• Title, Summary, Keyword: 작업자 접근가능지역

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The Development of Tele-operated Heavy Duty Robot System (고하중용 원격작업 로봇시스템 개발)

  • Seo, Yong-Chil;Kim, Chang-Hoi;Cho, Jai-Wan;Choi, Young-Soo;Kim, Seung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.166-168
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    • 2004
  • 근래에 무인 자동화기술의 발달과 마이크로프로세서 기술의 혁신적인 성장에 힘입어 일반산업현장에서 사용되고 있는 로봇은 복잡하고 다양한 작업이 요구되는 비제조업분야로 그 적용분야가 확장되고 있다. 그 대표적인 분야를 들자면 방사능 지역과 같은 위험한 환경에서의 작업, 우주공간이나 심해에서의 작업, 활선 작업과 같이 사람이 접근하기 어려운 곳에서 인간을 대신하는 작업 등이 있다. 이와 같이 사람이 접근하기 어려운 지역에서 인간을 대신하여 작업을 수행할 수 있는 원격작업 로봇시스템을 개발하였다. 개발된 로봇은 6 자유도를 갖는 수평다관절 유압구동형 조작기로써 로봇의 운반 및 설치가 용이하도록 제 1 링크의 분리가 가능하도록 설계하였다. 로봇의 제어기는 전체 제어기를 통괄하는 1 개의 마스터 CPU 및 3 개의 제어보드로 구성되며 이들은 VME 버스를 이용하여 데이터를 전송한다. 로봇의 관리제어시스템은 그래픽워크스테이션을 이용하여 구성하였으며 로봇의 작업상황을 실시간으로 애니메이션하여 작업자에게 원격현장감을 제공하고 작업효율의 향상시켰다.

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Monte Carlo Calculation of Thermal Neutron Flux Distribution for (n, v) Reaction in Calandria (몬테칼로 코드를 이용한 중수로 Calandria에서의 $(n,\;{\gamma})$ 반응유발 열중성자속분포 계산)

  • Kim, Soon-Young;Kim, Jong-Kyung;Kim, Kyo-Youn
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 1994
  • The MCNP 4.2 code was used to calculate the thermal neutron flux distributions for $(n,\;{\gamma})$reaction in mainshell, annular plate, and subshell of the calandria of a CANDU 6 plant during operation. The thermal neutron flux distributions in calandria mainshell, annular plate, and subshell were in the range of $10^{11}{\sim}10^{13}\;neutrons/cm^2-sec$ which is somewhat higher than the previous estimates calculated by DOT 4.2 code. As an application to shielding analysis, photon dose rates outside the side and bottom shields were calculated. The resulting dose rates at the reactor accessible areas were below design target, $6 {\mu}Sv/h$. The methodology used in this study to evaluate the thermal neutron flux distribution for $(n,\;{\gamma})reaction$ can be applied to radiation shielding analysis of CANDU 6 type plants.

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A Study on Minimum Separation Distance for Aboveground High-pressure Natural Gas Pipelines (지상 고압 천연가스 배관의 최소 이격거리 기준에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Han;Jo, Young-Do
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.57 no.2
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2019
  • In Korea, the minimum separation distance between aboveground high-pressure natural gas pipeline and buildings is regulated by Korea gas safety (KGS) code. In this paper, The technical backgrounds for the revision of the KGS code related to the minimum separation distance was presented. A consequence-based approach was adopted to determine the minimum separation distance by a reasonable accident scenario, which was a jet fire caused by the rupture of one inch branch line attached the gas pipeline. Where, the higher thermal radiation flux threshold was selected for workers in industrial area than for people in non-industrial area, because the workers in industrial area were able to escape in a shorter time than the people in public. As result of consequence analysis for the accident scenario, we suggested the KGS code revision that the minimum separation distances between high-pressure natural gas pipeline installed above ground and buildings should be 30 meter in non-industrial area and 15 meter in industrial area. The revised code was accepted by the committee of the KGS code and now in effect.

Experiences of Ambulatory People with Disabilities on the Bus -Focus on Experiences of People with Disabilities Living in Rural Areas by Bus- (보행 가능한 장애인의 버스 이용 경험에 관한 질적 연구 - 시골지역 거주 장애인의 버스 이용 경험을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoo, Doo-Han;Park, Hun-kyung;Jeon, Byoung-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.7-17
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    • 2011
  • Objective : This study aimed to understand the experience of taking a bus, investigate successful strategies to overcome the psychological difficulties of people with disabilities. Method : In this study, a phenomenological and hermeneutic approach was used to gain a deeper understanding of the behavior, the language, the process. For participants through interviews and participant observation data were collected. Phenomenological interpretation of the way through technology and to evaluate the results. Result : Ambulatory persons with disabilities in the community have confidence in the bus-independent movement in the community possible. And get on and off the bus at the moment of urgent strategies to use in the bus seats were taken. To cope with unexpected situations like that do not put stress was confirmed. In addition, by bus and go sit on the seat to look at the patient's burden was to. Conclusion : Ambulant disabled people's confidence in the bus had a significant impact on the independent movement. Always on the lookout for falling, and many psychological difficulties and to overcome unforeseen circumstances to predict and know that public transportation could be.

