• Title, Summary, Keyword: 정서폭력

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The Effect of Emotional Maltreatment by Parents on Revictimization of Emotional Maltreatment by Youth Peers - Multiple Mediated Effects of Depression and Social Withdrawal - (부모에 의한 정서폭력이 청소년 또래에 의한 정서폭력 재피해에 미치는 영향 - 우울과 사회적 위축의 다중매개효과분석 -)

  • Heo, In Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.2
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    • pp.63-88
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    • 2017
  • This study was to find out the effect of emotional maltreatment by parents on revictimization of emotional maltreatment by peers targeting second-year students of middle school with depression and social withdrawal as mediating variables. To this end, those who experienced physical violence by parents or friends were excepted from panel data collected by National Youth Policy Institute (KCYPS) and data of 752 people who experienced emotional maltreatment by parents or peers were analyzed. Research hypotheses were verified by a utilizing structural equation model. The results can be summarized as follows: First, experiencing emotional maltreatment by parents has a direct impact on depression and social withdrawal. Second, it was found that depression has a direct impact on experiencing emotional maltreatment by peers while social withdrawal is significant in an indirect path affecting with depression as a mediating variable. Third, the multiple mediated effects of depression and social withdrawal were significant in the revictimization relationship between emotional maltreatment by parents and emotional maltreatment by peers. This means that emotional maltreatment by parents becomes a predictor in re-experiencing emotional maltreatment by peers. It also means that emotional maltreatment by parents has an indirect effect through psychological and emotional factors such as depression and social withdrawal rather than having a direct effect. Based on the results of this study, limitations of the study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

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Effects of Husbands' Emotional abuse on Wives' Depression: Focusing on the Wives whose Husbands had Completed Batterer Intervention Program (가정폭력 치료프로그램 이수자의 정서적 폭력이 아내의 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Yun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.185-209
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to investigate the effect of husbands' emotional abuse on wives' depression and mediating effects of marital adjustment and coping. The subject of this study is wives of men who had completed batterer intervention programs at domestic violence counselling centers. In order to investigate the effect of emotional abuse, among the 116 questionnaires collected by wives the cases in which physical violence was reported were excluded. Ultimately, a total of 77 cases were analyzed using the Partial Least Square method of structural equation model methodology. The key findings from this study are as follows. First, the wives in this study showed a high rate of exposure to emotional abuse by their husbands although the physical violence was gone. Second, emotional abuse by husbands significantly affected depression on their wives. Third, marital adjustment was found to have a mediating effect on the relationship between the emotional abuse and the depression. Fourth, a mediating effect from passive coping was revealed; in particular, avoiding was the most powerful factor explaining the relationship between the emotional abuse and the depression. However, active coping failed to mediate the relationship between the emotional abuse and the depression.

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A Study on Senior couple's domestic violence and its effect on mental health (노인부부의 가정폭력실태와 정신건강에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Jin
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to understand realities of senior couple's violence by dividing them into victim and assaulter, and then grasp the degree of the effect of violence on desirable cohabitation. Conjugal violence was divided into emotional, minor physical, severe physical and sexual violence. Mental health was subdivided into depression, stress, aggression and self-esteem. Emotional violence appeared most often at 29.9%, and physical violence was under 3% in the case of being victimized, while emotional violence accounted for 25.4% and physical violence for under 2% in the case of offense. The effect of conjugal violence on mental health was that depression and stress increased significantly although some disparity existed between types of violence. In the circumstances of inflicting violence, the degree of aggression was significantly different in common. In conclusion, conjugal violence has a great influence on couple's mental health though the extent of damage was different depending on the type of violence and whether the person was the victim or attacker. So diverse welfare program should be implemented and activated.

Verbal Violence Type in Operating Room Nurses, Fusion Study on Emotional Response and Coping (수술실 간호사의 언어폭력유형, 정서적 반응과 대처에 대한 융합연구)

  • Oh, Suk-Hee;Sun, Jeong-Ju;Kang, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2019
  • This study is a descriptive study to investigate the relationship between verbal violence type, emotional response and coping in the operating room nurse. The subjects of the study were 400 nurses working in 20 general hospitals and 372 nurses in the operating room. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the perpetrators of the verbal violence experienced by the subject were physicians, direct supervisors, and more than half of the subjects were considering the transition. The most frequent cases of language violence were when the equipment was inoperable or not used during surgery, There were significant differences in verbal violence experience according to marriage, clinical career, and work style. Language violence emotional response showed significant difference with gender, position and coping, age, academic background, clinical career, and position. There was a significant correlation between experience of verbal violence and emotional response, emotional response and coping. Therefore, the results of this study will contribute to the development of coping strategies and prevention education programs.

