• Title, Summary, Keyword: 접속슬래브

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Analysis of Structural Behavior for Abutment Integral Approach Slabs (교대일체식 접속슬래브의 구조적 거동 분석)

  • Nam, Young-Kug;Lee, Heung-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.1-2
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    • 2009
  • Abutment Integral Approach Slabs are proposed to improve road traveling performance of bridge approaches and evaluated analysis application possibility of approach slabs in abutment integral approach slabs as comparing between Abutment Integral Approach Slabs and approach slabs in general bridges.

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Experimental Analysis of Prestressed Approach Slab Behavior (프리스트레스가 도입된 접속슬래브의 실험적 거동 분석)

  • Park, Hee-Beom;Eum, In-Sub;Kim, Seong-Min
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2010
  • This research was conducted to analyze the behavior of Single-PTAS (Single Post-Tensioned Approach Slab) under tensioning and environmental loads by performing field tests when the demonstration Single-PTAS was being constructed. The temperature measurement sensors were installed at different depths, and the displacements in the approach slab under environmental loads and tensioning were measured using displacement transducers. As an experimental result, an abrupt change in the longitudinal displacement due to tensioning was not observed. The daily temperature change in the approach slab was negligible where the depth is over about 35cm. The temperature gradient in the approach slab adjacent to bridge was smaller than that adjacent to pavement. The patterns and magnitudes of vertical displacements were directly related to the temperature gradient at the measuring location. The behavior of Single-PTAS was very similar to that of concrete pavement. Therefore, a new design methodology for approach slabs is needed to include the pavement concept and to overcome drawback of current design procedures based on the simple beam concept.

The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

Behavior Analysis of Approach Slabs of IPM Bridges according to Unsupported Length and Settlement (토압분리형 교량 접속슬래브의 비지지길이와 지반 침하에 따른 거동 해석)

  • Park, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.650-660
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    • 2018
  • The approach slab plays an important role in the driving comfort of the connection section on a bridge. On the other hand, the approach slab only calculates the section force of a simple beam, and does not analyze the behavior. In this study, the unsupported length and settlement of approach slabs of IPM Bridges were examined using structural analysis. First, the section force was calculated by designing a simple beam, according to the length of the approach slab. The structural analysis was conducted to examine the behavior of the unsupported length and settlement. As the result, the bending moment decreased when the unsupported length was increased, and the bending moment increased when the settlement was increased. In addition, the design section force was estimated to be larger than the force of structural analysis, and the design of the approach slab according to the design guideline showed no problem in stability. Nevertheless, the vertical displacement exceeded the maintenance criterion of a 1/200 curve when the settlement exceeded 10 mm regardless of the unsupported length. Therefore, excessive settlement occurs in the reinforced earth retaining wall supporting the approach slab, and the design bending moment may be exceeded. Therefore, strict management is required.

Numerical Analysis of Curling Behavior of Prestressed Approach Slab Subjected to Environmental Loads (환경하중에 의한 교량 프리스트레스 접속슬래프의 컬링 거동 수치 해석적 분석)

  • Park, Hee-Beom;Eum, In-Sub;Kim, Seong-Min;Rhee, Suk-Keun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2011
  • The numerical analyses were performed to investigate the curling behavior of the post-tensioned prestressed concrete approach slab (PTAS) under environmental loads. A technique to include properly the boundary conditions of one end of PTAS that was connected to the bridge abutment using hinges was proposed for the numerical model. The applicability of a simplified model not having hunches was also investigated. By using the developed models, the curling behavior of PTAS was analyzed when the foundation settlement occurred. The analysis results showed that the maximum tensile stress obtained from the simplified model involving a simplified hinge connection was very closed to that obtained from a rigorous model. When the slab curled up, the maximum tensile stress occurred in the model including no foundation settlement, but when the slab curled down, the maximum stress occurred in the model including partial settlement of the foundation. Therefore, the design of PTAS should be performed considering those maximum tensile stresses.

A Study of Structural Behavior Analysis of Inegral and Semi-Integral Hybrid Slab Bridge (일체식 및 반일체식 복합슬래브 교량의 구조거동 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Guk;Jang, Il-Young
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.123-128
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    • 2018
  • Girder bridges and slab bridges are equipped with a system consisting of a flexible joint unit, support, inverted T shaped abutment, and a separate connecting slab structure. These systems have problems such as an increase in cost due to frequent breakage of the expansion joints and a decrease in durability due to a structure with low moment redistribution. To improve these problems, propose Inegral and Semi-Integral Hybrid Slab Bridge and examine the safety through structural analysis. As a result of the review, Inegral and Semi-Integral Hybrid Slab Bridge was the section stiffness is small. but it is confirmed that the structural safety, ductility and flexibility are higher than existing bridges because the moment redistribution and the force transmission are surely performed.

Assessment of Train Running Safety, Ride Comfort and Track Serviceability at Transition between Floating Slab Track and Conventional Concrete Track (플로팅 슬래브궤도와 일반 콘크리트궤도 접속구간에서의 열차 주행 안전, 승차감 및 궤도 사용성 평가)

  • Jang, Seung-Yup;Yang, Sin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.48-61
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    • 2012
  • It is of great importance to assure the running safety, ride comfort and serviceability in designing the floating slab track for mitigation of train-induced vibration. In this paper, for this, analyzed are the system requirements for the running safety, ride comfort and serviceability, and then, the behavior of train and track at the floating slab track including the transition zone to the conventional concrete slab track according to several main design variables such as system natural frequency, arrangement of spring at transition, spacing of spring isolators, damping ratio and train speed, using the dynamic analysis technique considering the train-track interaction. The results of this study demonstrate that the discontinuity of the support stiffness at the transition results in a drastic increase of the dynamic response such as wheel-rail interaction force, rail bending stress and rail uplift force. Hence, it is efficient to decrease the spacing of springs or to increase the spring constants at the transition to obtain the running safety and serviceability. On the other hand, the vehicle body acceleration as a measure of ride comfort is little affected by the discontinuity of the stiffness at the transition, but by the system tuning frequency; thus, to obtain the ride comfort, it is of great significance to select the appropriate system tuning frequency. In addition, the effects of damping ratio, spacing of springs and train speed on the dynamic behavior of the system have been discussed.