• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중간저장시설

Search Result 49, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

사용후연료 저장용기 캐니스터의 낙하평가

  • 서기석;신동필;박성원;정성환;이흥영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.350-350
    • /
    • 2004
  • 국내 사용후연료는 중간저장시설 확보가 지연됨에 따라 점차 각 발전소의 사용후연료 저장조가 포화상태에 이르고 있다. 국가정책에 따른 사용후연료 중간저장시설의 운영이 시작되는 시점까지 발전소에서 사용후연료 저장용기가 하나의 대안으로 고려될 수 있다. 경수로 사용후연료의 저장용기의 구조설계는 취급사고의 한 형태로서 낙하조건에 대한 안전성을 요구하고 있다. 경수로 사용후연료 24 다발을 적재하는 캐니스터는 콘크리트 외부용기(overpack)의 상부로부터 하향 방향으로 삽입된다.(중략)

  • PDF

Preliminary Assessment of Radiation Impact from Dry Storage Facilities for PWR Spent Fuel (경수로 사용후핵연료 건식 중간저장시설에 대한 예비 방사선 영향 평가)

  • Kim, T.M.;Baeg, C.Y.;Cha, G.Y.;Lee, W.G.;Kim, S.Y.
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.197-201
    • /
    • 2012
  • Annual dose at the boundary of the interim storage facility at normal condition was calculated to estimate the site area of the facility of PWR spent nuclear fuel. In this work, source term was generated by ORIGEN-ARP for 4.5 wt% initial enrichment, 45,000 MWd/MTU burnup and 10 years cooling time. Modeling of the storage facilities and radiation shielding evaluations were conducted by MCNP code depending on the storage capacity. In the case of the centralized storage system, the required site area was found to have the radius of more than 700 m.

Development for Improvement Methodology of Radiation Shielding Evaluation Efficiency about PWR SNF Interim Storage Facility (PWR 사용후핵연료 중간저장시설의 몬테칼로 차폐해석 방법에 대한 계산효율성 개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, Taeman;Seo, Myungwhan;Cho, Chunhyung;Cha, Gilyong;Kim, Soonyoung
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.92-100
    • /
    • 2015
  • For the purpose of improving the efficiency of the radiation impact assessment of dry interim storage facilities for the spent nuclear fuel of pressurized water reactors (PWRs), radiation impact assessment was performed after the application of sensitivity assessment according to the radiation source term designation method, development of a 2-step calculation technique, and cooling time credit. The present study successively designated radiation source terms in accordance with the cask arrangement order in the shielding building, assessed sensitivity, which affects direct dose, and confirmed that the radiation dosage of the external walls of the shielding building was dominantly affected by the two columns closest to the internal walls. In addition, in the case in which shielding buildings were introduced into storage facilities, the present study established and assessed the 2-step calculation technique, which can reduce the immense computational analysis time. Consequently, results similar to those from existing calculations were derived in approximately half the analysis time. Finally, when radiation source terms were established by adding the storage period of the storage casks successively stored in the storage facilities and the cooling period of the spent nuclear fuel, the radiation dose of the external walls of the buildings was confirmed to be approximately 40% lower than the calculated values; the cooling period was established as being identical. The present study was conducted to improve the efficiency of the Monte Carlo shielding analysis method for radiation impact assessment of interim storage facilities. If reliability is improved through the assessment of more diverse cases, the results of the present study can be used for the design of storage facilities and the establishment of site boundary standards.

