• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전지작용부식

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A Study on the Galvanic corrosion and its Protection on Heat Exchanger Tube Plate (열교환기 관판의 전지작용부식과 방지에 관한 연구)

  • 임우조;홍성희;윤병두
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.344-350
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    • 2001
  • This paper was studied on the characteristics of galvanic corrosion and its protection on heat exchanger tube plate in the sea water. In this paper, behavior of pitting corrosion of Ni-al bronze connected with Ti tube was measured af flow velocity of 0 m/s and 2.4 m/s. To protect galvanic corrosion, the protection characteristics of Ni-Al bronze connected with Ti tube by Zn-base alloys galvanic anode and hexagonal nylon insert was investigated. Main results obtained asre al follows: 1) The galvanic corrosion of Ni-Al bronze connected with Ti-tube is more active than single Ni-al bronze. 2) As the circuit resistance increase under the cathodic protection employing Zn-base alloys galvanic anode, Ni-al bronze connected with Ti tube is cathodically unpolarized. 3) The corrosion of Ni-Al bronze connected with Ti tube by nylon insert controls approximately 73% than not nylon insert.

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용융탄산염형 연료전지 분리판 재료의 부식거동

  • 이충곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • pp.21-21
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    • 1998
  • 새로운 에너지원으로 각광받고 있는 연료전지는 우주선 동력윈으로서의 이용이래, 보다 실용적인 발전 시스템을 목적으로 많은 연구개발이 시도되고 있다. 이러한 연료전지는 사용하는 전해질의 특성으로 인하여 저온형($<300^{\circ}C$) 과 고온형($500^{\circ}C<$)으로 구분된 수 있는데, 저온형 연료전지의 경우는 전극반응 특성상 귀금속 촉매가 필요한 데 비해, 고온형 연료전지는 이러한 귀금속 촉매가 필요없다는 점등에서 다양한 장점을 가지게 된다. 즉, 저온형에 비해 다양한 연료가 가능하고, 대형화에 유리함며, 고온 페열을 이용할 수 있는 점 등을 들 수 있다. 용융탄산염형 연료전지(MFCFC)는 이러한 고온형 연료진지의 장점을 배경으로 현재 대규모의 개발이 진행되고 있다. 그러나 여기에 주로 사용되는 Li-K, Li-Na와 같은 용융탄신엽은 고부식성 전해질로서 대부분의 금속이 산화물을 형성하는 것으로 알려져 있다. MCFC의 분리판은 셀간을 전기적으로 이어주는 역할, 가스의 유로제공 및 가스 Sealing의 역할을 담당하는 부분으로서, 분리판의 부식은 이러한 특성의 저하 및 전해질의 소모를 유발시켜 MCFC의 내구성에 커다란 영향 을 미치는 요인으로 생각되고 있다. 이러한 배경으로부터 Uchida 그룹은 MCFC의 분라판 재료 의 부식거동을 계동적으로 검토하였다. 먼저 Fe에 Ni 과 Cr을 첨가한 재료를 산화성가스 분위기하에서 $(Li+K)CO_3$에 대하여 검토한 결과, Ni과 Cr 둘다 20wt%이상 첨가시, 내식성융 가지는 결 과를 보고하였다2) 이 경우 보호피막으로서 NiO 와 $LiCrO_2$가 작용하는데, $LiCrO_2$가 용융탄산염 중에서 보다 안정한 것으로 부터, Cr의 첨가가 내식성에 기여하는 것으로 판단하였다. 다음 단계 로서 Fe/Cr재료에 용-융탄산염 중에서 안정한 산화물을 형성하는 Al의 첨가효과를 검토하였다. Al의 첨가는 더욱 내식성을 향상시키는 것이 발견되었고, 약 4wt%의 첨가로 충분한 내식성을 가지 는 것을 보고 하였다. 그러나 이러한 안정한 산화물에 의한 내식성 향상은 전기진도도의 희생을 바탕으로 한 것으로서, 다읍 단계로서 Ti산화물의 반도체적인 특성을 이용하고자 제 4의 원소로서 Ti첨가를 시도하였다. 그러나 Fe/Cr/AVTi재료가 뛰어난 내식성을 가지는 것은 관찰되었으나, 전도도 향상에는 기여하지 못하는 것이 보고되었다. 현재 MCFC는 실용화를 위한 고성능화의 하나로서 가압하에서의 운전을 시도하고 있다. 이 러한 가압하에서의 운전은 기전력의 향상 및 전극반응의 촉진 등으로 출력의 향상을 가져오나. 현재 문제로 되고 있는 Cathode극인 NiO의 용해/석출 현상을 가속화하는 결과를 초래해, 이에대 한 대책으로서 Li-K보다 NiO의 용해가 적은 Li-Na탄산염으로의 전환이 진행되고 있다. 이러한 배경으로부터 Uchida그룹에서 개발한 FeiCr/AVTi재료와 현재 분리판 재료로 사용증인 SUS 310, S SUS 316재료에 대해. 산화성 분위기의 5기압까지의 가압하에서, Li-K, Li-Na탄산염에 대하여 부 식거동을 검토한 결과, 가압하에서 내식성이 향상되는 것이 발견되었다. 이유로서는 가압하에서 용융탄산엽의 증가된 산화력으로 보다 치밀한 내식성 산화물 피막이 형성되기 때문으로 생각되고 있다. 또한 Li-K, Li-Na탄산염에서의 부식의 정도에는 차이가 거의 없었으나, SUS 316의 경우 탄산염에 젖은 부분에서 내식성 피막이 형성되지 않는 이상부식현상이 관찰되었다. 재료간의 내식성 정도에서는 Fe/Cr/Al/Ti이 가장 내식성이 뛰어났으며, SUS 310 또한 뛰어난 내식성을 보였다.

