• Title, Summary, Keyword: 조부모

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Relationships between Preschool-aged Grandchildren's Temperament and Parenting Stress of Grandparents: Focused on the Moderating Effect of Intimacy between Grandparents and Grandchildren (유아의 기질과 조부모 양육스트레스 간의 관계: 조부모와 손자녀 친밀감의 중재효과)

  • Jin, Ji-hye;An, Jeong-shin
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1025-1039
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the moderating effect of intimacy between grandparents and grandchildren on the relationship between preschool-aged grandchildren's temperament and parenting stress of grandparent. 172 grandparents living in Busan and Gyeongnam area were selected for the subjects of this study. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS 18.0 program. The main results were as follows: First, this study proved the impact of grandchildren's temperament in preschool-aged on parenting stress of grandparents. Second, intimacy between grandparents and grandchildren moderated on the relationships between preschool-aged grandchildren's temperament and parenting stress of grandparents. This study provides the information about developing the education program which can relieve grandparents' stress associated with preschool-aged grandchildren's temperament.

The Comparisons of children′s Emotional and Behavioral Problems and the Roles of Grandparents in Nuclear and Extended families (가족구조에 따른 아동의 문제행동과 조부모의 역할에 대한 인식 비교)

  • Hyejung Jin Hwang
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.12
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 핵가족과 확대가족의 구조가 한국 초등학교 아동의 문제행동에 미치는 영향을 비교하였다. 서울과 인천에 거주하는 417명의 초등학생을 대상으로 그들의 문제행동을 Children's Behaviour Questionnaire(CBQ:Rotter, 1967)에 의해서 교사가 평가하였으며, 아동은 그들 조부모의 역할을 Grandmother's Role Questionnaire(GRQ:Suh, 1991)에 의해서 평가하였다. 그 결과, 확대가족의 아동은 핵가족의 아동보다 문제행동을 덜 보였으며, 확대가족의 조부모가 손자녀를 정서적으로 지지하고 돌보아주며 생활에 간섭하는 역할을 하는 반면에 핵가족의 조부모는 손자녀를 훈계하는 역할을 주로 하는 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 확대가족에서의 조부모는 손자녀의 정서적인 안정을 뒷받침하고 또한 부모의 스트레스를 완화시키며 가족의 화목한 분위기를 증진시키는 등의 역할을 통해서 손자녀에게 직접적, 간접적으로 영향을 미치며, 이러한 조부모의 역할은 아동의 문제행동에 근간이 되는 가족의 역동성에 영향을 미친다고 본다.

조손가족 조부모의 손자녀 양육 이해 : Sen의 인간 존재실현력(human capability) 패러다임을 통한 접근

  • Choe, Hye-Ji
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.103-126
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 조손가족 연구의 패러다임에 대한 문제의식으로부터 출발하였다. 인간의 존재적 역량과 선택적 자유를 강조한 Sen의 인간 존재실현력 패러다임을 조손가족 연구에 적용하여 선행연구의 시각적 한계를 극복하고자 했다. 구체적으로 조손가족 조부모의 존재실현력을 성별과 연령대별로 고찰하고, 존재실현력이 성취된 기능으로써 양육부담과 양육기쁨에 미치는 영향을 고찰했다. 이차자료를 이용한 사회조사연구로 설계했으며, 100명 조손가족 조부모의 자료를 분석했다. 분석결과, 남성 조부모는 여성 조부모보다 존재실현력의 모든 지표에서 상대적으로 높은 수준을 보였다. 그러나 연령대에 따른 존재실현력의 차이는 없는 것으로 나타났다. 조부모의 양육부담은 질병유무, 수리력, 관계의 질에 의해 유의미한 영향을 받았으며, 양육기쁨은 일상생활기술, 관계의 질, 유희역량, 재정상태의 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났다.

A Study of Providing Care to Grandchildren Effects on Grandparents' Perception on Old-Age Support: Focusing on Expectations for Residence with Adult Children (손자녀 돌봄이 조부모의 노후부양관에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 노후의 자녀동거 기대를 중심으로 -)

  • Ha, Seok Cheol;Hong, Kyung Zoon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.99-122
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine how providing care to grandchildren and the continuity of care affects the grandparents' perception on old-age support. Specifically, in this study, providing care is divided into three continuous types: did not provide care, provided care at one point in time and provided care at two points in time. This is done to investigate how the duration of providing care influences the perception on old-age support. The results show that grandparents providing care to their grandchildren prefer to reside with their own children in the future more often than those who do not provide care to their grandchildren. Furthermore, grandparents providing care to their grandchildren during two-time points and grandparents providing care during one-time point prefer to reside with their adult children in the future more than grandparents providing care not once during two-time points. Interestingly, grandparents who provide care to grandchildren during two-time points prefer to reside with their children in the future more frequently than grandparents providing care during just one-time point. These results suggest it is likely that grandparents recognize providing care to their grandchildren as an insurance in care and support for themselves in the future. Additionally, these results suggest that the family plays an efficient and flexible role to meet needs of family members through a reciprocal relationship in Korean society where the public sector is weak. These findings have suggested theoretical implications.

