• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전열특성

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An Experimental Study on Heat Transfer Augmentation by Square Rod in Impinging Air Jet System(Effect of Rod Width) (사각로드를 이용한 충돌분류계의 열전달증진에 관한 연구(로드폭의 영향))

  • Kum, Seong-Min;Lee, Yong-Hwa;Seo, Jeong-Yun
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.127-140
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    • 1995
  • This experimental study was carried out to examine the heat transfer characteristics of a 2-dimensional impinging air jet on a flat plate with a set of square rods. The objectives of the study were to investigate the flow and heat transfer characteristics caused by the square rods. Experiment was carried out first without using the rods to establish the baseline heat transfer performance. Then, rods of different widths and clearances were installed to cause the turbulence on the fluid flow. When rods are installed in front of the plate, the acceleration of the flow and the turbulence generation due to the rods and reattachment of the flow seem to contribute to the observed heat transfer augmentation and the heat transfer augmentation increases as the clearance decreases. With wider individual rod the heat transfer coefficient is higher, which is due to the increased acceleration and development of the eddies just before the rods.

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Recent Developments in High-Flux Heat Transfer Tubes (最近의 高性能傳熱管의 開發)

  • 서정윤
    • Journal of the KSME
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 1978
  • 열고환기에는 boiler와 같이 다량의 열 energy를 취급하는 것을 비롯하여 가정용 냉장고, 냉방기 기와 같이 비교적 적은 양의 열 energy를 취급하는것, 가종 고온 gas-gas 열교환기, 초전도송전 등의 초저온기기에 부속되는 저온열교환기 혹은 배열회수, 태양열이용을 위한 장치에 포함되는 열교환기등이 있으며, 그 종류와 내용에 있어서 다양하다. 따라서 새 형식의 열교환기 혹은 우수 한 전열특성을 갖는 표면, 형상을 갖는 전열관의 연구, 개발은 한층더 절실하게 요망된다. 최근주 목을 받고 있는 열교환기용전열관중에는 관축방향을 따라 표면을 파상으로 가공한 것(corrugate 식)과 축과 평형이 되게 만든 좁은 흠을 갖는 관(fluted tube)등이 있는데 이들에 있어서는 다같 이 표면의 요철에 의한 면부근의 난동을 촉진시켜서 우수한 대류열전달의 특성을 갖도록 하고 있다. 한편 응축과 비등등의 상변화를 동반하는 열전달에 대해서는 세구, 기공질금속층, 세공등을 갖는 면에 관해서 새로운 관심이 집중되고 있다. 이 후자의 전열면은 유축열전달에서는 평활면보 다 약10배의 높은 열전달율을 가지며 불등열전달에서는 벽면과 액의 온도차는 평활면의 경우보다 약1/5의 값을 갖는다. 동시에 한계열유속은 5활이상으로 증가시킬 수 있음이 알려져 있다. 따라서 본론에서는 후자의 전열면중에서 최근에 알려진 비약적으로 높은 전열성능을 갖는 전열면에 관해 서 소개하기로 한다.

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A Study on the Characteristics of Lift Fluctuation Power Spectral Density in a Heat Exchanger Tube Array (전열관군에서 양력 변동의 PSD 특성 연구)

  • Ha, Ji-Soo;Lee, Boo-Youn
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6641-6646
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    • 2015
  • Heat exchanger tube array in a heat recovery steam generator is exposed to the hot exhaust gas flow and it could cause the flow induced vibration, which could damage the heat exchanger tube array. It is needed to establish the characteristics of flow induced vibration in the tube array for the structural safe operation of the heat exchanger. Several researches for the flow induced vibration of typical heat exchangers had been conducted and the nondimensional PSD(Power Spectral Density) function with the Strouhal number, fD/U, had been derived by experimental method. The present study examined the results of the previous experimental researches for the nondimensional PSD characteristics by CFD analysis and the basis for the application of flow induced vibration to the heat recovery steam generator tube array would be prepared from the present CFD analysis. For the previous mentioned purpose, the present CFD analysis introduced circular cylinder tube array and calculated with the unsteady laminar flow for the tube array. The characteristics of lift fluctuation over the cylinder tube array was investigated. The derived nondimensional PSD was compared with the results of the previous experimental researches and the characteristics of lift PSD for circular cylinder tube array was established from the present CFD study.

