• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주관적 건강수준

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Self-rated Health Status among Korean Adolescents: Differences in Home Environmental Factors, Health Behaviors, Psychological Factors, and Dietary Habits (한국 청소년의 주관적 건강상태에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석: 가정환경, 건강행태, 심리적 요인 및 식습관)

  • Hwang, Seonghee;Kye, Seunghee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.27-45
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    • 2018
  • 목적: 본 연구는 한국 청소년의 가정환경, 건강행태, 심리적 요인 및 식습관 요인에 따른 주관적 건강상태의 차이를 분석하고, 주요 관련요인을 파악하고자 수행되었다. 방법: 분석자료로서 2015~2016년도 한국 청소년 건강행태 온라인조사 자료를 이용하였으며, 분석대상자 수는 중학생 53,791명, 고등학생 50,959명, 총 104,750명이었다. 학생들의 건강수준은 주관적 건강상태를 기준으로 건강집단과 비건강집단으로 구분하였다. 건강수준에 영향을 미치는 요인으로서 성별, 가정환경, 건강행태, 심리적 요인 및 식습관이 검토되었다. 이들 요인 간 건강집단과 비건강집단의 비율차이 검증을 위해 표본설계 정보를 반영한 Rao-scott 카이제곱검정을 실시하였다. 또한 주관적 건강수준에 영향을 주는 요인을 알아보고자 로지스틱회귀분석을 실시하였다. 결과 및 결론: 주관적 건강수준은 양친부모와 살지 않은 경우, 모의 교육수준이 낮을 때, 주관적 가정경제수준이 낮을수록 낮았다. 음주군, 고강도운동이나 근력운동을 실천하지 않는 군, 과체중이나 비만인군에서 주관적 건강수준이 낮았다. 또한 스트레스나 우울감 등 부정적인 감정이나 행복감을 느끼지 못할 때도 주관적 건강수준은 낮았다. 아침을 결식하거나 탄산음료, 고카페인음료, 패스트푸드 등의 비건강식품을 자주 섭취하는 군에서도 주관적 건강수준은 낮은 것으로 관찰되었다. 한국 청소년들에게서 건강 불평등(health inequalities)은 가정환경, 건강행태, 심리적 요인, 식습관 등 여러 요인들로부터 제기되는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 요인들을 충분히 반영하여 청소년들이 건강해 질 수 있는 다각적 접근 방안이 모색되어야 할 것이다.

A Gender analysis of the association between Self-rated Health and Disability of daily living among Korean Elderly (주관적 건강 수준은 노인의 일상생활 수행 능력 정도를 예측할 수 있는가: 성별 비교를 중심으로)

  • Park, Gum-ryeong;Choi, Byong-ho
    • Korean Public Health Research
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2018
  • Objective : This study aimed to examine the association Self-Rated Health(hereafter SRH) and Activities of Daily Living(hereafter ADL), Independent Activities of Daily Living(hereafter IADL) among Korean elderly. Methods : Using nationally representative cross sectional studies called 2014 Survey of living conditions and welfare needs of Korean elder persons. We used SRH as an independent variable, disabilities of ADL and IADL as dependent variables. Logistic regression was implemented and potential confounders such as socio-economic status, demographic characteristics and others were adjusted. Results : It was revealed that people who were female(than male) and 75 or more years old(than less than 75 years old) were shown to have poor SRH and disabilities of both ADL and IADL. In logistic regression model, poor SRH was associated with ADL and IADL disabilities. Especially, their association was more remarkable among male than among female. It can be understood that socio-economic contexts affect quality of life among elderly and SRH can be differently perceived by gender. Conclusions : Our notable findings showed that gender perspective is needed to understand SRH and daily living among elderly.

