• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주의집중력

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Improvement of Attention and Short-term Memory of Mild Dementia Using iPad Applications: A Single Case Study (아이패드를 이용한 경도 치매 노인의 주의집중력과 단기 기억력 증진 : 단일대상연구)

  • Hwangbo, Seung Woo;Kim, Moon-Young;Kim, Jongbae;Park, Hae Yean
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 2018
  • Objective : This study was conducted to investigate the effects of iPad applications on improvement of attention and short-term memory in mild dementia. Methods : A single-case experimental study using A-B-A design was conducted. A total of 20 sessions, including 5 each for baseline phase A and A' and 10 for the intervention phase, were provided to the subject. Interventions were only provided during the intervention phase and were iOS-based iPad applications named "Memorado-Moving Balls" and "Circles." "Fit Brains-Matching Pairs" and "Fit-Brains-Spot the Difference" were used for each session to evaluate attention and short-term memory. MMSE-K, K-TMT-e A and B, and DST assessment tools were used pre- and post-intervention to assess attention and memory. Result : Fit Brains scores indicated improvement in both attention and memory during the intervention phase. K-TMT-e A showed 3 increased correct points and 3 reduced error points, and B showed 7 increased correct points and 2 reduced error points in post-tests, but the DST and MMSE-K showed no meaningful change. Conclusion : This single-case study identified improvements in attention and short-term memory in a person with mild dementia using iPad applications. Further studies regarding different applications and larger samples with long-term designs are necessary.

Concentration Variation through Sport Talented Children's Training Program (체육영재 프로그램을 통한 주의 집중력 변화)

  • Ahn, Jeong-Deok;Han, Nam-Ik;Kim, Jeong-Wan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.343-354
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research was to compare the concentration variation between the sport talented children who have been applied with a sport program and the ordinary children who did not. The experiment group was composed of 59(male:32, female:27) sport talented children who were selected from the center of Busan University sport talent in April 2010. The control group was made up of 148 students who participated in 3 elementary schools located in Busan. Among these ordinary students 80 participants were finally used, as some of the students were excluded who were playing as athlete or studying in Science gifted program, FAIR concentration test sheet was used for this study, which was reformed for Korean version by Oh(2002). Covariance analysis was applied for using SAS 9.1 package, and the following conclusions were drawn. First, both the sport talented group and ordinary group of FAIR concentration's 3 subfactors were improved significantly after 8 months. Second, no difference between the sport talent group and ordinary group were found in the variations of post test of concentration's 3 subfactors. Especially there was no difference among groups in oneway-ANOVA using data of post test.

Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on University Student's Attention (경두개직류전류자극이 대학생의 집중력에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Myung Hwa;Lee, Eun Sang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the change in the attention of University students after being given Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). The participants were divided randomly into two group (tDCS vs. Control). tDCS was applied to 37 university students ($23.08{\pm}3.33years$). The tDCS group was applied 2 mA, for 13 minutes twice over a 26 minute period ($n_1=19$). The control ($n_2=18$) was not applied after padding and was applied twice for 13 minutes over a 26 minute period. This study was conducted from September 3 to 28, 2018 and three times a week for a total of four weeks. The electroencephalogram was confirmed to affect attention. tDCS showed significant improvement in the results in the sensory motor rhythm wave (p<0.01, 95% CI: -1.955, -0.459), middle beta wave (p<0.05; 95% CI: 0.027, 0.943), and power ratio (p<0.01, 95% CI: -1.764, -0.315). The results showed that tDCS application increased the attention ability significantly. These results can be applied to attention deficit disorder (ADHD) patients and college students.

Variability in the Visuo-spatial Attention Ability and Emotional Perception Ability Related with Bipolar Disorder Tendency in the Normal Population (일반인들의 양극성 장애 경향성에 따른 시공간 주의집중력과 정서 지각 능력의 차이)

  • Kim, Sangyub;Jung, Jaebum;Nam, Kichun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.145-158
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the visuo-spatial attention ability and the emotional perception ability of people across the normal range of the scores on the bipolar disorder scale. The Korean version of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (K-MDQ) was used to measure the bipolar disorder tendency of normal people. A useful field of view (UFOV) task and an emotional perception task were used to measure visuo-spatial attention and emotional perception ability, respectively. The participants did not have any mental illness history or other medical problems. The participants were divided into three groups according to K-MDQ score (low, normal, and high), and their performances were compared. In the UFOV task, the high K-MDQ score group had lower level of performance than the other groups, suggesting that a high bipolar tendency is associated with reduction of visuo-spatial attention ability. In the emotional perception task, the group with the high K-MDQ score showed higher perception of negative emotion bias than the other groups, suggesting a high bipolar tendency to associate with reduction of emotional perception ability. These results suggest that visuo-spatial and emotional attention abilities are related with bipolar disorder tendency even in the normal population.

Effects of Indoor Horticultural Activities on Improvement of Attention and Concentration in Elementary School Students (실내 원예활동이 초등학생의 주의집중력 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Min Jung;Kim, Jiseon;Oh, Wook;Jang, Ja Soon
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.821-827
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of three kinds of horticultural activities (HAs) on attention concentration of elementary students. We selected 20 students using a Wee Class counseling office at J elementary school in Yeongcheon, and divided them into experimental and control groups composed of ten students each. The experimental group participated in three HAs including flower arrangement, planting, and pressed flower. Each HA was composed of three sessions and a session proceeded for a week. For the examinations of attention concentration, two groups responded the questionnaires before a week of the first session and at the end of the 9th session, only the experimental group participated in the measurement using grid by Harris before a week of the first session and at the end of each HA every week. The results of questionnaire survey showed that the scores of problem in emotion and problem in controlling, and the total score decreased 9.2, 7.8, and 19.0 points, respectively (P < 0.05), indicating that the attention concentration of the experimental group improved compared with the control. In the measurements using grid by Harris, the flower arrangement, planting, and pressed flower activities increased the scores by 2.22, 2.49, and 2.41 points compared with the pre-HA of 6.00, respectively (P < 0.05), that means the improvements of attention concentration. At the post-HAs, the flower arrangement, planting, and pressed flower activities increased the scores by 1.12, 1.39 and 1.31 points compared with the control group of 7.10, respectively (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the indoor HAs improved the attention and concentration of elementary students irrespective of kind of activities.