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A Study of Radiation Exposure in Proton Therapy Facility (양성자치료기 가속기 시설에서의 작업종사자의 방사선 피폭 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Shin, Dong-Ho;Yoon, Myong-Geun;Shin, Jung-Wook;Rah, Jeong-Eun;Kwak, Jung-Won;Park, Sung-Yong;Shin, Kyung-Hwan;Lee, Doo-Hyun;Ahn, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Dae-Yong;Cho, Kwan-Ho;Lee, Se-Byeong
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2009
  • Proton therapy facility, which is recently installed at National Cancer Center in Korea, generally produces a large amount of radiation near cyclotron due to the secondary particles and radioisotopes caused by collision between proton and nearby materials during the acceleration. Although the level of radiation by radioisotope decreases in length of time, radiation exposure problem still exists since workers are easily exposed by a low level of radiation for a long time due to their job assignment for maintenance or repair of the proton facility. In this paper, the working environment near cyclotron, where the highest radiation exposure is expected, was studied by measuring the degree of radiation and its duration for an appropriate level of protective action guide. To do this, we measured the radiation change in the graphite based energy degrader, the efficiency of transmitted beam and relative activation degree of the transmission beam line. The results showed that while the level of radiation exposure around cyclotron and beam line during the operation is much higher than the other radiation therapy facilities, the radiation exposure rate per year is under the limit recommended by the law showing 1~3 mSv/year.

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Guideline for Basic Standard for Organic Rice Cultivation (유기벼 재배 기본규약의 기준)

  • Jeong, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2002
  • CODEX의 유기농업기준에 대하여 기본적으로는 공감하고 있으나, 아시아적 기후의 특성과 농가당 소유면적이 유럽이나 미주$\cdot$오세아니아 지역에 비하여 상대적으로 너무 협소한 점을 감안하여 아시아의 유기벼 재배농가들에게 과중한 부담을 주지 않을 수 있는 선에서의 유연성을 부여해야 할 것이다. 윤작이나 휴경의 경우, 지역에 따라 벼-딸기 등의 과채류-벼-토마토 등 과채류-벼 행태나, 병-보리 또는 호밀 등의 사료 또는 녹비작물-벼-자운영 등의 사료 또는 녹비작물-벼 행태의 윤작 또는 녹비작물 재배형태의 윤작 또한 유기재배로 인정해야 할 것이다. 완충지배 역시, 일정거리 보다는 경계선상에 주작물보다 상당히 키가 큰 다른 식용이나 녹비용 작물을 재배하면서 이웃 관행농장으로부터의 영농화학물질의 비산을 막아줄 수 있는 조처만으로도 유기재배 인증획득이 가능토록 해야 할 것이다. 제체작업 또한 오리를 이용할 경우, 기본적인 제초효과는 물론 해충포식이 이루어지며, 배설물에 의한 자연적인 시비가 원활히 이루어지게 볏대를 튼튼하게 자극시켜주며, 고랑사이의 공기유통 촉진과 흙탕물에 의한 잡초 발아억제 효과 등 다양한 부대효과를 올리 수 있게 된다. 왕우렁이 제초법 또한 논의 건조와 백로 등 조류의 접근만 차단해 주면 완벽한 제초가 이루어지고 있으며, 불시 경운에 의한 제초법도 유기농업 실천에 크게 기여할 수 있는 최선의 방안으로 활용되고 있는 중이다.

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Development of Internet Information Push-Delivery System Design of Smoking Cessation for Health Promotion (지역주민의 건강증진을 위한 인터넷 금연 강화 프로그램 개발)

  • Kim, Young-Bok;Shin, Jun-Ho;Kim, Shin-Woel
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.287-301
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    • 2004
  • Objectives: The development of internet programs for smoking cessation was motivated to quit smoking in the large group of smokers. This personalized program consisted of tailored message to consider the smokers characteristics, and contain the informations on the outcomes of smoking cessation and the skills to be used in the quit attempts. The purpose of this study was to develop the internet management program and information push-delivery system for smoking cessation to encourage the personal intention to quit smoking. Methods: We conducted in 3 steps as developing push service to encourage intention of smoking cessation, analyzing problems of smoking cessation program through the pilot test and suggesting improvements by implication stages. Results: This program is delivered for 30 days. if the participants do not fail to quit smoking. The contents consisted of 13 stages which were divided on starting period. practical period, maintenance period and success period. And push service afforded the tailored message to participants using their e-mail. According to the evaluation of pilot test, the problems of internet information push-delivery service for smoking cessation were the over-tasks per visiting time, recording style of participants, difficulty of terms and sentences, lack of visual effects, absence of follow-up module and unsuitable link with main homepage. Improvements were divided on 3 stages by implication period. The first stage included the immediate improvements as improving link with homepage, modifying menu of smoking information and upload file of notice part. The second stage included the short term improvements as alleviating condition of withdrawal, coordinating start stage of retrial, modifying errors of information push-delivery service and addition of educational materials. The third stage included the long term improvements as development of follow-up module, cost-effectiveness evaluation, reducing contents quantity, introduction of checking style, compensation of graphics effect and review for SMS utilization. Conclusions: This program contribute to improving smoking cessation rate. Therefore this program should be tested in a community to evaluate the effectiveness. To promote the effectiveness, this program should be developed the contents and the strategies for various targets, and established the follow-up system for ex-smokers.