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The Study on the Corrosion Characteristics of Al-Alloy Shell for Cooler (알루미늄합금 원통냉각기의 부식 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 임우조;김성진;윤병두
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2003
  • Most Recently, with rapid development in marine industries such as marine structures and ship, there occurs much interest in the study of corrosion characteristics which play an important role in design of cooling water system like heat-exchanger. Especially, as operating environment of fresh cooling water system in vessels is acidified, this system is seriously corroded. In this study, to study on the corrosion characteristics of Al-alloy shell for cooler, the electrochemical polarization test of materials for the marine fresh water cooler such as Al-alloy, Cu and naval brass was carried out in fresh water. And thus the polarization resistance and anodic polarization behavior of Al-alloy, Cu and naval brass are investigated. Also, galvanic corrosion characteristics of Al-alloy coupled with Cu and naval brass is considered. The main results obtained are as follows ; (1) The current density of corrosion is high in order of Al-alloy > naval brass > Cu (2) As anodic potential increases, the corrosion resistance of naval brass is better than that of Cu. (3) The galvanic corrosion of Al-alloy coupled with Cu and naval brass is activated than corrosion of Al-alloy.

The Study on the Galvanic Corrosion of Al-alloy for Heat Exchanger (Al합금 열교환기의 전지작용부식에 관한 연구)

  • LIM, U-Jo;LEE, Eun-Jeong
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2003
  • Generally, material for radiator of automobile is composed of Al-alloy, but part of radiator material is still composed of Cu. Specially, Al-alloy replaces Cu and Cu-alloy as cooling and heating system material for light weight. Therefore, galvanic electronic cell is formed between Al-alloy and Cu for automobile radiator material, and Al-alloy corrosion is accelerated. So, in this study, galvanic corrosion test of Al-alloy coupling with Cu was carried out in distilled water, tap water, polluted environment and non-freezing solution. And thus corrosion potential and galvanic currrent density of Al-alloy coupling with Cu is investigated.

