• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자녀양육

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Effects of Family Type on the Extent and Determinants of Fathers' Child Care Time (가족형태가 부의 자녀양육시간과 결정요인에 미치는 영향)

  • 허경옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.57-71
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    • 1995
  • 가족형태가 부의 자녀양육시간과 결정요인에 미치는 영향 기혼여성의 취업증가로 인해 아버지의 적극적인 자녀양육 참여가 요구되어 왔다. 또한 이 같은 요구는 부의 참여가 기혼여성, 자녀의 성장발달등 가정천체에 미치는 영향이 중요하다는 인식과 함께, 부의 자녀양육시간 연구는 중요한 사회적 관심사로 동시에 연구대상으로 대두되었다. 이같은 변화속에서, 실제 가정생활에서 부의 자녀양육시간은 개개인에 따라 큰 차이를 나타냄에 따라, 어떤 개인적, 가정적, 또는 사회인구적 요인들이 양육시간량을 결정하는가를 연구하는 것은 그 의미가 있다. 현대가정의 또 하나의 커다란 변화는 미혼부 증가, 이혼증가로 인한 편부의 증가, 재혼 증가로 인한 계부의 증가 등 가족형태의 다양화에 있다. 본 연구에서는 이 같은 변화를 반영하여, 각기 다른 가정형태에서의 부의 자녀양육 참여시간을 비료 분석하였다, 또한 부의 자녀양육 시간량 관련요인을 조사하기 위하여 노동시장의 근로시간, 개별적 인적 자원, 역할관념, 가정환경등의 효과를 검증하였다. 본 연구에서 사용된 자료는 미국 위스콘신대학내 (University of Wisconsin-Madison), 인구 및 생태센터 (Center for Demography and Ecology)에서 1988년에 실시한 설문조사 및 면접조사로써, "전국 가족 및 공도거주체 조사" (National Survey of Family and Households)에서 추출했다. 연구결과에 따르면, 가족형태가 부의 자녀양육시간에 미치는 효과는 큰 것으로 검증 되었다. 각 그룹간 비교에서 편부가정의 부는 여타의 가정내의 부보다 많은 시간을 자녀와 놀아주고, 야외활동 및 과제물 도와주기 등에 할애한 것으로 나타났다. 반면 계부는 여타의 가정내의 부보다 더욱 적은 시간을 자녀와 함께 하였다. 부의 자녀양육시간 결정요인 분석 결과에 따르면, 직장에서의 노동 시간, 교육수준, 자녀 연령이 큰 효과를 나타내는 것으로 밝혀졌다,, 부의 직장 근로시간이 적을수록 교육수준이 높을수록 자녀양육 참여시간은 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 어린자녀를 가진 아버지일수록 자녀와 함께하는 시간이 긴 것으로 나타났다. 것으로 나타났다.

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Maternal Self-Efficacy: A Mediational Model of Quality of parenting (양육효능감: 자녀양육행동 매개 모델)

  • Seo, So-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.11-27
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구의 일차적 목적은 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인들이 양육효능감에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고, 양육효능감이 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인들과 자녀양육 행동과의 관계에서 매개역할을 하는 것인가를 분석하였다. 그리고 양육효능감, 자녀 양육행동, 아동 발달과의 상관관계를 살펴보았다 미국 내 거주하는 Early Head Start 프로그램 의 수혜 자인 저 소득층의 어머니와 영 아들을 (출생∼36개월) 대상으로 한 본 연구결과에 의하면 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인들로 어머니의 연령, 소득수준, 양육에서 오는 스트레스가 양육효능감에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 양육효능감은 어머니의 특성과 관련된 요인, 특히 어머니의 연령과 양육행동과의 관계에서 매개역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다 양육효능감, 양육행동, 아동발달과의 상관관계 분석에서는 양육효능감과 양육행동에서만 유의한 정적인 강관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 지금까지의 선행연구들과는 맥을 같이하는 연구결과이지만, 저소득층(high-risk families)의 어머니와 영아를 대상으로 양육효능감을 포괄적이고 체계적으로 이해하고자 하였다는데서 의의를 찾을 수 있다. 나아가, 이 연구의 결과는 저소득층을 위한 아동 및 가족의 통합적 복지사업을 실천하는데 있어 의미가 있는 것으로 시사된다. 사회 경제적 자립을 위한 기회 제공과 자녀양육을 하는데 있어서 전문가의 직접적인 모델링을 통한 부모교육을 통해서 양육효능감을 향상시켜나갈 때, 아동 및 가족 복지 실현의 궁국적 목적을 이룰 수 있을 것이다.

