• Title, Summary, Keyword: 저장용기

Search Result 441, Processing Time 0.076 seconds

사용후핵연료 저장용기 열전달 해석 프로그램 개발

  • 김광추;박만흥;이병식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.488-493
    • /
    • 1998
  • 전도, 복사 및 대류 열전달을 모두 고려하여 VSC-24 핵연료 저장용기 각부위의 온도분포 및 Vent내의 유동을 해석할 수 있는 열전달해석 프로그램을 작성하였다. 기존의 저장용기 해석에서 여러 전산프로그램을 이용하여 온도분포를 구한 것과는 달리 핵연료집합체 내부의 복사 및 대류 열전달을 포함하였으며 MSB와 VCC를 분리하지 않고 PHOENICS 전산코드만을 이용하여 저장용기 전체에 대한 해석을 실시하였다 프로그램 검증은 저장용기에 대한 기존의 결과 및 법적규제치와 비교하였으며 만족할 만한 결과를 보여 주었다. 이를 토대로 몇가지 경우의 조건에 대한 열전달해석을 실시하였다.

  • PDF

Changes Quality Characteristics of Kimchi by Storage Containers (저장용기에 따른 김치의 품질 특성 변화)

  • 임재운;문주수;김현덕;나두종;손종연
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.80-85
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study was performed to provide basic quality characteristics data of Kimchi by storage containers that will be applied for Kimchi storage container development of new material. In all storage containers, pH was decreased with increased storage days, while acidity was increased with increased storage days, The changes of pH and acidity by storage containers were alumina < stainless < bio < plastic. Salt content was same to all containers. In all storage containers, reducing sugars of Kimchi at first were 22.65${\pm}$0.04$\^$a/ mg/mL. But as these of alumina, stainless, bio and plastic at storage after 31 days were 11.18${\pm}$0.15$\^$a/ mg/mL, 5.39${\pm}$0.02$\^$b/, 3.74${\pm}$0.10$\^$c/, and 3.14${\pm}$0.02$\^$d/ mg/mL, respectively. The hardness, cohesiveness and gumminess of Kimchi by storage containers decreased with increased storage days. And the changes ratio of these were alumina < stainless < bio < plastic. The desirable organoleptic characteristic such as sourness, fresh cabbage taste and firmness were long time maintained at alumina container A significant evidence was detected that the alumina container showed less quality change than that of bio, stainless and plastic containers as storage days increased.

Preliminary Shielding Analysis of the Concrete Cask for Spent Nuclear Fuel Under Dry Storage Conditions (건식저장조건의 사용후핵연료 콘크리트 저장용기 예비 방사선 차폐 평가)

  • Kim, Tae-Man;Dho, Ho-Seog;Cho, Chun-Hyung;Ko, Jae-Hun
    • Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology(JNFCWT)
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.391-402
    • /
    • 2017
  • The Korea Radioactive Waste Agency (KORAD) has developed a concrete cask for the dry storage of spent nuclear fuel that has been generated by domestic light-water reactors. During long-term storage of spent nuclear fuel in concrete casks kept in dry conditions, the integrity of the concrete cask and spent nuclear fuel must be maintained. In addition, the radiation dose rate must not exceed the storage facility's design standards. A suitable shielding design for radiation protection must be in place for the dry storage facilities of spent nuclear fuel under normal and accident conditions. Evaluation results show that the appropriate distance to the annual dose rate of 0.25 mSv for ordinary citizens is approximately 230 m. For a $2{\times}10$ arrangement within storage facilities, rollover accidents are assumed to have occurred while transferring one additional storage cask, with the bottom of the cask facing the controlled area boundary. The dose rates of 12.81 and 1.28 mSv were calculated at 100 m and 230 m from the outermost cask in the $2{\times}10$ arrangement. Therefore, a spent nuclear fuel concrete cask and storage facilities maintain radiological safety if the distance to the appropriately assessed controlled area boundary is ensured. In the future, the results of this study will be useful for the design and operation of nuclear power plant on-site storage or intermediate storage facilities based on the spent fuel management strategy.

Operation and Maintenance of Spent Fuel Storage and Transport Casks (사용후핵연료 수송저장 용기의 운전 및 유지보수)

  • 구정회;서기석;정원명;유길성;박성원
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.345-345
    • /
    • 2004
  • The spent fuel transportation casks have used as one of the most essential component in the nuclear industry. And, the number of the cask has been significantly increased in recent years. While the bulk amount of spent fuel in the world is still kept in the storage pool, the number of countries which have chosen the advantages of dual purpose cask for transportation and storage is rapidly increasing. The technical experience in the area of spent fuel transportation cask operation and maintenance for long period is also available and will be well utilized also in storage casks. The increasing use of casks for dual and multiple purposes raises an issue of long term consideration by international standardization. Accordingly IAEA is providing a regulatory requirements and guidelines as an effort for this standardization.

  • PDF

사용후연료 저장용기 캐니스터의 낙하평가

  • 서기석;신동필;박성원;정성환;이흥영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.350-350
    • /
    • 2004
  • 국내 사용후연료는 중간저장시설 확보가 지연됨에 따라 점차 각 발전소의 사용후연료 저장조가 포화상태에 이르고 있다. 국가정책에 따른 사용후연료 중간저장시설의 운영이 시작되는 시점까지 발전소에서 사용후연료 저장용기가 하나의 대안으로 고려될 수 있다. 경수로 사용후연료의 저장용기의 구조설계는 취급사고의 한 형태로서 낙하조건에 대한 안전성을 요구하고 있다. 경수로 사용후연료 24 다발을 적재하는 캐니스터는 콘크리트 외부용기(overpack)의 상부로부터 하향 방향으로 삽입된다.(중략)

  • PDF

수소저장용기의 재료와 안전성 확보

  • Kim, Nam-Hun;Lee, Jung-Hui
    • Journal of the KSME
    • /
    • v.51 no.11
    • /
    • pp.32-36
    • /
    • 2011
  • 수소를 안전하게 저장하고 이용하기 위해서는 수소저장용기에 사용되는 재료의 안전성 확보 방안이 매우 중요하며, 또한 이러한 재료가 수소저장용기에 적용될 경우에 적용 재료 및 용기의 안전성 확보 방안에 대해서 살펴보고자 한다.

