• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중학생

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Effects of Teacher Creative Instructional Behavior, Role-Performance, and Teacher-Student Interaction on Problem Solving Abilities for Middle School Students (교사의 창의적 교수행동 및 역할수행과 교사-학생 간 상호작용이 중학생의 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Yuk, Myeung-Sin;Park, Myeung-Sin;Park, Yong-Han
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.2450-2464
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    • 2015
  • This study is a professor of creative behavior and roles of teachers and teacher-student interactions between was conducted to analyze the impact on the problem solving skills of middle school students. Study, professor of creative actions and roles of teachers showed significant influence on middle school students in problem-solving skills, teacher-student was found that a significant effect on the interaction between. In addition, teacher-student interaction was found between the effects of a significant effect on middle school students problem-solving skills, creative roles of teachers and professors behavior was confirmed that a significant mediating effect among middle school students in problem-solving skills. The results of this study performed a professor of creative behavior and the role of teachers and teacher-student liver and suggest to improve the interaction education and training programs are needed, that can help in problem-solving skills and theoretical training of junior high school as a practical implication offers a number of implications for school education.

Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation in Middle School Students (중학생의 자살생각에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Lee, Kyuhyun;Kwon, Yunhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.820-828
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    • 2014
  • This study was done to identify factors influencing suicidal ideation in middle school students. Data were collected by questionnaires from 673 middle school students in D metropolitan city. Measures were daily life stress, problem of life, social support, depression, and suicidal ideation. Data were analyzed using frequencies, means and standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 19.0 version. The mean score for suicidal ideation of the participants was 1.22, out of a possible 5. There were significant differences in suicidal ideation according to religion, record, family structure, experience of school violence, and economy status. Suicidal ideation correlated positively with daily life stress, problem of life and depression and negatively with social support. According to the research, factors influencing suicidal ideation in middle school students were problem of life, depression, social support, daily life stress, and experience of school violence. Based on the outcomes of this study, it is necessary to design an intervention program that emphasizes the reducement of problem of life, depression, daily life stress, school violence and enhancement social support in order to prevent suicidal ideation in middle school students.

General Strain Theory approach to the Use of Cellular Phone Dependence of Middle School Students (일반긴장이론(GST)을 이용한 중학생의 휴대폰 의존에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Il-Hyun;Rhee, Hyun-Sill
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the effect of using cellular phone dependence of middle school student based on Agnew's GST. A total of 2,151 questionnaires were used to Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS)2010. Analytical methods of Structural Equation Model(SEM) was verified by AMOS 21.0 Ver. The results were the following. Firstly, The fit of definitive model was $X^2=1398.997$, df=144, GFI=.937, NNFI(TLI)=.902, CFI=.918, RMSEA=.061. Model was proper to verify the use of cellular phone dependence of adolescents. Secondly, The strain factors of middle school student presented statistically significant positive effect to make negative life satisfaction. Finally, The negative life satisfaction of middle school student presented statistically significant positive effect to the use of cellular phone dependence of middle school student. We need to provide as basic data for developing cellular phone dependence intervention programs.

A Study on the Effects of Strengths Perspective Group Art Therapy on Stress, Depression, and Impulsivity of Middle School Male Smoking (강점 관점 집단미술치료가 흡연 남자 중학생의 스트레스, 우울 및 충동성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-hui;Kim, Min-kyeong
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.337-347
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of strengths perspective group art therapy on the strength-related perspectives on the stress, depression and impulsivity of male middle school students who smoke. Data were collected from 15 middle school smokers from two middle schools in A city. Among them, 8 experimental groups and 7 other control groups were willing to participate in art therapy. The collected data were analyzed by nonparametric test considering the number of groups was 15. The Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed ranks test were performed. As a result, the strength-focused group art therapy program showed stress (z = -2.521, p <.05), depression (z = -2.527, p <.05), impulse (z = -2.371, p < .05). Therefore, it can be found that strengths perspective group art therapy has a positive effect on the psychological well-being of smoking middle school students, and furthermore, it is necessary to study the deep emotional state of smoking middle school students.

