• Title, Summary, Keyword: 조종제한선

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어선의 조업형태별 문제점 및 안전대책

  • Lee, Cheol-Hwan;Hwang, Jong-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.327-330
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    • 2010
  • 어선의 해양사고 중 가장 많이 발생하는 충돌사고의 경우 선박 운항자의 졸음 등의 이유로 경계를 소홀이 하여 발생하는 경우와 어로 작업 중 접근하고 있는 상대선을 발견하고도 어로 작업 특성상 조종성능이 극도로 제한되어 적절한 피항 동작을 하지 못하여 발생한 경우가 대부분이며 이는 성어기의 어선 조업 특성상 선박의 조종업무를 수행할 수 있는 선장의 업무과중에 의한 피로누적과 어로 작업 특성상의 조종성능제한에 의해 기인한 것으로 판단되어 동해지방해양안전심판원 관할구역 내에서 주로 행해지는 자망, 채낚기, 기선저인망, 동해구 트롤어업의 조업 형태에 따른 어선 선원의 작업 여건과 각 어업별 어로 작업 중인 선박의 운항 성능에 대해 알아보고 충돌사고 방지를 위한 대책을 제안하고자 한다.

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A Study on The Status of Vessel Restricted in Her Ability to Manoeuvre in Narrow Channel (좁은 수로에서의 조종제한선의 항법상 지위)

  • Ji, Sang-Won
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.833-838
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    • 2010
  • The Supreme Court in Korea judged the conduct of vessels in narrow channel was applied in order to prevent a ship collision in narrow channel, regardless of kind of a ship or weather situation, as application was not excluded as vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre without other special circumstances such as receiving the right of keep her course and speed from the other vessel, any priority was not guaranteed for vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre in regard to the other vessel following the conduct of vessel in narrow channel. In this judgement, there is concern to cause disorder to interpretation in the rule of narrow channel and responsibility between vessels. Therefore, this study aims to suggest correct interpretation about the rule concerned.

Measurement of Maneuverability in the Restricted Area by Numerical Model Ship (수치 모형선에 의한 제한수역에서의 조종성능 측정)

  • Park, Byung-Soo;Kim, Jong-Hwa;Kim, Cheog-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.363-367
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    • 2009
  • The ship maneuverability is changed by the effects of the bank cushion and the squat in the restricted water area. It is difficult to test the ship maneuverability by the real ship in the restricted water area because of ship's safety. In this study, a numerical model ship was used to simulate the ship's motion and to get information about the bank cushion and the squat in the restricted water area. The less apart from the quay the ship ran, the more ship's heading changed. The greatest change of ship's heading was $22.37^{\circ}$ when a ratio of the length between ship and quay to ship's breadh(=D/B) was 0.2. The squat of the ship was greater in shallower water and at faster speed. The greatest squat was 0.29m when a ratio of water depth to ship's draft(H/d) was 1.25 and ship's speed was 8 knots, the reduced speed was found to be the most important factor in the shallow water area for safety of the ship.

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실습선을 이용한 선박 조우상황 분석을 통한 실습교육자료 제안

  • Park, Yeong-Su;Lee, Yun-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.112-113
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    • 2007
  • 실습생 및 초급항해사에게 항해 중 가장 기본적으로 요구되는 충돌회피를 위한 선박조종 실습은 법적 책임 및 타 선박과의 불규칙한 조우로 인하여 직접적인 충돌회피 조종 실습이 곤란할 뿐만 아니라 타 선박과의 조우 상황 자체가 극히 제한되어 있는 실정이다. 이에 이 연구는 한국해양대학교 실습선 한나라호의 2007년 원양항해 중 타 선박과의 조우형태를 조사하여 해양계열 대학 실습생 및 초급 항해사에게 실제 해역에서 발생할 수 있는 조우상황별 위험도를 분석하여 이를 기초로 하여 충돌회피를 위한 효율적인 판단 능력 향상을 위한 기초 실습교육 자료를 개발하고자 한다. 그리고 추후에는 이러한 자료를 선박조종시뮬레이터에 적용하여 임의의 조우 상황하에서 안전한 선박조종이 가능하도록 교육 훈련함으로써 보다 효율적인 실습교육에 이바지 할 것으로 판단된다.

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Prediction of Maneuverability of a Ship in the Initial Design Stage (초기설계시(初期設計時) 선박(船舶)의 조종성능(操縱性能) 추정(推定)에 관한 연구)

  • S.K. Lee;S.J. Kim
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1995
  • The assessment of maneuverability of a ship is very important from the view point of safety of human beings and of pollution of ocean. And, it is quite natural that every ship yard wants to have some tools with which they can build a ship with good maneuverability. But, maneuvarability of a ship is very subtle problem, and to calculate the exact maneuvering motion, lots of captive model tests must be carried out. Futhermore, in the initial design stage we can not make the scale model, because the lines of a ship is not fixed. In this paper, some approximate method to calculate the maneuvering motion of a ship, with the principal dimensions of hull, and propeller, rudder characteristics only, is studied. And, proposed approximate method is used to calculate the turning and zig-zag maneuver of several ships. The results of those calculations and the usability of the method are discussed.

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A Study on the Ship Collision Avoidance Model considered Speed (속력을 고려한 선박충돌회피모델에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Hyoung-Seon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • v.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2006
  • From a point of view of suggesting the method to avoid ship's collision, the speed of ships has to be considered sufficiently according to encounter angle of ships. But with respect to the establishment of Safe-Guard Ring of Ship Collision Avoidance Support Model in Close Quarters Situation that had been newly studied to avoid ship's collision, the ratio of own ship' speed to a target ship's speed was limited to about less than 1.7. Therefore in this paper, as doing a study concerned with the establishment of Safe-Guard Ring reflected the encounter angle and the speed of ships, we will propose the new model of ship collision avoidance for safe maneuver of ship's collision avoidance.