신뢰도 분석 방법을 이용한 사용후핵연료 중간저장시설 냉각계통의 최적설계에 관한 연구

  • 고원일;최종원;박성원;박현수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.596-601
    • /
    • 1995
  • 신뢰도 분석 방법을 이용하여 습식 사용후핵연료 중간저장시설의 냉각계통에 대한 최적 설계조건을 도출하기 위한 연구를 수행하였다. 먼저 고장수목 분석을 통한 설계 취약점을 평가하여 21개의 설계대안을 도출하였고, 최종적으로 설계대안에 대한 건설비 용, 계통신뢰도 분석 및 확률론적 안전기준을 고려한 비용효과 분석을 실시하였다. 설계 대안들 중에서 100% 루프 다중설계, 루프당 한 개의 펌프 사용, 안전등급 부여 및 주 루프에서 정화계통이 분리된 경우가 최적설계안으로 나타났다. 여기서 적용된 방법론은 유사시설의 최적설계에 유용하게 응용될 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

  • PDF

A Study on Japanese Experience to Secure the Interim Storage Facility for Nuclear Spent Fuel (일본의 사용후핵연료 중간저장 시설 확보 경험에 관한 연구 - 아오모리현 무쯔시 사례 -)

  • Kim, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.351-357
    • /
    • 2007
  • The Japanese Government selected Mutsu, Aomori Prefecture as a provisional spent-fuel repository site. This comes as a result of the prefecture's five-year campaign to host the site since 2000. Korea stores spent nuclear fuel within sites of nuclear power plants, and expects the storage capacity to reach its limit by the year 2016. This compels Korea to learn the cases of Japan. Having successfully hosted Gyeongju as a site for low-to-intermediate-level nuclear waste repository, Korea has already learned the potential process of hosting spent fuel storage site. The striking difference between the two countries in the process of hosting the site is that the Korean government had to offer the local city a large amount of subsidy for hosting through competitive citizens' referendum among candidate cities while it was the leadership of the local municipality that enabled the controversial decision in Japan. It is also a distinguishable characteristics of Japan that not a huge subsidy is provided to the local host city. I hope this study offers an idea to Korea's future effort to select a spent-fuel host site.

  • PDF

Preliminary Analysis of Dose Rate Variation on the Containment Building Wall of Dry Interim Storage Facilities for PWR Spent Nuclear Fuel (경수로 사용후핵연료 건식 중간저장시설의 격납건물 크기에 따른 건물 벽면에서의 방사선량률 추이 예비 분석)

  • Seo, M.H.;Yoon, J.H.;Cha, G.Y.
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.189-193
    • /
    • 2013
  • Annual dose on the containment building wall of the interim storage facility at normal condition was calculated to estimate the dose rate transition of the facility of PWR spent nuclear fuel. In this study, source term was generated by ORIGEN-ARP with 4.5 wt% initial enrichment, 45,000 MWd/MTU burnup and 10 years cooling time. Modeling of the storage facility and the containment building and radiation shielding evaluations were conducted by MCNP code depending on the distance between the wall and the facility in the building. In the case of the centralized storage system, the distance required for the annual dose rate limit from 10CFR72 was estimated to be 50 m.

사용후핵연료 중간저장(건식형태)시설의 구조 및 설비기준 개발

  • 김영상;이상국
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.247-252
    • /
    • 1996
  • 사용후핵연료 건식 중간저장시설은 설계수명기간 동안 방사능 차폐, 냉각, 보호 등과 같은 주요 기능이 확실히 보장되도록 설계 및 유지·관리되어야 한다. 이러한 주요 기능은 여러가지 설계하중 하에서 구조물의 거동을 정확히 파악한 결과를 설계에 반영함으로써 보장된다. 본 연구에서는 구조물의 건전성을 보장할 수 있는 기능적 측면과 구조적 측면에서 고려되어야 할 항목 및 내용을 국외에서 적용되고 있는 기술기준을 토대로 하고 풍하중, 홍수방호, 내진설계, 열하중해석, 철근콘크리트 및 강구조물, 기초지반과 같은 세부항목에 대한 해석 및 설계의 연구결과를 추가하여 국내 원자력법령과 시행령에 부합되는 사용후핵연료 건식중간저장시설의 구조 및 설비기준을 개발하였다.

