• Title, Summary, Keyword: 정서인식

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Emotion Perception and Multisensory Integration in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Review of Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Studies (자폐 스펙트럼 장애의 다중감각 통합과 정서인식: 행동연구와 인지 신경 과학 연구에 대한 개관)

  • Cho, Hee-Joung;Kim, So-Yeon
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.77-90
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    • 2018
  • Behavioral studies of emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have yielded mixed results. Most of the studies focused on emotion recognition abilities with regard to ASD using stimuli with unisensory modality, making it difficult to determine difficulties in real life emotion perception in ASD. Herein, we review the recent behavioral and cognitive neuroscience studies on emotion recognition functions in ASD, including both unisensory and multisensory emotional information, to elucidate the possible difficulties in emotion recognition in ASD. In our study, we discovered that people with ASD have problems in the process of integrating emotional information during emotion recognition tasks. The following four points are discussed: (1) The restrictions of previous studies, (2) deficits in emotion recognition in ASD especially in recognizing multisensory information, (3) possible compensation mechanisms for emotion recognition in ASD, and (4) the possible roles of attention and language functions in emotion recognition in ASD. The compensatory mechanisms proposed herein for ASD with regard to emotion recognition abilities could contribute to a therapeutic approach for improving emotion recognition functions in ASD.

The Effect of Emotional Clarity on Satisfaction in Romantic Relationships: Mediation of Acceptance (정서인식 명확성이 이성관계 만족도에 미치는 영향: 수용의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Moon-Jeong;Lee, Su-Lim
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.608-622
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    • 2019
  • The present study was aimed to verify the mediating effect of acceptance in the relationship between emotional clarity and satisfaction in romantic relationships. To this purpose, a self-reporting survey was conducted with 208 unmarried subjects ranging in age from 19-35 in Seoul and Gyeonggi region. SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0 was used to analysis procedure. A summary of the research results are as follows. First, in the results of the correlation analysis on the primary factors, emotional clarity had a significant positive correlation with acceptance and satisfaction in romantic relationships, and acceptance had a positive correlation with satisfaction in romantic relationships. Second, the results of the structural equation analysis verified that emotional clarity had a direct positive effect on satisfaction in romantic relationships. Third, this study verified a partial positive mediating effect of acceptance in the relationship between emotional clarity and satisfaction in romantic relationships, and also verified the significance of the pathway. These results verify that emotional clarity has not only a direct effect on satisfaction in romantic relationships, but also an indirect effect through acceptance. Lastly, this study discussed significance and limitations of this study, as well as proposals for future research.

Effects of the facial expression's presenting type and areas on emotional recognition (얼굴 표정의 제시 유형과 제시 영역에 따른 정서 인식 효과)

  • Lee, Jung-Hun;Kim, Hyuk;Han, Kwang-Hee
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1393-1400
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    • 2006
  • 정서를 측정하고 나타내는 기술이 발전에 따라 문화적 보편성을 가진 얼굴표정 연구의 필요성이 증가하고 있다. 그리고 지금까지의 많은 얼굴 표정 연구들은 정적인 얼굴사진 위주로 이루어졌다. 그러나 실제 사람들은 단적인 얼굴표정만으로 정서를 인식하기 보다는 미묘한 표정의 변화나 얼굴근육의 움직임 등을 통해 정서상태를 추론한다. 본 연구는 동적인 얼굴표정이 정적인 얼굴표정 보다 정서상태 전달에서 더 큰 효과를 가짐을 밝히고, 동적인 얼굴 표정에서의 눈과 입의 정서인식 효과를 비교해 보고자 하였다. 이에 따라 15 개의 형용사 어휘에 맞는 얼굴 표정을 얼굴전체, 눈, 입의 세 수준으로 나누어 동영상과 스틸사진으로 제시하였다. 정서 판단의 정확성을 측정한 결과, 세 수준 모두에서 동영상의 정서인식 효과가 스틸사진 보다 유의미하게 높게 나타나 동적인 얼굴 표정이 더 많은 내적정보를 보여주는 것을 알 수 있었다. 또한 얼굴전체-눈-입 순서로 정서인식 효과의 차이가 유의미하게 나타났으며, 부정적 정서는 눈에서 더 잘 나타나고 긍정적 정서는 입에서 더 잘 나타났다. 따라서 눈과 입에 따른 정서인식이 정서의 긍정성-부정성 차원에 따라 달라짐을 볼 수 있었다.

