• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전단변형

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Shear Deterioration of Reinforced Concrete Beams Failing in Shear after Flexural Yielding (휨항복 후 전단 파괴하는 철근콘크리트 보의 전단성능 저하에 관한 연구)

  • 이정윤
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.466-475
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    • 2001
  • The potential shear strength of reinforced concrete beams decreases after flexural yielding due to the decrease of the effective compressive strength of concrete in plastic hinge zone. A truss model considering shear deterioration in the plastic hinge zone was proposed in order to evaluate the ductile capacity of reinforced concrete beams failing in shear after flexural yielding This model can determine the potential shear strength of the beam by using a truss model. The potential shear strength gradually decreases as the increase of the axial strain of member. When the calculated potential shear strength decreases up to the flexural yielding strength, the corresponding rotation angle is defined as the ductile capacity of the beam. The predicted ductile capacity of reinforced concrete beams is shown to be in a good agreement with experimental results.

A Simple Modification of the First-order Shear Deformation Theory for the Analysis of Composite Laminated Structures (복합적층구조해석을 위한 1차전단변형이론의 간단한 수정방안)

  • Chun, Kyoung-Sik;Ji, Hyo-Seon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.475-481
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    • 2011
  • In this study, a simplified method of improving not only transverse shear stress but also shear strain based on the first-order shear deformation theory was developed. Unlike many established methods, such as the higher-order shear deformation and layerwise theories, this method can easily apply to finite elements as only $C^0$ continuity is necessary and the formulation of equations is very simple. The basic concept in this method, however, must be corrected:the distribution of the transverse shear stresses and shear strains through the thickness from the formulation based on the higher-order shear deformation theory. Therefore, the shear correction factors are no longer required, based on the first-order shear deformation theory. Numerical analyses were conducted to verify the validity of the proposed formulations. The solutions based on the simplified method were in very good agreement with the results considering the higher-order shear deformation theory.

Ductile Shear Deformation around Jirisan Area, Korea (지리산 일대의 연성전단변형)

  • Ryoo, Chung-Ryul;Kang, Hee-Cheol;Lee, Sang-Won
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.53-69
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    • 2019
  • In the Jirisan area of the Yeongnam Massif, Korea, several ductile shear zones are developed within Precambrian gneiss complex (Jirisan metamorphic rock complex). The ductile shear zones have a general NS- and NNE-striking foliation with westward dipping directions. The foliation developed in the shear zones cut the foliation in gneiss complex. The stretching lineations are well developed in the foliated plane of the shear zone, showing ENE-trend with gentle plunging angle to the ESE direction. Within shear zone, several millimetric to centimetric size of porphyroclasts are deformed strongly as a sigmoid form by ductile shearing. The sigmoid patterns of porphyroclasts in the shear zones indicate the dextral shearing. The spatial distribution of ductile shear zone is characterized by the dominant NS- and NNE-striking dextral sense in the central and eastern regions respectively. In the western part, it develops in NE-striking dextral sense which is the general direction of the Honam shear zone. The U-Pb concordant ages obtained from the two samples, the strongly sheared leucocratic gneiss, are $1,868{\pm}3.8Ma$ and $1,867{\pm}4.0Ma$, respectively, which are consistent with the U-Pb ages reported around the study area. We supposed that the ductile shearing in the study area is occurred about 230~220 Ma during late stage of the continental collision around Korea and is preceded by granitic intrusion related to subduction during 260~230 Ma, which are supported by compiling the age data from sheared gneiss, deformed mafic dyke intruded gneiss complex, and non-deformed igneous rocks.

