• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자유면 모니터링

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Monitoring of waterjet cutting free surface using laser sensor (레이저 센서를 이용한 워터젯 절삭 자유면 모니터링)

  • Oh, Tae-Min;Hong, Chang-Ho;Cho, Gye-Chun
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.469-481
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    • 2013
  • The monitoring of a free surface generated by waterjet cutting technology is very important for an efficient construction process. In this study, experiments using a laser sensor were performed to provide a data processing method and to determine optimized parameters. The experimental parameters here are the angular resolution, measurement distance, and free surface cutting shape. The results show that the monitoring resolution increases with a decrease in the angular resolution and the horizontal measurement distance and with an increase in the cutting (free surface) width. This laser monitoring method can be applied during the measurement of free surface shapes and depths in situ.

자유면 사질대수층에서의 분산지수 결정

  • 조규혁;김동주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2001
  • 대수층에서 오염물질의 이동은 대류, 확산, 흡착 등의 물리화학적 현상에 영향을 받는다. 지하수 유동과 오염 물질 운송에 관련된 분석은 지하수 자원의 관리와 평가, 복원사업에 필요한 요소이다. 본 연구의 목적은 사질대수층에서의 2차원 plume 모니터링을 통하여 오염운의 관측치와 모사치를 비교하므로써 종분산지수와 종/횡분산지수비를 결정하는 것이다. 실내 자유면 대수층 실험에서 MT3D를 이용한 case study로부터 추정된 종분산지수는 0.4 cm였으며 횡/종분산지수비는 1/5로 나타났다.

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Monitoring of Seawater Intrusion in Unconfined Physical Aquifer Model using Time Domain Reflectometry (자유면 대수층 모형에서의 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY를 이용한 해수침투 모니터링)

  • 김동주;하헌철;온한상
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 2003
  • In this study, a phenomenon of saltwater intrusion was monitored under various conditions regarding recharge and pumping rate using time domain reflectometry for a laboratory scale unconfined aquifer to verify the basic theory behind seawater intrusion and to investigate movement of salt-freshwater interface in accordance with the ratio of pumping and recharge rate. Results showed that a thick mixing zone was formed at the boundary instead of a sharp salt-freshwater interface that was assumed by Ghyben and Herzberg who derived an equation relating the water table depth $(H_f)$ to the depth to the interface $(H_s)$. Therefore our experimental results did not agree with the calculated values obtained from the Ghyben and Herzberg equation. Position of interface which was adopted as 0.5 g/L isochlor moved rapidly as the Pumping rate $(Q_p)$ increased for a given recharge rate $(Q_r)$. In addition, interface movement was found to be about 7 times the ratio of $Q_p/Q_r$ in our experimental condition. This indicates that Pumping rate becomes an important factor controlling the seawater intrusion in coastal aquifer.

Path Planning and Control of an Articulated Robot for Polishing Large Aspherical Surface (대구경 비구면 연마를 위한 다관절 로봇의 경로 계획 및 제어)

  • Kim, Ji-Su;Lee, Won-Chang
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.1387-1392
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    • 2019
  • Aspherical mirrors have lighter weight and better performance than spherical mirrors, but it is difficult to process their shape and measure the processing precision. Especially, large aperture aspherical mirrors mounted on satellites need high processing precision and long processing time. The computerized numerically controlled machine of gantry type has been used in polishing process, but it has difficulties in processing the complex shapes due to the lack of degrees of freedom. In order to overcome this problem we developed a polishing system using an articulated industrial robot. The system consists of tool path generating program, real-time robot monitoring, and control program. We show the performance of the developed system through the computer simulation and actual robot operation.

Experiment and Simulation of Acoustic Detection for the Substitute for Sunken Hazardous and Noxious Substances Using the High Frequency Active Sonar (고주파 능동소나를 이용한 저층 침적 위험유해물질 대체물질 음향 탐지 실험 및 모의)

  • Han, Dong-Gyun;Seo, Him Chan;Choi, Jee Woong;Lee, Moonjin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.459-466
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    • 2018
  • Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) are defined as substances that are likely to create a significant impact on human health and marine ecosystem when they are released into the marine environment. Recently, as the volume of HNS transported by ships increases, the rate of leakage accidents also increases. Therefore, research should be conducted to control and monitor sunken materials from the viewpoint of technology development for hazardous material leakage accident response. In this paper, acoustic detection experiments were carried out using HNS substitute materials in order to confirm the possibility of acoustic detection of sunken HNS on the sediment. The castor oil, which has a similar acoustic impedance with chloroform, is used as a substitute. 200 kHz high frequency signals were used to discriminate the reflected signals and measure reflection loss from the interface between water and castor oil. The reflection loss measured is in good agreement with the modeling results, showing a possibility of acoustic detection for sunken HNS.

Characterization of Groundwater Level and Water Quality by Classification of Aquifer Types in South Korea (국내 대수층 유형 분류를 통한 지하수위와 수질의 특성화)

  • Lee, Jae Min;Ko, Kyung-Seok;Woo, Nam C.
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.619-629
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    • 2020
  • The National Groundwater Monitoring Network (NGMN) in South Korea has been implemented in alluvial/ bedrock aquifers for efficient management of groundwater resources. In this study, aquifer types were reclassified with unconfined and confined aquifers based on water-level fluctuation and water quality characteristics. Principal component analysis (PCA) of water-level data from paired monitoring wells of alluvial/bedrock aquifers results in the principal components of both aquifers showing similar water-level fluctuation pattern. There was no significant difference in the rate of water-level rises responding to precipitations and in the NO3-N concentrations between the alluvial and bedrock aquifers. In contrast, in the results classified with the hydrogeological type, the principal components of water level were different between unconfined and confined conditions. The water-level rises to precipitation events were estimated to be 4.6 (R2=0.8) in the unconfined and 2.1 (R2=0.4) in the confined aquifers, respectively, indicating less impact of precipitation recharge to the confined aquifer. The confined aquifers have the average NO3-N concentration below 3 mg/L, implying the natural background level protected from the sources at surface. In summary, reclassification of aquifers into hydrogeological types clearly shows the differences between unconfined and confined aquifers in the water-level fluctuation pattern and NO3-N concentrations. The hydrogeologic condition of aquifer could improve groundwater resource management by providing critical information on groundwater quantity through recharge estimation and quality for protection from potential contamination sources.