• Title, Summary, Keyword: 종교적 문제해결

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A Study of Zhuang Zi's View of Death (『장자』의 죽음관에 대한 고찰)

  • Cho, Chi-young
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.139
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    • pp.239-263
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    • 2016
  • Today manny contemporaries struggle to live because they disregard essential matters and indulge in materialism. They should not pursue wealth and prosperity and ought to find true meaning of life by studying death where one can reveal the essence of life. Zhuang Zi transcended death. His view of death is magnificent. This dissertation has ruminated on how contemporaries live and established righteous view of life and death on the basis of that. In addition, this study has researched what implications his view of death suggests to us today. There is no study as good as death. There is no great teacher as good as death in life. Studying death is studying a life. We can find life meaning and value through death. The matter of death is prone to be thought that a solution can be got only though existing religions. However, when it comes to Zhuang Zi's death, the matter of death can be resolved, not relying on religions. Zhuang Zi has played a role of our taking death in a positive way and relieving the fear of death. He has taught us that it is well off to adapt to the change of nature, leading to meeting our death in comfort.

원자력발전소의 Y2K 문제 대응 현황

  • 이규봉
    • JOURNAL OF ELECTRICAL WORLD
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 1999
  • 우리 국민에게 2000년은 야누스의 두 얼굴로 다가오고 있다. 새로운 천년에 대한 희망의 얼굴과, 세기말 대재양론에 Y2K문제까지 가세하여 불안함을 감추지 못하는 절망의 얼굴이다. 일부 종교단체나 예언가들은 Y2K문제로 인해 지구의 종말이 온다고 믿고서 피난처를 만들고 있으며 인터넷망 등을 이용, 지지세력의 확장을 꾀하고 있다. 그러나 우리는 이에 편승하여 인류의 미래를 이들에게 맡길 것이 아니라, Y2K문제의 실상을 정확히 이해하고 지혜로운 대처를 위해 모든 역량을 결집해야 할 것이다. Y2K문제는 개인용 컴퓨터에서부터 금융, 통신, 전력, 행정전산망 등 국가산업 전반에 영향을 미칠 뿐 아니라 모든 국민의 생활과 직결되는 문제이기 때문이다. 특히 안전성이 생명인 원자력 발전소에서의 Y2K문제는 모든 국민과 언론의 집중적인 관심의 대상이 되고 있다. 이 같은 관심과 우려의 표명은 원전의 특성을 고려할 때 당연한 현상이지만, 2000년이 되면 원전이 불시에 정지되고 큰 사고가 발생할 것이라는 일부의 시각은 국민의 불안만 가중시킬 뿐이다. 결론부터 말하자면 이러한 우려는 기우에 불과하다. 예를 들면 은행 전산망에서 이자를 계산할 때는 날짜가 필수적이다. 그러나 일반 산업 자동화 설비와 마찬가지로 24시간 연속 가동되는 원자력발전소를 운전 할 때는 미리 일정한 값으로 입력된 각종 운전자료, 즉 온도, 압력, 유량 등과 매순간 생성되는 운전자료들을 단순 비교하기 때문에 날짜가 필요치 않다. 이는 마치 실내 난방온도를 일정 값으로 미리 정해놓으면, 그때 그때의 실내온도와 미리 정해진 온도를 비교하여 난방기가 자동으로 작동되는 방식과 같다. 따라서 운전과 직접 관련되는 설비는 Y2K와 관련이 없고, 운전 편의를 위한 데이터취득설비 일부와 방사능 계측 등의 측정장비에 Y2K영향이 있다. 한전에서는 이들 문제의 적시 해결을 위해 충분한 예산과 인력을 확보하여 문제를 해결하는 과정에 있으며 3월 현재 약 70$\%$의 공정을 보이고 있다.

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The Study on the South-North Sudan Conflict (남북 수단 분쟁 연구)

  • Cho, Sang-Hyun;Kum, Sang-Moon
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.155-179
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    • 2013
  • Becoming independent in 1956, Sudan has since experienced a number of coups $d^{\prime}{\acute{e}}tat$, religious conflicts between the Islamic north and the Christian south, conflicts between the north-south population composition and races, two civil wars for nearly 40 years due to a clash of interests over resources and others, and the Darfur crisis in which hundreds of thousands died. In 1983, as the Sudanese government forced Islamic laws on the southern region where many Christians lived, the civil war resumed and suffered heavy casualties. Although a brief period of tranquility is maintained at the present moment as South Sudan seceded, military conflicts continue to arise. The objective of this research is to understand the North-South Sudan conflict by examining its history and course. For this purpose, chapter 2 will make a theoretical and reality approach for conflict items and solutions. Chapter 3 will discuss the historical background and reasons for the Sudanese conflict by considering Sudan before 19th century, the Egyptian conquest of Sudan and the diverging North and South, Sudanese independence and other divisions yet again, and finally the North-South conflicts over religion and resources. In Chapter 4, there will be an analysis of the course of the Sudan Civil War by separating it into the First and Second Civil War. In Chapter 5, the consequences and future prospect will be presented in lieu of the conclusion.