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The Mediating Effect of Emotional Clarity and Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness in the Relationship between College Student's Covert Narcissism and Depression (대학생의 내현적 자기애가 우울에 미치는 영향: 정서인식 명확성과 정서표현 양가성의 매개효과)

  • Yu, Hyeon-A;Song, Wonyoung
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the relationship between covert narcissism on depression for College students as a mediator Emotional Clarity and Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness through structural equation modeling. To this end, we conducted a survey of 343 university students living in central area of Korea, a measure of CNS, BDI, TMMS, AEQ-K. The result of the study were as follows. First, all the variables had meaningful positive of negative correlations. Secondly, When Covert Narcissism affects Depression, Emotional Clarity and Ambivalence over emotional expressiveness were full mediated. Third, the indirect effects of Emotional Clarity, Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness on the effects of covert narcissism on depression were relevance. Finally, the implications and limitations of the study were discussed.

Effect of Stereotype Threat on Spatial Working Memory and Emotion Recognition in Korean elderly (노화에 대한 고정관념 위협이 노인의 공간 작업기억 및 정서인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyoung eun;Lee, Wanjeoung;Choi, Kee-hong;Kim, Hyun Taek;Choi, June-seek
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.1109-1124
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    • 2016
  • We examined the effect of stereotype threat (STT) on spatial working memory and facial emotion recognition in Korean elderly. In addition, we investigated the role of expected moderator such as self-perception of aging. Seventeen seniors (male=7) received basic cognitive tests including K-WMS-IV, MMSE and answered self-report questionnaires including self-perception of aging, anxiety of aging, attitude toward aging and age identity on the first visit. On the second visit, they were exposed to negative stereotype by reading a script detailing cognitive decline related to aging while a control group was exposed to a neutral content. Following the exposure, they were tested on a spatial-working memory task (Corsi-block tapping task) and emotion recognition task (facial expression identification task). The results showed that the seniors exposed to STT showed significantly lower performance on emotion recognition task (p < .05) (i.e., especially on the more difficult facial stimuli). In addition, there was a significant interaction between STT and self-perception of aging (p< .05), indicating that those who have positive self-perception of aging did not show impairment in emotion recognition task and difficult spatial working memory task under STT. On the other hand, those with negative self-perception of aging showed impaired performance under STT. Taken together, the current study suggests that being exposed to STT could negatively influence cognitive and emotional functioning of elderly. Interestingly, having a positive self-perception of aging could protect the underperformance caused by STT.

Difference in reading facial expressions as the empathy-systemizing type - focusing on emotional recognition and emotional discrimination - (공감-체계화 유형에 따른 얼굴 표정 읽기의 차이 - 정서읽기와 정서변별을 중심으로 -)

  • Tae, Eun-Ju;Cho, Kyung-Ja;Park, Soo-Jin;Han, Kwang-Hee;Ghim, Hei-Rhee
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.613-628
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    • 2008
  • Mind reading is an essential part of normal social functioning and empathy plays a key role in social understanding. This study investigated how individual differences can have an effect on reading emotions in facial expressions, focusing on empathizing and systemizing. Two experiments were conducted. In study 1, participants performed emotion recognition test using facial expressions to investigate how emotion recognition can be different as empathy-systemizing type, facial areas, and emotion type. Study 2 examined how emotion recognition can be different as empathy-systemizing type, facial areas, and emotion type. An emotion discrimination test was used instead, with every other condition the same as in studies 1. Results from study 2 showed mostly same results as study 1: there were significant differences among facial areas and emotion type and also have an interaction effect between facial areas and emotion type. On the other hand, there was an interaction effect between empathy-systemizing type and emotion type in study 2. That is, how much people empathize and systemize can make difference in emotional discrimination. These results suggested that the empathy-systemizing type was more appropriate to explain emotion discrimination than emotion recognition.