Mediating Effect of Middle School's Peer Attachment on Relation between Self-esteem and Intrinsic Learning Motivation (중학생의 또래애착이 자존감과 내재적 학습동기 간 관계에 미치는 매개효과)

  • Yoo, Kae-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.263-273
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to check mediating effect of middle school students' peer attachment on relation between self-esteem and intrinsic learning motivation. To this end, this study collected data by measuring the level of self-esteem, peer attachment, and intrinsic learning motivation for 457 male and female middle school students (225 male and 232 female students) located in S city, Jeollanam-do. The results of this study are as follows: The correlation between self-esteem, peer attachment and intrinsic learning motivation of middle school students was all significant. Self-esteem had a significant effect on peer attachment and intrinsic learning motivation, and peer attachment also had a significant effect on intrinsic learning motivation. Meanwhile, Peer attachment showed a partial mediating effect between self-esteem and intrinsic learning motivation. The mediating effect of peer attachment was different according to grade. Through this study, it was confirmed that the self-esteem of middle school students influences peer attachment, and that peer attachment influenced by self-esteem can influence intrinsic learning motivation. The implications and limitations of this study were also discussed.

The Difference of Gestures between Scientists and Middle School Students in Scientific Discourse: Focus on Molecular Movement and the Change in State of Material (과학담화에서 과학자와 중학생의 제스처 비교 -분자운동과 물질의 상태변화를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Ji Hyeon;Cho, Hae Ree;Cho, Young Hoan;Jeong, Dae Hong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.273-291
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    • 2018
  • Gestures accompanied by scientific discourses play an important role in constructing mental models and making model-based inferences. According to embodied cognition literature, gestures can be a source of recognition of the mental models of students and help them in changing naive beliefs about science. This study intends to compare the gestures of scientists with that of middle school students in explaining scientific phenomena and to explore the relationship between gestures and scientific discourse. In the study, 10 scientists and 10 middle school students participated in clinical interviews and the tests of knowledge and self-efficacy. Participants engaged in one-on-one clinical interviews with semi-structured questions about three tasks regarding the molecular movement and the state change of matter. Four researchers carried out open coding and applied a constant comparison method in order to analyze video-recorded gestures. This study found four themes (feature of gesture, use of gesture, content of gesture, function of gesture) about the differences of gestures between scientists and middle school students. Scientists used more diverse and elaborate gestures systematically and frequently in the interview. Although students used gestures in their scientific talk and reasoning, the gestures of students were not well grounded on scientific knowledge and had different functions from those of scientists. The findings revealed that gestures can represent underlying cognition and strengthen scientific thinking. We should encourage students to use gestures as a tool to understand scientific concepts and make inferences.

경기지역 중학생의 최근 6년간 비만지표 별 비만 발생율 변화

  • Seung, Jung-Ja;Sung, Mi-Gyung;Choi, Mi-Gyung;Lee, Yoon-Sin;Kim, Mi-Hyun;Cho, Hye-Gyung;Kim, Gyung-Hee;Lee, Bo-Bae;Jang, Seol;Chun, Nu-Ri;Myung, Geum-Hee;Ra, Hyun-Ju
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.1062.1-1062
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    • 2003
  • 현대사회에서 생활의 편리함을 추구하면서 발생한 신체활동량 감소와 동물성식품 위주의 식습관은 비만 인구의 급속한 증가를 초래하고 있다. 특히 우리 나라를 포함한 아시아 지역에서는 식습관의 급격한 서구화와 함께 비만인구 증가율이 매우 높은 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 경기 북부지역을 중심으로 체형의 변화가 급격히 일어나기 시작하는 중학생을 대상으로 최근 6년간 신장 및 체중 측정 표본 자료를 토대로 비만 발생율의 변화를 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 1997년에 총 522명(남자 250명, 여자 272명)의 중학생들을 신장과 체중을 측정하였으며 2003년에도 같은 지역의 총 1153명 (남자 272명, 여자 546명)의 중학생들을 조사하였다. 비만을 판정하기 위하여 BMI와 표준체중법을 사용하였으며 체질량지수를 한국 소아의 표준발육치의 85백분위수 이상에 해당하는 대상자를 비만으로 분류하여 비교하였다. 남자 중학생의 경우 신장의 증가에 비해 체중 증가율이 높아 조사한 모든 비만지표에서 비만 발생율 증가가 유의적으로 나타난 반면 여중생의 비만 발생율은 1997년에 비해 2003년에는 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. 비만지표별 1997년과 2003년의 비만 발생율을 보면 BMI로 조사한 결과 10.3%와 12.7%, BMI 85 백분위수의 경우는 17.8%와 20.6%, 표준체중법에서는 13.8%와 16.9%로 조사되어 각 지표별로 비만도 판정에 차이를 나타내었고 중학생의 비만 판정에는 BMI, 표준체중법, BMI 85 백분위수 순으로 비만도를 엄격하게 판정함을 알 수 있었다. 비만지수별 체형의 분류기준을 평균내어 6년간의 변화를 살펴본 결과에서는 전체 대상자의 저체중 비율은 최근 6년간 남녀 모두에서 감소되었으나 비만 발생율은 1997년에는 14.0%에서 2003년에는 16.7%로 약 1.2배 증가하였다. 이상의 연구결과에 의하면 최근 6년간 중학생의 비만 발생율은 남학생을 중심으로 증가하고 있으므로 이를 예방하기 위해서는 특히 남학생을 대상으로 한 체계적인 영양교육이 필요할 것으로 보인다. 한편 중학생의 비만판정을 위한 각종 지표의 올바른 설정과 적용에 대한 연구가 지속적으로 이루어져 보다 체계적이고 과학적인 자료가 축적되어야 할 것으로 생각된다.

