• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중요도 누적법

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Comparison of Methods for the Analysis Percentile of Seismic Hazards (지진재해도의 백분위수 분석 방법 비교)

  • Rhee, Hyun-Me;Seo, Jung-Moon;Kim, Min-Kyu;Choi, In-Kil
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2011
  • Probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), which can effectively apply inevitable uncertainties in seismic data, considers a number of seismotectonic models and attenuation equations. The calculated hazard by PSHA is generally a value dependent on peak ground acceleration (PGA) and expresses the value as an annual exceedance probability. To represent the uncertainty range of a hazard which has occurred using various seismic data, a hazard curve figure shows both a mean curve and percentile curves (15, 50, and 85). The percentile performs an important role in that it indicates the uncertainty range of the calculated hazard, could be calculated using various methods by the relation of the weight and hazard. This study using the weight accumulation method, the weighted hazard method, the maximum likelihood method, and the moment method, has calculated the percentile of the computed hazard by PSHA on the Shinuljin 1, 2 site. The calculated percentile using the weight accumulation method, the weighted hazard method, and the maximum likelihood method, have similar trends and represent the range of all computed hazards by PSHA. The calculated percentile using the moment method effectively showed the range of hazards at the source which includes a site. This study suggests the moment method as effective percentile calculation method considering the almost same mean hazard for the seismotectonic model and a source which includes a site.

On Accumulation Analysis (누적법에 관한 연구)

  • 백운봉;이우선
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.275-293
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    • 1999
  • 다구찌의 누적법은 다구찌 품질공학에서 중요한 통계분석 방법이다. 그러나 이 방법이 복잡하고 비효율적일 뿐만 아니라 실험의 결과가 잘못 해석 될 수 있는 문제점을 가지고 이싿. 특히 순서 지어진 범주형에 관한 다요인(multificator) 실험에서는 이러한 가능성이 큰 것으로 지적되고 있다. 이에 대한 걱정과 비판이 Nair(1986) 그리고 Hamada and Wu(1990)에 의하여 심각하게 제기되어 왔다. 본 논문은 이러한 내용들을 정리하고 이들의 논란과 주장에 대한 평가와 이에대한 최선의 실천방안을 제안하고 있다. 아울러 실제 자료분석을 위하여 필요한 SAS/IML 프로그램을 제시하고 있다.

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층화에서 최적경계점 결정에 관한 연구

  • Park, Jin-U;Kim, Yeong-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Statistical Society Conference
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2002
  • 층화 추출법에서 층의 경계점을 정하는 문제는 추정의 효율에 직접적으로 영향을 미치기 때문에 매우 실제적이고 중요한 문제이다. 층화변수가 일변량 연속변수인 경우 널리 알려진 방법으로는 누적도수제곱근법과 Ekman법이 있는데 이 두 방법은 모두 나름의 약점을 지니고 있다. 본 논문에서는 Breiman 등(1984)이 제시한 CART 기법 중 회귀나무(regression tree)모형을 이용하여 층의 경계점을 정하는 방법을 소개한다. 그리고 통계청의 어업총조사 자료를 사용하여 층의 경계점을 정하는 여러 다른 방법들의 효율을 비교한다.

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Head Pose Estimation with Accumulated Historgram and Random Forest (누적 히스토그램과 랜덤 포레스트를 이용한 머리방향 추정)

  • Mun, Sung Hee;Lee, Chil woo
    • Smart Media Journal
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2016
  • As smart environment is spread out in our living environments, the needs of an approach related to Human Computer Interaction(HCI) is increases. One of them is head pose estimation. it related to gaze direction estimation, since head has a close relationship to eyes by the body structure. It's a key factor in identifying person's intention or the target of interest, hence it is an essential research in HCI. In this paper, we propose an approach for head pose estimation with pre-defined several directions by random forest classifier. We use canny edge detector to extract feature of the different facial image which is obtained between input image and averaged frontal facial image for extraction of rotation information of input image. From that, we obtain the binary edge image, and make two accumulated histograms which are obtained by counting the number of pixel which has non-zero value along each of the axes. This two accumulated histograms are used to feature of the facial image. We use CAS-PEAL-R1 Dataset for training and testing to random forest classifier, and obtained 80.6% accuracy.

The Estimation of Yaw Direction of Wind Turbine Using Vision System (비전 시스템에 의한 풍력발전기의 Yaw방향 추정)

  • Jeong, Myung-Hee;Jeong, Jun-Ik;Rho, Do-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.199-201
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    • 2006
  • 풍력발전기에 있어서 블레이드의 Yaw방향 제어는 끊임없이 변화하는 풍향에 대해 효율의 극대화와 블레이드의 강도 및 진동측면에서 대단히 중요하다. 기존의 블레이드 Yaw 방향 측정은 접촉 및 비접촉 센서가 이용되어왔다. 본 논문에서는 풍력발전기의 원격모니터링 시스템에서 기본적으로 설치되는 카메라를 이용하여 블레이드의 Yaw방향을 측정하는 방법을 제안한다. 블레이드가 풍향에 따라 회전할 때 영상 누적을 행하고, 누적영상에 대해 경계점을 추정하여 타원의 궤적을 추정한다. 추정된 경계점들을 이용하고 최소자승법을 적용하여 타원방정식을 추정하고, 장축과 단축을 연산한다. 장축과 단축의 변화를 이용하여 카메라의 촬영방향의 기준점으로부터 Yaw방향의 변화를 정량적인 값으로 산출하여 이를 바탕으로 Yaw회전각을 추정한다. Yaw 방향 추정의 검증을 위해 블레이드 속도와 Yaw 방향의 제어가 가능한 모형풍력발전기를 제작하고 실험을 통하여 제안한 추정알고리즘의 유효성을 검증한다.

