• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주의집중력

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Effects of Home-based Cognitive Occupational Therapy Applied to Dementia Patients in the Initial Stages in Gangwon-do (강원도 지역 초기 치매환자에게 적용한 가정방문 인지작업치료의 효과)

  • Lee, Gee-Dae;Jeon, Byoung-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of a Home-based cognitive occupational therapy program conducted for the dementia patients in the initial stages living in Taebaek region in Gangwon-do. Methods : This study carried out Home-based cognitive occupational therapy intervention by 30 Occupational Therapy Dept. students and volunteers targeting 30 dementia patients in the initiative stages for eight sessions, once a week. To identify the change of cognitive function of the participants before and after the program, MMSE-K was used for measuring. Results : As a result of applying Home-based cognitive occupational therapy to the dementia patients in the initial stages, overall cognitive function improvement was demonstrated. Especially, statistically significant improvement was exhibited in orientation, memory retrieval, the concentration of attention, and language ability. Conclusion : The program for cognitive function improvement is considered to be usefully applied to intervention in the dementia patients. The development of various Home-based occupational therapy intervention programs is required in order to adopt the Home-based occupational therapy service in the future.

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On vertical profiles of cohesive sediment: concentration, velocity gradient, and Stokes number (가는 유사 부유의 연직구조 특성 : 농도, 속도경사, 스토크스 수)

  • Son, Minwoo;Byun, Jisun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.391-391
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    • 2016
  • 유수동역학적인 요소와 유사의 부유는 서로 상호작용을 주고받으며 다양한 현상을 만들어낸다. 많은 선행연구를 통해 유사 농도 등의 특성이 난류 구조 등의 변화를 야기하며, 변화한 난류 구조 역시 유사의 부유 등에 2차적인 영향을 준다는 점이 확인되었다. 본 연구에서는 가는 유사에 보다 집중하여 유사 부유와 이에 따른 연직구조 특성의 변화를 살펴본다. 본 연구에서는 1차원 연직 모형을 이용하여 수치실험을 수행한다. 본 연구에 이용된 모형은 가는 유사의 특성인 빠른 입자 반응 시간(Particle Response Time)이 가정되는 모형으로 선행연구를 통해 적용성이 검증된 것으로 판단한다. 주요 분석대상은 유사의 농도와 속도경사 간의 관계 등이며, 분석하는 유사 농도 종류는 일반적인 비점착성 유사의 경우에 관심을 가지는 질량 농도에 집중하여 결정된다. 수치실험 수행을 위해서는 정류 흐름, 진동파 흐름 등이 적용되었고 다양한 경우의 가는 유사를 고려하기 위한 실험조건의 변경이 이루어졌다. 수치실험 결과 진동파의 다양한 위상에서 조금씩 달라지는 연직구조가 확인되었다. 이는 보정되는 Schmidt 수의 값과도 연관관계를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 가는 유사의 경우에도 입자의 크기에 따라 다른 연직구조의 특성이 모의되었으며 이를 통해 수치실험의 경우에도 입자 크기의 고려 하에 매개변수의 보정이 이루어져야 한다는 점을 알 수 있다. 스토크스 수는 입자 반응 시간과 유체 난류 시간규모(Fluid Turbulence Ttime Scale)의 비율을 의미한다. 본 연구를 통해 스토크스 수가 유사의 확산강도 결정과 큰 상관 관계를 가지는 것을 알 수 있다. 이때 유사의 크기와 보정되는 Schmidt 수의 값은 고정되었다. 수치 계산시에 확산계수의 값이 부유 및 이에 따른 연직구조의 특성을 결정하는 중요한 변수라는 점을 고려할 때, 가는 유사의 부유를 모의할 때에는 세심한 주의가 요구된다는 점을 이해할 수 있다. 선행 연구사례를 통해 볼 때 부유하는 입자의 관성력이 Schmidt 수의 결정과 이에 따른 연직 구조의 계산에 큰 영향을 준다는 점을 알 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 스토크스 수를 관성력을 나타낼 수 있는 지표로서 계산하였지만 보다 정량적이고 효율적인 입자 관성력 지표가 제시될 때 효율적인 연구결과의 제시가 이루어질 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