A Study on the Characteristics of Lift and Drag Fluctuation Power Spectral Density in a Heat Exchanger Tube Array (전열관군에서 양력과 항력 변동의 PSD 특성 연구)

  • Ha, Ji-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.712-718
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    • 2016
  • A heat exchanger tube array in a heat recovery steam generator is exposed to hot exhaust gas flow that can cause flow induced vibrations, which could damage the heat exchanger tube array. The characteristics of flow induced vibration in the tube array need to be established for the structural safe operation of a heat exchanger. Several studies of the flow induced vibrations of typical heat exchangers have been conducted and the nondimensional PSD (Power Spectral Density) function with the Strouhal number, fD/U, had been derived using an experimental method. The present study examined the results of the previous experimental research on the nondimensional PSD characteristics by CFD analysis and the basis for the application of flow induced vibration to the heat recovery steam generator tube array was determined from the present CFD analysis. The present CFD analysis introduced circular cylinder tube array and calculated using unsteady laminar flow for the tube array. The characteristics of lift and drag fluctuations over the cylinder tube array was investigated. The derived nondimensional lift and drag PSD was compared with the results of the previous experimental research and the characteristics of lift and drag PSD for a circular cylinder tube array was established from the present CFD study.

A Study on Fire Performance and Heat Transfer of HPC Column with Fiber-Cocktail in ISO Fire under Loading Condition (표준화재 재하조건 Fiber Cocktail을 혼입한 고강도 콘크리트 기둥의 전열 특성 및 화재 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Heung-Youl;Kim, Hyung-Jun;Jeon, Hyun-Kyu;Youm, Kwang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2010
  • In this study, experimental test and numerical analysis were conducted to investigate the heat transfer characteristics and fiber performance of high strength concrete. The fire characteristics of the high strength concrete that couldn't be obtained through the test due to specific requirements and restrictions were forecast using numerical analysis approach. The outcome from the numerical analysis and the test were compared to verify and improve the reliability of the analysis. A numerical analysis of 80 and 100 MPa high strength concrete cases were carried out to identify the heat transfer characteristics and fire behavior using software, ABACUS (V6.8) From the results of verification experiment, a 25~55% level of beam shrinkage reduction was observed compared to the concrete without Fiber-Cocktail, indicating the improved fire resistance performance, which appeared to be attributable to the function of Fiber-Cocktail that was able to control the heat transfer characteristics and ultimately result in enhancing the fire resistance performance.

Effect of Heat Transfer Augmentation by Square Rod Array in Impinging Air Jet System(Heat Transfer Characteristic of Potential Core Region) (충돌공기분류계에서 사각 ROD에 의한 전열증진 효과(포텐셜코어영역에서의 전열특성))

  • Kum, Seong-Min;Oh, Soo-Cheol;Seo, Jeong-Yoon
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 1995
  • This research has been proceeded over the potential core region(H/B=2) of two-dimensional impinging air jet sytem, in which square rods(width of 6 mm) has been set up in front of heating surface in order to increase heat transfer. The objective of this research was to investigate the characteristics of heat transfer and air flow, in eases of the clearance from rods to heating surface(C=1, 2, 4, 6 mm) and the pitch between each rods(P=30, 40, 50 mm) changed. And this research compared the above with the experimentation without rods. As result, heat transfer performance was best under the condition of C=1mm, in case clearance changed, and there was no serious difference in the effect of heat transfer augmentation in the case of pitch of rods changed.

