• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자유면 깊이

Search Result 18, Processing Time 0.032 seconds

Monitoring of waterjet cutting free surface using laser sensor (레이저 센서를 이용한 워터젯 절삭 자유면 모니터링)

  • Oh, Tae-Min;Hong, Chang-Ho;Cho, Gye-Chun
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.469-481
    • /
    • 2013
  • The monitoring of a free surface generated by waterjet cutting technology is very important for an efficient construction process. In this study, experiments using a laser sensor were performed to provide a data processing method and to determine optimized parameters. The experimental parameters here are the angular resolution, measurement distance, and free surface cutting shape. The results show that the monitoring resolution increases with a decrease in the angular resolution and the horizontal measurement distance and with an increase in the cutting (free surface) width. This laser monitoring method can be applied during the measurement of free surface shapes and depths in situ.

Determination of Hydraulic Parameters in Unconfined Sandy Aquifer in a Laboratory Scale (실내 자유면 사질 대수층의 수리상수 결정)

  • 김정석;김동주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Groundwater Environment
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.152-157
    • /
    • 1999
  • Oil leaked from underwound storage tanks and leachate from sanitary landfills have been known as contaminant sources of the high-quality groundwater resources. The mobility of contaminants in the aquifer largely depends on the groundwater flow and the determination of associated hydraulic parameters is essential for a proper remediation of contaminated grnundwater. This study aimed at determining an optimum set of hydraulic parameters for an unconfined sandy aquifer of a laboratory scale through comparison of various methods. Results showed that the specific yield obtained from gravity drainage experiment was an average of 0.20 with minor variations in aquifer depths. and the permeabilities obtained from Dupuit approximation and slug test gave similar values of 5.33 cm/min and 5.85 cm/min but the constant head method gave 0.17 cm/min, which is much ion than the other methods. This experimental evidence reveals that the permeability of the unconfined sandy aquifer could be accurately determined by Dupuit assumption or slug tut rather than by constant head method conducted for a disturbed separate soil column.

  • PDF

Monitoring of Seawater Intrusion in Unconfined Physical Aquifer Model using Time Domain Reflectometry (자유면 대수층 모형에서의 TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETRY를 이용한 해수침투 모니터링)

  • 김동주;하헌철;온한상
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.17-27
    • /
    • 2003
  • In this study, a phenomenon of saltwater intrusion was monitored under various conditions regarding recharge and pumping rate using time domain reflectometry for a laboratory scale unconfined aquifer to verify the basic theory behind seawater intrusion and to investigate movement of salt-freshwater interface in accordance with the ratio of pumping and recharge rate. Results showed that a thick mixing zone was formed at the boundary instead of a sharp salt-freshwater interface that was assumed by Ghyben and Herzberg who derived an equation relating the water table depth $(H_f)$ to the depth to the interface $(H_s)$. Therefore our experimental results did not agree with the calculated values obtained from the Ghyben and Herzberg equation. Position of interface which was adopted as 0.5 g/L isochlor moved rapidly as the Pumping rate $(Q_p)$ increased for a given recharge rate $(Q_r)$. In addition, interface movement was found to be about 7 times the ratio of $Q_p/Q_r$ in our experimental condition. This indicates that Pumping rate becomes an important factor controlling the seawater intrusion in coastal aquifer.

Free Vibrations of Circular Uniform Strips Resting on Two Parameter Elastic Foundation (두 변수 탄성지반으로 지지된 원호형 등단면 띠기초의 자유진동)

  • Lee, Jong-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.125-134
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper deals with the free vibrations of circular strip foundations which have uniform solid rectangular cross-section. The ground which supports circular strips was modeled as the two parameter elastic foundation. Differential equations governing the flexural-torsional free vibrations of circular strips supported by such foundation were derived, and solved numerically for obtaining the natural frequencies and mode shapes. Boundary condition of free-free ends was considered for numerical examples. Four lowest natural frequencies according to the variations of five system parameters i.e. subtended angle, depth ratio, contact ratio, elasticity ratio and soil parameter are reported in the non-dimensional forms. Also, typical mode shapes of both deformations and stress resultants are presented in the figures. Experiment was conducted for validating the theory developed in this study.

