• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자원의 기술과 접근

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과학영재학교 교육과정 운영실태와 학생 반응분석

  • 문경근;박일영;박수경;정권순;추봉욱;곽미용
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for the Gifted Conference
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    • pp.165-166
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    • 2003
  • 2002년 3월부터 영재교육법 시행령이 적용됨에 따라 과학기술부에서는 교육인적자원부, 부산광역시 교육청과의 협약을 통하여 부산과학고등학교를 과학영재학교로 지정하였으며 2003년 3월 신입생 입학 이후 현재까지 운영되고 있다. 과학영재를 조기에 발굴하여 맞춤식 교육을 체계적으로 실천함으로써 지식기반 사회를 선도할 수 있는 창의적인 과학영재를 육성하려는 과학영재학교의 설립목적에 부합되도록 계획, 운영, 평가되기 위해서 현재 진행되고 있는 운영 전반에 대하여 점검 및 분석이 이루어질 필요가 있다. 이에 과학영재학교 운영상의 주요 측면인 교육과정 운영 분야에 대하여 그 실태와 학생 반응을 분석하는데 본 연구의 목적이 있다. 과학영재학교의 교육과정 기본 방침은 과학 분야에 대한 깊은 이해와 논리적, 비판적, 창의적 사고력과 태도를 통하여 지식을 창출하는 자기 주도적 탐구자의 양성을 전제로 하고 있으며 교육과정 편제는 교과, 자율연구, 위탁교육 및 특별활동으로 구성되어있다. 교과에는 국어, 사회, 외국어, 예체능을 포함하는 보통교과와 수학, 과학, 정보과학을 포함하는 전공교과가 있다(과학영재학교 교수요목안내서, 2003). 본 연구에서 교육과정 편제, R&E, 교수학습 및 평가의 하위 영역별로 그 실태와 각 영역별 학생 설문 결과를 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 영재학교 교육과정 편제 및 운영에 대한 학생들의 인식을 조사한 결과, 심화 선택과목의 학점 비중을 더 높여야한다는 의견과 보통교과의 학점을 줄이고 전공교과의 학점을 늘려야 한다는 의견이 상대적으로 높게 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 대상 학생들이 과학영재학교 선발과정에서 수학, 과학 각 분야별 우수자로 선발된 경우가 많아 학생 개인적으로 자신감을 가지는 과목만 집중적으로 학습하고자 하는 의도의 반영으로 볼 수 있다. 이와 관련하여 영재교육과정의 운영지침(이상천, 2002)에 의하면, 대학 수준의 내용을 그대로 도입하는 속진보다 창의성과 사고력 계발에 보다 충실할 수 있도록 내용의 폭을 넓히고 접근방법을 달리하는 심화 중심으로 교육과정을 구성하고 운영한다고 하였다. 그러나 현재 개발된 교육과정 편성과 운영은 창의성 교육의 구현보다는 압축형 속진 교육과정의 특성이 강하여, 이와 같은 운영지침을 실현하기 어려운 것이 현실이므로 교육과정 편제의 개선이나 운영지침에 적합한 교육내용의 개발이 시급히 이루어져야 할 것이다. 둘째, R&E(Research & Education)는‘연구를 통한 교육’,‘교육을 통한 연구’를 의미하며 과학영재교육과정의 가장 큰 특징이라 할 수 있는 자율연구와 위탁교육을 위한 프로그램이다.

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Design and Implementation of Mobile Application for Field-specific Early Warning of Agrometeorological Hazards (농장별 기상위험 조기경보를 위한 모바일 어플리케이션 설계 및 구현)

  • Shin, Y.S.;Park, J.H.;Kim, S.K.;Kang, W.S.;Han, Y.K.;Kim, D.J.;Kim, S.O.;Kim, J.H.;Shim, K.M.
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.180-194
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    • 2017
  • Agricultural hazards management technology, which would allow individual farms to respond preemptively, has been developed. A preliminary system developed in the previous study provides precise weather forecasts by farms, notification of weather hazards by crops and delivery of response guidelines (http://www.agmet.kr). Although the GIS map-based alarm system has been implemented for a number of farmers and their farms, its user interface was not designed for individual users who seek information at their farms. In this study, we have developed a mobile application to provide early warnings of weather hazards up to 10 days in advance. A set of information including field-specific weather, crop growth stages and weather hazard alerts can be delivered to individual farmers through their mobile phone. This would guide users to access the map-based system using their smartphone to obtain field-specific weather information by the growth stage of cultivated crops. This would help the farmers make the better use of the existing weather-hazard GIS map-based alarm system.