Between Dystopia and Utopia A Comparative Study on Cormac MacCarthy's The Road and J.M. Coetzee's The Childhood of Jesus (디스토피아와 유토피아 사이 - 코멕 매카시의 『더 로드』와 존 쿳시의 『예수의 어린시절』 비교연구)

  • Jeon, So-Young
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.40
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    • pp.91-110
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    • 2015
  • Both Plato and More imagined alternative ways of organizing society. What is common to both authors, then, is the fact that they resorted to fiction to discuss other options. They differed, however, in the way they presented that fiction. The concept of utopia is no doubt an attribute of modern thought, and one of its most visible consequences. But one of the main features of utopia as a literary genre is its relationship with reality. Utopists depart from the observation of the society they live in, note down the aspects that need to be changed and imagine a place where those problems have been solved. After the two World Wars, the twentieth century was predominantly characterized by man's disappointment at the perception of his own nature. In this context, utopian ideals seemed absurd and the floor was inevitably left to dystopian discourse. Both The Road by Cormac MacCarthy and The Childhood of Jesus by J. M. Coetzee can be called critical dystopia and critical utopia as they represent the imaginary place and time that author intended a contemporaneous reader to view as better or worse than contemporary society but with difficult problems that the described society may or may not be able to solve. As a changed adventure narrative, they have something in common like open ending, father and son relationship and religious allegory. But the most important thing is that they express the utopian impulse that is still energetic and transforming in the post-modern society.

An Analysis of Social Integration Effort and Cases in Bosnia from the view of Harmony (화합의 관점으로 본 보스니아 사회 통합 노력과 실천적 사례 분석)

  • Kim, Chul-Min
    • Journal of International Area Studies (JIAS)
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.47-80
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    • 2018
  • Bosnia has a unique political and social structure of 'One State-Two Systems' according to the 'Dayton Peace Agreement'. It is true that since the end of the 1995 civil war, the problem of nation and peace in Bosnia has been attracted by the broad concept of Europe as a whole, beyond the local dimension of the Balkans. Bosnia is a typical 'Mosaic of Religion and Culture' region in Europe. And Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, where various religious and cultural features of Europe are gathered, is called 'Jerusalem in Europe'. For this reason Bosnia has repeated a history of cultural and religious conflict since the Middle Ages. However, before the civil war in the late 20th century, the nations in Bosnia also had experience of 'harmony among various nations, religions and cultures of East and West'. The international community, including the EU, has paid attention to this point as it promotes Bosnia's reconstruction and peace settlement. And these are working to restore the history of harmony among nations in Bosnia today. In the past, research on Bosnia has focused primarily on national conflicts between religions and cultures. However, in this study, I will try to analyze the practical cases of peace settlement and harmony among nations in Bosnia as follows: First, 'Bosnia's accession to the EU' which means active intervention and continued interest of the international community. Second, 'the resolution of war crimes and liquidation of past history' through the end of ICTY mission in December 2017. And third, 'reflection of international society and historical reconciliation of Serbia' through the reinterpretation of the Srebrenica massacre.

Factors Influencing Mental Health among Nursing students (간호대학생의 정신건강에 영향을 주는 요인)

  • Jee, Youngju;Lee, Yun-Bok;Lee, A Reum;Jeon, Jeong Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.3866-3875
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of mental health among nursing students in Korea and identify factors influencing the tendency to mental health. A self-report survey was conducted with South Korean nursing students who were from 19 to 23 years old. 269 nursing students were included in the study. The instruments utilized in the study were Symptom Checklist-90-Revision, Stress and multidimensional coping. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and Simultaneous multiple regression with SPSS WIN 20.0. The average mental health score of the participants was 0.57. Significant predictors for mental health 'College-level stress', 'Self-criticism', 'Passive withdrawal', 'Nursing satisfaction' and 'Health state'. The study findings suggest that nursing students require special concern regarding the risk of mental health. Multi and interdisciplinary mental health promotion program will enhance the mental health of nursing students.

Suffering and Hospice Care (고통과 호스피스 케어)

  • Kim, Myung-Ja;Jung, In-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2007
  • Although hospice care includes palliative care technology in terminally ill person for pain, it is much more holistic including emotional, spiritual and other life dimension. Human suffering that experiencing the hospice client must be reconsidered whether one starts with an objective side or a subjective side of suffering, the strategies about the expanded consciousness is important. In the hospice caring perspectives, the body, mind and spirit are integrated so the objectivity and subjectivity can merge; the extended awareness with inner resource or energy, and the positive thinking about the God is meaningful especially dying person, family member, and the hospice team.

