• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자료보안기술

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Comparison on Recent Metastability and Ring-Oscillator TRNGs (최신 준안정성 및 발진기 기반 진 난수 발생기 비교)

  • Shin, Hwasoo;Yoo, Hoyoung
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.543-549
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    • 2020
  • As the importance of security increases in various fields, research on a random number generator (RNG) used for generating an encryption key, has been actively conducted. A high-quality RNG is essential to generate a high-performance encryption key, but the initial pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) has the possibility of predicting the encryption key from the outside even though a large amount of hardware resources are required to generate a sufficiently high-performance random number. Therefore, the demand of high-quality true random number generator (TRNG) generating random number through various noises is increasing. This paper examines and compares the representative TRNG methods based on metastable-based and ring-oscillator-based TRNGs. We compare the methods how the random sources are generated in each TRNG and evaluate its performances using NIST SP 800-22 tests.

An Exploratory Study of REID Benefits for Apparel Retailing (의류소매업에서의 RFID 이점에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Hae-Jung;Kim, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.30 no.12
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    • pp.1697-1707
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    • 2006
  • Relentless advances in information technology are constantly transforming market dynamics of the retail industry. RFID is an emerging innovative technology that can reduce labor costs, improve inventory control and increase sales by effective business processes. Apparel retailers need to recognize the benefits of RFID and identify critical success factors. By focusing on apparel retailers, this study attempts (1) to identify the reality of RFID associated with benefits; and (2) to prospect the implementation of RFID in apparel retailing. We conducted a focus group interview with selected six panels who were experts of retail industry in the United States to obtain data regarding RFID attributes. Content analysis was used to generate related excerpts and classify 31 attributes of RFID benefits from the meaningful 173 responses. For experience of RFID, retailers were familiar with RFID technology and expressed the belief that RFID basically would support an existing retail system for speed to markets. However, retailers addressed the level of experience with RFID technology that they were still in the early adoption stage among few innovative companies. The content analysis identified five dimensions of RFID benefits for apparel retailing: Visibility and Velocity, Revenue Enhancement, Customer Service, Security, and Employee Productivity. This result lends support to the belief that RFID has a significant potential to streamline supply chain management, store operation and customer service for apparel retailing. This study provides intellectual and managerial implications far practitioners and researchers by postulating the effective use of RFID in the apparel retail industry.

A Study on Fast Iris Detection for Iris Recognition in Mobile Phone (휴대폰에서의 홍채인식을 위한 고속 홍채검출에 관한 연구)

  • Park Hyun-Ae;Park Kang-Ryoung
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2006
  • As the security of personal information is becoming more important in mobile phones, we are starting to apply iris recognition technology to these devices. In conventional iris recognition, magnified iris images are required. For that, it has been necessary to use large magnified zoom & focus lens camera to capture images, but due to the requirement about low size and cost of mobile phones, the zoom & focus lens are difficult to be used. However, with rapid developments and multimedia convergence trends in mobile phones, more and more companies have built mega-pixel cameras into their mobile phones. These devices make it possible to capture a magnified iris image without zoom & focus lens. Although facial images are captured far away from the user using a mega-pixel camera, the captured iris region possesses sufficient pixel information for iris recognition. However, in this case, the eye region should be detected for accurate iris recognition in facial images. So, we propose a new fast iris detection method, which is appropriate for mobile phones based on corneal specular reflection. To detect specular reflection robustly, we propose the theoretical background of estimating the size and brightness of specular reflection based on eye, camera and illuminator models. In addition, we use the successive On/Off scheme of the illuminator to detect the optical/motion blurring and sunlight effect on input image. Experimental results show that total processing time(detecting iris region) is on average 65ms on a Samsung SCH-S2300 (with 150MHz ARM 9 CPU) mobile phone. The rate of correct iris detection is 99% (about indoor images) and 98.5% (about outdoor images).