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Heat Transfer on a Heated Flat Plate by an Impinging Round Jet Using Liquid Crystal (Liquid Crystal을 이용한 원형충돌분류의 전열특성 연구)

  • 오승묵;이상준
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.1566-1574
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    • 1992
  • Local heat transfer characteristics for a round air jet impinging normally on a heated flat plate were experimentally investigated. The problem parameters investigated were jet Reynolds number, Re=4000,10000, and 20000, and nozzle-to-plate spacing(L/D) of 2,6, and 10. The temperature variations on the flat uniform heat flux surface were mapped using a thermo-sensitive liquid crytal sheet. The isochromatic images corresponding to the characteristic temperature of liquid crystal were analyzed with the help of a digital image processing system. The local Nusselt number, Nu decreased rapidly in the impingement region and exhibited a similar profiles in the wall jet region independent of the nozzle-to-plate spacing L/D. In the case of large Reynolds number, heat transfer rate (Nu) was proportional to 0.5 power of the Reynolds number. For L/D=2, a secondary peak in the heat transfer rate was seen in the region of X/D=1.5~3 due to the transition from laminar to turbulent boundary layer.

A Study on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of Rotating Heat Pipe with the Water-Ethanol Mixture as Working Fluid (물-에탄올 혼합물을 작동유체로 한 회전형 히트파이프의 전열 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Choon-Kun;Jun, Chul-Ho;Seo, Hae-Sung
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.78-86
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    • 1991
  • Heat transfer characteristics of a rotating heat pipe have been studied numerically and experimentally with using water-ethanol mixture as working fluid. And triangular fins are attached inside the rotating heat pipe. Experimental results generally agreed with numerical results. According to increasing rpm and vapour pressure of the rotating heat pipe, the heat transfer rate increased. And also according to decreasing the concentration of ethanol, the heat transfer rate increased. In the case of using the pure ethanol as working fluid, the heat transfer rate was about 80% of using distilled water. The heat transfer rate and operating temperature difference of the rotating heat pipe was much influenced by ethanol concentration, and the optimum ethanol concentration was 0.2.

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A Study on the Flow Characteristics in Tube Banks due to the Upstream Periodic Velocity Fluctuation (전열 관군에서 전방류의 주기적인 속도 변동에 따른 유동 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Ji-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.446-451
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    • 2020
  • Flow induced vibration in a heat exchanger may cause damage to piping. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of vortex shedding behavior through the circular tube banks at several tube locations, No.1, No. 10, and No. 19, with respect to time when the flow velocity of the inlet is constantly and periodically fluctuating.(60) The time characteristics of lift and the PSD characteristics were also investigated. In the case of periodic inlet flow velocity, strong vortex occurred at some time and after that time, a weak vortex was generated through the tube banks simultaneously. In the case of constant inlet flow velocity, the lift fluctuating frequency was 37.25Hz and that at the No. 19 tube was 18.63Hz and near 50Hz. In the case of periodic inlet flow velocity, the lift fluctuating frequency was 37.25Hz and 18.63Hz. The lift fluctuating frequency at No. 19 tube was observed broadly from 20Hz and 50Hz.

A study on the temperature distribution characteristics in the tube modules of a heat recovery steam generator ith the change of heat transfer modeling (배열회수 보일러 전열관군에서 열전달 모델링에 따른 온도 분포 특성 연구)

  • Ha, Ji Soo
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2015
  • A heat recovery steam generator consists of inlet expansion duct and heat transfer tube bank modules. For the enhancement of heat transfer in the tube bank modules, the flow should be uniform before the 1st heat transfer tube bank module. The present study has been carried out to analyze the flow characteristics in the inlet expansion duct of a heat recovery steam generator by using numerical flow analysis. The aim of the present study is to establish the proper heat transfer mechanism in the heat transfer tube bank modules by the comparison of the heat transfer models, the case with the constant heat loss per unit volume and the case with heat loss by using inner and outer convective heat transfer coefficient of heat transfer tube. From the present research, it could be seen that the heat transfer mechanism with using inner and outer convective heat transfer coefficient derives more proper temperature distribution results and the acceptance criteria of the temperature distribution within ${\pm}10^{\circ}C$ before SCR is satisfied with using this heat transfer mechanism.