• Title, Summary, Keyword: 재입원

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A Study on the Database Marketing using Data Mining in the Traditional Medicine (데이터마이닝을 활용한 한방분야에서의 데이터베이스 마케팅에 대한 연구)

  • Lee Sang-Young;Lee Yun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.271-280
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    • 2005
  • This study is to elicit the factors affected on the medical examination in the tra야tional medicine using the technical method of the decision tree and characterize the Patient subject by clustering analysis technique. And to draw results from the association analysis between the form of diseases in the re-hospitalized Patient group. The obtained results were analyzed for their effect on the hospital Profits. Thus. through application of the database marketing to the data mining technique in the tradition리 medicine, the characteristics of patient clients for the objective induction of factors affected on the hospital Fronts can be identified. Practical application of the database marketing as presented in this study will bring about a fundamental efficiency of hospital management and vitalization.

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Factors Associated with Unplanned Hospital Readmission (서울시 소재 한 대학병원 퇴원환자의 재입원 관련요인)

  • Lee, Eun-Whan;Yu, Seung-Hum;Lee, Hae-Jong;Kim, Suk-Il
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.125-142
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    • 2010
  • Objective : To determine demographic, clinical, health care utilization factors predicting unplanned readmission(within 28 days) to the hospital. Methods : A case-control study was conducted from January to December 2009. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine risk factors for readmission. 180 patients who had been readmitted within 28 days and 1,784 controls were recruited from an university hospital in Seoul. Results : Six risk factors associated with readmission risk were identified and include mail sex, medical service rather than surgical service, number of comorbid diseases, type of patient's room, lenth of stay, number of admissions in the prior 12 months. Conclusions : One of the association with readmission risk identified was the number of hospital admissions in the previous year. This factor may be the only risk factor necessary for assessing prior risk and has the additional advantage of being easily accessible from computerized medical records without requiring other medical record review. This risk factor may be useful in identifying a group at high readmission risk, which could be targeted in intervention studies. Multiple risk factors intervention approach should be considered in designing future prevention strategies.

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Usefulness of Tuberculin Skin Test by Tuberculin PPD RT23 2 TU (Tuberculin PPD RT23 2 TU를 이용한 투베르쿨린 피부반응 검사의 의의)

  • Yang, Jong-Wuk;Jeon, Man-Jo;Kim, Sung-Jung;Lee, Hyang-Lim;Lee, Seung-Jun;Lee, Myoung-Goo;Kim, Dong-Gyu;Park, Myoung-Jae;Kang, Min-Jong;Hyoen, In-Gyu;Jung, Ki-Suck
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.401-408
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    • 2002
  • Background : Tuberculin skin test is a method to examine M. tuberculosis infection and has been used all over the world. But various factors make it difficult to understand testing results. In 2000, the American Thoracic Society recommended that skin test results should be decided by considering risk factors of the tested. In Korea, high tuberculosis infection rate and BCG vaccination rate make it difficult to differentiate current infection, past infection, and no infection by the skin test. This study was attempted to examine a negative predictive value of the skin test to understand how the skin test acts on deciding administration of anti-tuberculosis drug. Methods : From Mar. 1 to Jul. 31 in 2001, the test was performed for patients hospitalized in Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chunchon, Korea by administering Tuberculin PPD RT23 2 TU (0.1 ml)to them that has been currently used in Korea based on Mantoux method. They were decided to be infected with tuberculosis bacilli by following diagnostic standard: 1) tuberculosis bacilli was cultured in sputum by microbiological diagnostic standard or Acid-fast bacilli was proven on a microscopic examination or 2) tuberculosis bacilli was not proven in the aforesaid microbiological test by clinical diagnostic standard, while there was opinion or symptom suitable for tuberculosis by radiographic or histological standard so the doctor decided to apply the tuberculosis treatment. Results : In this study, total 210 patients except 20 patients (8.7%) among 230 hospitalized patients were evaluated. Their average age was 60±16.8 years, and male-female rate was 1.28 : 1 (male: 118, female: 92). Number of patient, who was diagnosed and decided as tuberculosis, was 53(25.2%). Pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 45 patients (84.9%); 22 patients were decided to be positive in the Acid-fast bacilli smear test by microbiological examination (culture positive: 13, culture negative: 9), and 23 patients were decided to be tuberculosis patients by clinical diagnosis standard. Tuberculosis pleuritis was found in 8 patients (15.1%); 4 patients were diagnosed and decided by histological standard, and 4 patients were decided and treated by clinical standard. In differentiating patients into 'Negative' and 'Positive' by the skin test standard of the American Thoracic Society, negative predictive value 92.3%, positive predictive value 47.3%, sensitivity and specificity were 83%, 68.8%, respectively. Conclusion : In hospitalized respiratory patients, there was high negative predictive vlaue 92.3% by tuberculin skin test, therefore skin test would be a important factor for deciding administration of anti-tuberculosis drug on negative skin test patient.

