• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중고령자

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The Effect of Mobile Device Capability of Middle and Older Aged Adults on Life Satisfaction : Focusing on the mediating effect of mobile social participation (중고령자의 모바일기기 이용능력이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 : 모바일 기반 온라인 사회참여활동의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Su-Kyoung;Shin, Hye-Ri;Kim, Young-Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to verify the mediating effect of mobile social participation on the relationship between the mobile device capability and life satisfaction. Using the data of 2018 Digital Divide Survey conducted by the National Information Society Agency(NIA), the mediating effect was verified by Baron & Kenny (1986)'s 3 step process, targeting 1,665 middle and older aged adults. The result is as follows: first, the mobile device capability of the middle and older aged people has a positive effect on life satisfaction. Second, the effect of the mobile device capability of middle and older aged people on life satisfaction is partially mediated by mobile social participation including expressing opinions on social concerns, proposing policies and filing a civil complaint, donation and volunteering work and online voting and responding to a poll. The result represents that the mobile device, such as a smart phone or a smart pad, capability of the middle and older aged group not only directly benefits the group but also helps expand their mobile social participation, which leads to, although indirectly, higher life satisfaction. Therefore, the study is expected to be a groundwork for a practical intervention for enlarging the use of mobile device and lifting digital information level of the elderly to encourage mobile social participation and drive life satisfaction.

Analysis on Predictive Factors of Digital Accessibility Level of Middle-old Age Group: Focused on Gender Difference (중고령자의 디지털정보접근수준 예측요인 분석 : 성별차이를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Su-Kyoung;Shin, Hye-Ri;Kim, Young-Sun
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.55-71
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    • 2020
  • Digital accessibility of the middle-aged and elderly has been increasing at a faster pace than other groups such as the handicapped and adolescents. However, studies related to the digital accessibility of middle and older adults are scarce. In order to examine variables affecting accessibility to digital information of the middle-aged and elderly people, this study researches the impacts of sociodemographic, physical and mental health and social activity variables on the accessibility of digital information. We analyzed data of 1,661 people between the ages of 55 and 84 from the 2018 Status Survey on Digital Divide conducted by the National Information Society Agency. The hierarchical multiple regression analysis shows the higher education, economic, and life satisfaction levels are, the higher digital accessibility levels of both male and female are. The result of the analysis also shows that the aged male has a higher accessibility level when he does not live alone; meanwhile, the aged female has higher digital capability as her age is lower, which describes that there are differences between gender. We expect the result of this study to be used as an important reference to understand factors related to digital accessibility level and active intervention for improving digital accessibility of the middle-aged and elderly male and female.

A Study on the Effect of Social Support for Middle-aged and Older People on Strategy of Coping Stress (중고령자의 사회적 지지가 스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Ahn-Na;Park, Young-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.319-328
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    • 2017
  • This study has used the Korean Retirement and Income Study 5th Additional Data of National Pension Research Center and adopted 7,763 people aged 50 or older as research subjects. Research into correlation between social support and ways of coping stress among these subjects have revealed that the higher the social support is, the more frequently they use active coping, passive coping, and social support coping and that the lower the social support is, the more frequently they use evasive coping.

A Study on the Relationship between Level of Digital Information Usage and Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of the Social Capital (중고령자의 디지털정보화 활용 수준과 삶의 만족도의 관계: 사회적 자본의 매개효과 분석)

  • Yoon, Hee-Jeong;Shin, Hye-Ri;Kim, Young-Sun
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate how level of digital information usage of the middle-aged or elderly people affects life satisfaction and whether social capital mediates the relationship between level of digital information usage and life satisfaction. In this study, we analyzed data of 1,661 people aged 55 or older from the 「2018 Survey on Digital divide」 by the National Information Society Agency. The SPSS 25.0 statistical package was used for the mutiple regression analysis and Baron and Kenny(1986)'s steps for mediation. The statistical significance of the mediated effects of social capital was verified by the Sobel Test. As a result of the analysis, the aged people have a higher life satisfaction when they are women and older, do not live alone, have higher levels of digital informatization usage and social capital. In addition, social capital also revealed to have a mediating role between level of digital information usage and life satisfaction. This shows that social capital needs to be considered along with the level of digital information usage as a way to improve life satisfaction of the middle-aged or the elderly people.