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The Marriage Stewardship and the Role and Status of Social Development Network in Singapore (결혼 책임주의와 싱가포르 Social Development Network의 역할과 위상)

  • Kim, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2018
  • This paper focuses on how Singapore has adopted the 'Marriage Promotion Policy' for resolving the low birthrate and how it has been using the Social Development Network (SDN) to cope with the problem of low fertility. Social Development Network is an organization that shows Singapore's national stewardship to marriage, and has developed from the beginning to the social phenomenon of increasing number of highly educated women and decreasing fertility. The predecessor of Social Development Network is 'Social Development Unit' (SDU), absorbed the 'Social Development Service' (SDS) that was launched later, and reborn as Social Development Network in 2009. At its inception, Social Development Network has been recruiting and organizing its own memberships without the help of commercial marriage agencies, and since 2006 has been dedicated to delegating dating and matchmaking services to private companies and supporting projects. The purpose of this paper using literature analysis is to analyze the status and role of Social Development Network from the theoretical point of view of marital stewardship to the present, and to suggest meaningful implications for Korea which has the same social experience.

3-D FEA of three different single tooth abutments : Cement-retained Vs Screw-retained (3종의 단일치아 수복용 지대주의 삼차원 유한요소법적연구 : 시멘트 유지헝 대 나사 유지형)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Kim, Yung-Soo;Kim, Chang-Whe;Kim, Yong-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.269-288
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    • 1999
  • 현재 골 유착성 임플랜트는 안전하고 유용한 보철 수복 분야의 하나로 자리잡아 가고있다. 과거 완전 무치악 환자에게 있어서 저작 기능의 회복이란 면에 중점을 두었던 경향에서 현재 골유착 임플랜트의 높은 성공률에 의해 부문 무치악, 단일치 수복에 까지 다양하게 사용되고 있다. 특히 심미성과 인접치의 손상을 가하지 않는다는 면에서 단일치 수복에서 골유착 임플랜트 치료에 관심이 모아지고 있다. 단일치 수복에 있어서 심미성이 중요한 문제로 대두되면서 이런 수복에 사용될 수 있는 다양한 계통의 임플랜트들이 개발되어 사용되고 있다. 이중 가장 기본적인 Branemark 계통의 CeraOne 지대주, 최근에 개발된 전부도재 지대주인 CerAdapt 전부주조 지대주인 UCLA 계통등은 높은 성공률을 보이며 많이 사용되고 있다. 임상가들에 의해 나사유지형 보철물이 착탈성이란 관점에서 선호되고 있다. 시멘트유지형 보철물에서는 나사공이 없는 온전한 교합면을 유지한다는 면과 교합력을 받는 면적에 있어서 더 넓은 면을 가진다는 점등 더 많은 장점을 가진다고 주장하는 사람도 있다. 임상가들의 기호에 의해 선택되어지는 나사 유지형과 시멘트 유지형에 있어서 교합력이 야기하는 하중하에서 각각의 응력 분포를 분석할 필요성이 요구되었다. 이 연구는 단일치 수복에 사용되는 CeraOne, CerAdapt UCLA 계통에서 각각의 나사 유지형과 시멘트유지형에서의 응력분포를 삼차원 유한요소법으로 분석하고 상부 구조물에 가해지는 수직하중, 수평 하중, 경사 하중에 의해 야기되는 응력을 비교 분석한 것이다. 본 연구의 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. CeraOne, CerAdapt, UCLA 지대주 모두 시멘트유지형보다 나사유지형에서 응력집중이 컸다. 2. CeraOne 시멘트유지형인 1번 모델에서 응력분산이 유리하였고, UCLA 나사 유지형인 6번 모델에서 가장 불리하였다. 3. 모든 모델에서 고정체 경부에서 가장 큰 응력 집중이 있었고 이것은 UCLA 지대주에서 가장 컸다. 4. 상부 구조물에서 주된 응력의 집중은 교합면에서 일어났다. 5. 골은 상부 피질골, 즉 고정체경부와 만나는 부위에서 가장 큰 응력의 집중이 일어났으며 수평, 경사 하중시 응력집중 양상은 힘을 가한 쪽의 반대쪽 고정체 경부에 응력이 집중되는 양상을 보였다. 6. 전체 모델과 골, 고정체 모두에서 수평 하중과 경사 하중시 보다는 수직 하중시 더 적은 응력값을 보였다.