  • PDF

Nuclide Release from Penetrations in Radioactive Waste Container (방사성 폐기물 저장용기 표면의 결함으로부터 핵종유출 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Lak
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.302-307
    • /
    • 1989
  • Nuclide release through penetrations in radioactive waste container is analyzed. Penetrations may result from corrosion or cracking and may be through the container material or through deposits of corrosion products. The analysis deals with the resultant nuclide release, but not with the way these penetrations occur. Numerical illustrations show that mass transport from multiple holes can be significant and may approach the mass transfer rate calculated from bare waste forms. Although partially-failed containers may present an important long-term barrier to release of radionuclides, numerous small holes on a container surface have the potential of bypassing the effectiveness of these barriers.

  • PDF

Storage container-dependent chemical and microbiological characteristics during kimchi storage (저장용기에 따른 김치 저장 중의 화학적, 미생물학적 특성)

  • Kim, Seon-Gyu;Han, Min-Hui;Hwang, Jong-Hyun;Moon, Gi-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.52 no.3
    • /
    • pp.304-309
    • /
    • 2020
  • Different types of storage containers, such as polypropylene (PP), stainless steel (STS), and ceramic were used for kimchi storage at 0℃ in a refrigerator, and the characteristics were compared for 32 days. The pH of kimchi samples in PP and STS containers reached 4.59 and 4.53, respectively at day 16, while a pH of 4.92 could be observed in ceramic containers. This trend persisted until day 32. Titratable acidities of the PP and STS container contents reached 0.83 and 0.82%, respectively, on day 16, while it reached 0.73% in the case of the ceramic container contents. The viable cell counts of lactic acid bacteria in kimchi samples in PP, STS, and ceramic containers fluctuated and finally reached 4.87, 5.44, and 5.35 Log CFU/g, respectively. Weissella koreensis occupied a large portion of the kimchi sample of the ceramic container on day 20 based on the metagenomic analysis. Taken together, ceramic container might be desirable for the storage of kimchi in low temperature refrigerators.

The Analysis and Comparison of Fire Test for the High Pressure Composite Cylinder by Type (고압복합재용기 Type에 따른 화염시험 비교 분석)

  • Kim, Chang Jong;Lee, Seung Hoon;Lyu, Geun Jun;Kim, Young Gyu
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.98.1-98.1
    • /
    • 2011
  • 전 세계적으로 대표적인 대중교통으로 천연가스버스가 운행 중에 있으며, 천연가스의 저장을 위하여 대부분의 차량이 복합용기를 사용하고 있다. 또한 친환경자동차로 개발되고 있는 수소연료전지자동차도 수소 저장용으로 복합용기를 적용하여 상용화를 추진 중에 있다. 복합용기의 상용화가 증가하면서 복합용기의 안전성 확보가 가장 중요한 이슈가 되고 있다. 기체상태의 고압가스를 교통수단에 적용하기 위하여, 저장매체인 고압복합용기의 안전성 및 기술 확보를 위한 기술개발과 안전기준의 확립을 위한 기준개발이 미국, 유럽, 일본 등 다수의 국가에서 진행되고 있다. 현재 복합용기의 안전성을 확인하는 기준은 각 나라의 기준에 따라 진행되고 있으며 천연가스자동차용 저장용기 국제표준으로는 ISO 11439가 적용되고 있다. 수소연료전지자동차용 수소용기의 안전기준은 아직 확립되지 않은 상태이며, 개발된 초안으로는 국제규정으로 UN ECE R No.79 및 국제기술표준으로 ISO/TS 15869가 있다. 개발 중인 국제기준 및 국내기준에서 가장 취약한 부분이 화염시험이다. 화염시험은 자동차에 화재가 발생했을 경우 용기의 폭발을 막기 위하여 안전밸브가 정상적으로 작동하는 지를 확인하는 시험이다. 하지만 현재의 시험방법으로는 자동차에서 발생하는 국부적인 화염에 대한 안전성을 확인하기가 어려운 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 국내의 화염시험기준을 개발하기 위해 수행된 화염시험에 대한 결과와 화염시험장치를 제안하고자 한다.

  • PDF

Transient Analysis of Pressure Behavior of Cryogenics in Closed Vessel (극저온 저장용기의 내부압력 거동에 대한 비정상해석)

  • 강권호;김길정;박영무
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-27
    • /
    • 1996
  • Self-pressurization of cylindrical container of cryogen is numerically analyzed. The container is axi-symmetric and heated from side wall with constant heat flux. Natural convection by external heat flux is studied numerically using finite difference method. Oxygen, nytrogen and hydrogen are working fluids in this paper. Liquid is considered incompressible fluid and vapor is assumed to behave as gas meeting with virial equation of gas. The Second virial coefficients of gas are obtained from Lennard-jones model. The important variables which have effects on self-pressurization are external heat flux, heat capacity of wall and initial ullage in container. The most important variable of them is external heat flux. The pressure rise calculated from the virial gas model is slightly different from that calculated using Ideal gas model for oxygen.

  • PDF