Effect of Verbal Abuse Experience, Coping Style and Resilience on Emotional Response and Stress During Clinical Practicum among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 폭력경험, 대처양식 및 회복탄력성이 정서반응과 임상실습스트레스에 미치는 효과)

  • Jeong, Yun-Hwa;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.391-399
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to investigate the effect of verbal abuse experience, coping style and resilience on emotional response and practical stress. 261 nursing students participated in this study. The Data were collected using self-report questionnaires from Dec. 1 to Dec. 20, 2014. We found a positive correlation among verbal abuse experience, emotional coping style and stress during clinical practicum; a positive correlation among problem coping style, emotional coping style and resilience; a positive correlation among emotional coping style, emotional response and stress; a negative correlation among resilience and emotional response; a positive correlation among emotional response and stress during clinical practicum. The highest impact factors affecting the emotional response was emotional coping style(${\beta}=.422$). The highest impact factors affecting stress during clinical practicum was verbal abuse experience(${\beta}=.283$). Future efforts should be focused to provide interpersonal relation training and communication skills training for a safe environment of nursing students.

Violence Response, Burnout and Job Satisfaction according to Violence Episode of Emergency Room Worker (응급실 종사자의 폭력 경험에 따른 폭력 반응 소진 및 직무 만족)

  • Kim, Mi Yeon;Ha, Tae Uk;Hwang, Yong;Kang, Ji Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.406-416
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine violence response, burnout, and job satisfaction according to violent episodes of emergency room workers. Methods : This Study was a descriptive survey design using convenience sampling. This study was exempt from needing an IRB approval. There were 167 emergency room workers, who agreed to participate in this study, and took a self-report questionnaire between July and August 2015. SPSS 21.0 version was used for descriptive analysis, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) 84.4% of participant experienced violent episodes. The frequency of verbal violence was highest. Violent attackers were patients and guardians with drunken state. The time of violence episodes was usually during the night. Violent experience of doctors and nurses was very high. 2) There were significant differences in the emotional response according to violent episodes (t=2.528, p=0.12) 3) The correlation between \response and burnout was statistically significant, and indicates a high positive correlation (r=.616, p=<.001). The correlation between violence response and job satisfaction was statistically significant, indicating a negative correlation (r=-.512, p=<.001). There was a negative correlation between burnout and job satisfaction with statistical significance (r=-.568, p=<.001). 4) Significant factors influencing job satisfaction were emotional response to violence and burnout. Conclusion: The findings of this study provide basic information for the strategies of preventing violence, decreasing burnout, and improving job satisfaction by developing a violence management program.

The Differences in Harassment Behavior and Perception of Dating Violence According to Traits of University Students (대학생의 특성에 따른 데이트폭력 가해 행동 및 데이트폭력 인식의 차이)

  • Kim, Rae-Eun;Koo, Sang-Mee;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.244-254
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in dating violence perception of dating violence perception of university students. As a research tool, CTS2 was used as a measure of dating violence, a measure developed by Kim(1999) was used, and a measure of dating violence by Jeong(2013) was used. Data analysis was performed using independent sample t-test and multi-variate analyses. The results are summarized as follows. First, female students showed higher differences in total violence against violence and psychological violence than boys, while boys showed higher physical violence than girls. Health majors were significantly higher in total dating violence and psychological violence than students in humanities and social sciences. There was no significant difference in dating violence offenses with or without sexual experience. Only psychological violence showed an interaction effect between gender and sex experience. Second, female students were significantly higher than male students with significant differences in recognition and sub-factors. Health majors were significantly higher in both date violence perception and lower factors than humanities and social sciences. Students without sexual experience perceived overall dating violence more than students with sexual, physical and cyber violence being significantly higher.

Development and Effects on a Program for Decreasing Violent Behaviors of the Spouse Abusers with Drinking Problems - Applying Motivational Enhancement Therapy - (음주문제를 가진 가정폭력가해자 폭력행동감소 프로그램의 개발과 효과 - 동기증진치료의 활용을 중심으로 -)

  • Jang, Soo-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.103-126
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    • 2004
  • The court-mandated spouse abusers with drinking problems not only resist and complain about taking the court-mandate but also have the low motivation to change their problem drinking and violent behaviors. Therefore, in this study the program is developed to decrease violent behaviors of spouse abusers with drinking problems. Also, the usefulness of this program is examined by quantitative and qualitative methods. The results are as follows: The experimental group's pre-to-post variation is decreased by significant level statistically more than the comparison group's variation in drinking problems. Regarding violent behaviors among groups, the experimental group's pre-to-post and pre-to-followup variation are decreased significantly. It is assumed that Motivation Enhancement Therapy(MET) influences the differences of motivation to change violent behaviors in both groups. The reason is that MET is considered to have influences on the group's dynamics and interaction. Also, it is helpful to change the negative emotions to the positive emotions and to stimulate the group interaction and the participation. This study will be contributed to promote the speciality on providing services for family in a domestic violence in Korea. Through this study, I suggested future implications in research, practice, and political side on spouse abusers with drinking problems.