The Influence of Subjective Health Status on Daily Life Satisfaction of the People with Disabilities - Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Acceptance of Disability and Depression - (장애인의 주관적 건강수준이 일상생활만족도에 미치는 영향 -장애수용과 우울의 매개효과-)

  • Kim, Dong-Joo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.519-526
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the impact the subjective health status of people with disabilities has on the daily life satisfaction and the mediating effect of their psychological mechanisms such as depression and acceptance of disability. The purpose of this study is to serve as the basis for the establishment of practical intervention strategies and policy measures by identifying the relationship between the subjective health status and the life satisfaction. This study analyzes the raw data of the fourth Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled surveyed by Employment Development Institute of Korea Employment Promotion Agency for the Disabled. In summary, the results are as follows. First, as a result of analyzing the relationships between subjective health status, disability acceptance, depression, and daily life satisfaction, the daily life satisfaction had a positive correlation with the subjective health status and the acceptance of disability while having a negative correlation with depression. Second, regarding the impact the subjective health status has on the daily life satisfaction and the mediating effect of the acceptance of disability and depression, the subjective health status had a statistically significant impact on the daily life satisfaction; there was a partial mediating effect of the acceptance of disability and depression in the relationship. The practical and political proposals on the basis of these results wereas presented.

The Associations of Empowerment and Social Capital with Self-Rated Health in Communities with Poor Health (사망률이 높은 지역사회에서 임파워먼트 및 사회적 자본과 주관적 건강수준의 연관성)

  • Kim, Jang-Rak;Jeong, Baek-Geun;Park, Ki-Soo;Kang, Yune-Sik
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.131-144
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study was performed to identify the associations of empowerment and social capital (such as social participation and trust) with self-rated health in Korean communities with poor health. Methods: This study used the data from community health interviews conducted at 29 administrative sections (dong, eup, or myeon) with high mortality from August to October in both 2010 and 2011 as part of the Health Plus Happiness Plus Projects in Gyeongsangnam-do Province. The study subjects comprised 6,383 individuals composed of approximately 220 adults randomly sampled from each administrative section. The empowerment was measured with five-point Likert scale responses to seven perceived control questions (two at the individual level, five at the community level). The social participation was measured with 'participation in formal and/or informal group' and trust using responses to three questions about trust of others. Results: The high empowerment scores at both individual and community levels, social participation in informal groups, and high trust level had independent and significant associations with good self-rated health after adjusting for socio-demographic factors (sex, age, marital status, occupation, and food affordability) and health behaviors (smoking, alcohol drinking, and exercise) in the logistic regressions. There were weak but significant associations among empowerment, social participation, and trust levels. Conclusions: Empowerment, social participation, and trust were weakly inter-related and significantly associated with self-rated health. More studies are warranted for empowerment and other social capital indices in health promotion.

The Impact of Medical Utilization on Subjective Health and Happiness Index and Quality of Life according to the Economic Level of the Elderly (노인의 경제적 수준에 따른 의료이용이 주관적 건강수준과 행복감 지수 및 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • So, Kwon-Seob;Hwang, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.544-552
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to find concrete measures to improve the subjective health level, happiness and quality of life of the elderly according to economic level and to propose social and policy alternatives accordingly. As a research method, 63,929 elderly people aged 65 or older were surveyed using the Community Health Survey (Indicator Bank) _v09, and the frequency of health use by economic level, subjective health level, euphoria and quality of life Analysis and Chi square analysis and independent t-test. Multi variate logistic regression analysis was performed with subjective health level as a dependent variable and multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the factors affecting euphoria and quality of life. The results of the study are as follows. In the case of recipients, medical use was lower than that of non-recipients, lower education level, female age of 75 years or older, and less stress, In case of present or past recipients, the result of non - receipt increased as the subjective health level was worse, and the non - recipient had higher euphoria and quality of life. As a result, there is a need for alternatives to increase opportunities for medical use among the recipients, with particular attention being paid to women and elderly people over 75 years old. It is expected to be used as a basic data to effectively improve the health promotion, happiness and quality of life of the elderly people of low income group.

