• Title, Summary, Keyword: 조화하중

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An Analysis on Vibratory Loads Reduction using Individual Blade Control in Active Helicopter Rotors (지능형 헬리콥터 로터의 개별 블레이드 제어에 의한 진동하중 감소 해석)

  • Kim, Sung-Kyun;Shin, Sang-Joon;Kim, Tae-Seong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.496-502
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    • 2007
  • In the present paper, a new version of DYMORE, which is an analysis to solve a nonlinear multi-body dynamics problem, is used to simulate an Individual Blade Control (IBC) algorithm in order to reduce vibration in helicopter rotors. The Active Twist Rotor (ATR), in which Active Fiber Composites (AFC) are embedded, is utilized for IBC. The main purpose of the present investigation is to compare the analytical results with experiments and previous version of DYMORE. The experiments are performed at NASA Langley Transonic Dynamics Tunnel. According to the present result, it is observed that the correlation regarding the vibratory loads is improved.

A Study on Soil Reaction of Pile Fonndation Subjected to Dynamic Loading (동적 하중을 받는 말뚝기호의 지반반력에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Su;Lee, Song;Paik, Young-Shik
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the effects of soil properties of the soft zone around a pile subjected 1,o the horizontal harmonic vibration, the parametric study is perfomed. The determination of the soil reaction or stiffness of the Winkler springs representing the soil around a pile is performed by dividing the soil profile into a number of homogeneous obtained from this study are as follows : 1) The real and imaginary parts of the stiffness show clear variations for the different shear modulus ratios, poisson's ratios, and distance retios to outer boundary as the dimensionless frequency increases. The differences are more pronounced for the imaginary part of the stiffness. 2) The stiffness of soil shows clear decrease. The real parts of the stiffness show larger as the frequency increases. On the other hand, the imaginary parts of the stiffness show smaller.

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A Prediction of Sound Radiation from Tire Treadband Vibration (타이어 트레드밴드 진동 음향방사 예측)

  • Byoung-Sam Kim;Seong-Gon Cho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 1997
  • The noise generated from a treadband mechanism of a tire has been the subject of this research. In particular, the treadband has been treated as an infinite tensioned beam resting on an elastic foundation which includes damping. The main objective is to predict the sound power generated from a system mentioned above by locating harmonic point forces representing the excitation of treadband at the contact patch. It is possible to predict the sound power radiated from this structure by using wavenumber transformation techniques. In order to find out the minimum radiated sound power, All parameters were varied. Thus, this model can be used as a tire design guide for selecting parameters which produces the minimum noise radiation.

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Dynamic Analysis for Evaluation of Speed Control Hump Dimensions (과속방지턱 설치규격 검토를 위한 동역학적 분석)

  • Shim, Jae-Soo;Choi, Hyun-Gyu;Kim, Seong-Min
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of installation dimensions of speed control humps based on the theoretical dynamic analyses. The field surveys of speed control humps were performed first to compare their sizes with those suggested in the installation standard. Then, the displacement response spectra under impact loads were obtained using the single degree of freedom models where the vehicle and human were assumed to combine completely. The analysis results showed that the human perception became larger as the width and height of the humps increased, but the extremely higher uncomfortableness should be avoided. In addition, the ratio between the width and height should be considered when the humps are designed and installed because the ratio governs the vertical acceleration magnitude.