The Factors Influence of Clinical Competency of Core Basic Nursing Skills During the Clinical Practice in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임상실습 중 핵심기본간호술 수행자신감에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Dong-Ok;Byun, Soung-Won;Lee, Haejin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2019
  • This study was a descriptive study conducted to identify factors that had an influence on clinical competency of core basic nursing skills(CBNS) during the clinical practice in nursing students. Data were collected from 3rd and 4th grade 190 nursing students in G city using self-report questionnaire, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, one way ANOVA, multiple regression with SPSS 23.0 program. This study found that the number of experience CBNS below 5 was 51.1%, and the number of observation CBNS over 11 was 78.4%. Clinical competency according to general characteristics, clinical practice satisfaction and the level of CBNS experience increased with male, increase age and grade, and major subject satisfaction and clinical practice satisfaction, especially, as the number of experience CBNS increased, clinical competency increased(p<0.001). But clinical competency did not differ according to the number of observation CBNS(p=0.463). The factors affecting the clinical competency of nursing students were age, grade, clinical practice satisfaction and the number of experience CBNS. Therefore, it is important to increase the opportunity to directly experience the various CBNS in clinical practice of nursing students in the nursing education curriculum, and it is necessary to find ways to actively use simulation education.

Evaluation of the applicability of the surface wave method to rock fill dams (사력댐에서의 표면파 기법 적용성 평가 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Tae;Kim, Dong-Soo;Park, Heon-Joon;Bang, Eun-Seok;Kim, Sung-Woo
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.9-23
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    • 2010
  • In current design practice, the shear wave velocity (Vs) of the core and rock-fill zone of a dam, one of the characteristics essential for seismic response design, is seldom determined by field tests. This is because the borehole seismic method is often restricted in application, due to stabilisation activities and concern for the security of the dam structure, and surface wave methods are limited by unfavourable in-situ site conditions. Consequently, seismic response design for a dam may be performed using Vs values that are assumed, or empirically determined. To estimate Vs for the core and rock-fill zone, and to find a reliable method for measuring Vs, seismic surface wave methods have been applied on the crest and sloping surface of the existing 'M' dam. Numerical analysis was also performed to verify the applicability of the surface wave method to a rock-fill dam. Through this numerical analysis and comparison with other test results, the applicability of the surface wave method to rock-fill dams was verified.

A Study on Factors Affecting the Reception Attitude toward Electronic Medical Record (전자의무기록 수용태도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jin, Hye-Eun;Choi, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was identified the influence of introducing Electronic Medical Records (EMR) on reception attitude, based on literature investigation, the study converted utility and serviceability from Davis TAM Model into awareness of effects in computerized database except attitude variable. The electronic survey for doctors, nurses, medical technicians of a general hospital located in Gangwon-do was performed for 4 weeks from Nov, 11th, 2009 to Dec, 2nd and the collected data was computerized through SPSS 12.0. The factors influencing reception attitude were divided into 4 categories; basic characteristics of the individual, awareness of privacy protection, awareness of effects in computerized database, technological preparation and measured detailed specific variables. As the result of this, the factors influencing reception intention were different depending on recognizing the effectiveness caused by computerization of medical information. Especially, in terms of the difference between basic characteristics of the individual and awareness of privacy protection, there were significant distinctions among 3 sectors; general, transactional, online information management. The significant effects were identified from information management related to business or online information management depending on experiencing security education.

Characteristics of Near-field Ground Vibration in Tunnel Blasting using Electronic Detonators (전자뇌관을 이용한 터널발파의 근거리 지반진동 특성)

  • Kim, Yong-Pyo;Kim, Gab-Soo;Son, Young-Bok;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Hee-Do;Lee, Jun-Won
    • Explosives and Blasting
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.76-86
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    • 2013
  • In order to control tunnel blast vibration for adjacent facilities using electronic detonator, Understanding about the characteristics of near-field ground vibration is necessary. The purpose of this paper is to analyze effects of Cut-area and Extension-area vibration in relation to decision of tunnel blast vibration. These data were obtained at the top monitoring positions while ${\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}$ tunnel site of "Wonju~Gangneung double railroad section ${\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}$ construction" was passing under the existing road. Thus, tunnel blasting was conducted by tunnel electronic blasting system with 0.01% high delay-time accuracy. It can be possible that not only keeping maximum charge per delay-time but also preventing amplification of vibration which is occurred by delay-time scatter using common detonators. Additionally, V-Cut was changed into Burn-Cut. The results was presented that vibration level of extension-holes were higher than Cut-holes. Therefore, near-field ground vibration can be effectively minimized using electronic detonators in the Cut area. And also more effective way to reduce tunnel blast vibration is full-face blast using electronic detonators.

