appeared to like or not to be reluctant to seafood. The main reasons for favoring seafood were its nutritious effect and taste. On the other hand, the reason for disliking seafood was due to its peculiar smell. In terms of cooking methods, the subjects preferred raw, fried, and grilled seafdod, whereas they disliked salt-fermented, seasoned and stewed dishes. The highly preferred seafood were crab, shrimp, tuna and squid. Only 6.6% of middle school students (MS) and 3.7% of high school students (HS) liked the seafood served in school lunch program, whereas the others responded 'so so'or disliked it. The reasons for disliking seafood being served in school lunch program were poor taste (14.7% of MS, 23.5% of HS), lack of freshness(6.3% of MS, 13.9% of HS) and unattractable cooking methods(3.4% of MS, 11.1% of HS). To promote seafood consumption in school lunch program, subjects anticipated the taste improvement (37.7% of MS, 48.5% of HS), use of a variety of seafood (19.8% of MS, 24.0% of HS) and cooking methods(12.6% of MS, 22.4% of HS). Above results suggested that further efforts are needed to provide preferred cooking methods and seafood items as a way of increasing seafood acceptability.

Evaluation of the diet and nutritional states of elementary and middle school students in the Daegu area by using nutrition quotient for children (어린이 영양지수 (NQ)를 활용한 대구 지역 남녀 초등학생과 중학생의 식생활과 영양 상태 평가)

  • Lee, Su Jung;Kim, Youngnam
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.46 no.5
    • /
    • pp.440-446
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purposes of this study are to assess the diet and nutritional states of elementary and middle school students in the Daegu area by using nutrition quotient (NQ) for children. A survey was conducted with 366 elementary school students and 364 middle school students. Elementary school students showed higher total NQ scores (66.2) than middle school students (58.3), without gender difference. Elementary school students showed higher NQ scores in all 5 domains (balance, diversity, abstinence, regularity, practice) than middle school students. As for gender difference, boys showed higher scores than girls in balance and diversity, and girls showed higher scores in abstinence than boys. When scores of 5 domains were evaluated as good or bad, the percentage of good was highest in abstinence (63.4%) and lowest in diversity (22.9%). The percentage distribution of NQ of 1st (excellent) to 5th (bad) grades were 8.4%, 13.6%, 44.5%, 19.3%, 14.2%, respectively. In the 1st grade, there were 9.5%p more elementary school students, and in the 5th grade, there were 11.6%p more middle school students. No gender differences were found in the distribution of the NQ grades. Since NQ for children presents a convenient method of evaluating the diet and nutritional states of many subjects simply and simultaneously, a follow-up study will hopefully revise and supplement the question items and standards of judgement by the age groups.

Exploratory Study on the Relationship between Lifestyles and Inattention, Hyperactivity/Impulsivity, Internet Overuse in Elementary and Middle School Students (초·중학생의 생활양식과 주의력 결핍, 과잉행동/충동성, 인터넷 과다사용 간 관계에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Yang, Mo-Huun;Kang, Eun-Jin;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.18 no.11
    • /
    • pp.171-187
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the lifestyle factors influencing behavioral problems such as Inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and internet overuse in elementary and middle school students. Data from 889 elementary school students and 676 middle school students were used and teacher reporting on students' attention deficit and hyperactivity and impulsivity symptoms was also included in the analysis. Lifestyle included opportunities for family interaction, sleep, watching TV, playing Video games, eating breakfast, eating junk food, and private education. As a result of stepwise regression analysis, Video games, junk foods, and family interactions significantly predicted the inattention of elementary and middle school students. Video games, TV, junk foods, and family interactions significantly predicted elementary school students' hyperactivity and impulsivity, but the lifestyle variables hardly accounted for the hyperactivity/impulsivity of middle school students. Video game, and family interactions significantly predicted Internet overuse for both elementary and middle school students. Current study suggest that family interaction opportunities and the use of video games, TV and junk food should be considered to intervene in behavior problems.

The Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Career Maturity of Middle School Student Through 5 Personality Factors (성격 5 요인 조절효과를 통한 창업가정신이 중학생의 진로성숙도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kil, Myoung Suk;Ryu, Duk Wi;Kim, Myung Seuk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.47-60
    • /
    • 2017
  • This thesis examines the effects of entrepreneurship on the career maturity of middle school students through moderating the effects of 5 personality factors. For that purpose, we have conducted a survey for 500 middle school students. We measured three aspects suggested by Kang Byung Ho (2011) for the entrepreneurship. The career maturity test for middle and high school students(Yim un and so on, 2012) to test the career maturity of middle school students and measure items suggested by Lee Tae Gyu and Yun Hye Hyun(2008) to test the five-factor model as a tool. The results were acquired using an SPSS 22.0 program to analyze the research results as follows. Hypothesis 1. 'How much entrepreneurship has an effect on the career maturity of middle school students?' This has shown that the higher the entrepreneurship is, the higher the career attitude and career probing ability is. At the same time, the risk-taking in entrepreneurship has no significant effect on the career preparation action. Hypothesis 2. 'The five-factor model will affect the controlling of the relationship between entrepreneurship and the career maturity (career attitude, career probing ability and career preparation action) of middle school students.' This five-factor model has affected the relationship between the entrepreneurship and career attitude, the sub-area of career maturity. However, it has not affected the career probing ability and career preparation action, another sub-area of the career maturity. This study is useful because we have probed the effect of entrepreneurship on the career maturity of middle school students and the control-effect of the five-factor model. We suggest that this study will give a chance to middle school students to realize their career, to probe and design their career and to cultivate their ability to live a active life in 21th century.