Vibratory Loads Reduction of a Coaxial Rotorcraft Using Individual Blade Control Scheme (개별 블레이드 제어(IBC) 기법을 이용한 동축반전 회전익기의 진동하중 억제에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Seonghyun;You, Younghyun;Jung, Sung Nam;Kim, Do-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.364-370
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, an individual blade control (IBC) methodology is applied to find the best input scenario for vibratory hub loads reduction of XH-59A co-axial rotorcraft in high speed flight. A comprehensive aeromechanics analysis code CAMRAD II is employed to analyze the aircraft. A parametric study is conducted for optimum IBC inputs leading to the maximum vibration reduction. Numerical results demonstrate that up to 50% reduction in the hub vibration index is obtained for an IBC input at 3/rev frequency with the amplitude and phase angle of 0.5 deg. and 300 deg., respectively. The upper rotor exhibits as much as 6% more vibration reduction as compared to that of the lower rotor due to a clean inflow characteristic of the rotor. It is found that further vibration reduction gain is reached for IBC inputs with advancing-side only control. The hub vibration becomes reduced by up to 17% in reference to that with full rotor disk control. It is noted that the additional gain is obtained with significantly less power input with the advancing-side only control.

Noise Control of Plate Structures with Optimal Design of Multiple Piezoelectric Actuators (복수 압전 가진기의 최적 설계를 통한 판구조물의 소음제어)

  • 김재환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 1996
  • Noise control of a plate structure with multiple disk shaped piezoelectric actuators is studied. The plate is excited by an acoustic pressure field produced by a noise source located below the plate. Finite element modeling is used for the plate structure that supports a combination of three dimensional solid, flat shell and transition elements. The objective function, in the optimization procedure, is to minimize the sound energy radiated onto a hemispherical surface of given radius and the design parameters are the locations and sizes of the piezoelectric actuators as well as the amplitudes of the voltages applied to them. Automatic mesh generation is addressed as part of the modeling procedure. Numerical results for both resonance and off resonance frequencies show remarkable noise reduction and the optimal locations of the actuators are found to be close to the edges of the plate structure. The optimized result is robust such that when the acoustic pressure pattern is changed, reduction of radiated sound is still maintained. The robustness of an optimally designed structure is also tested by changing the frequency of the noise source using only the actuator voltages as design parameters.

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A Study on the Vibration Reduction Effect of a Soil Grouting (지반내 그라우팅공법에 의한 지반진동감소 연구)

  • Huh, Young;Cho, Jun-Sang;Koo, Yong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.104-110
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    • 1995
  • 지반과 구조물의 동적 상호작용은 건설분야에서의 중요한 현상으로, 특히 지반을 통해 인근구조물로 전달되는 진동은 구조물 자체의 구조적인 문제 뿐 아니라 그 속에 거주하는 사람이나 설비에 대한 안전성 또는 사용성에 나쁜 영향을 야기할 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 진동을 저감시키기 위해, 지반내에 정상적인 진동전파를 방해하는 구조물을 시공하여 진동 저감효과를 만들어 내는 방법을 연구하였다. 이러한 연구의 발상은 다음과 같다. 충진지반에서의 지반진동의 진폭을 해석하면서 진동의 크기가 기저암의 위치에 따라 큰 영향을 받는 것을 알았고 이로부터 지반내에 인위적인 층을 만들수 있다면 지반진동의 크기를 변화시킬 수 있지 않을까라는 생각에서 본 연구를 시작하였다. 또한 지반 내에서의 정상적인 진동의 전파를 방해하기 위한 차진 구조물을 만드는 방법은 연약지반의 강도중대 또는 차수의 목적으로 주로 사용하고 있는 그라우팅공법의 사용이 가능할 것이므로, 기존의 그라우팅현장에서 만들어진 지반의 물성치들을 사용하여 경계요소법에 의한 수치해석적 방법을 택하였다. 본 연구에서는 그라우팅공법의 시공성에 관한 것은 포함되지 않는다. 본 논문에서는 지반의 구조를 경사구조와 수평지반구조라는 두가지 특징적인 경우에 대해 검토하였다. 이중 경사진 기저암층을 가진 지반의 경우에는 기저암에서 진동의 비대칭적인 반사에 의해 수평기저암에서와는 달리 기저암의 한쪽에서 다른쪽에 비해 큰 진동이 발생한다. 그라우팅층의 효과를 검토하기 위한 연구의 순서는 일정주파수의 조화진동에 대해 먼저 여러 가지 크기의 그라우팅층과 함께 블록으로 볼 수 있는 크기의 그라우팅층에 대해 진동저감효과를 해석하였고, 이를 통해 보강층의 소요크기 및 최적위치를 구하였다. 사용된 물성치는 실제 지하철 건설현장에서 나타난 지반물성치 및 그라우팅후의 지반강도 및 전단파전파속도를 이용하였다. 또한 마지막에서 검토된 기차하중에 대한 효과를 알아보기 위해 사용된 기차운행에 의한 지반가속도도 역시 측정된 값을 사용하였다. 그러나 당시의 기차운행속도가 낮아 정상적인 운행에서는 더 큰 값이 나올 것으로 판단되었으나 측정된 값을 그대로 사용하였다.