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An Ethnography Study on the Consumer Role of Middle School Students - From the View Point of the Role of Gainer, Allocator, Buyer, User and Disposer - (중학생의 소비자역할에 대한 질적 연구 - 획득자, 배분자, 구매자, 사용자, 처분자의 역할 측면에서 -)

  • Kweon, Gyeong-Ja;Jang, Sang-Ock
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.19-36
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the consumer roles-gainer, allocator, buyer, user and disposer- of middle school students. The methodology that has been applied to this study was an ethnography study based on in-depth interviews with ten middle schoolers selected in Changwon, Gyeongnam. The result of this study is as follows; First, as gainers, teenagers usually gained their money from their parents. Because this tends to be not periodical, allowance education should be performed to both parents and teenagers. Second, as allocators, teenagers allocated most of their money in entertaining, shopping, traveling, leaving small amount of money for saving. Thorough education supported by school and home should be held for efficient and balanced allocation of acquired allowance. Third, teenagers as buyer should be encouraged to examine carefully in their buying goods and services thus increasing their ability in solving problems related to consume. Fourth, due to the fact that teenagers' role as user is very feeble, educations related to usually consumed products and consuming environments should be strengthened. Fifth, N generation's internet-based character is reflected in disposer rules so education for better disposal in internet world should be needed. Conclusively, education for teenagers' role as consumer will be efficient is linked with school, home, and society thus providing better standard for consumers.

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An Analysis of Middle School Students' Resilience on Their School Adjustment (중학생의 회복탄력성과 학교적응성에 관한 실증적 인과관계 분석)

  • Lee, Shinsook;Kim, Yongseob
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.135-145
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to draw the implication in improving middle school students' school adjustment and suggest policy methods for their school adjustment depending on the degree of social support. As a result of the research, it was found that middle school students' resilience factors such as self-control ability and interpersonal relationship ability had the influence on their impulse control, self-esteem, communication and self-expansion ability on their social competence. Emotional regulation, impulse control, self-esteem, communication and self-expansion ability had the influence on school adjustment. It was also known that middle school students' social competence had high influence on their school adjustment and their self-expansion ability had the highest influence on social competence. Middle school students' resilience factors such as emotional regulation, empathy and self-expansion ability may be different in their influence on social competence. Impulse control may be different depending on their school adjustment and a degree of social support, and social competence may be different depending on their school adjustment and a degree of social support.

The Study of Sexual Behavior of the Middle School Students (중학생의 성행동 관련 요인)

  • Jung, Sun Young;Park, Hyun Sook;Jo, Geum Yi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.6330-6339
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    • 2013
  • The aims of this study were to identify the significant predictors of the sexual behavior of middle school students. The subjects consisted of 603 middle school students (male 344, female 259). The data was collected through self-report questionnaires, which were constructed to include the attitudes to sexual behavior, sexual permissiveness, perceived behavioral control, sexual behavioral intention, father's child-rearing attitudes, mother's child-rearing attitudes, friends' attitudes to sex, exposure to pornography, and sexual behavior. The data was analyzed using the SPSS 19.0 program. The significant predictors of sexual behavior of middle school students that explained 51.0% of the variance in sexual behavior were the friends' attitudes to sex, alcohol drinking experience, experience of sexual abuse, sexual permissiveness, exposure to pornography, sexual behavioral intention, perceived behavioral control, father's child-rearing attitudes, and mother's child-rearing attitudes. These findings suggest that the approach to a sexual education promotion program for middle school students should consider multisystemic predictors.