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The Usability Study on Korea Express Bus with Wheelchair Access (한국형 휠체어 탑승 고속버스에 대한 사용성 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hyun;Kim, Jongbae;Hwang, Su-Bin;Jang, Wan-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.571-577
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the usability of express buses for wheelchair users to identify the effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction of wheelchair boarding systems. The usability of 11 manual wheelchair users and nine powered wheelchair users was evaluated using the following three scenarios: boarding the wheelchair accessible bus, moving inside, and alighting the bus. The results showed that 20 wheelchair users completed three scenarios, which was distributed between 0.33 and 1.36 in the difficulty rating scale of the efficiency. The task effort of the efficiency was measured from 8.36 to 11.78. The acceptability of the satisfaction was distributed between 1.00 and 2.00, and the system usability scale was measured in an acceptable boundary of the C grade at 70.7 points with manual wheelchair users and a B grade at 73.1 points with powered wheelchair users. This study has academic significance because it provides basic evidence for accessibility, securing the right to movement and research methods of public transportation for people with disabilities. To improve the quality level of usability in the future, more study with a larger number of research participants and various wheelchair types should be studied.

Characteristics of SocioExperimental Container Architecture for the Sustainable Urban Regeneration Focusing on WaiWai Container Project in Saga Prefecture, Japan - (지속가능한 도시재생을 위한 사회-실험적 컨테이너 활용특성 연구 -일본 사가현 와이와이 컨테이너 프로젝트를 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Soon-Sub;Oh, Joon-Gul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.176-187
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    • 2018
  • The Korean government has been encouraging 'continuous' post-pump priming project management through relevant local personnel planning, action, and management, upon the selection of 68 sites for urban regeneration as part of the New Deal Project. This study assessed the utilization characteristics of containers, the socio-experimental temporary occupation facilities, as a tool for 'sustainable' urban regeneration. This is to identify the potential limitations of urban regeneration by the utilization of containers as public sector temporary occupation facilities and to provide adequate directions based on its efficacy. By comparing three Korean cases with the Japanese WaiWai project, in terms of 10 elements, the preoccupations with the social trend and scenery, and undifferentiated functions of the facilities focusing on the commercial or working aspects have been identified as limitations of Korean cases. Based on the analyses, the following are suggested as plausible approaches to utilize socio-experimental containers for sustainable urban regeneration: 1. Planning and management should be done by the same organization because the absence of the planning party's participation in the management likely leads to the pursuit of only profits. 2. Diversification and combinations of different utilization purposes of a single site and numerous planning of experimental container uses are in need. 3. Accommodations of heavy commercial uses lead to a decline in the continuity of follow-up projects and a change in the urban regeneration directions. Therefore, it is important to include a public socio-experimental program rather than a simple commercial or promotion program for the following urban renewal project.

Development of a Water Sampling System for Unmanned Probe for Improvement of Water Quality Measurement (수질측정 방법 개선을 위한 무인 탐사체의 채수장치 개발방안)

  • Jung, Jin Woo;Cho, Kwang Hee;Kim, Min Ji
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.527-534
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to develop unmanned equipment that can automatically move to the desired point and measure water quality at the correct depth. For this purpose, we constructed a water sampling lift and water sampling container, an unmanned vessel equipped with a VRS-GPS, an acoustic echo sounder, and a water quality sensor. Also, we developed an automatic navigation algorithm and program, an automatic water sampling program, and a water quality map generation program. As a result of the experiment in the detention pond, the unmanned vessel sailed along the planned route with an accuracy of about 93% within the error range of 3m. In addition, the water quality sensor installed in the lift was able to acquire the water quality of the target area in real time and transmit it to the server via wireless Internet, and it was possible to monitor the water quality of each site in real time. Through field experiments, the water sampling lift was able to control the desired length with an accuracy of about 94%. The stretch length accuracy experiment of the water sampling lift was impossible to measure directly in the water, so it was replaced land-based experiment. We also found some unstable problems due to the weight of the water sampling lift and the weight of the air compressor to operate the water container. Except these two problems, we accomplished purpose of this study. An automated water quality measurement method using an unmanned vessel can be used to measure the quality of water in a difficult to access area and to secure the safety of the worker.