The Effects of Estrogen Replacement Therapy on Depressive Symptoms and Attention in Postmenopaual Women (폐경기 여성에서 에스트로젠 치료가 우울증상과 주의집중력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kee, Baik Seok;Kim, Sung Yeop;Lee, Sang Hoon;Nam, Bum Woo;Min, Kyung Joon
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.235-239
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    • 1999
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference of depressive symptoms and attention between estrogen user and non-user in postmenopausal women. Methods : 30 Estrogen users and 30 non-users were participated in this study. They were all menopausal for at least 1 year and have 12 or more education years. We used BDI(Beck depression inventory), digit span and digit symbol to evaluate depressive symptoms and attention in both groups. We also measured the plasma estradiol level and identified the correlation between estradiol level and BDI, digit span and digit symbol. Results : The demographic data was not different between both groups. Estrogen users scored higher than non-users in digit span(forward) and lower than non-users in BDI. The correlation between estradiol level and BDI, digit span and digit symbol was not significant. Conclusion : Estrogen replacement therapy was effective in alleviating depressive symptoms but ineffective in improving attention in postmenopausal women.

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A STUDY ON THE EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS BETWEEN THE PATIENTS WITH ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER AND NORMAL CHILDREN (주의력결핍 ${\cdot}$ 과잉운동장애 아동과 정상아동간의 사건관련전위 소견의 비교 연구)

  • Cho, Soo-Churl;Shin, Sung-Woong
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.179-189
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    • 1996
  • Objective : This study was conducted to find out the electrophysiological abnormalities of the patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder(abbr. ADHD) through identifying the profiles of the event-related potentials. Methods : Through measuring event-related potentials of 20 patients with ADHD and 16 normal control children using Oddball paradigm, we evaluated the latencies and amplitudes of each wave form. Results : In the group older than 9 years old, the latencies that reflect selective attention and discriminative capacity of the patients with ADHD were significantly longer than those of normal controls, which suggests that patients with ADHD be more distractible to non-significant stimuli and that they be in lark of sustained attention and discriminative ability. Conclusions : We concluded that the patients with ADHD are more distractible to trivial stimuli than normal children but they lack discriminative, sustained ability of attention.

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Development and Application of a Mobile Anchor Program based on m-ARCS Model for Improving Concentration of Learning Disorder Students (학습 장애학생의 주의집중향상을 위한 m-ARCS 모형기반 모바일앵커프로그램의 개발과 적용)

  • Kim, Chul-Ho;Jun, Woo-Chun
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.605-617
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, in order to improve concentration of learning disorder students, m-ARCS model is proposed. The m-ARCS model is based on the ARCS model that is the existing representative motivation support model. The model is designed on mobile environment, and to provide motivation and concentration to learning disorder students by allowing students to engage in various real-life activities. Based on the proposed m-ARCS model, a mobile anchor program is designed and implemented. The followings are concluded after applying the mobile anchor program to learning disorder students. First, students are highly motivated and concentrated by the program. Second, students gain confidence by feeling of success during their study. Third, their basic study ability is improved via the mobile anchor program activities

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Analysis on the Effects and Influences of Mindfulness Based Breathing and Body Scan for Elderly Women's Attentive Concentration (마음챙김 호흡과 신체이완이 여성노인의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Kim, Yun-Keum;Yi, Seon-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 2015
  • This study is analized with how Mindfulness Based Breathing and Body Scan influences to elderly women's attentive concentration measured by 2-channel system EEG(Electroencephalogram) which method is objectively and determinately. The subjects in this study are 60 aged over 65years of elderly women in K city, who were divided into two groups; such as 30 of the experimental group and 30 of the control group checked by EEG before and after the treatment. The study started from March to July in 2013. The treatment was conducted by ones a week, 60minutes a time for 16 weeks. The result in experimental group is indicated as followed. The Attention Quotient Lt(69.61/70.85, p<.024) showed higher score after treatment, and Attention Quotient Rate Lt(4.22/3.75, p<.037), Attention Quotient Rate Rt(4.29/3.70, p<.019) did show statistically lower score after treatment. Attention Quotient is shown attentive concentration and awareness in the brain. Therefore, Mindfulness Based Breathing and Body Scan is proved the value and efficiency for activating elderly women's attentive concentration by a way of practical using in neuroscience.

The effect of indoor temperature on occupants' attention abilities (실내 온도가 재실자의 주의집중력에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Yoo-Rim;Chun, Chung-Yoon
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.199-203
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate how the indoor temperature has influence on occupants' attention abilities as a basis of productivity. To achieve the purpose, the experiment in chamber was conducted. In the experiment, temperature was controlled according to two levels ($20^{\circ}C$ or $23^{\circ}C$) and other of factors were controlled uniformly. Subjects were exposed to those two different thermal environments. Each participant was asked to mark their answers on the state of attention measurement sheets (FAIR and Trail making test), in two conditions. Total 60 times of experiments were conducted. The main results are as follows. First, subjects showed the better attention abilities in relation to Q score at $20^{\circ}C$. But on the other hand attention abilities in relation to C score were better at $23^{\circ}C$. Second, subjects showed the better attention abilities in relation to concentrate on one task at $20^{\circ}C$.

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