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The Help of Experienced Dental Hygienists Turnover Verbal Abuse and Emotional Reaction, and the Resulting Relationship (치과위생사가 경험하는 언어폭력과 그에 따른 정서적 반응 및 이직의도와의 관계)

  • Lee, Jung-Hwa;Choi, Jung-Mi;Lee, Yeong-Ae
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.563-570
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of verbal violence against dental hygienists, their emotional reaction and the relation between their intention of job transfer and verbal violence so that it could offer the basic data for developing the way how to cope with verbal violence and for improving their performance. Two hundred fifty-seven dental hygienists working for dentists' in Busan were interviewed from May 17 to 31, 2014 to collect data, of which analysis was as follows: 1) As a result of verbal violence done by patients and their guardians, 80.5% said that they experienced crude language with 17.5% forceful and imperative sentence, and 13.2% ignorant statements about their job. They were exposed to verbal violence once or twice every 6 months. As a result of researching verbal violence of co-working senior or junior hygienists, 52.1% answered that their co-working senior or junior hygienists talked crude language and 38.1% said their co-workers happened to say crude language to them. The crude language experience was relatively high as 20.2% and once or twice a week. As a result of verbal violence done by dentists, 47.5% said that they've heard crude language and 34.6% said that they experienced forceful and imperative sentence. 2) The overall average of the intention to transfer their job was $3.06{\pm}1.03$, while the highest intention of job transfer was $3.11{\pm}0.91$ where they said I have once wanted to transfer my job. 3) As a result of seeing the relation among verbal violence, emotional reaction and the intention of job transfer, there was co-relation between verbal violence and the patients' age (p<0.01); there were also co-relation between verbal violence of patients, co-workers and dentists (p<0.01). There was also significant relation between emotional reaction on verbal violence and their intention of job transfer (p<0.001).

대중문화와 폭력성

  • Kim, Gwang-Hwan
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.440-446
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    • 2001
  • 폭력의 발생 원인은 다양하고 그 표현 방식도 여러 가지 양상으로 나타나지만 인간의 기저에 갖고 있는 일반적 원인은 욕구불만이다. 욕구불만의 해소가 이루어지지 않은 상태에서의 인간은 항상 폭력성이 잠재되어있는 상태가 된다고 볼 수 있다. 윌리엄 맥두걸은 본능이 인간행동에 동기를 부여하는 가장 중요한 요인이며, 지각과 정서보다 동기의 힘을 강조했다. 사람은 본능이 동기를 부여해 준 것을 지각하고 적절한 대상이 지각되면 그 대상은 행동을 자극하는 감정변화를 일으킨다. 이러한 검정변화를 충동이라 할 수 있는데 지그문트 프로이드는 인간의 많은행동이 불합리한 본능적 충동에 바탕을 둔다고 보고 있다. 충동은 대개 생리적인 긴장, 결핍,또는 불균형상태에 뿌리는 두며 충족되어야 할 절박한기본 욕구로 유기체에 행동을 강요한다. 충동은 선천적이며, 기본적인 생리적 욕구와 직접적으로 관련된 충동과 학습을 통한 모방충동, 약물복용의 반복적으로 인한 양물중독이 있고, 성취, 활동, 친화, 호기심, 배설, 탐구, 조작, 모성애, 고통회피, 성애, 수면 등 인간의 생활에 반영되는 거의 모든 욕구를 포함한다. 따라서 욕구의 해소를 위해 무엇인가를 해야만 하는 인간은 욕구의 억압상태나 좌절상태에서 심한 분노와 폭력의 충동을 느끼게 된다. 현대 심층심리학은 어린이들이 말을 충분히 자유자재로 구사하기 전에 겪고 억누르게 된 무시무시한 분노의 환상을 가지고 있는데,. 공포예술의 무시무시한 영상들이 결부되어있다는 것이 밝혀졌다. 픽카드(P.M. Pickard)에 의하면 어린아이는 그들의 내적 현실을 외적 현실을 적응시키려는 힘겨운 투쟁 속에 근친상간적 갈등, 흡혈귀, 살인, 식인 등 끔찍한 환상을 겪는 것 간다고 한다. 청소년기는 사회적 부적응기로서 현실과 어릴 적 꿈꿔왔던 이상과의 괴리감에서 오는 당혹과 분노가 발생되는데, 이 시기에 많은 청소년들이 극단적인 선정적인 폭력성에 탐닉하게 되는 경향이 있다. 현실은 결코 아름답지 못하고, 행복하게 살 수 없다는 것에 대한 깨달음에서 기인한다. 욕구불만의 강도가 심해질수록 폭력성은 더욱 강하게 나타나는데 개인에게서 뿐만 아니라 가족, 동료, 사회 단체나 종교, 국가간에도 집단적으로도 발생하게 된다. 사회적으로 볼 때 폭력은 용인되는 것이 아니므로 도덕적으로 절제를 하거나 상대방과 적절한 타협과 조정을 필요로 한다. 그러나 절제의 한계를 넘어선다고 생각되거나, 조정의 노력이 불가능하거나, 실패했을 때 폭력적인 행동으로 나타나게 된다. 리차즈(I.A Richards)는 분노와 공포는 일단 겉잡을 수 없는 경향이 있다고 하면서 오늘날 폭력에 대한 요구가 일상의 정서 생활에 있어, 억압을 통한, 빈곤함을 반영하고 있지 않은지 생각해봐야 할 것이라고 충고한다.

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