Study of a Development Plan through Consideration of the Transition Process of Korean Volunteer Fire Department (우리나라 의용소방대의 변천과정 고찰을 통한 발전방안 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Do;Lee, Si-Young
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.106-118
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to realize volunteer fire departments' historical identity through a review of the transition process from the quickening period of volunteer fire departments to the enactment of the volunteer fire department act in 2014, establish it newly from the viewpoint of changing the basic theoretical concepts, and seek a development plan. For this, the technical approach method was used based on the research method of literature searches. The result of the study established the definition as 'volunteer fire departments are legal auxiliary organizations composed by local residents who volunteer and understand one another with their independent and voluntary will to prepare for all kinds of disasters as well as fire suppression, rescue, and first aid.' and the installation ideology as 'leading service organizations of safety as a form of community involvement', 'resident-friendly organizational activities based on autonomous operational operation' and 'the activities of supplementing their demands according to the realization of social welfare and regional conditions'. Regarding the characteristics, the basic theoretical concept was newly established by 'voluntary participation', 'social expandability', 'the realization and complementation of social welfare', and 'professionalism and possibilities'. In addition it is expected that the results of this study can be utilized as the basic materials in studies of volunteer fire departments in the future.

A Study on Public Policy through Semantic Network Analysis of Public Data related News in Korea (국내 공공데이터 관련 뉴스 의미망 분석을 통한 공공정책 연구)

  • Moon, HyeJung;Lee, Kyungseo
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.536-548
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    • 2018
  • Public data has been transformed from provider-oriented information disclosure to a form of personalized information sharing centered on individual citizens since government 3.0. As a result, the government is implementing policies and projects to maximize the value of public data and increase reuse. This study analyzes the issues related to public data in the news and seeks the status of government agencies and government projects by issue. We conducted semantic analysis on domestic online news and public agency bidding information including public data and conducted the work of linking major key words derived with social and economic values inherent in public data. As a result, major issues related to public data were divided into broader access to public data, growth of new technology, cooperation and conflict among stakeholders, and utilization of the private sector, which were closely related to transparency, efficiency, participation, and innovation mechanisms. Also major agencies of four issues include the Ministry of Strategy and Finance and Seoul, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and Gyeonggi-do, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy and Incheon, and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and Gyeongsangbuk-do. Most of the issues are being led by the government.

Review and Comparative Analysis of Forest Biomass Estimation Using Remotely Sensed Data: from Five Different Perspectives (원격탐사자료를 이용한 국외 산림 바이오매스 추정 현황 및 비교분석: 다섯 가지 관점에서의 고찰)

  • Cho, Kyung-Hun;Heo, Joon;Jung, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Chang-Jae;Kim, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2011
  • Carbon emissions and storages that are strongly related to global warming has have emerged as one of the important issues while many governments and researchers have been interested in climate change and pollution. In this regards, forest biomass estimation is quite importance since forest biomass works as an important medium of the global carbon cycle between the atmosphere and soil. Forest biomass estimation through field survey needs lots of time and labors, and has accessibility issues. Hence, many researchers have focused on the forest biomass approaches based on remotely sensed data. This research comprehensively reviewed forty one international studies using remote sensing data according to five different categories (i.e., location of study area, size of study area, biome, used remote sensing data, and estimation technology). It would be expected that the results of this study can be used for suggesting domestic research directions; domestic research in this field is at the beginning stage in terms of level of technologies and useful materials. As results, 39% out of the reviewed studies used the areas located in North America. 59% out of the researches dealt with small size of the study areas (less than 3,600km2). In case of biome, around 30% of the studies focused on the boreal/taiga areas. Moreover, 35% and 16% of the studies were carried out using Landsat series and Lidar data, respectively. Finally, regression analysis method was most frequently used for forest biomass estimation by 71% out of 41 studies.

The Influence of Covert Narcissism on the Relation Addiction : Mediating Effect of Emotion Dysregulation and Perceived Social Support (내현적 자기애가 관계중독에 미치는 영향 : 정서조절곤란과 지각된 사회적 지지의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Se-Kwang;Hong, Hye-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.392-407
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to prove the mediating effect of emotion dysregulation and perceived social support in the relationship between covert narcissism on the relation addiction. The researchers surveyed college students for about 3 weeks through a questionnaire on college campus or with the help of their colleagues and professors. The subjects were 362 students. SPSS, AMOS and Mplus were used for statistical analysis, correlation analysis and structural equation analysis. The conclusions are as follows : First, emotion dysregulation, relation addiction and covert narcissism showed positive correlation and covert narcissism, emotion dysregulation, relation addiction and perceived social support showed a significant negative correlation. Second, it was found that after investigating the mediation effect of emotion dysregulation and perceived social support in the influence between covert narcissism and relation addiction, emotion dysregulation turned out to have a significant mediating effect while perceived social support did not. Third, dual mediating effect was significant in emotion dysregulation and perceived social support in the influence between covert narcissism and relation addiction. These findings proved that covert narcissism, emotion dysregulation, perceived social support are variables that effect relation addiction, and also clarified that emotion dysregulation is a strong mediating variable in the influence between covert narcissism and relation addiction. Finally, when counseling a client with the same tendency as covert narcissism, it gives an opportunity to be aware of the emotional problem and an opportunity to positively perceive its own social resources, so as not to reach interpersonal problems such as relationship addiction pointed out the need for an approach.