Grandparenting Style and Consumption Behavior of Elderly Consumers for Grandchildren (한국 노인의 조부모역할 유형과 손자녀를 위한 소비행동)

  • Hong, Seung Woo;Choi, Hye Kyong
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1163-1180
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    • 2012
  • The main purpose of this study is to figure out the spending tendency of elderly consumers for their grandchildren. To this end, a detailed survey was carried out for two months from October 1 to November 30, 2011. The respondents consist of 461 elderly consumers over 60s who have grandchildren in elementary grades. Among the gathered data, relevant information was sorted out, coded, and then turned into statistical figures through SPSS 18.0 program. The outcome of this research is explained in the following three respects. First of all, based upon factor and cluster analysis, the role of grandparents has been divided into three categories, which are a babysitter, a friend and a visitor. Depending on their role, the surveyed elderly have been split into three groups-'Friend Group', 'Formal Visitor Group', 'Attached Group'. Second, to give you an overview of the consumption trend of the three groups, this study has reviewed the expenditure items, spending amount and consumption patterns, and made a list of products and services they purchased for the past one year for their grandchildren. Third, given the probability of wealth transfer to the next generation, there is a compelling need to figure out the purchase pattern of financial products. The elderly have been categorized into those with bank deposits only and those with a mixture of bank deposits and other financial products (insurance, fund, stocks, gold, dollar etc.).

Grandparents Raising Grandchildren (조부모-손자녀가족 조부모의 손자녀양육)

  • Ok Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.103-114
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    • 2005
  • The number of grandparents who have responsibility for raising their grandchildren is growing. The present study examines the extent of this phenomenon and some of the issues these grandparents face in surrogate parenting. The sample consists of 69 grandparents(63 grandmothers and 6 grandfathers) of grandchildren who have lived with them at least 6 months without their parents. The grandparents raising grandchildren reported that caregiving bought negative changes in relations with their own children, economic situation and health condition. They concerned most about the issue of good mannered behavior of grandchildren and making good friends and needed social supports in terms of house cleaning and cooking and transportation for after school activities. Caregiver burden was related to the number of family members, the degrees of life changes, economic hardship due to caregiving, grandchildren's school performance and the relations with granparents' own children.

Poor Custodial Grandparents' Life Story and Care-giving Experiences of Their Grandchildren (저소득층 조손가족 조부모의 인생이야기와 손자녀 양육경험)

  • Oh, Kyung Seuk
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.65-84
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    • 2010
  • This study examined poor custodial grandparents' life story and care-giving experiences of their grandchildren. 8 grandparents were selected and in-depth interview and participant observation method were used. They showed a miserable life from the birth and discriminative experience of the deprivation of educational opportunities as childhood nadir experiences. They showed the regret for their inability as youth/midlife low point and financial difficulty as old life nadir experiences. In terms of care-giving experiences of their grandchildren, they showed non-voluntary care-giving, anxiety for the generational continuation of hardship, and lack of familial assistance. Poor custodial grandparents also used family-centered value, community-based social assistance, and self-assurance through their sacrifice as their adjustment strategy. Several research themes such as the importance of basic trust in childhood, the experience of financial difficulties, the importance of community-based social assistance, and self-assurance through their sacrifice were suggested for further research.

Social Support for Grandparent-headed Families and Its Effects on Grandparent Caregivers' Physical and Mental Health (조손가족에 대한 사회적 지지 실태와 조부모의 신체적 건강과 정신건강에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hae-Kyung
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.115-142
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the level of social support for grandparent-headed families and its effects on the grandparents' physical and mental health. For this purpose, the survey data was collected from 141 grandparents raising their grandchildren in Daejeon Metropolitan City. The study generated several findings. First, grandparent-headed families tended to rely on formal support system rather than informal one. Second, grandparent's physical health was found to be very poor that 82.3% of the grandparents reportedly needed some assistance in at least one ADL, and their mean score of depression measured by CES-D was 27.4, indicating a moderate level of psychological distress. Third, among the sociodemographic and stressor variables, grandparents' sex, the number of their children and household keeping burden were statistically significant predictors of their ADL restriction. As for depression level of the grandparents, their monthly income, parenting duration, the number of their children, economic difficulties, household keeping burden and social restrictions were found to be statistically significant. Fourth, grandparents who reported of having more social support from their friends, a higher level of satisfaction of the friends' social support and also of being satisfied with social support from their religious associations tended to experience significantly less ADL restrictions. The more kinds of social support received from friends and social welfare agencies and the less satisfied they were with social support from governmental sector, the higher their depression level was. Implications for social welfare services and programs for grandparent-headed families were discussed.

The Psychosocial Well-Being of Grandparents Raising their Grandchildren: The Role of Resources, Type of Care and Perception of Caregiving (손자녀 돌봄과 조부모의 심리적 복지: 돌봄 상황, 양육지각, 자원의 상호관련성을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Yoo-Jean
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.73-97
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    • 2011
  • This study examined what factors were associated with psychological well-being of grandparents providing daily care to their grandchildren. More focus on the role of various mediators such as caregiving perception and resources were given to investigate the complicated relationships between providing care and psychological function. I used the nationally representative data from the '2008 Korean National Survey of Welfare Need in the Elderly'. Results showed that there were diverse circumstances of caregiving. Grandparents who cared their grandchildren on behalf of dual career parents emerged predominantly from them. Findings also suggested that type of caregiving was related to external factors. Grandparents shouldering greater responsibility for their grandchildren showed lower levels of resources such as financial conditions and social support, and more negative perception of caregiving, which in turn was associated with lower psychological well-being. Finally, more financial resource and neighborhood support directly influenced more positive perception of caregiving. To enhance resources and empower grandparents raising their grandchildren, community-based intervening mechanism incorporating various environments and effective services to meet the needs of grandparents should be discussed in future studies.