• Title, Summary, Keyword: 정책모형

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반도체 산업의 공급사슬 모형에 대한 분배정책의 비교

  • 정성욱;이병진;이영훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.556-563
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    • 2003
  • 반도체 산업은 글로벌하게 공급사슬이 형성되어 있고, 공급사슬 구성에서 다른 제조산업과 구별되는 독특한 특징을 가지고 있다. 본 논문은 reentrancy공정과 binning특성을 고려한 반도체 산업의 생산과 분배망에 대한 공급사슬 모형을 제안한다. 3가지 생산 정책과 2가지 분배 정책에 대한 수리모형을 수립하여 총 5가지 공급사슬 모형을 형성하였고, 각각의 모형에 대해 해를 도출하여 비교, 분석하였다. 생산공정에서는 Balance정책, 분배공정에서는 Pull정책을 조합한 모형이 다른 모형들보다 더 좋은 성능을 보여 주고 있다.

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A Study on the Development and Application of Policy Evaluation Models for School Libraries (학교도서관 정책 평가모형 개발과 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.55-84
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    • 2007
  • This study is to develop school library Policy model in accordance with guidelines suggested in policy science theories and to evaluate school library policy with application of "Activation Agenda for School Libraries". The guidelines on the evaluation of school library Policy were based on the models suggested in education policy and school library Policy theories. Selected guidelines were examined through survey distributed to evaluators and telephone interviews. Although overall evaluation results on school library policy were positive, it is suggested that more efforts for Policy improvement are needed.

미시(微視)-거시연계모형(巨視連繫模型)과 정책효과(政策效果) 분석(分析)

  • Lee, Hong-Gu;Lee, Jae-Yeong
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.3-92
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    • 1994
  • 경제정책(經濟政策) 변화(變化)의 효과(效果)를 실증분석(實證分析)할 때, 거시경제(巨視經濟) 변동(變動)에 관심이 있는 경우 거시계량모형(巨視計量模型)을 활용하고, 상대가격구조(相對價格構造) 변동(變動)에 대한 소비자(消費者) 및 생산자(生産者)의 반응에 관심이 있는 경우 일반균형연산모형(一般均衡演算模型)을 사용한다. 그런데 대체로 정책변수(政策變數)는 경제구조(經濟構造)(미시적(微視的) 효과(效果))와 경기순환(景氣循環)(거시적(巨視的) 효과(效果))에 동시적 영향을 주기 때문에, 위의 두 모형(模型) 중 어느 하나만으로는 미시행태와 거시현상을 연계 분석하거 어렵다. 본고(本稿)에서는 정책변수(政策變數)의 변화(變化)가 경제주체(經濟主體)의 개별적 최적화(最適化) 행태(行態)와 집합적(集合的) 행태(行態)에 미치는 영향을 동시에 파악하기 위해 이 두 모형(模型)을 결합한 미시(微視)-거시통합모형(巨視統合模型)을 개발하였다. 통합모형(統合模型)의 결과에 의하면, 일반균형모형(一般均衡模型)에 편입(編入)된 거시계량모형(巨視計量模型)과 동태화(動態化)된 일반균형연산모형(一般均衡演算模型)을 결합하여 단기(短期) 경기순환(景氣循環) 및 중장기(中長期)에 걸친 구조조정(構造調整) 문제(問題)를 동시에 분석 가능한 실증분석(實證分析) 도구(道具)를 개발할 수 있었다. 설제로 본고(本稿)에서는 정책대안효과(政策代案效果)의 정량적(定量的) 평가(評價)를 위하여 통합모형(統合模型)을 가상적인 석탄가격(石炭價格) 자율화(自律化)와 보조금(補助金) 지원제도(支援制度) 변화(變化)의 효과분석에 활용하여 보았다. 이러한 모의실험(模擬實驗)은 다른 정책효과분석(政策效果分析)에도 활용(活用)될 수 있을 것이다.

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A Study on the Implementation of ROK Army Records Management Policy : Limitations of the Street-Level Bureaucracy Model and Proposal of the Policy Network Model (육군 기록관리정책의 집행맥락에 관한 연구 일선관료제 모형의 한계와 정책네트워크 모형의 제안)

  • Lim, Jisu;Kim, Giyeong
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.49
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    • pp.175-212
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to propose a model that can polish and improve the ROK (Republic of Korea) Army's records management policy in a new records management environment by analyzing the context of policy implementation. In this study, two distinct and different policy cases were analyzed using different models for policy analysis such as the case of the records management system of the ROK Army with the street-level bureaucracy model and the case of the archives personnel within the ROK Army with a Policy Network model. The results from the comparative analysis with both cases state that the street-level bureaucracy model has limitations in analyzing even a policy implementation case when multiple actors are involved. At the same time, a network policy model is useful in identifying the problematic points that need improvement in the case. Based on these results, some improvements for effective records management in the ROK Army were proposed. This study follows the approach of the two distinctive case studies from the perspective of policy science-a view that no archive researcher has ever explored before.

