• Title, Summary, Keyword: 재난전문가

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Identification and Analysis of Experts in the Field of Disaster and Safety based on Domestic Scholarly Content (국내 학술콘텐트 기반 재난안전분야 전문가 식별 및 분석)

  • Kim, Byungkyu;Shin, Jin-Seop;You, Beon-Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.80-82
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    • 2018
  • 전세계적으로 대형 자연재난 및 사회재난의 증가로 재난 대응 체계 고도화에 대한 국가적인 관심과 요구가 급증하고 있다. 다양한 재난유형에 대한 효과적인 대응을 위해서는 사전에 구축된 재난유형별 전문가 Pool의 구축과 활용이 매우 중요하다. 본 논문에서는 학술콘텐트를 활용하여 재난안전분야 전문가들을 식별 및 분석하고 식별된 재난분야 학술정보와 전문가 정보 시범 서비스를 구현하였으며, 주요 연구결과는 재난안전정보 공유 플랫폼에 연계하여 재난 단계별 전문가 추천 및 서비스에 활용될 계획이다.

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A Study on the Experts' Consciousness Survey for the Establishment of Safety Village in Rural Areas (농촌지역 재난안전마을 구축을 위한 전문가 의식조사 연구)

  • Koo, Won-Hoi;Park, So-Yeon;Choi, Yun-Jeong;Baek, Min-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • pp.128-129
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구에서는 농촌지역의 재난안전마을 구축을 위한 핵심요소를 도출하기 위해 첫째, 농촌지역의 재난관리 현황을 알아보았고 둘째, 재난안전 및 마을만들기 관련 전문가를 대상으로 의식조사를 실시하였다. 셋째, 이를 바탕으로 농촌지역 재난안전마을 구축을 위한 중요 요소를 검토하였다.

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'What' and 'how' should TV programs broadcast when disasters occur? (재난발생시 TV방송 '무엇을' '어떻게' 전달해야 하나?)

  • Lee, Yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.155-157
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    • 2012
  • '재난방송' 이라고 하면, 어떻게 하면 재난정보를 신속하게 피해주민들에게 전달하여 그 피해를 최소화 할 수 있을까 하는데 목적이 있는 것으로 생각하고 있다. 그러나 이는 단지 재난정보를 전달하는 재난전달시스템에 불과하다고 하겠다. 실제로 '재난방송' 이라고 말하면 재난이 발생했을 때 '무엇을' '어떻게' 방송하는 것이 재난피해를 최소화 할 수 있을 것인가에 대한 논의가 본래의 재난방송의 의미라고 하겠다. 즉, 재난방송은 전달하는 내용이나 전달 방법에 따라서 전달효과(impact)가 달라서 재난방송은 사전에 충분히 준비하고 준비된 방송내용과 전달방법이 필요하다고 본다. 본고는 2011년 3 11 동일본대진재 당시 일본의 텔레비전방송은 실제로 '무엇을' '어떻게' 방송했는지를 자세하게 분석해 본다. 구체적으로 일본의 주요방송 3사인 NHK, 니혼TV, 후지TV의 3일간 실시한 재난방송의 (1)기본화면과 (2)전달내용 등을 분석 해 보기로 한다. (1)NHK의 경우는 아나운서나 기자, 해설위원 등 자국 직원이 전달하는 비율이 80%를 넘고 있다. 외부 전문가는 4.4%로 소수에 불과하다, (2)니혼TV는 자국 직원이 대응하는 비율이 75.6%로 비교적 높은 편이나, 외부 전문가도 8%나 된다. 후지 TV의 경우는 직원이 대응하는 비율이 71.4%로 방송 3사 중 가장 낮은 비율을 보이고 있다. 그러나 외전문가로는 13.3%로 NHK에 비해 3배 정도로 외부 전문가를 이용해 객관성을 높이고 있다. NHK 재난방송은 원고로써 정리된 정보를 주로 아나운서나 기자, 해설위원이 전달하는 형태를 취하는 것을 기본패턴으로 하고 있다.

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Basic Research for Preparation of a Disabled-Inclusive Public Disaster Management System (장애포괄적 재난관리체계 마련을 위한 기초 연구)

  • Kim, Soungwan;Roh, Sungmin
    • 재활복지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2016
  • This research aimed to examine the problems in a current national emergency management system that does not consider the disabled in the face of manmade catastrophes and natural disasters, and to conduct an expert opinion survey to explore the direction of disabled-inclusive public disaster management system. As a result of the analysis, the respondents of the survey revealed a need for a designated government department for disaster management systems for the disabled and the experts preferred the Ministry of Public Safety and Security (50%) than the Ministry of Health and Welfare (37.5%). However, 12.5% of the surveyed experts perceived cooperation between the two Ministries, rather than selecting a certain ministry, as necessary to establish a disaster management system for the disabled. Additionally, the experts recognized the response period (43.8%) of the disaster management life cycle to be the most important phase. Thus, at the disaster response period, the experts suggested utilizing an emergency alarm system to effectively rescue the disabled in the face of disaster. Based on this discussion, the paper explores ways to establish a disabled-inclusive public disaster management system.

Development of a Facet Classification System for Integrated Management and Shared Use of Disaster and Safety Information (재난안전정보의 통합관리 및 공동활용을 위한 패싯 분류체계 개발)

  • Lim, Ji-Hoon;Park, Tae-Yeon;Kim, Soojung
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.375-399
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to suggest a classification system for integrated management and shared use of disaster and safety information, which is currently produced and managed separately in disaster-related organizations. The study conducted a survey with organizations in charge of disaster management to analyze existing disaster-related classification systems and developed the first draft of the classification system. Later, in-depth interviews were conducted with disaster experts and a review was made by library and information science professors for the final touch. As a facet classification system consisting of 7 facets, it will be effective in supporting disaster management tasks as well as representing the complex nature of disaster and safety information.