The Influence of Adolescent´s Preceived the Father´s child-rearing involvement on the Adolescent´s Self-Efficacy and Achievement Motivation (청소년이 지각한 아버지의 양육참여도가 청소년의 자기효능감과 성취동기에 미치는 영향)

  • 정옥분;김경미
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of adolescents´ perception of the fathers´ child-rearing on their self-efficacy and achievement motivation. The subjects of this study were 456 adolescents from 3 middle schools located in Seoul and GyeonggiDo. The main results are as follows. (1) There was a significant correlation between the father´s child-rearing involvement and the adolescent´s self-efficacy. The father´s ‘day-to-day guidance’ was the best predictor of the adolescent´s self-efficacy. (2) There was a significant correlation between the father´s child-rearing involvement and the adolescent´s achievement motivation. The father´s ‘day-to-day guidance’ was the best predictor in predicting the adolescent´s achievement motivation. In conclusion, the adolescent´s perceived father´s child-rearing involvement were found to be significant variables in predicting the adolescent´s self-efficacy and achievement motivation.

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Exploring the Narrative of Child Care Experience of Two Female School Counselors (두 여성 학교상담사의 자녀양육 경험에 관한 내러티브 탐구)

  • Choi, Eun-Ju
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.197-209
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the experience of child rearing in the life of school counselors and what this experience signified to them based on the narrative, a qualitative research method. For this study, two women who have at least eight year long experience, who work as school counselors and who have the experience of rearing their children during adolescence were selected as research subjects. They were subjected to interview and the following research results were drawn out. School counselors' child rearing experience was composed by focusing on the time, society and place, which are referred to as the Three-dimensional narrative investigation space. School counselors "discerned" that the experience of getting reared by original family exerts effect on children. After counseling study, they wished to "become a sufficiently good rearer" who strives to cultivate ideal parent-child relations by understanding their children after undergoing the phase of "self-reflection and apology" for discipline and forced attitude. Moreover, they were transforming into "genuine counselor" through experience based insight, and this in turn includes the meaning of "I, who function intactly."

Effects of Support from Spouse and Family on the Child Rearing among Marriage Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 배우자지지와 가족지지가 자녀양육에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soon-Ok;Kim, HyeonSuk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.462-473
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    • 2016
  • This study was proposed in obtaining basic data for an intervention programs of the stable child care by identifying the effects of support from the spouse and family on the child rearing among marriage immigrant women. Subjects consisted of 110 marriage immigrant women in Gyeonggi-do in December, 2014. SPSS/WIN 22.0 program was used for ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis to figure out burden and efficacy of child rearing through the general characteristics. The increased burden of child rearing was statistically significant with young age, lower level of education, low income and less spending time to raise their children by husband. Additionally, the increased efficacy of child rearing was statistically significant with young age and using two languages. The pressure of the child rearing showed a negative correlation with spouse support, income, and old age. The efficacy of child rearing had a positive correlation with spouse support, spending time to take care of their children by family, and ages. In the regression analysis, the burden of child rearing among immigrant women increased by old age (${\beta}=-2.097$, p<.05) and less time to raise their children by husband (${\beta}=-2.165$, p<.05). It is important to provide spouse and family support to encourage desirable child rearing behavior. These results may provide to improve intervention programs for child rearing among marriage immigrant women.

The influence of maternal family-of-origin experiences : focused on the mediated effect of value of children (어머니의 원가족 경험이 양육태도에 미치는 영향 : 자녀가치의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Gun Ho;Shim, Hye Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.227-237
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    • 2018
  • This study focuses on the mediated effect of value of children with a purpose of examining the influence of maternal family-of-origin. A group of 247 mothers having young children in the age of 3 to 5 years participated in a survey which is consisted of the scale of family-of-origin experiences, parenting attitude and value of children. The study results show four aspects: First, family-of-origin experiences have positive effect on value of children. Second, maternal value of children also appears to be positive on parenting attitude. Third, family-of-origin experiences have positive effect on parenting attitude. Lastly, value of children shows mediated effect between family-of-origin experience and parenting attitude. In other words, having high level of positive awareness in family-of-origin experiences brings positive value of children, and the value of children brings positive effect on parenting attitude. Therefore, multilateral measures and methodical supports are needed to develop positive value of children, and consideration on father is required as a joint partner of rearing children.