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Congestion Pricing Function of Internet Differentiated Services for Social Benefit (사회적 편익을 위한 인터넷 차등서비스의 혼잡요금함수)

  • Ji Seon-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2006
  • Over the last couple of years, established Cumulus Pricing Scheme(CPS) has become an important research issue for efficiently charging differentiated internet services. This paper proposes the adjusted CPS technique that expressed information of over or under-use of resources in bandwidth. And, 1 propose CPS with respect to the six main pricing and charging conditions. Also, accumulation technique may indicate an information between specified charging and eventually requires to adapt the initial contract. So called red and green Cumulus Points(CP) are used to judge the behavior of customer. At this point, the actual resource consumption is described by function v(t) at time t.

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Simplified Method for the Determination of Cumulative Landslide Displacement in the Event of an Earthquake using "Slide Block" Type Analyses (지진발생시 Slide Block형 분석을 이용한 누적 산사태 변위 결정 단순법)

  • Bae, Yoon-Shin
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2009
  • Earthquake induced landslides have caused tens of thousands of deaths and billions of dollars of damage during the last century alone. Determining the potential seismic hazard presented by statically stable slopes is essential for the evaluation of substantial landslide movement during an earthquake. Newmark's method for estimating landslide displacement under dynamic loading was presented and applied to two case studies. A simplified energy-based method was then be developed to estimate the Newmark's displacement.

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A Characterization of Oil Sand Reservoir and Selections of Optimal SAGD Locations Based on Stochastic Geostatistical Predictions (지구통계 기법을 이용한 오일샌드 저류층 해석 및 스팀주입중력법을 이용한 비투멘 회수 적지 선정 사전 연구)

  • Jeong, Jina;Park, Eungyu
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.313-327
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    • 2013
  • In the study, three-dimensional geostatistical simulations on McMurray Formation which is the largest oil sand reservoir in Athabasca area, Canada were performed, and the optimal site for steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) was selected based on the predictions. In the selection, the factors related to the vertical extendibility of steam chamber were considered as the criteria for an optimal site. For the predictions, 110 borehole data acquired from the study area were analyzed in the Markovian transition probability (TP) framework and three-dimensional distributions of the composing media were predicted stochastically through an existing TP based geostatistical model. The potential of a specific medium at a position within the prediction domain was estimated from the ensemble probability based on the multiple realizations. From the ensemble map, the cumulative thickness of the permeable media (i.e. Breccia and Sand) was analyzed and the locations with the highest potential for SAGD applications were delineated. As a supportive criterion for an optimal SAGD site, mean vertical extension of a unit permeable media was also delineated through transition rate based computations. The mean vertical extension of a permeable media show rough agreement with the cumulative thickness in their general distribution. However, the distributions show distinctive disagreement at a few locations where the cumulative thickness was higher due to highly alternating juxtaposition of the permeable and the less permeable media. This observation implies that the cumulative thickness alone may not be a sufficient criterion for an optimal SAGD site and the mean vertical extension of the permeable media needs to be jointly considered for the sound selections.

An Approach to Measure Anthropometric Data of Simulated Human Hand Using Photogrammetry (시뮬레이션 환경에서 사진측량기법을 이용한 손 치수 측정 방법에 대한 연구)

  • Chang, Ji Hong
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.511-517
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    • 2016
  • Anthropometric data of the hand is one of the important issues for the product design related with hand and manual operation in terms of user-centered design. Direct measurement, which traditionally uses anthropometric measuring tool, has a few disadvantages in cumulation of measuring time, possible errors in raw data, doubtful reliability between inspectors. Newly introduced 3D scanning technology overcomes those disadvantages; however, another disadvantages, such as, hight cost and immovability, have been introduced. In this study, photogrammetric approach was introduced for the measurement of anthropometric data in hand. In order to minimize the possibility of error during direct and indirect measurement, a simulated object was used and effectiveness of photogrametric measurement was confirmed for the collection of anthropometric data in hand.

Analysis of Residence Time Distribution in Extrusion Process Including the Effect of 3-D Circulatory Flow (3차원 순환 유동효과를 고려한 압출공정에서의 체류시간 분포해석)

  • 권태헌
    • The Korean Journal of Rheology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.135-147
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    • 1991
  • 압출공정 중에 화학반응이 수반되는 경우에 화확반응은 온도와 체류시간분포 (Residence Time Distribution (RTD))에 의해 결정되므로 압출기의 설계 및 공정조건의 확 립에 있어서 RTD를 정확히 측정하거나 예측하는 것은 매우 중요하다. RTD를 예측하기 위 해 제안된 종래의 방법은 압출기내에서의 유동을 2차원으로 단순화하여 RTD와 체류시간분 포함수 f(T)와 누적 체류시간 분포함수 F(T)를 해석적으로 구하였다. 그러나 이러한 종래의 RTD에 관한 해석방법은 실제압출기 내부에서 일어나는 3차원적 순환유동(Circulatory Flow)을 정확하게 고려하지 못하는 문제점을 갖고 있다. 본논문에서는 RTD를 정확하게 예 측하기 위하여 3차원 순환유동을 고려한 RTD를 구하는 방식을 제시하고 f(T)에 관한 새로 운 공식을 유도하였다. 새로운 방식을 적용하기 위해서 유사 3차원(Quasi-3-Dimensional) 유한요소 해석법을 이용하여 속도분포를 구한 후에 순환유동을 고려한 RTD 및 f(T), F(T) 를 계산하였다. 순환유동이 고려안된 종래의 방법에 따른 계산 결과와 비교한 결과로서 종 래의 방식은 순환유동이 고려안되었기 때문에 RTD를 과소평가하는 경향이 있음을 알수 있 었다.

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