Relation Between Emotional Self-Support and The Level of Subjective Health Recognition of Participators (자활사업 참여자의 주관적 건강인식 수준과 정서적 자활 관계)

  • Kim, EunJa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.476-488
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    • 2017
  • The object of this study was to survey the relationship between emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition of participators in the self support program. The health condition which is recognized subjectively by participators could affect the participation motive and the attitude to the program, and could be connected to the achievement of self-support. Therefore I tried to survey the implications and the relationship between emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition in terms of progress for the economic self-support. The objectives were self-support program participators in Wonju, and 127 questionaries were collected. The results of this study were as followings; First, there was the positive relationship between emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition. Second, the participation period in the self-support program affected emotional self-support and the level of subjective health recognition negatively, and the affects of the ages were meaningless. The suggestion of this study is that the level of emotional self-support and subjective health recognition could be developed if the emotional and psychological program is developed which makes the conditional pensioners perceive the living attitude and the thoughts to the works positively.

Influences on Health Behaviors Execution and Self Rated Health as Socioeconomic Class by the Age Bracket (연령층별 사회경제적 계층에 따른 건강행위 실천과 주관적 건강수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Kim, Won-Joong;Sohn, Hae-Sook;Chun, Jin-Ho;Lee, Myeong-Jin;Park, Hyun-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.317-327
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of present study was to observe the path and influencing effects between socioeconomic class (SEC), health practices and self-rated health(SRH) by the age bracket. The subjects were 4,987 adults over 25 years old who participated in the 2008 Korean National Examination Health and Nutrition Survey and could be classified into SEC in terms of the three characteristics: education, income and occupation. Path analysis was conducted with the effects of health behaviors execution on the differences in SRH, and the complex samples analysis executed by chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA. As the result, lower SRH level paralleled with the lower SEC, and more health behaviors had differed by SEC in the younger and middle aged group. The lower SEC, the lower SRH: non-smoking and weight control for younger women and exercise for aged men had indirect effects as parameters. In conclusion, when planning a health promotion program, to select the correct target populations with consideration of the age bracket, gender and SEC and to establish tailored contents fit for each of the population would be important.

Relationship Between Health Behaviors of Health Status types : Using 2008 KNHANES (건강상태 인식유형에 따른 건강행동과의 관련)

  • Ahn, Hye-Lan;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Jin-Yong;Hong, Jee-Young;Choi, Young-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.736-739
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    • 2011
  • 이 연구는 스스로 건강상태를 올바르게 인식하고 있는지 알아보고 건강상태 인식 유형에 따른 건강행동과의 관계를 살펴봄으로 건강수준의 향상과 더불어 건강한 노후를 맞이할 수 있도록 하고자 하였다. 2008년 1월부터 12월까지 실시된 국민건강영양조사 제4기 2차년도(2008) 자료원을 사용하였으며, 200개 조사구 약 4600가구의 만1세 이상 9,744명중 만19세 미만을 제외하고 건강설문 및 검진조사에 참여한 4,688 명을 최종대상자로 분석하였다. 자료는 SPSS 18.0을 이용하여 성별에 따른 인구사회학적 특성, 건강상태 인식 유형별 분포, 주관적 건강상태에 따른 객관적 건강상태와 일반적특성 및 건강행동을 교차분석관적 시에 카이제곱검정을 하였으며, 단변량 분석에서 의미 있는 변수들을 독립변수로 하고 올바른 인식군과 그릇된 인식군으로 나눈 건강상태인식유형을 종속변수로 하여 로지스틱회귀분석을 실시하였다. 이 연구의 주요 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 주관적 건강상태에 따라 실제 객관적인 건강상태를 살펴본 결과, 건강상태를 과대평가하는 사람의 비율이 가장 높았으며, 건강상태를 올바르게 인식하는 사람보다 그릇되게 인식하는 사람이 더 많았다. 2. 주관적 건강상태를 좋음으로 인식하는 군에서 객관적 건강상태는 여자보다 남자가 건강을 과대평가하였고, 연령이 증가할수록, 읍/면지역에서, 결혼상태는 별거 사별 이혼상태에서, 교육수준은 낮아질수록 건강을 그릇되게 인식하여 과대평가하였다. 3. 주관적 건강상태를 나쁨으로 인식하는 군에서 객관적 건강상태는 연령이 낮아질수록 건강을 과소평가하는 경향이었고, 읍/면지역보다 동지역에서, 미혼일 경우, 교육수준은 높아질수록 건강상태를 그릇되게 인식하여 과소평가하였다. 4. 건강상태 인식 유형별로 건강행동을 살펴본 결과 주관적 건강상태를 좋음으로 인식하는 군에서는 체중조절, 월간음주, 우울증상경험, 건강검진에서 유의한 결과를 나타냈고, 주관적 건강상태를 나쁨으로 인식하는 군에서는 현재흡연과 월간음주에서 유의한 결과를 나타내었다. 5. 주관적 건강상태를 좋음으로 인식한 군에서 객관적 건강상태를 종속변수로한 로지스틱회귀분석결과를 살펴보면, 건강을 과대평가하는 그릇된 인식군으로 될 위험도가 남자보다 여자에서 감소하였고, 70대에 비하여 연령이 낮아질수록 위험도가 감소하였으며, 미혼에 비하여 기혼, 별거 사별 이혼에서 위험도가 증가하였고, 체중조절을 하는 사람이 체중조절을 하지 않은 사람보다 위험도가 높았다. 6. 주관적 건강상태를 나쁨으로 인식한 군에서 객관적 건강상태를 종속변수로한 로지스틱 회귀분석결과를 살펴보면, 연령을 제외한 모든 변수에서 통계적으로 유의하지 않았다.