Synthetic Seismograms of Non-geometric S* and P* Waves Using the Reflectivity Method (반사도 기법에 의한 비기하적 S* 및 P* 파의 합성 계산)

  • Hong, Dong Hee;Baag, Chang Eob
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.393-409
    • /
    • 1990
  • Synthetic seismograms and deduced characteristic properties of the non-geometrical $S^*$ and $P^*$ waves are presented. These waves are excited on the free surface or an interface between two different media by an inhomogeneous P wave from a point source nearby, and propagate as homogeneous waves in the media. Synthetic seismograms are computed using an extended reflectivity method designed for buried source and receiver. An efficient computational procedure for propagator matrices of layers is devised to reduce the computational time and the RAM memory size in the implementation of the reflectivity method. Radiation patterns are obtained from the particle motions of the four types of the "*" waves, i.e., the $S^*$ wave generated near the free surface, and the reflected $S^*$, transmitted $S^*$ and transmitted $P^*$ waves generated near an interface. Some patterns show polarity changes of displacements and others reveal monotonic or non-monotonic variation of amplitude depending on the velocity structure. The decaying trend of amplitude with increasing epicentral distance are also shown for the head wave type of the "*" waves.

  • PDF

A Study on the Bedrock Blasting Method for Transmission Tower Foundation using the Drilling Hole Calculation Technique (천공수 산출기법에 의한 암반발파 철탑기초공법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jeom-Sik;Kwon, Seo-Won;Park, Yong-Beom;Kwon, Sin-Won;Moon, Sung-Won;Shin, Woon-Yong;Park, Yong-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.669-670
    • /
    • 2007
  • 본 논문은 천공수 산출기법에 의해 천공수를 산출하여 크롤러드릴을 이용한 기계천공으로 1회에 필요한 깊이를 천공하고, 장약공과 무장약공을 구분하여 장약 및 전색을 하고, 지발뇌관에 의한 순차적 발파 시공방법에 관한 것으로 현장 적용시 심빼기 발파효과와 동시에 무장약공에 의한 2차 자유면을 얻는 효과로 진동, 소음, 비석을 줄이고 암반지대의 정밀한 철탑기초굴착이 가능한 기술에 관한 연구이다.

  • PDF

Analysis on the Seismic Load Reduction Effect of a Ground by Considering Pile Strength (말뚝 강성을 고려한 지반의 지진하중 저감 효과에 관한 해석 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Yeon;Park, Jong-Bae;Park, Yong-Boo;Kim, Dong-Soo;Lee, Sei-Hyun
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
    • /
    • v.3 no.4
    • /
    • pp.451-456
    • /
    • 2012
  • In this study, a numerical analysis to evaluate the reduction of seismic load due to pile group was performed and compared the peak ground acceleration(PGA) measured at free-field and foundation. The special attention was given to the amplification of seismic acceleration on the foundation due to the pile effects. The analysis considering pile effects was carried out for 4, 8 and 12 piles with same condition by PLAXIS 2D Dynamics. Based on the analysis results, it is found that the overall reduction in seismic load due to foundation and reduction rates are similar irrespective of pile numbers. This study gives a possibility for effective design of piled foundation by reducing seismic load about 20~25%.