Effect of Acid Treatment of Graphitized Carbon on Carbon Corrosion in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (결정성 탄소의 산처리가 고분자연료전지의 성능과 내구성에 미치는 영향 평가)

  • Oh, Hyung-Suk;Han, Hak-Soo;Kim, Han-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 2009
  • Pt catalyst was adsorbed on Carbon nanofiber (CNF) by modified polyol method after acid treatment of the carbon support with $HNO_3$ and $H_{2}SO_{4}$. As the time for acid treatment increases, more oxygen functional groups on carbon surface were produced which improve the loading amount and dispersion of Pt catalyst on carbon supports. In order to inspect the effect of CNF acid treatment time on electrochemical corrosion, constant potential of 1.4 V was applied to a single cell for 30 min and the amount of $CO_2$ emitted was monitored with on-line mass spectrometry. According to the results of our experiment, more $CO_2$ was produced with Pt/ oxidized-CNF catalyst in compared to that with unoxidized-CNF. Increasing acid treatment time also induces the more $CO_2$ emission. Besides, performance degradation after corrosion test expanded with severer carbon corrosion. From the observed results, it can be concluded that the acid treatment of CNF is beneficial to catalyst loading, but it also is a significant factor declining the fuel cell durability by accelerating electrochemical oxidation of carbon support.

Interface Functional Materials for Improving the Performance and Stability of Organic Solar Cell (유기태양전지의 효율 및 수명 향상을 위한 기능성 계면 소재 연구)

  • Hong, Kihyon;Park, Sun-Young;Lim, Dong Chan
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.447-454
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    • 2014
  • Organic solar cells (OSCs) have intensively studied in recent years due to their advantages such as cost effectiveness and possibility of applications in flexible devices. In spite of the high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10 %, the OSCs still have a draw back of their low environmental stability due to the oxidization of aluminum cathode and etching of transparent conducting oxide as electrode. To solve these problems, the inverted structured OSCs (I-OSCs) having greatest potential for achieving an improvement of device performances are suggested. Therefore, there are a lot of studies to develope of interface layer based on organic/inorganic materials for the electron transport layer (ETL) and passivation layer, significant advancements in I-OSCs have driven the development of interface functional materials including electron transport layer. Recent efforts to employing 2D/3D zinc oxide (ZnO) based ETL into I-OSCs have produced OSCs with a power conversion efficiency level that matches the efficiency of ~9 %. In this review, the technical issues and recent progress of ZnO based ETL in I-OSCs to enhancement of device efficiency and stability in terms of materials, process and characterization have summarized.

Electricity Production by Metallic and Carbon Anodes Immersed in an Estuarine Sediment (퇴적토에 담지된 금속 및 탄소전극에 의한 전기 생산 특성)

  • Song, Hyung-Jin;Rhee, In-Hyoung;Kwon, Sung-Hyun;Cho, Dae-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.3731-3739
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    • 2009
  • One-chambered sediment cells with a variety of anodic electrodes were tested for generation of electricity. Material used for anodes was iron, brass, zinc/iron, copper and graphite felt which was used for a common cathode. The estuarine sediment served as supplier of oxidants or electron-producing microbial habitat which evoked electrons via fast metal corrosion reactions or a complicated microbial electron transfer mechanism, respectively. Maximum power density and current density were found to be $6.90\;W/m^2$ (iron/zinc) and $7.76\;A/m^2$ (iron), respectively. Interestingly, copper wrapped with carbon cloth produced better electric performance than copper only, by 60%, possibly because the cloth not only prevented rapid corrosion on the copper surface by some degrees, but also helped growing some electron-emitting microbes on its surface. At anodes oxidation reduction potential(ORP) was kept to be stationary over time except at the very initial period. The pH reduction in the copper and copper/carbon electrodes could be a sign of organic acid production due to a chemical change in the sediment. The simple estimation of interfacial, electrical resistances of electrodes and electrolyte in the sediment cell that a key to the electricity generation should be in how to control corrosion rate or microbial electron transfer activity.