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The Effects of Multidimensional Social Isolation on Physical and Mental Health: Analysis of Interaction Effects of Age Groups (다차원적 사회적 고립이 신체적·정신적 건강에 미치는 효과: 연령집단의 상호작용효과 분석)

  • Lee, Sangchul;Cho, Joonyoung
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.61-86
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    • 2017
  • Along with the well-established evidence on the negative effect of social isolation on physical and mental health, increasing attention has been paid to multi-dimensional nature of social isolation. One line of study on social isolation has discussed different pathways between objective and subjective social isolation and health. Another stream of the research focused on the possibly non-linear association between social isolation and health by age cohort groups. Drawing from the two lines of research, this study aimed at empirically examine to what extent objective and subjective social isolation are associated with physical and mental health independently and how the associations vary by three age cohorts(i.e. the middle-aged, the young old, the old-old). Data came from the first wave of Korean Social Life, Health and Aging Project (KSHAP) (N= 814). Findings showed 1) objective subjective isolation were significantly related with worse physical and mental health, interestingly, subjective social isolation was associated with mental health only, 2) pattern of association between social isolation and physical health varied by age cohorts. Specifically, compared to the middle-aged, the young old with higher objective social isolation exhibited lower level of physical health, while the old-old with higher subjective social isolation were likely to experience lower physical health. Based on the findings, we discussed implications and suggestions for future research and relevant policy/program development for ameliorating objective and subjective social isolation.

The Comparision of the Influencing Factors on the Subjective Health Status of the Urban-Rural Elderly (도시-농촌 노인의 주관적 건강수준에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 비교)

  • Lee, Jeong Hun;Lee, Hee Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.553-565
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    • 2016
  • Population aging has been an increasing social issue and the elderly health has become one of the most urgent public attentions in Korea. The aims of this paper are to compare the subjective health status according to the personal characteristics, social networks, and daily leisure activities of the urban-rural elderly, and to analyze the influencing factors of their subjective health status. Using 2011 elderly survey data, ordered logit Model was established to extract influencing factors of the elderly health status. The results show that socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of individual as well as frequent social contacts and daily activities within neighborhood environments influence the level of health status of the elderly. The most significant factors affecting the elderly health are personal economic conditions such as the education achievement level and household income. The elderly who visit an elderly welfare center in Seoul has almost 1.82 times higher odds of increasing health status level than not to visit an elderly welfare center. This study may give some important policy implications of the elderly health promotion strategy in urban-rural communities.

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