On change of manual dexterity with ageing (연령증가에 따른 수지교류성의 변화에 대하여)

  • 신승헌;서승록
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
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    • pp.33-37
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    • 1993
  • 근래 우리나라에서도 평균수명이 길어져 노동의욕이 있는 중고령자가 증가하는 한편, 출산율이저 하되어 젊은 근로자의 수가 감소되고 있다. 통계청의 인구통계과의 추계에 의하면 2000년에는 60세 이 상이 총인구에 점하는 비율이 10.7%, 65세 이상은 6.8%가 되고, 2020년에는 60세 이상이 19.5%, 65세 이 상도 12.5%에 도달한다는 것이다. 인구노령화로 인한 고령화 사회에 대한 준비를 서둘러야 할 때라고 생각된다. 또 고령화 사회로 되면 젊은 연령층의 경제적 부담이 증가되므로 중고령자의 노동인구를 이대 로 방치해 두는 것은 국가적으로나 사회복지적으로나 불경제라고 할 수 있다. 그런데, 문제가 되는 것은, 중고령자를 취업시키는 것이 오히려 사회의 생산성을 저하시키거나 경제적으로 불리하게 되어서는 안되는 것과 중고령노동자 자신의 안전을 확보해야 하는 것이다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해서는 고용에 있어 서 어떠한 점에서 중고령노동자에게 특징과 문제가 있는가를 분명히 할 필요가 있다. 고령자는 청년자 보다 노동능력이 떨어지는 특징과 문제가 있는가를 분명히 할 필요가 있다. 고령자는 청년자 보다 노동능력이 떨어지는 경향이 있지만 개인차도 크고 고령자 중에는 청년자의 기능에 비교해도 뒤떨어지지 않는 자도 있다. 연령만으로 노동능력을 판정하는 것은 적절한 방법이라고 할 수 없다. 문헌에 의하면 역연령(chornological age)이 25세의 경우, 생리적 연령은 23세에서 27세로 4년 차이가 있다고 한다. 이러한 생리적 연령의 차이는 역연령이 더해감에 따라서 점차 크게 되어 역연령이 45세에서는 12년, 80세 에서는 20년이나 된다는 것이다. 이것은 인간에 있어서 시간적 경과를 나타내는 역연령 이외에 신체적 기능연령(functional age)가 있다는 것을 의미하는 것이다. 한편, 생산현장에서는 자동화, 기계화가 진보되어 육체적인 노동이 경감된 결과, 중고령자라도 할 수 있는 작업이 많아지고 있다. 또, VDT (Visual Dislay Terminal) 작업과 같은 정보처리 작업의 수요가 증가하여 그 인재의 부족이 지적되고 있다. 따라서 중고령자의 기능을 조사하여 어떠한 작업에 적합한가를 판단하는 것이 중요한 과제로 되었다. 그러나 노동에는 많은 기능이 관여 하고, 그 내용에 따라서 요구되는 기능이 서로 다르기 때문에 노동적응능력의 기본적인 기능으로 보여지는 것에 좁혀서 작업능력의 연령증가 변화에 대하여다원적 평가를 하는 것이 실제적이라고 할 수 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 인간이 가지고 있는 다수의 기능중에서 수지교 치성과 연령증가와의 관계를 조사한다. 만약 연령증가 만으로 수지교치성을 평가 할 수 없는 경우에는 어떠한 요인이 수지기민성의 변화에 영향을 미치는가를 검토한다.

