• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자아효능감

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The Effects of Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy on Ego-Resilience of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 자아존중감과 자기효능감이 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sun Young;Lee, Jung Suk;Kim, Yunyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.401-409
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of self-esteem, self-efficacy and ego-resilience of nursing students and to evaluate the effect of self-esteem and self-efficacy to ego-resilience. In this study, 247 data was collected from nursing students of G-city in South Korea from Sep. 2016 to Nov. 2016, and the collected data was analyzed with SPSS 22.0 Statistics Program. The result showed that self-esteem had positive correlation with both of self-efficacy and ego-resilience, and self-efficacy had positive correlation with self-efficacy. Both of self-esteem and self-efficacy were significant to ego-resilience with the explanation power of 59.2%. It is necessary for nursing students to improve their self-esteem and self-efficacy from college education to cope and adapt to various stress situations experienced in the clinical field, and it is required to develop the ego-resilience improvement program using self-esteem and self-efficacy.

The Relationship between Self-Concept and Teacher Efficacy of Nursing Teachers (보육교사의 자아개념과 교사효능감 간의 관계)

  • Hwang, Min-Hee;Lew, Kyoung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.316-324
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between the self-concept of nursing teachers and teacher efficacy and to determine differences in the level of self-concept of nursing teachers. The research results were as follows. Firstly, the relationship between the self-concept of nursing teachers and teachers efficacy showed that there was a positive correlation between self-concept and general/individual teacher efficacy. Secondly, the observation results on the variations of the teacher efficacy depending on the level of the self-concept of nursing teachers noted the positive correlations and general-, individual teacher efficacy. Self-concept showed a higher correlation with individual teacher efficacy than general teacher efficacy. In summary, the research confirmed the definite correlation between the self-concept of teachers and teacher efficacy.

The Effect of Depression and Self-efficacy on the Quality of Life (요양병원 입원노인의 우울과 자아효능감이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwag, Sung-Won;Sim, Kyoung-Bo;Roh, Heo-Lyun;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2018
  • Objective : Purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of depression and self - efficacy on the quality of life of the elderly hospitalized in a nursing hospital and to suggest a new direction for improving the quality of life of the elderly. Methods : The target was 212 senior citizens who were hospitalized at a nursing hospital located in K city in North Gyeongsang Province. The questionnaire was structured by adding the characteristics of the subjects, the Korean Senior Depression Index (GDS-K), the Self-effective Index (WHQOL-BRFA), and the World Health Organization's Life-Enhanced scale. coded using SPSS ver.18, the depression, self-efficiency, and quality of life differences according to the general characteristics (t-test, ANOVA), and Self-efficacy, depression, and the correlation coefficient between quality of life and A multI-sentence analysis to see the impact of depression and self-efficacy on the quality of life. Results : Self - efficacy and depression according to subject characteristics were different according to length of stay, and quality of life was different in religion. The correlation between depression, self - efficacy, and quality of life of admitted elderly showed statistically significant negative correlation (p <.01) with depression in both the quality of life and self - efficacy sub - variables. The depression and the self - efficacy of the elderly had the greatest effect on the quality of life. The variables were depression (${\beta}=-.328$), social efficacy (${\beta}=.248$), and physical efficacy (${\beta}=.193$). Conclusion : In order to improve the quality of life of the elderly, it will be necessary to provide and develop medical care services that reduce depression and improve self - efficacy (physical and social).

Effects of Emotional Labor, Nursing Organizational Culture on Self-efficacy in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 감정노동과 간호조직문화가 자아효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Myoung-Jin;Kim, Keum-Sook;Ahn, Sung-Yun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.2225-2234
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study was to the effects of emotional labor and nursing organizational culture on the self-efficacy among clinical nurses. The subjects of this study were the clinical nurses working at 6 general hospitals in C & D city. The self-reported questionnaires were administered to 475 clinical nurses. The levels of self-efficacy, nursing organizational culture and emotional labor of the subjects were revealed moderate to high. Self-efficacy and emotional labor, emotional labor and nursing organizational culture showed a negative correlation, Self-efficacy and nursing organizational culture showed a positive correlation. Nursing organizational culture affects the self-efficacy that is significant explanatory variables, of which variables are in general education, job satisfaction, and employee turnover experience. The findings suggested that Nurses' self-efficacy for managing environmental management programs with interventions seem to be necessary.

