• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자기 효능감

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A Study on the Differences of Academic Achievement, Self-Efficacy, and Engineering Self-Efficacy with Gender of Engineering Students (공학계열 대학생의 성차: 학업 성취도, 일반적 자기효능감, 공학 자기효능감을 중심으로)

  • Kang, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.60-69
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were difference between gender of engineering students in terms of academic achievement, self-efficacy and engineering self-efficacy. A total of 387 engineering students (male=284, female=103) completed the self-efficacy and engineering self-efficacy test. And students self-reported their grade point average(GPA) in their former semester. The results of t-test with gender about academic achievement indicated that there were not differences in academic achievement between gender. The results of MANOVA with grades indicated that there were differences in self-efficacy and engineering self-efficacy between gender. Male students scored significantly higher than female students in self-efficacy, and engineering self-efficacy.

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창업교육이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업자기효능감과 창의적 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Park, Jae-Hwan;Choe, Min-Jeong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.201-204
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 창업교육과 창업의지의 관계에서 창업자기효능감과 창의적 자기효능감의 매개역할을 살펴보기 위한 연구이다. 특히 창업자기효능감과 창의적 자기효능감이 각각 창업의지에 미치는 영향력을 비교하여 학문적 시사점은 물론 창업교육을 개발함에 있어 실무적 시사점을 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다. 창의적 자기효능감은 창의성과 연관되어 있는 요인으로 창의적인 문제해결력을 요구하는 창업과정에 있어 꼭 필요한 요소이다. 해당 영향요인에 관해 살펴보기 위해 본 연구는 연구모형을 구성하고 설정된 연구가설의 검증을 위하여 국내 대학의 학생들을 대상으로 실증 분석을 진행하고자 한다. 본 연구를 통해 창의적 자기효능감의 중요성을 이해하고, 창의적 자기효능감을 향상시킬 수 있는 창업교육 개발의 필요성을 입증할 수 있을 것이다.

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A Study on related factors of nursing students' self-efficacy, self-leadership and academic performance (간호대학생의 자기효능감, 셀프리더십 및 학업수행 관련요인에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, In-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to find the related factors of nursing students' self-efficacy(including general self-efficacy and social self-efficacy), self-leadership and academic performance. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The general self-efficacy scores of the subjects in who're admitted according to aptitude, higher school grades, extroverts, and higher leadership were significantly higher than those who weren't. The social self-efficacy scores were significantly higher in younger ages, extroverts and higher leadership. Self-leadership was higher in those who're admitted according to aptitude. Academic performance was significantly higher in the females and higher school grades. Social self-efficacy was positively correlated with self-leadership, and negatively with academic performance. Explanation rate of sex, general self-efficacy and social self-efficacy on academic performance was 10.5%. These results can be applied as a basis for developing guidelines of nursing students' self-efficacy, self-leadership and academic performance after repeated studies.

The self-efficacy beliefs of gifted students in the area of sciences and High Achievers -Focused on Elementary School- (과학분야 영재학생과 학업우수학생의 자기 효능감 -초등학교 학생을 중심으로-)

  • 강영하;김신호
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the self-efficacy of gifted students in the area of sciences. For this purpose, The Self-efficacy Beliefs Inventory was administered to 220 5th and 6th gifted students and high achievers. The research findings were as follows; First, there was no statistically significant difference in the general, academic, self regulated learning, and others’ expectation self-efficacy beliefs between gifted students and high achievers as well as among groups of gifted students. Second, the gifted students in mathematics were higher than other groups in the mathematics self-efficacy beliefs. Third, the high achievers were higher than other groups in the language art self-efficacy beliefs. Fourth, the gifted students in mathematics were higher than other groups in mathematics self-efficacy beliefs. Fifth, the gifted students in science were higher than other groups in science self-efficacy beliefs. Sixth, the gifted students in IT were higher than other groups in computer self-efficacy beliefs. Seventh, the gifted students in IT were lower than other groups in social self-efficacy beliefs.

A Study of the Change of Pre-service Teachers' Self-efficacy According to TPACK Education (TPACK 교육에 따른 예비 교사의 자기효능감 변화 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Won;Lee, Youngjun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.215-216
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    • 2019
  • 테크놀로지의 발달에 따라 교육에서 테크놀로지의 중요성이 증가하였지만, 교사와 예비 교사의 테크놀로지에 대한 지식 부족으로 인하여 수업에 테크놀로지를 통합하는 것에 어려움을 겪고 있다. 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위하여 Kim과 Lee(2018)은 프로그래밍 기반 TPACK 교육 프로그램을 개발하였다. 개발한 TPACK 교육 프로그램은 예비 교사의 지식에 미치는 영향을 분석하는 연구는 진행되었지만, 예비 교사의 자기효능감에 미치는 영향을 명확히 규명하지 못하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 세 집단의 예비 교사를 대상으로 ICT 기반 TPACK 교육, 프로그래밍 교육, 프로그래밍 기반 TPACK 교육 프로그램을 실시하고, 예비 교사의 일반적 자기효능감과 특수적 자기효능감 변화를 관찰하였다. 연구 결과, ICT 기반 TPACK 교육과 프로그래밍 교육을 받은 예비 교사는 자기효능감의 변화가 관찰되지 않았지만, 프로그래밍 기반 TPACK 교육 프로그램을 받은 예비 교사는 일반적 자기효능감과 특수적 자기효능감 모두에서 유의한 향상이 나타났다.

