• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자기회귀교차지연 모형

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Loneliness and Game Addiction in the Early Adolescence: A Four-Year Panel Study (초기 청소년의 외로움과 게임중독의 종단적 관계: 게임이용자 패널 데이터의 자기회귀 교차지연 효과 분석)

  • Jin, Borae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2019
  • Previous studies have shown the significant association between loneliness and game addiction. To determine the causal relationship between them, the present study utilized a series of autoregressive cross-lagged models to early adolescent panel data (N = 346) from KOCCA's Game User Panel Research. Results indicated that loneliness and game addiction, respectively, had relatively strong and stable autoregressive effects across four time points. Also, game addiction at a prior time increased loneliness at a later time, but loneliness was not significantly related to game addiction later in time. These results suggest that game addiction may cause loneliness, not the vice versa.

Longitudinal Relationship between Children's Life Satisfaction and Parents' Life Satisfaction: Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model (부모 삶의 만족도와 아동 삶의 만족도의 종단적 관계 : 자기회귀교차지연 모형을 이용하여)

  • Kim, Yong Hoi;Han, Chang-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.29-55
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to examine how children's life satisfaction is interrelated with parents' life satisfaction longitudinally. Autoregressive cross-lagged model was employed to analyze the interrelationship between children's and parents' life satisfaction. This study used 6 waves (Elementary school 4th year to Middle school 3rd year) from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS). The sample size was 1,963 families with child and parent. Key findings are as follows: First, children's and parents' life satisfaction, respectively, was found to influence each other during the study period. Second, parents' life satisfaction were found to have positive and significant cross-lagged impacts on children's life satisfaction. Third, similarly, children's life satisfaction was positively related to parents' life satisfaction longitudinally. The findings suggest that children's and parents' life satisfaction are interrelated in an autoregressive cross-lagged model. This study concludes with implications for enhancing children's and parents' life satisfaction.

The Longitudinal Relationship between Self-directed Learning Ability and Career Maturity using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Modeling by Middle and High School Students in Seoul (자기주도학습능력과 진로성숙도 간 자기회귀교차지연 효과검증: 서울지역 중·고등학생을 중심으로)

  • Jung, Joo-Young;Park, Kyun-Yeal;Lee, In-su;Lee, Su-jin
    • Journal of vocational education research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.89-107
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the causal relationship between self-directed learning ability and career maturity by Middle and High School Students in Seoul. This study used Seoul Education Longitudinal Study(SELS) data. Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, the results was followed. first, self-directed learning ability value was had a statistically significant positive effect in accordance with the time course from middle school 1st grade to high school 3rd grade. Second, career maturity also had a statistically significant positive effect in accordance with the time course from middle school 1st grade to high school 3rd grade. Third, previous self-directed learning ability had significant positive effect on the later career maturity, but the previous career maturity had no significant effect on later self-directed learning ability.

Testing the Auto-regressive Cross-lagged Effects Between Relative Extrinsic Value Orientation and Life-satisfaction (상대적 외적 가치 지향과 삶의 만족 간 자기회귀교차지연 효과 검증)

  • Koo, Jaisun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2019
  • The relative extrinsic value orientation (REVO) means the relative importance to extrinsic values (e.g. wealth, fame and social approval) compared with intrinsic values (e.g. affiliation, self-acceptance and personal growth). This study aimed to investigate the causal relation between REVO and life-satisfaction using the auto-regressive cross-lagged modeling. For this purpose, 3rd, 5th, and 7th year data from the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) middle school 1st grade panel was analyzed (N = 2,259; 1,140 males and 1,119 females). The results are as follows; Firstly, positive auto-regressive effects of REVO and life-satisfaction were significant. Secondly, REVO was found to have negative and cross-lagged effect on life-satisfaction. However, cross-lagged effect from life-satisfaction to REVO was not significant. Finally, no gender difference was found in this relationship. These results suggest that low life satisfaction does not cause the relative extrinsic value orientation, but high relative extrinsic value orientation may cause low life satisfaction.

Will Children Who Like School Do Better Academically? -An Analysis of the Effect of School Satisfaction on Academic Achievement- (학교생활이 즐거우면 성적도 오를까? -학교만족도가 학업성취에 미치는 영향 분석-)

  • Lee, Bong-Joo;Kwang, Hyuk-Kim
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.287-306
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    • 2009
  • This study examines the effect of children's school satisfaction on academic achievement using the Seoul Children Panel Study data. More specifically, this study aims to add new knowledge to understaning the causal relationship between school satisfaction and academic achievement by taking into account of temporal order of the events of interest. In the analysis, we examine the effect of school satisfaction at the 4th- and 5th- grades on academic achievement at the 6th grade while controlling for the other factors including the level of academic achievement at the 4th grade. The results show that children's school satisfaction significantly affects their academic achievement. The findings of this study have implications for the school social welfare programs that attempt to improve academic achievement of children by raising the level of school satisfaction among children.

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A Longitudinal Study of the Interrelationship between Family Conflict and Depression Level of Household Head (가족갈등과 가구주 우울수준의 상호관계에 대한 종단연구)

  • Jung, Eun Hee
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.55
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    • pp.31-58
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to explore the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between family conflict and depression level of household head. Using the Korean Welfare Panel study (KOWEPS) of 2006-2009, the study applied multiple regression analysis and autoregressive cross-lagged model to test the hypothesis. Results of multiple regression analysis indicate that single direction of the impact of family conflict on a head of household's levels of depression and the vise versa were statistically significant. That is, higher level of family conflict in 2006 caused an increased levels of depression of household head in 2009, controlling gender, age and depression level in 2006. Also, the higher level of depression of household head in 2006 increased the level of family conflict in 2009 fixed with same control variables. The autoregressive and cross-lagged coefficients of family conflict and a head of household's levels of depression were statistically significant during the 4 years. The findings support the family system theory, indicating that there are reciprocal causal relationships between the whole family conflict and individual depression level. The strategies of social welfare practice and policy should thus aim to decrease individual's levels of depression and improve positive family function simultaneously to break the vicious circle.