Liquefaction Potential for Coal Ash Mixed Sand by Strain-Controlled Cyclic Triaxial Test (변형률제어 진동삼축시험법을 이용한 석탄회가 혼합된 모래시료의 액상화 평가)

  • 이병식;정경순
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2001
  • 본 논문에서는 석탄회 매립지반의 액상화 가능성을 평가하기 위해 순수 모래시료와 더불어서 모래시료와 석탄회가 혼합된 모래시료에 대한 일련의 진동삼축실험을 변형률제어 방법으로 수행하였다. 실험결과 진동하중에 의해서 시료 내에 발생하는 간극수압의 크기는 작용하는 전단변형률의 크기에 심각하게 영향을 받고, 작용하는 전단변형률이 지반의 한계전단변형률 보다 작은 경우에는 진동수가 높은 조건에서도 간극수압이 발생하지 않음을 알았다. 또한 전단변형률이 약 0.1%보다 작고 한계전단변형률에 가까운 경우에는 순수 모래시료와 비교하여 본 논문에서 조사한 석탄회 함유율 범위 (10%~30%)의 시료에서 간극수압이 더 크게 발생하였다. 반면에, 전단변형률이 큰 경우에는 순수 모래시료에서 간극수압이 크게 발생하는 추세를 보였다. 반복 전단에 따른 간극수압의 발생량은 전반적으로 석탄회 함유율이 증가할수록 커지는 경향을 보였다. 이러한 결과를 근거로 해안이나 하천에 인접한 한계지 개발에 있어서 사질토에 석탄회를 혼합 매립하여 지반을 조성하는 경우에 액상화에 대해서 불안정한 지반이 될 가능성이 있는 것으로 판단되었다.

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FE Analysis of Symmetric and Unsymmetric Laminated Plates by using 4-node Assumed Strain Plate Element based on Higher Order Shear Deformation Theory (고차전단변형이론에 기초한 4절점 가변형률 판 요소를 이용한 대칭 및 비대칭 적층 판의 유한요소해석)

  • Lee, Sang-Jin;Kim, Ha-Ryong
    • Proceeding of KASS Symposium
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2008
  • A 4-node assumed strain finite element based on higher order shear deformation theory is developed to investigate the behaviours of symmetric and unsymmetric laminated composite plates. The present element is based on Reddy's higher order shear deformation theory so that it can consider the parabolic distribution of shear deformation through plate thickness direction. In particular, assumed strain method is adopted to alleviate the shear locking phenomena inherited plate elements based on higher order shear deformation theory. The present finite element has seven degrees of freedom per node and denoted as HSA4. Numerical examples are carried out for symmetric and unsymmetric laminated composite plate with various thickness values. Numerical results are compared with reference solutions produced by other higher order shear deformation theories.

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Shear Strain Big-Bang of RC Membrane Panel Subjected to Shear (순수전단이 작용하는 RC막판넬의 전단변형률 증폭)

  • Jeong, Je Pyong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2015
  • Recently, nine $1397{\times}1397{\times}178mm$ RC panels were tested under in-plane pure-shear monotonic loading condition using the Panel Element Tester by Hsu (1997, ACI). By combining the equilibrium, compatibility, and the softened stress-strain relationship of concrete in biaxial state, Modern Truss Model (MCFT, RA-STM) are capable of producing the nonlinear analysis of RC membrane panel through the complicated trial-and-error method with double loop. In this paper, an efficient algorithm with one loop is proposed for the refined Mohr compatibility Method based on the strut-tie failure criteria. This algorithm can be speedy calculated to analyze the shear history of RC membrane element using the results of Hsu test. The results indicate that the response of shear deformation energy at Big Bang of shear strain significantly influenced by the principal compressive stress-strain (crushing failure).