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Recognizing Facial Expressions Using a Neural Network (신경망을 이용한 얼굴 표정인식)

  • 신영숙;이일병
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.101-105
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    • 1998
  • 기존의 표정인식 연구는 Ekman의 기본정서모형의 특에 의하여 표정인식이 이루어져왔다. 그러나 이러한 6가지 기본정서(행복, 놀람, 공포, 분노, 혐오, 슬픔)에 의한 표정인식은 6개 정서 중에서 선택하는 간제 선택법이 아닌 자유응답방식을 택했을때는 훨씬 인식률이 떨어진다. 이는 표정이 기본정서이외에도 여러 가지 미묘한 마음상태를 표현하고 있기 때문이다. 본 연구는 섬세한 표정인식을 우한 방법으로, 차원모형을 근거로 MLP를 적용한 표정인식을 수행하였다. 차원 모형에 의한 표정은 3가지 차원으로 하나의 표정을 이룬다. 3가지 차원은 쾌-불쾌, 각성-수면과 외부지향-내부지향이다. 3가지 차원을 갖는 각각의 표정은 MLP에 의하여 쾌-불쾌차원 68%, 각성-수면차원 60%, 외부지향-내부지향차원 76%의 인식률을 보였다. 연구결과에서 차원모형에 근거한 표정인식을 통하여 기존의 표정인식을 통하여 기존의 기본정서모형의 한계성을 극복하고 섬세한 표정인식을 수행할 수 있었다.

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The Mediating Effect of Cognitive Flexibility in the Relationship between Emotional Clarity and Emotion Regulation: Comparison of Self-Reported and Task Measurement of Cognitive Flexibility (정서인식명확성과 정서조절의 관계에서 인지적 융통성의 매개효과: 인지적 융통성의 자기보고측정과 과제측정 비교를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Soomin;Hyun, Myoung-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.159-165
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    • 2018
  • Background: This study investigates the function of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between emotional clarity and emotion regulation and examines the differential effect between belief and ability for cognitive flexibility on them. Methods: The 151 participants respond to the questionnaires measuring emotional clarity, emotion regulation, and cognitive flexibility, which is also measured by task reflecting on real ability. Results: Data from this study show that self-reported cognitive flexibility mediates the effect of emotional clarity on emotion regulation. Cognitive flexibility measured by task has no mediating effect on them. Conclusions: These results suggest the cognitive flexibility play a role in the mechanism linking emotional clarity to emotion regulation and belief of own's ability to cope flexibly is more important than real ability. Finally, this paper includes implications, limitations, and suggestions for the future study.

The Effects of Emotional Clarity and Perspective-taking on Communication of Married Persons (기혼자의 정서인식 명확성과 조망수용이 의사소통에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, Ah-reum;Lim, Su-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.22-30
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    • 2019
  • This study was to find out that the effects of emotional clarity and perspective-taking on communication of married persons targeting 206 peoples. It set the clarity of emotional recognition and perspective-taking as the independent variables and the communication as the dependent variable and verified them. The results revealed in this study are as follows. When looked at the correlation between the clarity of emotional recognition, perspective taking, and communication of married people, each variable showd close correlation. It showed that the communication of married people had a statistically significant effect to the clarity of emotional recognition and perspective taking through the multiple regression analysis. As above, the result of this study confirmed the clarity of emotional recognition and perspective taking as factors that affect to the communication. It confirmed that more positive and reasonable communication is possible when understand the emotion clearly and the perspective taking which is the ability of standing in other people's perspectives.

Development of Facial Emotion Recognition System Based on Optimization of HMM Structure by using Harmony Search Algorithm (Harmony Search 알고리즘 기반 HMM 구조 최적화에 의한 얼굴 정서 인식 시스템 개발)

  • Ko, Kwang-Eun;Sim, Kwee-Bo
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.395-400
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we propose an study of the facial emotion recognition considering the dynamical variation of emotional state in facial image sequences. The proposed system consists of two main step: facial image based emotional feature extraction and emotional state classification/recognition. At first, we propose a method for extracting and analyzing the emotional feature region using a combination of Active Shape Model (ASM) and Facial Action Units (FAUs). And then, it is proposed that emotional state classification and recognition method based on Hidden Markov Model (HMM) type of dynamic Bayesian network. Also, we adopt a Harmony Search (HS) algorithm based heuristic optimization procedure in a parameter learning of HMM in order to classify the emotional state more accurately. By using all these methods, we construct the emotion recognition system based on variations of the dynamic facial image sequence and make an attempt at improvement of the recognition performance.