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Find Maze Functional Devices using Wireless Communication (무선 통신을 활용한 기능성 미로 찾기 장치)

  • Kim, Ho-Joon
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.478-482
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    • 2015
  • With the analysis result about previous curative effect researchs, It has been reported that game play therapy is effective for enhancing social intelligence of handicappted children who have ADHD, tic disorder, communication disorder, or autism. This study was designed to develop a digilog game play therapy contents that was combined analog and digital. We infer that this contents is effective game play therapy not only for ordinary people but also for dementia old man, or intellectual disorder man. Also We are going to develop a new digilog play game system for preventing children's smartphone addiction.

Effects of mindfulness-based qigong for children's concentration ability (마음챙김 기공이 소아청소년의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Soon-Sang;Cho, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Mindfulness-based concentration qigong for children (MBCQ-C) in healthy children with subjective poor attention. Methods : This study examined the effects of MBCQ-C on healthy children with subjective poor attention, who vistied Korean medicine hospital neuropsychiatry outpatient clinic. The MBCQ-C was practiced with 11 participants, 2 of them quit in the middle of the program, and hence, they were excluded for data analysis. MBCQ-C consisted of 8 sessions, and each session took about 60 minutes. The outcome measurement was Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeits-Inventar (FAIR), which measured selective attention, self-control and sustained attention. Results : The results of this study showed that selective attention, and sustained attention were significantly improved. Self-control also improved, but without any statistical significance. These results indicate MBCQ-C was effective for the improvement of attention abilities, but self-control, including upper cognition area needs more consistent exercise. Conclusions : The MBCQ-C consisting of 8 sessions were shown to be an effective intervention in improving the attention abilities of healthy children with subjective poor attention.

The Effect of Oriental Medicine Music Therapy on the Improvement of Elementary School Children's Concentration: Retrospective Analysis of Case Series (한방음악치료가 학동기 소아의 주의집중력에 미치는 효과 - 후향적 증례 분석 연구 -)

  • Kim, Seul-Ki;Lee, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Min-Ji;Ko, Seok-Jae;Park, Jae-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study was designed to find the effect of Oriental medicine music therapy (OMMT) on elementary school children's concentration. Methods & Results: OMMT as a study tool has several programs, including playing the musical instruments and listening to the music. The measurement tools of the study were Harris & Harris' grid and visual analogue scale (VAS) for overall condition. As a result, the score of Harris & Harris' grid increased from $12.94{\pm}8.20$ to $15.24{\pm}8.74$ (P=0.032) and VAS for overall condition increased from $74.85{\pm}27.37$ to $92.35{\pm}24.10$ (P=0.002) Conclusions: This case series showed that OMMT might be an effective treatment to improve elementary school children's concentration.