  • PDF

Development of a Computer Program for the Analysis Logistics of PWR Spent Fuels (PWR 사용후핵연료 운반 물량 분석 프로그램 개발)

  • Choi, Heui-Joo;Cha, Jeong-Hun;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.147-154
    • /
    • 2008
  • It is expected that the temporary storage facilities at the nuclear power plants will be full of the spent fuels within 10 years. Provided that a centralized interim storage facility is constructed along the coast of the Korean peninsula to solve this problem, a substantial amount of spent fuels should be transported by sea or by land every year. In this paper we developed a computer program for the analysis of transportation logistics of the spent fuels from 4 different nuclear power plant sites to the hypothetical centralized interim storage facility and the final repository. Mass balance equations were used to analyze the logistics between the nuclear power plants and the interim storage facility. To this end a computer program, CASK, was developed by using the VISUAL BASIC language. The annual transportation rates of spent fuels from the four nuclear power plant sites were determined by using the CASK program. The parameter study with the program illustrated the easiness of logistics analysis. The program could be used for the cost analysis of the spent fuel transportation as well.

  • PDF

Preliminary Shielding Analysis of the Concrete Cask for Spent Nuclear Fuel Under Dry Storage Conditions (건식저장조건의 사용후핵연료 콘크리트 저장용기 예비 방사선 차폐 평가)

  • Kim, Tae-Man;Dho, Ho-Seog;Cho, Chun-Hyung;Ko, Jae-Hun
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.391-402
    • /
    • 2017
  • The Korea Radioactive Waste Agency (KORAD) has developed a concrete cask for the dry storage of spent nuclear fuel that has been generated by domestic light-water reactors. During long-term storage of spent nuclear fuel in concrete casks kept in dry conditions, the integrity of the concrete cask and spent nuclear fuel must be maintained. In addition, the radiation dose rate must not exceed the storage facility's design standards. A suitable shielding design for radiation protection must be in place for the dry storage facilities of spent nuclear fuel under normal and accident conditions. Evaluation results show that the appropriate distance to the annual dose rate of 0.25 mSv for ordinary citizens is approximately 230 m. For a $2{\times}10$ arrangement within storage facilities, rollover accidents are assumed to have occurred while transferring one additional storage cask, with the bottom of the cask facing the controlled area boundary. The dose rates of 12.81 and 1.28 mSv were calculated at 100 m and 230 m from the outermost cask in the $2{\times}10$ arrangement. Therefore, a spent nuclear fuel concrete cask and storage facilities maintain radiological safety if the distance to the appropriately assessed controlled area boundary is ensured. In the future, the results of this study will be useful for the design and operation of nuclear power plant on-site storage or intermediate storage facilities based on the spent fuel management strategy.

원전 사용후연료 저장 및 공론화

  • Kim, Won-Dong
    • Nuclear industry
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.56-60
    • /
    • 2007
  • 한국수력원자력(주)는 20기의 원자력발전소를 운영하고 있으며, 원전에서 발생되는 전기로 우리나라 총전력의 약 40%를 담당하고 있는데 이 과정에서 필연적으로 사용후연료가 발생하게 된다. 사용후연료는 재활용 여부에 따라 자원 또는 폐기물로 간주되는 성격을 지니고 있다. 그러나 우리나라는 사용후연료에 대해서는 아직 확실한 방침이 정해지지 않아 이의 저장 시설이 필요하며 현재 원자력발전소 내 사용후연료 저장조와 건식 저장 시설에 임시 저장하고 있다. 사용후연료는 2006년 말 기준으로 8,670톤이 저장되어 있고, 발전소 내에 설치된 기존 시설의 저장 능력이 포화되는 것에 대비하여 조밀 저장대 설치, 호기 간 이송, 공동 저장, 습식 저장 시설 확장 및 건식 저장 시설 추가 건설을 통해 단계적으로 저장 능력을 확장하여 2016년까지 발생되는 사용후연료를 저장할 계획이다. 그러나 제253차 원자력위원회(2004. 12. 17)에서 2016년 이후 사용후연료 관리 방침에 대해서는 중간 저장 시설의 건설 등을 포함하여 충분한 논의를 거쳐 국민적 공감대하에서 추진하기로 결정됨에 따라 현재 공론화 방안 연구와 대내외적인 공론화가 진행되고 있다.

  • PDF