A Study on Optical Properties of Aspheric Glass Lens using DLC Coated molding core (성형용 코어면 DLC 코팅에 의한 비구면 Glass렌즈 광학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Uk;Jeong, Sang-Hwa;Cha, Du-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Gil;Kim, Sang-Seok;Kim, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Jeong-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Optical Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.243-244
    • /
    • 2007
  • 본 연구에서는 성형용 코어 가공에서 초경합금(WC, Co 0.5%)의 초정밀 가공특성을 파악하기 위하여 다이아몬드 휠의 메시, 주축 회전속도, 터빈 회전속도, 이송속도 및 연삭깊이에 따른 표면거칠기를 측정하여 최적연삭조건을 규명하였다. 규명된 최적연삭가공조건을 활용하여 페러렐 연삭법으로 초정밀 연삭가공을 수행하였다. 연삭가공은 초정밀가공기(ASP01, Nachi-Fujikoshi Co., Japan)를 사용하였다. 최종 정삭가공을 수행한 비구면 성형용 코어의 형상측정결과 형상정도(PV; ${\varphi}$ 3.0mm) 0.15${\mu}m$(비구면), 0.10${\mu}m$(평면)으로 3M급 이상의 고화질 카메라폰에 채용되고 있는 비구면 Glass렌즈 양산용 성형용 코어 규격에 만족한 결과로서 본 연구에 수행된 초정밀 가공조건 및 측정방법이 매우 유효함을 알 수 있었다. 형상정도(PV) 및 표면조도(Ra) 측정은 초정밀 자유곡면 측정기(UA3P, Panasonic Co., Japan)와 3차원 표면조도 측정기(NewView5000, Zygo Co., USA)를 각각 사용하였다. 초정밀 가공된 성형용 코어면에 이온증착법을 활용하여 DLC 코팅을 수행하였다. 코팅 전후의 성형용코어를 활용하여 Glass소재(K-BK7, Sumita Co., Japan)를 최적의 성형조건(성형온도, 압력, 냉각속도)으로 성형하였다. DLC 코팅과 성형은 DLC 코팅기(NC400, Nanotech Co., Japan)와 Glass렌즈 성형기(Nano Press-S, Sumitomo Co., Japan)을 각각 사용하였다. Fig. 1은 초정밀 연삭가공, DLC 코팅막 구조, 코팅된 성형용 코어, 그리고, 성형된 비구면Glass렌즈를 각각 나타낸다.

  • PDF

A Simulation to Find Rotation Efficiency according to the Draft Changes of Waterwheel in Open Rectangular Channel (사각형 개수로에서의 수차 흘수 변화에 따른 회전 효율 파악을 위한 시뮬레이션)

  • Lee, Kyong-Ho;Park, Hee-Wan
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.113-121
    • /
    • 2013
  • In this paper, simulations were carried out to determine the efficiency of the rotation efficiency according to the draft of waterwheel in open rectangular channel. In the small hydroelectric generators to get the highest efficiency of waterwheel is very important. But the presence of various elements(free water surface flow, non-uniform velocity distribution because of the waterways wall friction etc) makes it difficult to create a mathematical formula. In this paper, we made a scale model and perform a physical simulation where the draft, gradient and flux is variable. Scale modelling with 10-step draft, 3-step gradients and 2-step flux, as well were constructed then computerized automatic experimental system were configured to acquire the rotational efficiency vs. draft of itself. Rotational efficiency is analyzed as for the draft of waterwheel using the acquired data by varying the gradient and flux of canal. Reviewing the analyzed data, it is confirmed that phenomena of efficiency shown at previous and present experiment is similar and revealed that computerized system shows more sophisticated numerical figures.

Seismic Design of Anchored Sheet Pile Walls in c-0 Soils (점성토 지반에 설치되는 앵커로 지지된 널말뚝의 내진설계)

  • 김홍택
    • Geotechnical Engineering
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.41-58
    • /
    • 1992
  • In the present study, an analytical solution method is proposed for the seismic design of anchored sheet pile walls used in port. The proposed analytical method deals with the anchored sheet pile walls with free earth support in sands and c- U soils, including the effects of hydrodynamic pressures and a condition of steady seepage between the two water levels. Also, the effects of various parameters(differential in water levels, anchor position, wall friction angle, dredge line slope, cohesion, adhesion etc.) on embedment depth, anchor force, and maximum bending moment are analyzed using the proposed method. In addition, comparisons between different definitions of safety factor are made, and necessary considerations required in the design of anchored sheet pile walls are examined.

  • PDF