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A Study on Effects of Preparation for Aging on Satisfaction of Life : Focusing on Comparison of Gender (중고령자의 노후준비가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구 : 성별 비교를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Joon;Song, Hee-Kyong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.757-769
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study on effect of preparation for aging on satisfaction of life by difference according to comparison of gender on the analysis. The 3th years additional research and 4th years of Korean Panel of retirement and longitudinal study was used. The sample size of this study was 2,970 for middle aged using based on over 50 years than 64 years. The explanation of the research results are as follows: First, the difference in preparation according to comparison of gender that a statistically significant difference in both men and women. Secondly, the difference in life satisfaction according to gender for both men and women showed that a statistically significant difference. Thirdly, the preparation was confirmed that the results for both men and women is significantly difference comparison of gender differences with respect to the effects preparation for aging on satisfaction of life. As a result, the based on gender through a comparison of the effects preparation for aging on satisfaction of life in accordance with middle-aged ready to raise the preparation and satisfaction of life.

조직 혁신과 인적자원 문제-중고령자 대책을 중심으로-

  • 신택현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.415-419
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    • 1995
  • 소위 '무한경쟁'과 '경영혁명'이라는 시대조류에 따라 모든 기업들이 너나 할 것 없이 조직혁신의 대열에 합류하면서 '인사파경', '신인사제도', '학습조직'등 다양한 개념과 제도가 기업현장에 등장하고 있다. 이와 더불어 '구성원의 욕 구'와 '조직의 생존논리' 사이에 형성되어 있던 힘의 균형이 점차 조직의 생 존논리 쪽으로 기울어지면서, 그간 기업의 발전을 위해 전력해 왔던 중간관 리자들이 심리적 압박감과 함께 점차 여과되어지는 추세에 있다. 본 논문은 이러한 현상에 주목하면서 'K'은행의 관리자를 대상으로 한 설문조사를 토대 로 바람직한 중고령자 대책의 방향을 살펴보려는데 그 목적을 두고 있다.

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A comparative social policy study on determinants of work of old adults (중고령자 근로에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 비교사회정책학적 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Wan
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.69-97
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    • 2012
  • This study has sought to analyze factors affecting work and work preference of older adults at national and individual level. A few theoretical hypotheses such as economic need versus job opportunity (or employability), attitude toward paid work, pull effect versus push effect were tested for citizens in eighteen OECD countries with International Social Survey dataset(2005) using multi-level analysis. Main findings are as follows. First, most older adults wanted to work regardless of the socio-economic status, which implies that non-work of older adults would be due to involuntary constraint rather than voluntary choice. Second, there existed class inequality in that the higher class tended to involve paid work more than the lower class did among 55-64 age group. Third, the push factor such as part-time employment ratio, rather than the generosity of social security, explained the work and retirement patterns better. In conclusion, at least from the comparative perspective, the main problem of older adults' work seems to be of labour demand rather than of labour supply, to be of labour market structure and work opportunity rather than of the pull factor.

A Study on the Factors Affecting Life Satisfaction: Focused on Social Support (삶의 만족도 영향요인에 관한 연구: 사회적 지지를 중심으로)

  • Lim, Ahn-Na;Park, Young-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.675-682
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    • 2017
  • This study used the fifth additional data of the panel research on security for the aged conducted by National Pension Research Institute in 2014, and studied the level of satisfaction about life targeting 7,763 middle- and old-aged people in their 50s or older. Social support, one of the influential factors on satisfaction about life, had a positive impact on satisfaction about life, and material support and emotional support were found to have a big influence.

The Relationship on Life Satisfaction of Middle-old aged' Assets : Focusing on Mediating Effect of Depression (중·고령자의 자산과 삶의 만족과의 관계에서 우울의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha;Song, Hyun-Ju;Yun, Jung-Hee;Lee, Geun-Hyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of depression on the relationship between assets and life satisfaction in Korean elderly (45 years old or older). To this end, we used the data from the KReIS 5th Main Survey (2013). SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 25.0 were used for data analysis. The analysis methods were descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis and path analysis. As a result of the analysis, first, the assets of middle-aged and old age had a negative effect on depression, and the depression had a negative effect on life satisfaction. Second, the assets of the elderly have a positive effect on the satisfaction of life. Third, the effects of assets on the satisfaction of life were found to be mediated by depression of middle-aged people. Based on the analysis results, this study suggested the introduction of middle age generation's asset formation support program, the universal implementation of basic pension for the elderly generation, and the gradual increase in benefits.