A Study on the Measurement of Wall Shear Rate in the Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (복부대동맥류 벽 전단변형률 측정에 관한 연구)

  • 오성은;이계한
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2000
  • 동맥의 일부분이 팽창하는 동맥류는 파열로 인한 높은 사망률을 야기한다. 동맥류의 발생 및 파열에는 혈관벽의 구조적 약화와 혈류에 의한 응력이 중요한 역할을 하며, 혈류에 의해 혈관벽에 가해지는 전단응력은 간접적으로 혈관벽 구조를 변화시키고, 직접적으로 혈관벽에 응력을 가하므로 동맥류 파열에 영향을 미치는 중요한 혈류역학적 인자이다. 동맥류가 자주 발생하는 복부대동맥류 모델을 제작하여 정상류와 맥동류 유동에서 광색성 염료를 이용한 유동가시화 방법으로 벽 전단변형률을 측정하였다. 벽전단변형률은 동맥류 내부에서 감소하여 음의 값을 가지며, 동맥류 최대확장부 후부에서 다시 증가하여 확장부가 끝나는 위치에서 동맥 벽에 비해 약 1.5배 정도의 큰 전단변형률 값을 가졌다. 동맥류 최대확장부 후부에서는 벽전단변형률의 방향의 바뀌며, 위치에 따른 전단변형률의 변화가 크게 나타났다. 맥동류 유동에서는 동맥류의 위치에 따라 시간에 따른 벽전단형률 파형이 측정되었다. 동맥류 내부에서는 전단변형률의 크기가 작고 그 방향이 시간에 따라 변화가 심하였으므로 혈관벽의 구조변화가 발생하기 쉬운 지역으로 지목된다. 동맥류 최대 확장부 후부는 위치 및 시간에 따른 전단변형률의 변화가 심하며, 혈관벽 응력이 최대값을 갖는 지역이므로 동맥류의 파열이 발생하기 쉬운 지역으로 예측된다.

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Hysteresis Loops of cement Paste Measured by Oscillatory Shear Experiments (동적전단유동하에서 측정된 시멘트 페이스트의 히스테리시스곡선)

  • L. Erwin
    • The Korean Journal of Rheology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 1993
  • 시멘트 페이스트의 비선형적 점탄성 거동을 연구하기 위해 동적인 전단 유동 시험 이 수행되었다. 전단응력과 전단변형 또는 전단변형율간의 관계를 보여주는 히스테리시스 곡선을 얻기 위하여 전단응력이 연속적으로 측정되었다. 이는 기존의 주파수 혹은 변형의 증가에 의한 실험(frequency or strain sweep experiment)과는 달리 저자에 의해 수정된 점 성계(HAAKE Model RV20/RC20/CV20N)의 조정프로그램을 이용하여 수행되었다. 동적 전 단유동시험에서 얻어진 히스테리시스곡선은 시멘트 페이스트가 전단변형을 받는 동안 선형 탄성, 입자간 연결고리의 파괴 및 점성유체 거동을 보여준다. 측정된 항복전단응력은 전단변 형율의 증가에 따라 파우어함수(Power low equation)에 의해 증가함을 보여준다.

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Free Vibration Analysis of Non-symmetric Thin-Walled Curved Beams with Shear Deformation (전단변형을 고려한 비대칭 박벽 곡선보의 자유진동해석)

  • Kim, Nam-Il;Kim, Moon-Young;Cheol, Min-Byoung
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2003
  • For spatial free vibration of non-symmetric thin-walled curved beams with shear deformation, an improved formulation is proposed in the present study. The elastic strain and the kinetic energies are first derived by considering constant curvature and shear deformation effects due to shear forces and restrained warping torsion. Next equilibrium equations and force-deformation relations are obtained using a stationary condition of total potential energy. And the finite element procedures are developed by using isoparametric curved beam element with arbitray thin-walled sections. Particularly not only shear deformation and thickness-curvature effects on vibration behaviors of curved beams but also mode transition and crossover phenomena with change in curvatures of beams are parametrically investigated. In order to illustrate the accuracy and the reliability of this study, various numerical solutions for spatial free vibration are compared with results by available references and ABAQUS's shell element.

The temperature condition for the mylonitization of the Cheongsan granite, Korea (변형된 청산 화강암의 압쇄암화작용시의 변형온도 - 변형된 청산 화강암의 구조 해석 -)