An Analysis of Nursing Research on Child Rearing in Korea (자녀양육에 대한 국내 간호학분야 연구논문 분석)

  • Lee, Dong Won;Kwon, In Soo
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.264-274
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze papers on child rearing in Korea and to suggest future research and nursing practice directions for child rearing. Methods: An on-line search via 5 web sites yielded 201 research papers. The analysis of key concepts was based on the attributes of parenting and type of knowledge held by the parents. Results: The research papers found in the search were 27.3% experimental and 72.7% non-experimental. Among the participants, 77.0% of parents raising the child were mothers and the children were mostly young children under the age of one year. Types of knowledge related to child rearing varied widely, but explanatory knowledge (55.2%) was the most common, followed by prescriptive knowledge (30.0%) and descriptive knowledge (14.8%). For attributes of parenting, reaction to parenting (49.9%) followed by parenting behavior/practice (43.1%) was most common. Conclusion: Findings of this study indicate that further research is necessary regarding fathers and surrogate caregivers and on prescriptive knowledge for health promotion of children at different developmental stages. Also the results suggest a need for research toward developing child care policies.

Nonresident Fathers' Informal Support to Children -Focusing on the Effects of Family Structures- (자녀를 양육하지 않는 아버지의 비공식 양육비 제공 - 가족구조의 영향을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, You-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.2
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    • pp.57-85
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    • 2010
  • Using the Survey of Wisconsin Works Families, the survey of the Child Support Demonstration Evaluation (CSDE) project in Wisconsin, this study examines whether the family structures of nonresident fathers and resident mothers are associated with nonresident fathers' economic contributions, measured by the level of informal support provided to their children living in the mothers' households. Findings show that the level of informal support is associated with not only individual and economic characteristics of nonresident fathers and resident mothers, but also family structures and institutional factors such as child support arrangements and the CSDE experiment. Both mothers' repartnering with another man and fathers' repartnering with another woman are negatively associated with the level of informal support. Fathers who lived together with mothers when their children were born provide more informal support than do fathers who did not. Fathers' multiple partner fertility is not associated with the level of informal support provided. Among fathers who have children with multiple partners, fathers provide more informal support to their children born by their first partner. Fathers who have multiple children with the mother of the focal child provide more informal support. Fathers who have other biological children living elsewhere provide less informal support. Fathers who pay higher levels of formal child support also provide higher levels of informal support. Fathers associated mothers assigned to the CSDE experiment group provide more informal support. The findings suggest that child support programs may increase informal support, thereby improving the well-being of resident mothers and their children living in poverty.

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중국 가족에서의 여성의 지위: 6개 도시와 농촌 지역을 중심으로

  • Song, Yu-Jin
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.203-233
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    • 2005
  • 기존 연구에 의하면 중국 여성의 사회적 지위는 높게 평가된다. 그러나 실증적인 자료에 근거하여 이루어진 중국 여성의 가족 내 지위에 대한 연구는 매우 부족하다. 이 연구는 중국 여성의 지위에 대한 균형적인 시각을 얻기 위하여 가족 내 여성의 지위를 알아보고자 한다. 가족 내 여성의 지위를 파악하기 위하여 아버지의 자녀 양육과 자녀교육 관련 의사결정 과정에의 참여를 중심으로 성역할 분담을 살펴보았다. 이를 위하여 6개 도시 지역과 농촌 지역에서 수집된 자료의 통계 분석와 상해 산동 지역에서의 포커스 그룹 인터뷰가 통합적으로 이용되었다. 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 지역에 관계없이 중국 사회에서 자녀 양육의 주책임은 어머니에게 있다. 둘째, 아버지들은 자녀 양육 활동보다 의사결정 과정에 더 높은 참여율을 보인다. 셋째, 아버지의 자녀 양육 참여율은 농촌에 비해 도시 지역에서 높게 나타난다. 반면, 의사결정의 경우는 도시에 비해 농촌 지역 아버지들의 참여율이 더 높다. 넷째, 전통적인 성역할 구분에 대한 가치관도 도시와 농촌 지역간에 차이가 있다. 결과적으로 중국 가족 내 여성의 지위는 지역별로 차이가 있는 것으로 보이며, 중국 가족에서 자녀 양육 책임이 동등하게 분담되지 않아서 여성의 이중부담이 큰 것으로 생각된다.

Changes in Parental Time Spent with Children (한국인의 일상생활 시간변화: 부모의 교육수준에 따른 자녀양육 시간)

  • Song, Yoo-Jean
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.45-64
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    • 2011
  • This study examines changes and educational differences in parental time spent in childcare. Based on time diary data 1999-2009, it finds as follows. First, compared to 1999, parental time spent in childcare has increased in 2009. Unlike the tendency of convergence of time spent in childcare by sex in US, differences by sex have increased in Korea. Second, those who are highly educated tend to spend more time with children than their counterparts. For preschool aged children, parental time spent in physical care and playing has significantly increased by educational level. For school aged children, those who are highly educated are more likely than those who have lower level of education to help with children's study. Third, compared to 1999, time for leisure and economic activity has decreased in 2009 whereas time for commute, sleep, and care for others has increased.