예산항목별(豫算項目別) 거시경제적(巨視經濟的) 효과(效果)

  • Lee, Gye-Sik;Go, Yeong-Seon
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.3-89
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    • 1995
  • 우리나라 거시계량모형(巨視計量模型)들이 지닌 취약점의 하나는 중요한 거시변수간의 일관성 있는 회계관계가 결여된 것이다. 본(本) 모형(模型)은 기존의 한국경제에 대한 거시모형(巨視模型)과 거시변수간에 일관성 있는 회계관계를 강조하는 IMF모형(模型) 등을 포괄하는 자금계획(資金計劃)(financial programming)모형(模型)을 사용하고, 특히 자금순환계정(資金循環計定)을 모형화함으로써 10개의 세입항목, 5개의 세출항목 등 15개의 예산항목이 거시경제(巨視經濟)에 미치는 효과를 분석하고 있다. 본고(本稿)에서는 중요한 현안과제인 물가안정(物價安定)에 구체적인 재정정책수단들이 어떤 영향을 미치는 것인가, 그리고 부수적인 효과로서 각 정책수단이 성장(成長), 국제수지(國際收支), 재정수지(財政收支)에도 어떤 효과를 갖는가를 정책(政策)시뮬레이션을 통하여 분석하고 물가안정(物價安定) 등 중요목표에 따른 예산항목별 우선순위를 제시하였다. 본고(本稿)에서 고려한 15개의 정책대안(政策代案) 가운데 본(本) 연구(硏究)의 주된 관심사인 물가(物價) 측면에서는 인건비(人件費) 감소(減少)가 최선의 대안, 순대출(純貸出) 감소(減少)가 최악의 대안, 부수적인 효과로서 성장(成長) 측면에서는 순대출(純貸出) 감소(減少)가 최선의 대안, 인건비(人件費) 감소(減少)가 최악의 대안, 경상수지(經常收支) 측면에서는 근로소득세(勤勞所得稅) 세율인상(稅率引上)이 최선의 대안, 순대출(純貸出) 감소(減少)가 최악의 대안, 재정수지(財政收支) 측면에서는 순대출(純貸出) 감소(減少)가 최선의 대안, 세외수입(稅外收入) 증가(增加)가 최악의 대안으로 나타난다. 이와 같이 여러가지 정책대안별로 거시경제(巨視經濟)에 미치는 효과가 차이나는 것은 본(本) 모형(模型)이 재정(財政)과 금융(金融)을 종합해서 분석하는 모형(模型)으로서 재정정책변수의 변화가 궁극적으로 통화량(通貨量)에 어떤 영향을 미치는가에 따라 크게 좌우되기 때문이다.

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A Conceptual Government Policy Model on Corporate Social Responsibility (기업의 사회적 책임의 정부정책에 대한 개념적 모형)

  • Ahn, Young-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.29-54
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    • 2007
  • Compared to corporate social responsibility(CSR) as business practices, government CSR policy have not been given much attention by researchers. This paper suggests drivers of government CSR policies and a conceptual model through examining concepts and social needs of CSR. The conceptual model encompasses three government roles: CSR vision setting, promoting and partnering. CSR can be useful to facilitate international transfer of clean technology, globalization of resource development companies, support for energy consumption of low-income classes. This paper concludes with summary and directions for future research focusing on areas of environmental and energy policies.

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Using Multilevel Model for Evaluation on Community Support Program (다층모형을 활용한 상수원 관리지역 주민지원사업 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong Hyun;Jung, Juchul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.31 no.3D
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    • pp.469-476
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    • 2011
  • The purposes of research is to understand the need of and the effectiveness of multilevel model to evaluate community support program in watershed areas. If the properties of policy target have hierarchical characteristics, the multilevel analysis is an adequate method to evaluate and test the effectiveness of policy. Also, the technique of multilevel modeling is extended to testing the relevance between performance appraisal and policy effectiveness. The case study of watershed region's community support program was estimated using satisfaction and economic aid level of policy target. This research has three results. First, the multilevel analysis should be used in nested data structure to estimate the effect of policy intervention. Second, the indexes of multilevel modeling should be used complementally to that of the traditional index approach. Third, the spatial hierarchical structure should be considered as the hierarchical structure in policy evaluation.

An Analysis of Agenda-setting Process to Appoint Library Professional as the Director of National Assembly Library: Based on the Kingdon's Multiple Streams Model (국회도서관장 전문가 임명 정책 의제화 과정 분석 - Kingdon의 다중흐름모형을 적용하여 -)

  • Yeon, Jieun;Kim, Giyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.293-322
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of the study is to identify the background of the agenda-setting to appoint library professional as the director of National Assembly Library and characteristics of the policy entrepreneur of this agenda. To this purpose an agenda-setting process in 2014 is analyzed with the Kingdon's multiple streams model. Kingdon's multiple streams model explains that an agenda is set when a window of opportunity is opened by coupling of problem stream, political stream, and policy stream. They have existed independently before setting the agenda. This study showed that the political stream was the major stream to open the window of opportunity. The lawmaker in the opposition party is identified as the leader for the agenda and the motivations, resources, and strategies of the policy entrepreneur were also analyzed. The analysis showed the agenda for library professional as the director was set without visible participation of library professionals. Therefore this study proposed the library professionals' roles for the library and information policy making process.

A Numerical Analysis of Land Use-Transportation Model as a Form of Analytical Tool (수치해석적 토지이용-교통모형의 이론연구 도구화: 교통수요의 내생화를 중심으로)

  • Yu, Sang-Gyun;Rhee, Hyok-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2013
  • The land use-transportation models typically have complicated model structure that is good for empirical execution but bad for theoretical probe. This complexity makes it very difficult to derive the first-order conditions for system optimization in tractable forms. Yu and Rhee (2011) and Rhee (2012) show how to simplify the derivative of the model's objective function with respect to policy variables in the computable general equilibrium model of land use and transportation. However, the travel demand in their model was fixed. This drawback fundamentally limits the applicability of their methodology in the planning field. We relax this restriction. Once this is done, we can employ the methodology developed in analyzing the impacts of various types of policy instruments in the models where land market is treated endogenously and transportation network is embedded.