An Analysis on the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of the US -Focusing on the Contents of Library and Information Services (미국의 초중등교육법 분석: 문헌정보 서비스 내용을 중심으로)

  • Zhang, Lingling;Park, Juhyeon
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.357-380
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the Elementary and Secondary Education Act(ESEA) of the U.S. reauthorized by the Every Student Succeeds Act in 2015 from the viewpoint of the library and information services, and to derive implications for improving the library and information services. For the first time, ESEA includes effective school library programs and school librarians, and links school library programs and school librarians with literacy, digital literacy, books, resources, up-to-date materials, technology, library services and educational services. It provides a financial and institutional base for library and information services in elementary and secondary schools of the US to be more conducted. In addition, school librarians are required to participate in personalized learning experiences, evidence-based assessments, and professional development in the law, so school librarians must provide library and information services to students, staff, and parents in order to improve student achievement and digital literacy. Based on these analyses, this study discussed strengthening access to the school library, specifying the work of the teacher-librarian's library and information services, strengthening collaboration with school members, educational activities based on evidence base, sharing educational effects and developing of library and information curriculum.

The Needs for a Start-up and Business Approach to Makerspace; Why Should we Develop Makerspace through Management Techniques? (메이커스페이스(Makerspaces)에 대한 창업·경영학적 접근의 필요성)

  • Seo, Jin Won;Choi, Jong-In
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.111-127
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    • 2019
  • The "fourth industrial revolution" is changing society as a whole. Public innovation is needed to enhance national competitiveness. Amid these times' demands, the "maker movement," a new form of DIY movement that has revived since 2000, is regarded as a "popular innovation activity" that can respond to changing needs. In particular, "Makerspace," a significant activity area for the maker's movement, is drawing attention as a place where "Maker" shares each other's knowledge and resources, and share results. Makerspace has recently expanded its functions into a 'public innovation platform' or (preparation) start-up preparation space for start-ups. South Korea has also supported various types of "Makerspace" since 2010 as a policy for fostering an innovation base. The Ministry of Small and Medium Venture Business has been pushing for expansion of Makerspace since 2018 and is providing support by dividing it into "general rap" and "professional wrap" and "zero to Maker" spaces for novice makers in the beginning and necessary stages of makers, while "professional rap" is divided into "Maker to Maker" spaces for professionals. This study is about Makerspace, space where makers are active among the topics related to manufacturers. Thus, in this study, significant domestic and international studies related to Makerspace have been investigated so far, and trends in related studies have analyzed. Based on this, the research needs and specifics of Makerspace, which has recently expanded its role and functions. In particular, the Commission intends to present the need for research on Makerspace and specific areas of study from a start-up management perspective to promote qualitative growth of Makerspace, which is changing into a popular innovation platform in the era of the fourth industry, and inducing a start-up management interest in new manufacturing industry types.

Factors Influencing Middle-Aged Men's Attitude towards Death (중년 남성의 죽음에 대한 태도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jung, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.166-174
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study aims to identify factors that influence middle-aged men's attitude towards death. Methods: The study enrolled 204 middle-aged (range=40~59 years) male residents of Daegu in Korea. Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected in October 4~30, 2010. For data analysis, we used descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheff$\grave{e}$'s test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS WIN 14.0. Results: Participants' attitude towards death significantly differed according to educational level, religion, volunteer activities, and perceived health status. Moreover, their attitude towards death was negatively correlated with life stress and depression and positively correlated with self-esteem, life satisfaction, and coping behavior. The factors influencing the attitude towards death were life satisfaction, daily stress, religion, and depression, which explained approximately 25.7% of the total variance. Conclusion: Middle-aged men perform a crucial role in our society, and their attitude toward death affects how they cope with a situational crisis such as a terminal cancer or withdrawal of life sustaining treatment. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and implement a support program for middle-aged men, which offers them with various strategies to better manage their daily stress and improve their life satisfaction and coping skills.

Analysis of Fire Scenarios and Evaluation of Risks that might Occur in Operation Stage of CAES Storage Cavern (CAES 저장 공동 운영단계에서 발생 가능한 리스크 평가 및 화재 시나리오 분석)

  • Yoon, Yong-Kyun;Ju, Eun-Hye;Seo, Saem-Mul;Choi, Byung-Hee
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2015
  • This study focuses on assessing risks which might occur in operation stage of CAES storage cavern and analyzing fire scenarios for the risk that have been assessed with highest risk level. Risks in operation stage were categorized into upper risk group and lower risk group. Components of upper risk group are technical risk, facility risk and natural disaster risk. Lower risk group is composed of 11 sub-risks. 20 experts were chosen to survey questionnaires. ANP model was applied to analyze the relative importance of 11 sub-risks. Results of risk analysis were compared with risk criterion to set risk priorities, and the highest risk was determined to be 'occurrence of the fire within the management opening'. Three fire scenarios were developed for the highest risk level and FDS (Fire dynamics Simulator) was used to analyze these scenarios. No. 3 scenario which air blows from tunnel into outside atmosphere represented that a rate of smoke spread was the fastest among three fire scenarios and a smoke descended most quickly below the limit line of breathing. Thus, No. 3 scenario turned out to be the most unfavorable condition when operating staffs were evacuated from access tunnel.