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A Study on Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Youn, Ji-Su;Hyun, Byung-hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.687-711
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향 관계를 규명하고 양자 관계에서 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 분석하여 시사점을 제공하는 것이다. 선행연구들을 바탕으로 한 실증분석 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 기업가정신은 진로결정 자기효능감에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 둘째, 기업가정신은 창업효능감에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 기업가정신은 창업의도에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 기업가정신과 창업효능감 및 창업의도 관계에서 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과 분석결과 모두 정(+)의 유의미한 매개효과를 보이는 것으로 분석되어 가설 모두 채택되었다.

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The Moderating Effects of Social Support in the Relationship between Career Barriers and Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy (대학생의 진로장벽이 진로결정 자기효능감에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 지지의 조절효과)

  • Lim, Su-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.575-586
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of career barriers and social support on the career decision making self-efficacy. It was established the study modeling which shows the moderation effect of social support in the relationship between career barriers and career decision making self-efficacy. The questionnaire has carried out for 307university students. The research findings were follow: There are significant differences in career decision making self-efficacy to sex. but there are non significant differences in career decision making self-efficacy to grade and affiliation. Career barriers has significant influenced on the career decision making self-efficacy. The more they had career barriers, the less they had career decision making self-efficacy. And there exist significant moderating effect of social support. The higher level of social support, the more the effects of career barriers on career decision making self-efficacy.

The relationships among college students' life stress, self-efficacy, locus of control, and subjective well-being (대학생의 생활스트레스, 자기효능감, 내외통제 및 주관안녕 간의 관계)

  • Kang, HyeJa
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.461-467
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationships among college students' life stress, self-efficacy, locus of control, and subjective well-being. A total of 279 college students participated in this study. It was administered a questionnaire consisting of questioned of concerning life stress, self-efficacy, locus of control, and subjective well-being. The correlation analysis and the analysis of mediating effect were conducted on the data. The main results of data analysis showed (1) correlations among life stress, self-efficacy, locus of control, and subjective well-being, (2) significant mediating effect of self-efficacy between life stress and subjective well-being. The direction of a further study was suggested.

The Effects of Subjective Oral Health Status and Health Practice Behavior on Oral Health-Related Self-Efficacy in Adults (성인의 주관적 구강 건강 상태와 건강 실천행위가 구강 건강 관련 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Heo, Seong-Eun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.168-176
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    • 2020
  • In order to investigate the effects of subjective oral health status and health practice behavior on oral health-related self-efficacy in adults, a survey was conducted in adults living in Busan and analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 program. The better the subjective oral health status, brushing-related self-efficacy and oral health management self-efficacy were significantly higher. The better the health practice behavior, brushing-related self-efficacy and oral health management self-efficacy were significantly higher. The better the subjective oral health status, the more positively it affected oral health-related self-efficacy. The implementation of health practice behavior in order of exercise, health responsibility implementation, and smoking showed a positive effect on oral health-related self-efficacy. Therefore, we hope that the results of this study are used as fundamental data for development of continued oral health programs converging systemic and oral health and contribute to the promotion of comprehensive and oral health in adults.

The Study on Relationship between Characteristics of Cultural Exchanges, Self-efficacy, and Cultural Competency of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 교류 특성 및 자기 효능감과 문화적 역량의 관계)

  • Yang, Sun-Yi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.334-345
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study aimed to find the relationship between characteristics of cultural exchanges, self-efficacy and cultural competence in Korean nursing students. Method: A total of 301 nursing students participated in this study. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include the General Self-efficacy Scale, the Caffery Cultural Competence Healthcare Scale(CCCHS), and the Cultural Competence Assessment(CCA). Result: Self-efficacy and cultural competency of participants in this study were shown to have moderate levels (Self-efficacy: M=3.0, SD=0.38; Cultural competency: M=2.8, SD=0.55). And the nursing students who have higher grade and foreign friends were found to have significantly higher self-efficacy and cultural competence. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and cultural competency (r=.394, p .001). Conclusion: The findings suggest that nursing students need to enhance cultural exchanges and self-efficacy to reinforce cultural competence.