The Relation among Family Strength and Self-efficacy in Middle School Students (남녀 중학생의 가족건강성과 자아효능감의 관계)

  • Choi, Yuri;Shin, Hyoshick;Lee, Seonjeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation among family strength and self-efficacy. This subjects were the 576 middle school students living in Gwangju. Data were analyzed with SPSS 20.0 program. The major findings were as follows; First, middle school students' family strength scores were higher than median(3.00). Family respect and affection scores were highest and communication and family bonding scores were lowest. Also, self-efficacy scores were higher than median(3.00). Second, family strength and the self-efficacy showed significant correlation. Third, the male middle school students' self-efficacy was influenced by Family respect and affection. And the male middle school students' self-efficacy was explained about 29% by this variable. The Female middle school students' self-efficacy was influenced by Family respect and affection and Financial stability. And the female middle school students' self-efficacy was explained about 32% by these variables.

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Relationship among Participation Motivation, Self-efficacy, Self-respect & Ceaseless Participation Intention of College Students in Mind Growth Program (마음성장 프로그램에 참여한 대학생의 참여동기와 자아효능감, 자아존중감 및 지속적 참여의도와의 관계)

  • Baek, Hyeon-Gi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2012
  • This study is to investigate the causality of participation motivation, self-efficacy, self-respect and ceaseless participation intention of college students who joined mind growth program. Based on the outcome of previous studies, hypothesis and research model of this article was designed, and subjects of authentic analysis were 88 college students in mind growth program. The conclusion of this survey thru fitness levels of path model and analysis of covariance with hypothesis verification is as follows. The higher participation motivation of college students who joined mind growth program is, the higher self-efficacy and self-respect are getting. The higher participation motivation and self-efficacy thru self-respect are, the higher ceaseless participation intention is getting.

Relationship of dietary self-efficacy and illness beliefs, perceived benefits and perceived barriers for the reduction of sodium intake in the elderly (노인에서 나트륨 섭취 감량을 위한 식이 자아효능감과 질병에 대한 신념, 식행동의 이점 인지, 장애 인지 간의 관련성)

  • Suh, Yoon-Suk;Seok, Yun-Hee;Chung, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.324-335
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of dietary self-efficacy and illness beliefs, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers for the reduction of sodium intake in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was performed on 252 elderly people, aged 65 yrs and above, living in Daejeon Metropolitan city and Jecheon city, Chungbuk from March 21 to March 30, 2011. Dietary self-efficacy of three factors (resisting relapse, reducing salt and behavioral skills), perceived benefits and barriers, accurate and inaccurate illness beliefs were measured by 5 or 4 point Likert scale. With the increasing education level of the elderly, dietary self-efficacy, and accurate illness belief score increased and perceived barrier score decreased. Perceived benefits score was higher in the subject living alone compared to those living with siblings or spouses. Among three factors of dietary self-efficacy, reducing salt was scored highest and behavioral skills scored lowest in the elderly. Recording meal diary and reading labels for salt content in the items of behavioral skills showed lower score than other items. Accurate illness beliefs and perceived benefits were more scored than inaccurate illness beliefs and perceived barriers respectively in the subjects. The subjects with higher accurate illness beliefs, lower inaccurate illness beliefs, higher perceived benefits, and lower perceived barriers for the reduction of sodium intake showed higher dietary self-efficacy. In summary, accurate illness beliefs and perceived benefits positively correlated with dietary self-efficacy for the reduction of sodium intake in the elderly, whereas inaccurate illness beliefs and perceived barriers are negatively correlated.