  • PDF

Effect of Technology-Based STEAM Education on Attitude toward Technology of Middle School Students (기술기반 STEAM 교육이 중학생의 기술적 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Seon-A
    • 대한공업교육학회지
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.47-64
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of the technology-based STEAM education on attitude toward technology of middle school students. The following hypothesis was stated for the purpose of the study. There is no significant differences of attitude toward technology of middle school students before and after applied the technology-based STEAM education in sub-elements (1) interest in the technology, (2) technology's gender role, (3) technology's importance and influence, (4) accessibility to technology, (5) technology and school curriculum, (6) technology-related career, and (7) technology and creative activity. One-Group Pretest-Posttest Design was applied to 'After-school' activities of ${\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}$ middle school for this experimental research. The data were collected and interpreted statistically by paired samples t-test using SPSS(ver. 15) at the .05 level of significance. The results of the study were as follow: First, the technology-based STEAM education was effective in raising technological attitude of middle school students. Second, the technology-based STEAM education was effective in enhancing attitude of middle school students on interest in technology, technology's gender role, technology's importance and influence, technology and school curriculum, and creative activity. Third, the technology-based STEAM education was not effective in improving attitude on accessibility to technology and aspiration to technology-related occupation of middle school students.

The Attitudes and Images of Middle School Students toward Invention (중학생의 발명에 대한 태도 및 이미지)

  • Kim, Ki-Yeol;Ham, Hyung-In
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-73
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate and analyze the attitudes and images of middle school students toward invention. This aims to provide basic data on qualitative improvement invention education. The results of this research are as follows: First, as for middle school students, the level of emotion and interest attitude toward invention is higher than elementary school students. The image of invention is positive but difficult (M=3.70). Second, as the overall attitude to invention according to gender of middle school students shows a consistent invention attitude, the attitude formation on invention during elementary school time is found to be important. The overall image of invention according to gender is shown to be significantly different (p<0.05). Third, the overall attitude on invention according to the grade of middle school students does not show a statistically significant difference (p>0.05). As for the ranking according to factors on attitude depending on grades, cognitive attitude is followed by emotional attitude, attitude of interest, and practical attitude. The overall image of invention according to the grade of middle school students does not show a statistically significant difference (p>0.05). This is determined as a result of the large pressure acting on the study from middle school. Finally, the acts of invention such as idea, creation, imagination, creativity are considered as important as the results of analysis of the words of the invention. Invention is analyzed to contribute to developing new products, providing convenience in life, social development, usefulness in real life, and alleviating inconvenience.

Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy in the Relationship between Parenting Attitude and Rational Career Decision-Making Type of Middle School Students (부모의 양육태도와 중학생 자녀의 합리적 진로의사결정 유형 관계에서 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Park, Young-Saing;Byun, Sang-Hae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.317-331
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was carried out as a preliminary study to analyze the effect of parenting attitudes on the career decision-making types of middle school students. We analyzed the mediating effect of self-efficacy to develop a program that can be implemented jointly at home and at school to help middle school students who are facing the Free Semester System in 2016 to form an ideal career decision-making type. To that end, a survey was conducted with 345 students attending a middle school located in Northern Seoul, and the 335 valid questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS v22. In the sociodemographic analysis, there was no difference in parenting attitudes between groups in terms of religion and family income. The democratic attitude of parents had the greatest impact on the rational career decision-making type, while the permissive attitude had a partial effect. The authoritarian attitude had no effect. Self-efficacy had a mediating effect in only the relationship between democratic parenting attitude and the rational career decision-making type. These findings imply that to help middle school students form a rational career decision-making type, intervention in variables other than self-efficacy is necessary in addition to parent education.

A Study on Factors Influencing on Adolescents' Multicultural Acceptability : Compared Elementary School Student and Middle School Students (청소년의 다문화 수용성에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구: 초등학생과 중학생의 비교)

  • Un, Sun Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.10
    • /
    • pp.685-695
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study suggests different improvement practices of adolescents' multicultural acceptability to compare the factors influencing multicultural acceptability with elementary and middle school students. The data used in this study come from the Korean Child and Youth Panel Study(KCYPS) of the National Youth Policy Institute(NYPI) comprising 4,092 responses from 5th grade elementary school students and 4th grade(middle school 2nd grade) of elementary school students. The study data were subjected to hierarchical regression analysis to give the following findings. First, Levels of Multicultural Acceptability were significantly different. Second, factors influencing multicultural acceptability for elementary school students and middle school students were different. Common factors were mother's education level, life's satisfaction, peer relationship, teacher relationship, and spirit of community. Factors for elementary school students's multicultural acceptability were subjective academic achievement, community awareness, experiences of cultural activity, and overseas visiting experiences. The factor for middle school students's multicultural acceptability was family/group travel experiences. Our findings highlight the importance of programs and education that are suitable for children's developmental level. Such peer group programs need to be offered for middle school students to achieve spirit of community and educational group program and various extracurricular activities to achieve community awareness and develop a spirit of community for elementary school students.

A Study on Improvement for Classification of Fiction to Enhance to Accessibility for Middle School Students (중학생의 소설 접근성을 증진시키기 위한 소설 분야 분류 개선 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hye Chon;Chung, Yeon-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-82
    • /
    • 2018
  • Fiction is a collection that most students read and borrow in school libraries. KDC has several limitations when students look for fiction books they need. In line with this, we surveyed various cases of fiction classifications used in libraries, bookstores, and publishers and use behaviors of fiction of middle school students. Based upon the result of the surveys, we proposed a better way of classifying fiction books according to user needs. In addition to the KDC number, color bands were attached according to genres so that users could easily find the desired books. These suggestions and other information will enhance the accessibility and discoverability to fiction books for middle school students and may be used as reference materials for fiction classification in libraries, bookstores, and publishers in the future.