Applying an IPA(Importance-Performance Analysis) Model to Comparative Study on the Elementary School Students' Parents' Crime Prevention Design Element(CPTED) Awareness for Crime Prevention (범죄예방을 위한 초등학교 학부모의 범죄예방설계(CPTED)요소 인식에 관한 비교 연구: IPA(중요도-실행도 분석)기법을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Hyun-Sick
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.40
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    • pp.209-242
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    • 2014
  • This study is to understand sure the primary crime prevention has been incidence as a social problem intended for parents through the analysis of the Crime Prevention Design (CPTED) CPTED element of recognize elements that target crime prevention strategy to effectively help students be and an object of the present invention is to provide a policy suggestion haryeoneunde proposed basic data required for orientation. To achieve the study objectives such as the core framework in this study IPA: Importance-Performance Analysis) also was selected. Subjects of study in 2010 Gyeongju Elementary parents name and were 203 first research group investigating the secondary school population of the region in 2014 to nomadic parents of 297 people sampled selection. Questionnaire that use by this study applies "Important-Performance Analysis : IPA" technique that Martilla & James(1977) presented and analyzed awareness for CPTED elements of strategy for student's crime prevention to elementary school pupil students' parentse. It was the first group, 0.886, 0.920, 0.895 and 2nd group 0.880, 0.906, 0.878 that reliability of (Cronbach' s ${\alpha}$) the importance, and believability of run chart was the first group, 0.880, 0.917, 0.878 and 2nd group, 0.735, 0.840, 0.830. Analysis of the data carried out frequency analysis, reliability analysis, Frequency analysis was performed, paired sample t-Test for the reliability analysis, and the technical statistical analysis of the data is. The analysis of lattice bars execution through the IPA, the importance of the primary parents elements of CPTED strategies are generally very high, but found that the variation depending on the components that Performance. This study, an important element of the strategy to eliminate the school building for students from inside and outside the criminal fears CPTED is a mechanical surveillance in the first group, organizational surveillance, and the second group is the region intensified I'll showed mechanically and organizational factors in the investigation, and request that the investment is urgently important element is also execution low, crime prevention personnel security higher importance than expanding the front door. The analysis result of this study expects that basic data can be used in policy direction presentation that examines closely CPTED elements of strategy for crime prevention of students and applies CPTED's component effectively at elementary school hereafter.

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The Development of Home Economics Teaching-Learning Program applying Keller's ARCS Model on the Unit of 'youth sex and peer relationship' (동기 유발 전략을 적용한 가정과 '청소년의 성과 친구관계' 단원 교수.학습 과정안 개발)

  • Han, Ju;Chae, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.87-103
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a teaching-learning program for the unit 'youth sex and peer relationship' of middle school seventh - grade technology & home economics by applying Keller's ARCS model in five stages: analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. In the analysis stage, earlier studies of motivation were analyzed, and a survey was conducted to select ARCS strategies, in the design stage, in which way motivation strategies should be designed, in the development stage, a teaching-learning program for eight sessions was developed in accordance with the two practical problems. In the implementation stage, middle school seventh graders took six sessions according to the program, in the evaluation stage, the highly applicable teaching-learning program was finalized in response to the needs of the students. This study focused on revising ARCS strategies which provide in the teaching-learning programs by implementing and evaluating. Students desired for interesting instruction. It was necessary to develop new ARCS strategies can apply to Home Economics.

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Effect of Top Dressing and Harvest Time on Growth, Feed Value, and Anthocyanin Content of Colored Barley (추비시기와 수확시기에 따른 유색보리의 사료가치 및 안토시아닌 함량)

  • Song, Tae-Hwa;Han, Ouk-Kyu;Kim, Yang-Kil;Park, Tae-Il;Park, Ki-Hun;Kim, Kee-Jong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2011
  • This experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of top dressing of nitrogen and harvest time on the growth, feed value and anthocyanin content for developing functional feed of colored barley. A colored barley cultivar, Boanchalbori, was tested in this experiment. Top dressing was applied at seven separate growth stages, regeneration time (RT), and intervals of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70 days after RT, and harvested at different time from 20 days after heading (DAH) to 40 DAH with 10 days interval in split plot design with three replications. Plant height was increasing with earlier top dressing, but not affected by harvest time. Percent dry matter was increasing with earlier top dressing and later harvests. Protein content was increased with later top dressing and harvests, but percent NDF, ADF and TDN was not significant. Total anthocyanin content was increased with earlier top dressing, included increasing C3G (cyanidin-3-glucoside) and delphinidin. The C3G and delphinidin were detected from 25 DAH and P3G (pelargonidin-3-g1ucoside), cyanidin and perlagonidin from 30 DAH. Their contents were increased significantly as harvest was delayed. This experiment provides some interesting results with respects to optimum top dressing and harvest time for the functional feed production of the colored barley.