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A Study on the Ship Collision Avoidance Model considered Speed (속력을 고려한 선박충돌회피모델에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Hyoung-Seon
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.779-785
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    • 2006
  • From a point of view of suggesting the method to avoid ship's collision, the speed of ships has to be considered sufficiently according to encounter angle of ships. But the new safe-guard ring of ship's collision avoidance support model in the close quarters is established assuming that the ratio of own ship' speed to a target ship's speed is less than about 1.7. Therefore in this paper, as doing a study concerned with the establishment of safe-guard ring reflected the encounter angle and the speed of ships, we will propose the new model of ship collision avoidance for safe maneuver of ship's collision avoidance.

Development of Efficient Training Material through Danger Analysis to Various Encounter Types using Training Ship (실습선을 이용한 선박 조우형태별 위험도 분석을 통한 효율적인 실습 교육자료 개발)

  • Park, Young-Soo;Lee, Yun-Sok
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2008
  • In the maritime universities, cadets of deck part should practice on board training using training ships of university or merchant vessels of company for 1 year according to STCW Convention. For training period, trainees are educated many education items as to positioning ability, chart work ability, vessel operation ability and cargo operation ability etc. Among many abilities, vessel avoiding ability which is demanded as a basic ability for deck officer can't be gained easily, because avoiding maneuver of ship controlled by cadets is not allowable regally and encounter situations occur randomly. This paper investigated CPA to the various encounter types with other vessels during the ocean going navigation of T.S Hannara. We analysis danger degree per each encounter type, and proposed a basic material of efficient training education about proper look-out and avoiding maneuver.

A Study of Hydrodynamic Forces Acting on a Ship Traveling in a Shallow Water and Channel (천 흘수 및 수로 운항 시 선박에 작용하는 유체역학적 힘에 관한 연구)

  • Sohn, Kwan-Yong;Kwon, Young-Joong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.426-426
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    • 2006
  • 선박이 천 흘수 및 수로를 운항하는 경우 바닥과 벽면의 영향으로 인해 선체침하 및 비대칭적인 힘이 선체 주위에 발생하여 바닥이나 다른 선박 혹은 수로의 벽에 충돌하는 현상이 발생한다. 특히, 수로가 많은 유럽이나 북미를 운항하는 해운회사와 항해사들은 선박의 충돌을 방지하기 위해서 중요한 문제로 다루고 있다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 선박의 안전한 항해를 위해 수치해석을 이용하여 선박과 벽면 사이에 발생하는 유체역학적 힘, 즉 Sway force와 Yaw Moment를 정성적으로 추정하고자 하였다. 천 흘수 유동 해석용 프로그램을 작성하였으며, 검증을 위해서 Wigley 선형에 적용하여 h/T별로 계산을 수행하여 시험결과와 비교하였다. 그리고, 벽면효과를 해석 할 수 있는 프로그램을 작성하여 실적선인 원유운반선 2척에 대하여 3가지 파라메터, 즉 선속, 수심 그리고 선박과 벽면 사이 거리의 변화에 따른 다양한 계산을 수행하였다. 계산된 결과는 시험결과 및 기 발표된 수치해석 결과와 비교하였다. 기 발표된 논문에서는 시험결과와 계산결과가 상이한 결론을 보여 주었는데, 그 이유는 수치해석에 있어서 자유표면 문제를 선형화된 자유표면 조건식을 사용한 부분을 가장 큰 이유로 언급하였다. 하지만, 본 연구의 결과는 Sway force와 Yaw Moment가 기 발표된 논문의 시험결과와 정성적으로 일치함을 보여 주었다. 본 연구를 통해 수치해석 방법으로 선박에 작용하는 비대칭 유동에 대한 유체역학적인 힘을 정성적으로 추정할 수 있었고, 제한된 수로에서 선박의 조종성 예측 및 수로 설계시 유용한 정보를 제공할 수 있을 것이라고 판단되어 진다.

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A Study on Electron Dose Distribution of Cones for Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (수술중 전자선치료에 있어서 선량분포에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Wee-Saing;Ha, Sung-Whan;Yun, Hyong-Geun
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1992
  • For intraoperative radiation therapy using electron beams, a cone system to deliver a large dose to the tumor during surgical operation and to save the surrounding normal tissue should be developed and dosimetry for the cone system is necessary to find proper X-ray collimator setting as well as to get useful data for clinical use. We developed a docking type of a cone system consisting of two parts made of aluminum: holder and cone. The cones which range from 4cm to 9cm with 1cm step at 100cm SSD of photon beam are 28cm long circular tubular cylinders. The system has two 26cm long holders: one for the cones larger than or equal to 7cm diamter and another for the smaller ones than 7cm. On the side of the holder is an aperture for insertion of a lamp and mirror to observe treatment field. Depth dose curve. dose profile and output factor at dept of dose maximum. and dose distribution in water for each cone size were measured with a p-type silicone detector controlled by a linear scanner for several extra opening of X-ray collimators. For a combination of electron energy and cone size, the opening of the X-ray collimator was caused to the surface dose, depths of dose maximum and 80%, dose profile and output factor. The variation of the output factor was the most remarkable. The output factors of 9MeV electron, as an example, range from 0.637 to 1.549. The opening of X-ray collimators would cause the quantity of scattered electrons coming to the IORT cone system. which in turn would change the dose distribution as well as the output factor. Dosimetry for an IORT cone system is inevitable to minimize uncertainty in the clinical use.

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