Science and Technology Networks for Disaster and Safety Management: Based on Expert Survey Data (재난안전관리 과학기술 네트워크: 전문가 수요조사를 중심으로)

  • Heo, Jungeun;Yang, Chang Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2018
  • Recently, due to the rising incidence of disasters in the nation, there has been a growing interest in the relevance and role of science and technology in solving disaster and safety related issues. In addition, the necessities of securing the human rights of all citizens in disaster risk reduction, identifying fields of technology development for effective disaster response, and improving the efficiency of R&D investment for disaster and safety are becoming more important as the different types of disasters and stages of disaster and safety management process have been considered. In this study, we analyzed bipartite or two-mode networks constructed from an expert survey dataset of technology development for disaster and safety management. The results reveal that earthquake and fire are the two disasters affecting an individual and society at large and demonstrate that AI and big data analytics are effective supports in managing disaster and safety. We believe that such a network analytic approach can be used to explore some important implications exist for the national science and technology effort and successful disaster and safety management practices in Korea.

Study on Design for Training Contents about Disaster Management - Design for Training Courses and Subjects Focus on Disaster Field Preparedness and Response - (방재부문 교육 컨텐츠 설계에 관한 연구 - 현장대비 및 대응 중심의 교육과정, 과목 설계 -)

  • Lee, Yong Jae;Nam, Sang Hoon;Lee, Young Jai
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2012
  • Recently, inflicted damage for people's life and property from occurred major disaster that landslide by localized downpour and hydrofluoric acid leak from the Gumi. However public needs about safe society is more increasing from disaster because response is unsatisfactory on that. The purpose of this paper is that establish the core foundation for the education contents system of disaster management through cultivating expert. Therefore first, designed the training of course and subject by demand forecast. Next, designed the training course focus on preparedness and response at on-scene.

Study on Realistic Disaster Management Service Implementation Plan : Focusing on Differential Views in Public and Private Experts (실감형 재난대응 서비스 구현방안 연구 : 공공과 민간 분야 전문가 인식 차이를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Woo-Chul;Kim, Tae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.625-633
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    • 2020
  • this study, an expert AHP questionnaire analysis of public and private groups was conducted to take into consideration the requirements for realistic disaster services. Considered are public areas that manage disasters like fires and earthquakes that can be a major threat to national safety, as well as private areas that mainly develop disaster-related technologies. In the questionnaire, the public respondents valued accurate disaster situation information (ranked 4th and 6th) for citizens (1st), managers (3rd), and related organizations (2nd); the private sector highly valued the importance of three-dimensional (3D) control (ranked 1st, 3rd, and 5th) using future technologies. This study suggests the realization of a disaster-response service that meets the needs of public safety and technological innovation based on a 3D safety state information platform. We anticipate that this study will provide useful data for applying technology and for establishing detailed scenarios during the test bed and commercialization phases. We also expect that further studies will be conducted, such as the practical application and operation of realistic disaster response services, on the financial resources for the proliferation of local governments, and on policy support measures.

A Study on the Consciousness Survey for the Establishment of Safety Village in Disaster (재난안전마을 구축을 위한 의식조사 연구)

  • Koo, Wonhoi;Baek, Minho
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.238-246
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the directions for establishing a disaster safety village in rural areas where damage from a similar type of disaster occurs repeatedly by conducting the consciousness survey targeting at experts and disaster safety officials in a local government. Method: The risks of disaster in rural areas were examined and the concept and characteristics of disaster safety village which is a measure on the basis of Myeon (township) among the measures of village unit were examined in order to carry out this study. In addition, opinion polling targeting at officials-in-charge in the local government and survey targeting at experts in disaster safety and building village were conducted. Based on the findings, the directions for establishing a disaster safety village that fitted the characteristics of rural areas were examined. Result: The officials-in-charge in the local government answered that rural areas have a high risk of storm and flood such as heavy snowing, typhoon, drought, and heavy rain as well as forest fire, and it is difficult to draw voluntary participation of farmers for disaster management activities due to their main duties. They also replied that active support and participation of residents in rural areas are necessary for future improvement measures. The experts mostly replied that the problem of disaster safety village project is a temporary project which has low sustainability, and the lack of connections between the central government, local governments and residents was stressed out as the difficulties. They said that measures to secure the budget and the directions of project promotion system should be promoted by the central government, local governments and residents together. Conclusion: The results of this study are as follows. First, a disaster safety village should be established in consideration of the disaster types and characteristics. Second, measures to secure the budget for utilizing the central government fund as well as local government fund and village development fund should be prepared when establishing and operating a disaster safety village in rural areas. Third, measures to utilize a disaster safety village in rural areas for a long period of time such as the re-authorization system should be prepared in order to continuously operate and manage such villages after its establishment. Fourth, detailed measures that allow residents of rural areas to positively participate in the activities for establishing a disaster safety village in rural areas should be prepared.

Study on the Improvement Operation of the Incident Command System (긴급구조통제단 운영 개선방안)

  • Chae, Jin;Bae, Young-Hwan
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study was to suggest ways to improve the operation of the Incident Command System for an effective disaster response in the event of a major disaster. As a result of the study, at the 5% significance level, which affects the perception of the operation, the significant variables that influence the operation of the Incidence Command System were found to be securing the operating budget, cooperation of the related agencies, disaster resource support, and expert training. The relative influence of the variables on the operation of the Incident Command System was found to be in the order of expert training, cooperation of related organizations, disaster resource support, and securing of the operating budget.