Severe Pneumonia Caused by 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus in Children and Corticosteroid Treatment (소아에서 2009 신종 인플루엔자 A (H1N1) 중증 폐렴과 스테로이드 치료)

  • Sohn, Yu Rak;Kim, Jong Hee;Ma, Sang Hyuk;Lee, Kyung Yil;Kang, Jin Han
    • Pediatric Infection and Vaccine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The effect of corticosteroid on severe pneumonia caused by 2009 pandemic influenza (H1N1) A virus is controversial. This study was aimed to present the effects of early, short-term corticosteroid treatment for severe pneumonia with this virus infection. Methods : A retrospective analysis was performed on severe pneumonia patients (37 patients) who had severe respiratory distress at presentation requiring oxygen therapy and received intravenous methylprednisolone (MP, 8-10 mg/kg, divided in 4 doses/day for 2-3 days) with oseltamivir. The clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients were evaluated through the medical records and chest radiographic findings. Results : The mean age and male-to-female ratio of the patients were 6.5${\pm}$2.9 years of age, and 3.4:1 (male 29 patients), respectively. The 5-9 aged group was predominant among the age groups (25 patients, 67.6%). Duration of fever prior to admission was 1.4${\pm}$0.6 days and dyspnea developed within 24 h after beginning of respiratory symptoms in all patients. All patients were previously healthy and received oseltamivir within 48 h. Thirteen patients (35.1%) developed dyspnea during oseltamivir treatment. Following MP infusion, all 37 patients including 13 progressive pneumonia patients during oseltamivir treatment showed an immediate halt in the progression of pneumonic infiltration with rapid clinical improvement. There were no side-effects following steroid use. Conclusion : For severe pneumonia patients, early corticosteroid treatment halted clinical exacerbation, and possibly prevented progression to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Further controlled clinical studies are needed for the role of corticosteroids and antivirals on severely affected patients with influenza virus infections.

Congenital Heart Surgery with Fast Track Hospital Discharge (단기 퇴원 지침으로 시행한 선천성 심기형 수술)

  • 이정렬;정동섭
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.41-44
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    • 2001
  • 배경: 최근 들어 최소 절개술의 도입의 장점으로 입원간의 단축이 거론되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 최소 흉골 절개술(mini-sternotomy)하에 시행된 개심술 환자에 대하여 전향적으로 수술 후 문제가 없는 환아에 대하여 5일 이내에 퇴원을 시도하고 그 안전성, 경제성 등을 평가하였다. 대상 및 방법: 1998년 11월부터 1999년 7월까지 최소 흉골 절개술하에 개심술을 시행한 환자 중 5일 이내에 퇴원한 환자 29명과 1997년 1월부터 5월까지 전통적인 흉골 절개술로 개심술을 시행한 29명의 환아들을 각각 실험군(제1군)과 대조군(제2군)으로 하였다. 환자는 동일한 수술자로부터 수술을 받았고 질병군은 유사하였다. 결과: 제1군과 제2군의 수술 후 재원일수, 총 병원비, 합병증, 수술 후 소견 등에 차이가 있는지 비교하였다. 평균 수술 후 재원일수는 4.5$\pm$0.6일 및 9.1$\pm$2.4일이었다(p<0.05). 두 환자군에서 수술 후 합병증으로 인한 재입원은 없었고 수술 후 시행한 심초음파에서도 심장수술과 관련된 병변은 관찰되지 않았다. 제1군의 총 입원비의 평균은 7,333,184$\pm$113원이었고, 환자부담액은 3,464,383$\pm$80원이었다. 반면 제2군에서의 총 입원비의 평균은 7,486,136$\pm$140원, 환자부담액은 3,660,194$\pm$92원이었다(p>0.05). 결론: 본 연구를 통해 단기 퇴원 지침하에 환자를 치료함으로써 수술 후 재원일수를 단축시키는 시도가 합병증이나 잔존 병변을 남기지 않고 안정적으로 시행될 수 있다는 사실을 확인하였다. 하지만 경제적 이점은 통계적인 유의성을 찾을 수 없었다. 향후 환자군의 크기와 질병군의 난이도 등을 조절한 비교 평가가 필요하다고 생각된다.

