• Title, Summary, Keyword: 조화하중

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Modeling of Walking Loads for Floor Vibration Analysis (바닥판 진동해석을 위한 보행하중의 모형화)

  • 김기철;최균호;이동근
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.173-188
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    • 2002
  • In General, the measured loads and load-time function suggested by Bachmann iota walking are used for vibration analysis of structures subjected to footstep loads. It is not easy to measure walking loads because they we influenced by various parameters. Therefore, it is needed to model the walking loads that can be applied to structure analysis. Parameter study is used for the walking loads having various walking frequency for vibration analysis of structures under walking loads. In this study, walking loads were measured directly by using a force plate within two load cells, and the parameters of the walking loads were analyzed. The measured walking loads are decomposed into harmonic loads by using the Fouler series. Functional relationship between the walking frequency and the Fourier coefficients can be derived from the coefficients of harmonic loads obtained by the decomposition process, and the walking loads were formulated. It is possible to apply the venerated walking loads easily or conveniently by the proposed equation to the analysis of a structure subjected to walking loads.

Dynamic Buckling Characteristics of Arch Structures by Sinusoidal Harmonic Excitation (정현형 조화하중에 의한 아치 구조물의 동적 좌굴 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 윤태영;김승덕
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2004
  • The dynamic instability for snapping phenomena has been studied by many researchers. Few paper deal with the dynamic buckling under the load with periodic characteristics, and the behavior under periodic excitation is expected the different behavior against STEP excitation. We investigate the fundamental mechanisms of the dynamic instability when the sinusoidal shaped arch structures are subjected to sinusoidal harmonic excitation with pin-ends. By using Newmark- β method, we can get the nonlinear displacement response, and using this analyze characteristics of the dynamic instability through the running response spectrum by FFT(Fast Fourier Transform).

Nonlinear Analysis of Stepped Beam Immovable Ends for Free and Forced Vibrations (양단지지된 변단면보의 자유 및 강제진동의 비선형해석)

  • 심재수;함원식
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 1990
  • A stepped beam with immovable ends under the free and forced vibrations with large amplitude is investigated by using the finite element method to show the effects of longitudinal displacement, shear deformation and rotary inertia. A modified harmonic force matrix is introduced for analysis of finite amplitude vibration of the stepped beam under uniform harmonic loading and a beam under nonuniform harmonic loading. Numerical examples are analysed for deflections and natural frequencies of stepped beam under various support conditions. Results show that the proposed method is valid and efficient.

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Dynamic Buckling Characteristics of Arch Structures by Running Response Spectrum (연속 응답 스펙트럼 분석에 의한 아치 구조물의 동적 좌굴 특성)

  • Kim, Seung-Deog;Yun, Tae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2004
  • The dynamic instability of snapping phenomena has been studied by many researchers. Few papers deal with dynamic buckling under loads with periodic characteristics, and the behavior under periodic excitations is expected to be different from behavior under STEP excitations. We investigate the fundamental mechanisms of the dynamic instability when the sinusoidally shaped arch structures are subjected to sinusoidally distributed excitations with pin-ends. The mechanisms of dynamic indirect snapping of shallow arches are especially investigated under not only STEP function excitations but also under sinusoidal harmonic excitations, applied i the up-and-down direction. The dynamic nonlinear responses are obtained by the numerical integration of the geometrically nonlinear equation of motion. And using this analyze characteristics of the dynamic instability through the running response spectrum by FFT(Fast Fourier Transform).

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Use of Semi-active Tuned Mass Dampers for Vibration Control under Various Excitations (다양한 하중의 진동제어를 위한 준능동 TMD의 이용)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kim, Seung-Jun;Lee, Dong-Guen
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2006
  • To dale, lots of types of tuned mass dampers are developed and investigated to reduce dynamic responses of a structure due to various causes. In this study, control performance of semi-active tuned mass damper(STMD), that can change the damping of tuned mass damper in real time based on structural responses, was investigated with respect to various types of excitation employing numerical simulation. Skyhook control algorithm was used to appropriately modulate the damping ratio of semi-active damper that composes STMD. The control effectiveness of a STMD under harmonic and random excitation were evaluated using a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) structure in comparison with a conventional passive tuned mass damper (TMD). The robustness of a STMD and a passive TMD were compared along with the variation of the mass of a SDOF structure. The control performance of STMD using magnetorheological (MR) damper was also investigated in this study. Based on the numerical studios, it was shown that the control effectiveness of the STMD was significantly superior to that of a passive TMD with respect to harmonic and random excitation.

Random Vibration and Harmonic Response Analyses of Upper Guide Structure Assembly to Flow Induced Loads (유체유발하중을 받는 상부안내구조물의 랜덤진동 및 조화응답해석)

  • 지용관;이영신
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2002
  • The cylindrical Upper Guide Structure assembly of the reactor intervals wish the Core Support Barrel and the Inner Barrel Assembly is subjected to flow induced loads horizontally which include random pressure fluctuation due to turbulent flow and pump pulsation pressures. The purpose of this papers is to perform random vibration and harmonic response analyses fort flow induced loads. The dynamic response characteristics due to random turbulence and pump pulsation loads were evaluated using the lumped mass beam model. Especially the model considered the annulus effects due to water gaps existing between cylindrical structures such as the Upper Guide Structure Barrel, the Core Support Barrel, and the Inner Barrel Assembly. The effect of the Inner Barrel Assembly inside the Upper Guide Structure assembly was studied. The peak dynamic responses lot each loading condition due to the addition of IBA were affected by the natural frequencies of the structures. Therefore the peak dynamic responses of the structures should be conservatively obtained from evaluation of dynamic analysis for various loading conditions.