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Vibration Control for a Single Degree of Freedom Structure Using Active Friction Slip Braces (능동 조임 마찰 가새로 보강한 단자유도 구조물의 응답)

  • Lee, Jin-Ho;Zekai, Akbay;Kim, Jung-Gil;Oh, Sang-Gyun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2006
  • Structural bracing concept equipped with a new and efficient friction based energy dissipation device is referred to Friction SliP Brace (FSB) where the behavior of the brace components is elastic until the axial resistant force in the brace exceeds the friction force developed at the frictional interface of the device. In this study, the FSB concept is modified and new type of hybrid energy dissipation device, the Active Friction SliP Braces (AFSB), is described. The FSB is by far improved in the AFSB by inclusion of an active clamping mechanism on the friction interface. The clamping action regulated by the developed algorithm is altered during the response of the building. The results indicate that the action of dissipating vibrational energy in the AFSB impacts on the response at later cycles by keeping the drift amplitudes at much lower levels, revealing overshooting problem due to its early slippage. Providing predetermined constant incremental strengths to the building by AFSB medium improves response by reducing drift amplitudes and base shear under small and medium amplitude ground accelerations.

A Study on Improving the Capacity of Absorbing Boundary Using Dashpot (점성감쇠기를 이용하는 흡수경계의 성능 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Seok;Lee, Jong-Seh
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.629-640
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    • 2007
  • In this paper an analytical study is carried out to improve the capacity of absorbing boundary using dashpot, one of the most widely used absorbing boundaries in FEM. Using 2-D harmonic plane wave equation, absorbing boundary condition is modified to maximize its capacity according to the incident angle. Validity of the absorbing boundary conditions which is modified is investigated by adopting the solution of Miller and Pursey. The Miller and Pursey's problem is then numerically simulated using the finite element method. The absorption ratios are calculated by comparing the displacements at the absorbing boundary to those at the free field without the absorbing boundary. The numerical study is carried out through comparison of displacement at the interior region and the boundary of the numerical model.

Detection of Ocean Tide Loading Constituents Based on Precise Point Positioning by GPS (GPS 정밀단독측위기법을 이용한 해양조석하중 분조성분 검출)

  • Won, Ji-Hye;Park, Kwan-Dong
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.511-520
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the Ocean Tide Loading (OTL) constituents were detected by the Precise Point Positioning (PPP) technique using GPS. Then, the GPS estimates of OTL constituents were compared with the predictions of the ocean tide models. We picked three permanent GPS stations as test sites and they are ICNW, SEOS, and CJUN. To detect the OTL constituents using GPS, we created vertical coordinate time series at 10-minute intervals using the PPP approach implemented in the GIPSY software. Through the tidal harmonic analysis of this height time series, the four major constituents ($M_2$, $S_2$, $K_1$, $O_1$) were determined. The amplitude obtained from the GPS height time series of the OTL constituents showed best match with the model predictions at CJUN, while the phase showed closest match at ICNW. The amplitude accuracy of the $M_2$, which is the dominant factor out of the 11 major constituents, was 24.8% on average.