Effect of a Multi-Sensory Play Therapy Program on the Attention and Learning of Children with ADHD (다감각놀이치료 프로그램이 ADHD 아동의 주의집중력과 학습에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hyewon;Kim, Koun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of multi-sensory treatment programs on attention and learning in ADHD children. Methods : The program was provided for 50 minutes twice a week for a total of 12 times over 6 weeks. The FAIR concentration test was used to identify the children's concentration of attention before and after the intervention. The children's learning ability was evaluated using K-ABC. Results : When attention was evaluated using FAIR, there was a significant increase in all dependencies of performance value (P), quality value (Q), and continuity value (C) (p>.05). In addition, when learning ability was evaluated using K-ABC, learning ability in general increased significantly (p>.05). The multi-sensory play therapy program had a positive effect on the children's attention and learning ability and thus it is a positive intervention method for children with ADHD. Conclusion : In addition to providing challenging activities, the program showed that it was possible to elicit the children's interest by engaging a variety of senses at the same time. This is believed to have motivated them internally to engage actively in the program.

Linguistic Productivity and Chomskyan Grammar: A Critique (언어창조성과 춈스키 문법 비판)

  • Bong-rae Seok
    • Lingua Humanitatis
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.235-251
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    • 2001
  • According to Chomskyan grammar, humans can generate and understand an unbounded number of grammatical sentences. Against the background of pure and idealized linguistic competence, this linguistic productivity is argued and understood. In actual utterances, however, there are many limitations of productivity but they are said to come from the general constraints on performances such as capacity of short term memory or attention. In this paper I discuss a problem raised against idealized productivity. I argue that linguistic productivity idealizes our linguistic competence too much. By separating idealized competence from the various constraints of performance, Chomskyan theorists can argue for unlimited productivity. However, the absolute distinction between grammar (pure competence) and parser (actual psychological processes) makes little sense when we explain the low acceptability(intelligibility) of center embedded sentences. Usually, the problem of center embedded sentence is explained in terms of memory shortage or other performance constraints. To explain the low acceptability, however, we need to assume specialized memory structure because the low acceptability occurs only with a specific type of syntactic pattern. 1 argue that this special memory structure should not be considered as a general performance constraint. It is a domain specific (specifically linguistic) constraints and an intrinsic part of human language processing. Recent development of Chomskyan grammar, i.e., minimalist approach seems to close the gap between pure competence and this type of specialized constraints. Chomsky's earlier approach of generative grammar focuses on end result of the generative derivation. However, economy principle (of minimalist approach) focuses on actual derivational processes. By having less mathematical or less idealized grammar, we can come closer to the actual computational processes that build syntactic structure of a sentence. In this way, we can have a more concrete picture of our linguistic competence, competence that is not detached from actual computational processes.

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COMPUTER GAME PLAYING PATTERNS AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN (학령기 아동의 컴퓨터게임 이용 양상과 정신병리)

  • Lim Seoung-Hu;Jeong Seoung-Shim;Park Jeone-Hwan;Kim Ji-Hae;Hong Sung-Do
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : The object of this study was to examine computer game playing patterns and psychopathologies related to computer game addiction in school-age children. Methods : The subjects were 533 elementary school students (4th to 6th grade) in Kangdonggu, Seoul. We evaluated computer playing patterns of all subjects using computer game playing pattern questionnaire, and determined the risk group of computer game addiction by internet game addiction scale score. We evaluated subscale score of K-CBCL from parents of all subjects, and conducted correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis between computer game addiction and subscale score of K-CBCL. Results : In 488 responders, 10.2% of started playing computer game in preschool age, and 67.2% started at low grade of elementary school. The mean frequency of computer game play per week was 3.66 days. Mean time spent playing computer games per day was 1.89 hours. 'Simply for fun' was the most common reason far playing computer games (40.8%). Male subjects showed statistically significant differences in age of starting computer game, frequency of computer game play per week, reasons for playing computer game and computer game addiction scale scores. There were significant correlations between computer game addiction scale scores and academic performance, somatic complaints, attention problems, and internalizing problems in K-CBCL. But In logistic regression analysis, only attention problems among K-CBCL subscales showed significant predictability to computer game addiction. Conclusion : Upper grade elementary school students experienced computer game playing at the very early age, and spend much time in playing computer games. There were significant correlation and predictability between computer game addiction and attention problems.

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