Vibratory Loads Behavior of a Rotor in High Advance Ratios (고속 전진비 조건에서의 로터 진동하중 특성 연구)

  • Na, Deok Hwan;You, Younghyun;Jung, Sung Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the hub vibration load characteristic is evaluated for a rotor in high advance ratio conditions while investigating blade loads through the structural load prediction and harmonic analysis. Numerical studies are performed to validate the wind tunnel test data performed in NASA as the rotor advance ratios are varied from 0.40 to 0.71. A good correlation is obtained for rotor performance calculation at the range of advance ratios considered. It is observed that the hub vibration loads remain almost unchanged when the advance ratios are higher than 0.5, even though the amplitudes of blade structural loads become larger with increasing advance ratios. A harmonic analysis on blade moments is confirmed that the dominant structural mode is 3/rev component for flap bending moments and 4/rev for lag bending moments. The reason is due to the tendency of the second flap and lag mode frequencies which approach 3/rev and 4/rev, respectively, as the advance ratios are increased.

Sound Radiation From Beams Under the Action of Harmonic Point Force (조화 집중 하중을 받는 보에서의 Sound Power 해석)

  • 김병삼;홍동표
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 1991
  • 구조 진동에 의해 발생하는 Relative Sound Power를 계산하는 문제가 최근 에 중요시되고 있다. 이 논문에서는 조화적인 집중하중에 대한 무한 탄성보 에서 방출하는 Relative Sound Power를 연구한다. Sound Power는 수치적으 로 적분되고 몇가지 인자들의 함수로써 적분인자를 표시하였다. Keitie와 Peng[2]는 진동하는 보로부터의 방출하는 Relative Sound Power에 대한 하 중 길이의 효과, 그리고 water 하중을 받는 보에서 방출하는 Acoustic radiation에 대한 Source 운동과 기초 강성의 효과를 연구하였다. 보의 진동 응답에서 light fluid loading과 heavy fluid loading에 의한 양쪽의 반응을 고 려한다. 보에는 기초 강성과 Damping 그리고 장력이 작용한다. water 하중 과 air 하중을 받는 보에서 Damping의 변화에 대한 보로부터 방출하는 relative sound power의 크기를 결정하였다. 일반적으로 인장력보다 압축력 이 작용할 때 relative sound power level이 크다는 것을 알고 있다. 실제로 인장력이나 압축력이 보에 작용할 때 relative sound power에 얼마나 영향을 미치는가를 계산하였다. 그리고 진동계로부터 방출하는 sound fluid loading 과 기초 강성에 기인한 복잡한 효과를 해석하였다. 이 논문의 목적은 강성계 수와 wavenumber 비, 그리고 fluid loading에 대한 sound power의 응답에 대하여 설명하고자 한다.

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A Study on Sound Radiation From Infinite Beams Under the Action of Moving Harmonic Point Forces (조화집중이동하중을 받는 무한보에서의 음향방사에 관한 연구)

  • 김병삼;태신호;홍동표
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 1993
  • 조화집중이동하중을 받는 무한보에서의 음향방사에 대한 연구는 선박, 비행기, 타이어 트레드 밴느 등과 같은 계의 설계시 계의 구조물로부터 발생하는 소음에 대한 해결방안을 제시해 준다. 구조물 표면에 발생하는 음향파워는 svktnqusghks방법을 이용하여 보의 전길이에 분포된 음향 인텐시티를 적분하여 구한다. 보의 표면에서 발생하는 음향파원는 미하수, 장력, 감쇠계수, 기초강성계수, 그리고 파수비에 의해서 결정된다. 각 인자에 따른 음향파워에 대한 정성적인 분석을 수행하기 위해 심프슨 적분방법을 이용하여 수치적분을 하였다. 무한보에 작용하는 유체하중에 3다라 진동에너지가 음향에너지로 변환되는 비율이 달라진다. 밀도가 큰 유체는 등가감쇠로 작용하여 보로부터 방사된 음향에너지는 빠르게 감소된다. 하중의 이동에 의하여 도플러이동효과가 발생하여 무한보의 공진부근에서의 음향파워 파크가 분리되고 보의 기초감쇠의 영향으로 음향에너지는 감소된다.

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Mathematical Theorem of Mode Acceleration Method (모우드 가속도법의 수학적 정리(定理))

  • 김태남
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2003
  • Mode superposition method(MSM) is the most commonly used for solving linear response problems of structural dynamics. The major advantage of MSM is that usually a small number of lower mode is sufficient to analysis the response. However, the convergence is slow and many modes would be needed to give an accurate MSM in large structure with many degrees of freedom. The inaccuracies of MSM are caused by mode truncation in the solution. These demerits can be overcome by use of the mode acceleration method(MAM). Example analyses are carried out in simple beam subjected to harmonic loadings and compared the convergence of the joint displacements by the two methods. For relatively low frequency loadings, a good results was obtained by the lowest one mode in MAM, so the method is more economic in numerical analysis on an accurate solution.