A Study on Secondary Students' Perceptions and Self-Efficacy of the Performance Assessments in the Science Subject (과학과 수행평가에 관한 중등학생의 인식 및 자아효능감 조사)

  • Hong, Jung-Lim;Choi, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.230-239
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to analyze the secondary students' perceptions and self-efficacy of performance assessments in the science subject. The data was obtained from 236 middle school students and 222 high school students in seoul. The students had generally proper understanding about characteristics of performance assessment which include purposes of assessment and differences from other conventional achievement assessments. They responded that the performance assessments were not useful in their science learning and developing their potential abilities. They were not satisfied with reliability and validity of the performance assessments. The middle school students more positively responded than high school students regarding the reliability of the scoring system and the originality of the evaluating materials. The female students more positively thought than males about the reliability of assessment and the usefulness for learning science. The students' self-efficacy level of performance assessment were not low in comparison with another existing assessments. They had high level of self-efficacy in understanding of experimental procedures, and utilizing of experimental apparatuses, but had low level of self-efficacy in understanding purposes of experiments or issues of discussions, processing of experimental results, answering of problems in experimental discussions. The female students' self-efficacy of performance assessment were higher than male students'. There was statistically correlated with females' scores and their level of self-efficacy of performance assessment.

The Effect of Peer Mentoring on Self-Efficacy in the 'Invention Technique and Practical Experience' Unit of the Technology.Home Economics Education (기술.가정과 '발명 기법과 실제' 단원에서 동료 멘토링 수업이 자아효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Yong-Jin
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.65-85
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    • 2012
  • This study focuses on the 'invention technique and practical experience' unit to observe how the colleague mentoring class has its effect on self-efficacy. For this, we have selected experimental group and comparative group and proceeded the experiment. For five classroom hours of the 'technique of invention and practical experience' unit, each group was assigned different method to do the experiment. The experimental group was applied with the colleague mentoring method and the comparative group was applied with the self study method. To observe the differences of how it effects on one's self-efficacy, the questionnaire was distributed before and after class. Then, it was verified for the meaningful differences between the two groups. To summarize, the results are as follows. First, for self-efficacy experiment, the questionnaire before the experiment showed that there were no differences found between two groups. However, the questionnaire collected after the experiment showed great differences. The group with the colleague mentoring showed more meaningful differences at p<.05 significance level than comparative group. Furthermore, by observing the before and after questionnaire, it was found that both groups showed statistically meaningful differences at p<.05 significance level, but the experimental group showed greater self-efficacy improvements than comparative group. Second, when further examining the self-efficacy, the activity start expectation, activity continuation expectation, activity performance expectation, and experience recovery expectation showed the statistically meaningful differences at p<.05 significance level. According to the above results, it can be stated that the colleague mentoring class has more positive effects on the self-efficacy than self-study class. Summing up, the colleague mentoring class is more effective than self-study for fostering student's self-efficacy.

The Effect of Early Childhood Pre-service Teachers' Anger-Expression and Ego-Resilience on Teaching Efficacy (예비유아교사의 분노표현과 자아탄력성이 교수효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Hyun-Young;Seo, Hyun-Ah;Eom, Se-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 2018
  • This study examined early childhood pre-service teachers' anger-expression, ego-resilience, and teaching efficacy; the relationship among those three variables; and lastly, found out the relative influence of 'anger-expression' and 'ego-resilience' on their 'teaching efficacy'. 312 pre-service teachers, majoring in early childhood education at universities, participated in this study, and data were collected by survey questionnaires using research instruments of each of those three variables. The finding of this study showed that the early childhood pre-service teachers, scored high on the anger-expression, were scored low on ego-resilience and teaching efficacy; and those pre-service teachers, scored high on the ego-resilience, were scored high on their teaching efficacy. It was also found that the sub-factors' in 'anger-expression' and 'ego-resilience' affected the early childhood pre-service teachers' teaching efficacy.