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Taussig-Bing Anomaly with Coarctation of Aorta (대동맥 축착을 동반한 Taussig-Bing 기형의 수술 치험 1예)

  • Kim, Hyuck;Lim, Hyoun-Soo;Kim, Young-Hak;Chung, Won-Sang;Kang, Jung-Ho;Lee, Chul-Beom;Jee, Heng-Ok;Kim, Nam-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.189-193
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    • 2003
  • The patient was a 30-day-old female infant with symptoms of severe dyspnea and cyanosis, when she was admitted to the ER. The echocardiography revealed DORV with subpulmonary VSD, and the diagnosis of Taussig-Bing anomaly was made. Two days after admission, an urgent operation was performed. The operation consisted of intraventricular tunnel repair and arterial switch operation. She was discharged, and after checking her chest X-ray through OPD, there was no interval change of cardiomegaly. She was then re-admitted, and the angiography revealed coactation of aorta. We performed a resection and end-to-end anastomosis of aorta. She is currently in good condition 11 months postoperatively.

Esophagoaortic Fistula Caused by Esophageal Tuberculosis-A Case Report- (식도 결핵에 의한 식도 대동맥류-1례보고-)

  • 이희성;이원진;최광민;안현성;홍기우
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.256-259
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    • 2001
  • 식도 결핵은 아주 드문 질환으로 연하곤란과 흉통이 가장 흔한 증상이면 다량의 토형은 드문 것으로 되어 있다. 본원에서는 다량의 토형을 동반한 식도 결핵에 의한 식도 대동맥루를 가진 환자를 지험했다. 4세 남자 환자는 다량의 토혈로 응습실을 통해 입원했다. 내원 당시 응급으로 시행한 내시경 검사상 incisor로부터 25cm 하방에 0.7 cm의 풍부한 혈관성의 육아종성 병변을 발견하고, 응급개흉술로 식도의 종양성 병변에 대해 쐐기 절제술을 시행하였다. 식도의 종양성 병변부위는 대동맥과 심게 유착되어 있었고 식도에서 대동맥쪽으로의 식도루를 이중 결찰했다. 환자는 술후 8일째 갑작스런 흉관을 통한 다량의 출혈과 구토 후 토형이 있어 응급 재 개흉술을 시행하여 대동맥파열과 식도 문합부 파열을 확인하였으나 더 이상의 교정이 불가능하여 사망하였다. 이에 문헌고찰과 함께 보고하는 바이다.

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Irrigation-suction System for Management of Deep Sternal Wound Infection after Open Heart Surgery -Four cases- (개심술 후 발생한 심부 흉골 창상감염의 세척-흡입법을 이용한 치험 -4예 보고-)

  • 김상익;오상준
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.431-435
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    • 2003
  • Deep sternal wound infection (with or without acute mediastinitis) is a serious complication of open heart surgery, with high rates of associated morbidity and mortality, and prolonged hospitallization. The result of treatment largely depends on timely diagnosis and appropriate surgical management. Postoperative deep sternal wound infections in 4 cases were successfully treated with extensive debridement, pressurized jet irrigation with antibiotic solution, sternal refixation by Robicsek method, and dilute antibiotic irrigation via irrigation-suction system. We report 4 cases with review of articles.

Is the Risk-Standardized Readmission Rate Appropriate for a Generic Quality Indicator of Hospital Care? (일반 질 지표로서의 위험도 표준화 재입원율의 적절성)

  • Choi, Eun Young;Ock, Minsu;Lee, Sang-il
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 2016
  • The hospital readmission rate has been widely used as an indicator of the quality of hospital care in many countries. However, the transferrability of this indicator that has been developed in a different health care system can be questioned. We reviewed what should be considered when using the risk-standardized readmission rate (RSRR) as a generic quality indicator in the Korean setting. We addressed the relationship between RSRR and the quality of hospital care, methodological aspects of RSRR, and use of RSRR for external purposes. These issues can influence the validity of the readmission rate as a generic quality indicator. Therefore RSRR should be used with care and further studies are needed to enhance the validity of the readmission rate indicator.