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Case study of Music & Imagery for Woman with Depression (우울한 내담자를 위한 MI(Music & Imagery) 치료사례)

  • Song, In Ryeong
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.67-90
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    • 2008
  • This case used MI techniques that give an imagery experience to depressed client's mental resource, and that makes in to verbalism. Also those images are supportive level therapy examples that apply to positive variation. MI is simple word of 'Music and Imagery' with one of psychology cure called GIM(Guided Imagery and Music). It makes client can through to the inner world and search, confront, discern and solve with suitable music. Supportive Level MI is only used from safety level music. Introduction of private session can associate specification feeling, subject, word or image. And those images are guide to positive experience. The First session step of MI program is a prelude that makes concrete goal like first interview. The Second step is a transition that can concretely express about client's story. The third step is induction and music listening. And it helps to associate imagery more easily by used tension relaxation. Also it can search and associate about various imagery from the music. The last step is process that process drawing imagery, talking about personal imagery experience in common with therapist that bring the power by expansion the positive experience. Client A case targets rapport forming(empathy, understanding and support), searching positive recourse(child hood, family), client's emotion and positive support. Music must be used simple tone, repetition melody, steady rhythm and organized by harmony music of what therapist and client's preference. The client used defense mechanism and couldn't control emotion by depression in 1 & 2 sessions. But the result was client A could experience about support and understanding after 3 sessions. After session 4 the client had stable, changed to positive emotion from the negative emotion and found her spontaneous. Therefore, at the session 6, the client recognized that she will have step of positive time at the future. About client B, she established rapport forming(empathy, understanding and support) and searching issues and positive recognition(child hood, family), expression and insight(present, future). The music was comfortable, organizational at the session 1 & 2, but after session 3, its development was getting bigger and the main melody changed variation with high and low of tune. Also it used the classic and romantic music. The client avoids bad personal relations to religious relationship. But at the session 1 & 2, client had supportive experience and empathy because of her favorite, supportive music. After session 3, client B recognized and face to face the present issue. But she had avoidance and face to face of ambivalence. The client B had a experience about emotion change according depression and face to face client's issues After session 4. At the session 5 & 6, client tried to have will power of healthy life and fairly attitude, train mental power and solution attitude in the future. On this wise, MI program had actuality and clients' issues solution more than GIM program. MI can solute the issue by client's based issue without approach to unconsciousness like GIM. Especially it can use variety music and listening time is shorter than GIM and structuralize. Also can express client's emotion very well. So it can use corrective and complement MI program to children, adolescent and adult.

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An Inquiry into the Ancient Jewelry of Ancient Egypt Myth (고대 이집트 신화에 나타난 고대 장신구 연구)

  • Choi, Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.7
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    • pp.171-183
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    • 2009
  • The spiritual world of the ancient times has precious values which forms the origin of human thought. This study aims to reevaluate ancient people's particular views on man in their spiritual world reflected through gods' ornaments by studying the human race's fundamental spiritual world gradually disappearing due to science development from Egyptian gods' ornaments expressed symbolically in Ancient mythical components. Although evidently ornaments in Egypt served for decoration, the basic purpose was exorcism as amulets, a shamanistic purpose to be protected from mystical and hostile powers by carrying them on the vulnerable spots of the body. As this aspect indicates, the human race tried to solve their self-insoluble transcendental issues through the help of supernatural power, pursuing to lead their lives there within. As a result, Egyptian ornaments; First, the deity raised their value by deifying human-beings. Second, the nobility enhanced their dignity by having goddesses wear the same skirts as theirs. Thirds, all deities maintained their class society by wearing fpassiums, bracelets, and anklets. Fourth, the resurrection was symbolized through gods and goddesses in charge of the afterlife.

Spam Message Filtering with Bayesian Approach for Internet Communities (베이지안을 이용한 인터넷 커뮤니티 상의 유해 메시지 차단 기법)

  • Kim, Bum-Bae;Choi, Hyoung-Kee
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.13C no.6
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    • pp.733-740
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    • 2006
  • Spam Message has been Causing widespread damages on the Internet. One source of the problems is rooted from an anonymously posted message in the bulletin board in Internet communities. This type of the Spam messages tries to advertise products, to harm other's reputation, to deliver religious messages and so on. In this paper we present the Spam message filtering using the Bayesian approach. In order to increase usefulness of the Spam filter in the bulletin board in Internet communities, we made the Spam filter which can divide the Spam message into six categories such as advertisement, pornography, abuse, religion and other. The test conducted against messages posted on the popular web sites.