• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자연환기력

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A Study on the Natural Ventilation Force in Tunnels (터널형 지하공간내의 자연환기력 분석)

  • Lee, Chang-Woo;Park, Hong-Chae
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.226-235
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    • 2009
  • Force induced by the natural ventilation in tunnel is likely to generate adverse influences on the airflow during the normal operation and create even more unfavorable circumstances during the tunnel fire. The influence of the natural ventilation is required to take into account in designing and operating the ventilation as well as safety systems. The magnitude of natural ventilation force depends on a variety of factors associated with the topographical, meteorological and physical features of tunnel. Unfortunately, at this moment those are difficult to quantify and none of the countries has suggested its estimation method in the design guideline. This study aims at quantifying the natural ventilation force at a local highway tunnel by three different methods. The first method employes direct measurement of the pressure at portals, while the second applies a stepwise approach to eliminate the piston effect ahead of deriving the natural ventilation force and the third method uses the concept of barometric barrier.

A case study for prediction of the natural ventilation force in a local long vehicle tunnel (장대도로터널의 자연환기력 예측 사례연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Woo;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Gil, Se-Won;Cho, Woo-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.395-401
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    • 2009
  • One of the key design factors for the ventilation and safety system at extra long tunnel is the airflow velocity induced by the natural ventilation force. Despite of the importance, it has not been widely studied due to the complicated influencing variables and the relationship among them is difficult to quantify. At this moment none of the countries in the world defines its specific value on verified ground. It is also the case in Korea. The recent worldwide disasters by tunnel fires and demands for better air quality inside tunnel by users require the optimization of the tunnel ventilation system. This indicates why the natural ventilation force is necessary to be thoroughly studied. This paper aims at predicting the natural ventilation force at a 11 km-long tunnel which is in the stage of detailed design and will be the longest vehicle tunnel in Korea. The concept of barometric barrier which can provide the maximum possible natural ventilation force generated by the topographic effect on the external wind is applied to estimate the effect of wind pressure and the chimney effect caused by the in and outside temperature difference is also analyzed.

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Effect of the Changes in Neighboring Building Layout onto Natural Ventilation Force in Buildings (주변건물군의 변화가 건물 자연환기력에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mijeong;Lee, Heekwan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2011
  • 도시의 일상생활에서는 시가지의 바람이 나무, 집 등 낮은 건축물 군에 의해 방해되어 보통은 전원의 바람보다 풍속이 저감되는 경우가 많다. 이러한 기존의 바람 흐름이 있는 곳에 건축물이 세워지게 되면 기존의 풍환경은 크게 변화되어 풍속이 약한 곳과 강한 곳이 조성되어 이와 같은 바람이 지표부근의 구조물에 의해 받는 영향은 도시지역에서 강하게 나타나게 된다. 이는 교외나 시골지역은 상대적으로 도시지역에 비해 영향을 적게 받게 된다. 임의의 지역, 특히 도시지역의 경우 기존의 건물이 증축되거나 혹은 새로운 건물이 신축되면 이로 인하여 기존의 바람흐름이 달라지며 이는 인접건물들의 확보하고 있던 자연 환기력의 변화를 야기 시키는 원인이 되기도 한다. 이러한 현상은 건축물에 의해 자연 환기력이 바뀌게 되는 일종의 기존 환경으로 부터의 변화를 의미한다. 본 연구에서는 수치해석을 이용하여 이와 같이 건물의 주변 환경변화, 즉 신축, 증축 등과 같은 변화를 고려하여 그 영향을 예측/분석하였다. 그 결과로 건물의 자연환기력을 전면에서 바람에 의한 압력증가와 후면에서 바람의 흡입에 의한 압력감소로 인해 전면의 풍속에 의해 발생하는 동압보다 큰 압력차가 발생하고, 그로 인해 환기량이 발생하는 것을 알수 있다. 주변 변화에 의해서는 동일한 규모의 건물이 추가되는 경우에 기존의 경우에 비해 35~45%의 자연환기격이 감소되는 것으로 나타났다.

A Study on Natural Ventilation by the Caloric Values of HLW in the Deep Geological Repository (지하처분장내 고준위 방사성 폐기물 발열량에 따른 자연환기력 연구)

  • Roh, Jang-Hoon;Choi, Heui-Joo;Yu, Yeong-Seok;Yoon, Chan-Hoon;Kim, Jin
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.518-525
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the natural ventilation pressure resulting from the large altitude difference which is a characteristic of high radioactive waste repository and the caloric value of the heat emitted by wastes was calculated and based on the results, natural ventilation quantities were calculated. A high radioactive waste repository can be considered as being operated through closed cycle thermodynamic processes similar to those of thermal engines. The heat produced by the heating of high radioactive wastes in the underground repository is added to the surrounding air, and the air goes up through the upcast vertical shaft due to the added heat while working on its surroundings. Part of the heat added by the work done by the air can be temporarily changed into mechanical energy to promote the air flow. Therefore, if a sustained and powerful heat source exists in the repository, the heat source will naturally enable continued cyclic flows of air. Based on this assumption, the quantity of natural ventilation made during the disposal of high radioactive wastes in a deep geological layer was mathematically calculated and based on the results, natural ventilation pressure of $74{\sim}183$Pa made by the stack effect was identified along with the resultant natural ventilation quantity of $92.5{\sim}147.7m^3/s$. The result of an analysis by CFD was $82{\sim}143m^3/s$ which was very similar to the results obtained by the mathematical method.

An evaluation of ventilation characteristics of dwelling unit by ventilation network (환기회로망을 이용한 주호의 환기특성 평가)

  • Kim, Sin-Do;Kang, Young;Lee, Ju-Sang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.81-82
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    • 1999
  • 풍압력 외의 외부에너지가 필요치 않아 에너지를 절약할 수 있고, 외기를 도입하여 실내를 쾌적하게 유지할 수 있다는 장점으로 인해 자연환기에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 자연환기에 영향을 미치는 인자는 건물의 특성, 외기의 특성 등으로 매우 다양하며, 독립적으로 작용하지 않고 상호연관적으로 작용한다.(중략)

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A study on applications of the natural ventilation pressure(NVP) in local tunnels (터널내 자연환기력(NVP) 적용방안 연구)

  • Kim, Hyo-Gyu;Yoo, Ji-Oh;Lee, Chang-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.269-285
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    • 2014
  • In spite of the importance of the natural ventilation pressure(NVP) in tunnels for the optimal design of the ventilation system, there have been only few studies on the NVP because its measurement and quantitative analysis are not straightforward. This study aims at quantifying the amount of the NVP with the terrain and meteorological data for the local major tunnels. And ultimately this will lead to developing the guidelines for quantifying and applying NVP for the optimal design of tunnel ventilation system. 22 local tunnels in the major routes are studied for the NVP quantification. NVP derived from the meteorological data is in the range of 20~140 Pa, while NVP estimated from the terrain data ranges from 20 to 200 Pa. Since the jet fan pressure is about 10~15 Pa per unit, the minimum level of NVP expected in the local tunnels is larger than the pressure rise by one unit of the ordinary jet fan. This implies that NVP in local tunnels should be quantified and be taken into consideration for the economic and safe ventilation design. The barometric pressure difference between tunnel portals is found to be the most influential factor, accounting for 61% of the NVP, while the wind pressure acting on the portals and the chimney effects occupy 22% and 17%, respectively.