A Converged Study on the Longitudinal Relationship between Self-esteem and Community Spirit in Adolescents: Focusing on the Data of KCYPS (청소년의 자아존중감과 공동체의식에 관한 종단적 융합연구 -한국아동·청소년패널조사를 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2019
  • The study used cross-lagged path modeling to examine the longitudinal associations between self-esteem and community spirit among adolescents. This is a longitudinal study designed to examine the developmental changes of adolescents' self-esteem and community spirit in Korea. This study used the data collected by the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) from 2014 through 2016. Participants were surveyed from the 5th grade to the 7th, which belonged to the 1st elementary school cohort panel of the KCYPS. To be used as the data of this study, children should have all information at 3-time points: the 5th grade; 6th grade; 7th grade. The collected data were analyzed with PSAW 18.0 and AMOS statistical program. The participants in this study were 903 males (51.6%) and 847 females (48.4%). The level of self-esteem was 3.29±.51, 3.19±.55, and 3.15±.57 point at 5th grade, 6th grade, and 7th grade each. The level of community spirit was 3.12±.52, 3.09±.59, 3.15±.55 point respectively. Community spirit from elementary school to middle school is consistently predicted by previous self-esteem. Likewise self-esteem has a significant predictive effect on subsequent community spirit.

A Longitudinal Causal Rrelationship Study on the Elderly's Assets, Depression and Llife Satisfaction: : The Application of Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model (노인의 자산과 우울 및 삶의 만족 간의 종단적 인과관계: 자기회귀교차지연모형의 적용)

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.513-522
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the auto-regression effect between the elderly's assets and depression and life satisfaction, and to approach the influence of assets and depression on the elderly's life from a longitudinal perspective. For this purpose, the data for the 9th year (2014), 11th year (2016), and 13th year (2018) of the Korea Welfare Panel were used. As a result of the analysis, First, the assets, depression and life satisfaction of the elderly have a lasting effect on the passage of time, and the assets, depression and life satisfaction of the previous point in time (B=.694, B=.725, p<.001), depression (B=.258, B=.331 and p<.001) and life satisfaction (B=.264, B=.265, p<.001). Second, cross-recursion coefficients show how the relationship between the assets of the elderly and depression and the satisfaction of life affects each other over time, and the assets of the older person at the previous point in time (B=.010, B=.011, p<.001), the assets of the older persons at previous times are subsequently satisfied with their lives (B=.128, B=.124, p<.001). Based on the results of the above analysis, it is necessary to support the elderly's asset management service and education to prevent depression, such as continuous asset utilization education.

A Longitudinal Study on the Parenting Effectiveness of Multicultural Families and Self-esteem and Achievement Motivation of Multicultural Adolescents: Verification of Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to longitudinally analyze the relationship between parenting effectiveness of parents of multicultural families and self-esteem and achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents. The study used the data of Multi-cultural Adolescent Panel Survey (MAPS). Of the six years of data from the 1st survey (elementary grade 4 students) in 2011 to the 6th survey ($3^{rd}$ year middle school students) in 2016, this study employed and analyzed the data from year 2012 ($2^{nd}$ survey, fifth graders), year 2014 ($4^{th}$ survey, 1st year middle school students), and year 2016 ($6^{th}$ survey, $3^{rd}$ year middle school students). The results of applying the Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model to examine the longitudinal relationship between parenting effectiveness of multicultural families and self-esteem and achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents are as follows. First, parenting effectiveness of parents of multicultural families, and self-esteem of multicultural adolescents, and autoregressive effects of achievement motivation were found to have a positive (+) effect with the passage of time. Second, the parenting effectiveness of parents of multicultural families at the previous time was found to have a significant positive (+) effect on the cross-lagged effect on self-esteem and achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents at a later time. Third, the self-esteem of multicultural adolescents at the previous time at the previous time was found to have a significant effect in the positive (+) direction on the cross-lagged effect affecting achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents at a later time. Fourth, it was found that the cross-lagged effect of the parenting effectiveness of parents of multicultural families on achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents was greater than the cross-lagged effect of self-esteem on achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents. This study is meaningful in that the longitudinal data are used to verify the causal orientation between three variables over time to examine the relationship between parenting effectiveness of parents of multicultural families and self-esteem and achievement motivation of multicultural adolescents.

The Casual Relationship Between Depression and Somatic Symptom of the Adolescence Using an Autoregressive Cross-Lagged Modeling (자기회귀교차지연 모델을 활용한 청소년 우울과 신체화 증상의 인과관계)

  • Han, Jeong Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.646-652
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    • 2017
  • The objective of this study was to verify the longitudinal reciprocal causal relationship between depression and the somatic symptoms of depression among adolescents through an autoregressive cross-lagged model using data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey. The subjects of this study included 1,968 adolescents, who participated in the second, fourth, and sixth Korean Children & Youth Panel Surveys. The results showed that both depression and the somatic symptoms of depression at a previous point in time affect depression and the somatic symptoms of depression at a later point in time. It was also found that depression at a previous point in time has a cross-lagged effect on the somatic symptoms of depression at a later point in time, implying that more severe depression at a previous point in time leads to increased severity of somatic symptoms at a later point in time. It was found that the somatic symptoms of depression at a previous point in time have a cross-lagged effect on depression at a later point in time, indicating that more severe somatic symptoms of depression at a previous point in time lead to increased severity of depression at a later point in time. This study is significant in that it provides baseline information about nursing interventions for adolescent mental health.