• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주관성

Search Result 2,934, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

The Results of Ultrasound Examination of the Elbow in Middle School Baseball Players (중학교 야구선수에서 시행한 주관절 초음파 검사의 결과)

  • Hwang, Tae Hyok;Cho, Hyung Lae;Wang, Tae Hyun;Jin, Hong Ki
    • The Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Ultrasound Society
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.89-97
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: To evaluate the ultrasonographic findings of the elbows on group screening of middle school baseball players. Materials and Methods: Ninety-three players (age: 12-15, mean 13.5 years) of four middle school baseball team were evaluated with bilateral elbow ultrasonographies in the field regardless of elbow pain. Medial and anterolateral ultrasound examination of the both elbow were performed in the field to detect any abnormalities including medial epicondylar separation or fragmentation and capitellar osteochondritis dissecans respectively. We analyzed the relationship among elbow pain, physical findings and sonographic abnormalities and the differences of sonographic abnormalities between pitchers and fielders. Results: Thirty-six of 93 (39%) players had sonographic abnormalities of elbow in dominant arm, 30 with medial epicondylar apophyseal separation or fragmentation, 2 with osteochondritis dissecans, 4 with both lesions. Twenty-nine of 37 (78%) players with elbow pain had sonographic abnormalities. On physical examination, players with medial epicondylar abnormalities had medial epicondylar tenderness (59%) and pain on valgus stress test (52%), and 5 of 6 (83%) players with osteochondritis dissecans showed flexion contracture more than $5^{\circ}$. The incidence of medial epicondylar abnormalities between pitchers and fielders was statistically not significant but osteochondritis dissecans was more prevalent in pitchers (p<0.05). Conclusion: Elbow sonography is a simple and useful screening tool in the field and also effective for early detection of medial epicondylar abnormalities or osteochondritis dissecans that could be the main causes of elbow pain in adolescent baseball players.

  • PDF

Subjective Listening Test Methods by Reference CD Based on Sound Factors (음인자별 테스트용 Reference CD에 의한 주관적 음질평가법)

  • Kim Ki-duk;Choi Hoon-ki
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.137-140
    • /
    • 2000
  • 스피커나 앰프 등의 음향기기의 음질을 평가한다는 것은 전기(electric)적인 신호와 음향(acoustic)신호의 종합적인 측정, 분석으로 이루어진다. 또, 이러한 대상에 대한 객관적인 평가 외에 청취자의 심리상태와 관련하여 음질을 분석하는 주관적 음질 평가 역시, 계측기에 의한 측정의 한계와 귀의 탁월한 센싱능력에 힘입어 보편적인 음질 측정법으로 인정받아왔다. 그러나, 주관적 음질 평가법의 경우 개인적 취향이나 음에 대한 숙련정도에 따라 평가가 다를 뿐 아니라 개인의 심리상태에 따라서도 평가가 달라지는 등 그 재현성이나 객관성이 논란이 되어 왔고 이에 대한 연구도 계속되고 있다. 본 연구는 대상으로서의 음향기기(여기서는 스피커)와 청취자의 심리를 포괄하는 시험법인 주관적 음질 평가법에 재현성이나 객관성을 부여하기 위하여 청감에 영향을 미치는 음색인자를 스피커의 특성과 인간의 청각에 근거하여 8가지로 분류하고 이를 평가할 수 있는 Test용 Reference CD를 제작하였다.

  • PDF

Snapping Triceps Syndrome with Dislocation of the Ulnar Nerve - Usefulness of Dynamic Ultrasonography - (척골 신경 탈구와 동반된 발음성 삼두근 증후군 - 동적 초음파 검사의 유용성 -)

  • Jeong, Ung-Gyo;Park, Sang-Won;Song, Dong-Ik;Lee, Sun-Hyeok
    • The Academic Congress of Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
    • /
    • /
    • pp.171-171
    • /
    • 2008
  • 발음성 삼두근 증후군은 주관절을 굴곡하거나 신전할 때 삼두근 말단부 일부와 척골 신경이 내상과 전방으로 탈구되는 드문 질환이다. 이학적 검사 만으로는 다른 질환으로 오진되는 경우가 많아 정확한 진단이 필수적이며 확진을 위하여는 척골 신경 및 삼두근의 비정상적인 움직임을 관찰할 수 있는 영상 검사가 필요하다. 초음파 검사는 자기 공명 영상 촬영 등 다른 검사에 비해 간편하고 효과적으로 연부 조직의 동적 검사를 시행할 수 있는 장점이 있다. 저자들은 발음성 삼두근 증후군 환자를 동적 초음파 검사를 사용하여 진단하고 척골 신경 전방 전위술 및 삼두근 내두의 이전술을 시행하여 치유하였기에 문헌 고찰과 함께 초음파 검사의 유용성을 보고하고자 한다.

  • PDF

The Effect of Character Strength and Self-Efficacy on Subjective Happiness of Adult Learners of Distance Nursing Education (원격간호교육 성인학습자의 성격강점, 자기효능감이 주관적 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hee;Park, Young Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.353-362
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of character strength and self-efficacy on subjective happiness of adult learners of distance nursing education. The subjects were 261 adult learners of Bachelor Science in nursing course for Registered Nurse of a national open university. The mean score of subjective happiness of subjects was a little lower. 'Transcendence and Humanity' among Character Strength was the highest and 'Justice' was the lowest. Multiple regressions showed that positive integrity, hardiness, and perceived health status explained 38.0% of subjective happiness and positive integrity was the main influencing factor. The learning supporting strategies focusing on reinforcing these factors are needed to improve the subjective happiness of nurses who are continuing their learning through distance education.

Relationships between university students' Dental Fear and Mental Hardiness, subjective well-being (대학생들의 치과공포도와 심리적 강인성 및 주관적 안녕감과의 관련성)

  • Ji, Min-Gyeong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.59-68
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between university students' dental fear and their psychological hardiness and subjective well-being, promote positive awareness of and access to dental service, and develop a plan for continuous oral health care. To collect data, convenience sampling of college students in North Jeolla Province was performed, and they were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire from May 1 to 30, 2017. Dental fear was negatively correlated with both psychological hardiness and subjective well-being, and psychological hardiness and subjective well-being were positively correlated with each other. University students' dental fear, psychological hardiness, and subjective well-being were found to be correlated with one another; therefore, dental clinics need to apply a positive style of coping, taking into account psychological responses suitable for clinical competence on the basis of satisfactory communication, with the objective of promoting oral health.

Influence of Parent's Child-rearing Attitudes, Social Support and Hardiness on Subjective Happiness (부모 양육태도, 사회적 지지 및 강인성이 자녀의 주관적 행복감에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Eun-Sun;Lee, Ja-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.9
    • /
    • pp.204-215
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of social support and hardiness on the relationship between parenting attitudes and subjective well-being. The participants of this study were 318 university students and analyses for this study was conducted by using SPSS 15.0 and Amos 7.0. The major results were as follows; Social support confirmed mediating variable between parenting attitudes and hardiness, and hardiness confirmed mediating variable between social support and subjective well-being. That is, parenting attitudes had some effect on subjective well-being through hardiness based on social support. Finally, the needs of development about the counseling and the education contents as a special intervention was discussed, and that contents were reflected social support and hardiness to be improved. Also, limitations and implications of subsequent further study were suggested in this research.