• Title/Summary/Keyword: 자기개념

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Effect on Self-Concept by Middle-Aged Women Ambivalent Sexism and Focusing Manner (중년여성의 양가적 성차별주의와 포커싱적 태도가 자기개념에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Choon-Suk;Joo, Eunsun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.653-663
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    • 2021
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of ambivalent sexism and focusing manner on self-concept for middle-aged women, and to verify the factors that can help middle-aged women's positive self-concept. The self-concept scale, the focusing manner scale, and the ambivalent sexism scale were used for this study through the online community targeting middle-aged women aged 35 to 55. As a result of the analysis using SPSS 21.0, it was investigated that there was a significant positive correlation between hostile sexism and benevolent sexism. In addition, It was found out that ambivalent sexism had a significant negative effect on self-concept. It was found out that the high hostile sexism of ambialent sexism led to lowering the self esteem, emotional stability, problem solving stability, interpersonal relationship and interpersonal trust of middle-aged women. Focusing manner had a significant positive effect on self concept, but there were differences for each sub-factor. Express, accept, and keeping one's composure had a significant positive effect, while awareness had a negative effect, and reflecting attitude did not have a significant effect. Finally, limitations of this study were discussed.

Relationship Between Physical Self-concept, Interpersonal Relationship Satisfaction, and Sociality of Students Participating in Elementary School Dance Education Activities (초등학교 무용교육활동에 참여하는 학생의 신체적 자기 개념과 대인관계 만족 및 사회성의 관계)

  • Woo, Jung-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.10
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    • pp.223-230
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between physical self-concept, interpersonal relationship satisfaction, and sociality in 250 elementary school students participating in dance education activities. Using IBM SPSS 21.0 and IBM AMOS 21.0 programs, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability Analysis, correlation analysis and structural model analysis. First, physical self-concept has a statistically significant effect on interpersonal relationship satisfaction. Second, physical self-concept had a statistically significant statistical effect on sociality. Third, interpersonal relationship satisfaction showed a statistically significant effect on sociality. In conclusion, it shows that educating elementary school students to have desirable physical self-concepts can lead to interpersonal relationship satisfaction and formation of sociality.

The Effect of Sexual Maturity and Self-Concept on Interest in Appearance and Appearance Management Behavior for Female Students in Elementary and Middle School (초.중등 여학생의 성 성숙과 자기개념이 외모관심도와 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hwa-Jin;Shin, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.185-200
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate if these factors affect the correlation between the female adolescent interest in appearance and appearance management behavior with self-concept and sexual maturity. To achieve this, a survey was conducted for the female students in elementary and middle school in the Seoul area. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The comparison of students' interest in appearance and appearance management behavior showed that the middle school students showed higher scores in both matters. 2. Elementary students generally held more positive self-concept, with domestic self value shown statistically high 3. Tanner Stage 2.3. the early puberty stage, for elementary school students, and Tanner Stage 3.4. the growth and development stage, for middle school students. The percentage of students who had already entered menstruating turned out to be only 33% for elementary students but 90% for middle school students. Their subjective views of sexual maturity were also different as elementary students had negative feeling when they thought their sexual maturity were maturity were earlier than their peers' while middle school students were just the opposite. 4. The study on the impact of self-concept and sexual maturity on the interest in appearance of female students in elementary and middle school showed that elementary students had a higher interest in appearance that corresponded to the lower domestic self-concept and a higher social self-concept. On the other hand, middle school students showed higher interest in appearance, corresponding to their higher social self-concept, lower domestic self-concept, more negative feeling of sexual maturity, and higher feeling of physical self-concept. The study on the impact of interest in appearance, self-concept, and sexual maturity on the appearance management behavior of elementary and middle school female students revealed that elementary students with a higher interest in appearance were more enthusiastic about appearance management. Middle school students' appearance management behavior turned out to be higher, corresponding to their higher interest in appearance, lower domestic self-concept, and higher social self-concept.

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Change of Physical Self-concept according to Taekwondo Discipline (태권도 수련에 따른 신체적 자기개념 인식 변화)

  • Lim, Tae-Hee;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.408-421
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to verify differences in changes of physical self-concept between Taekwondo participation group and non Taekwondo participation group in order to meet the needs of the study the limitations of previous studies had to be considered. The participants were elementary students in S city selected by this researcher. 30 students were in the Taekwondo participation group and 40 students were in the non Taekwondo participation group decided by ACSM(15) exercise guide line standard, three times repetition measurements per 12 weeks were executed for $2{\times}3$ mixed design with repeated measure. For this statistic, SPSS 12.0 for windows was used for technical statistic, two-way ANOVA, paired t-test, and independent t-test. The results were as follows; First, there were differences of change pattern in physical self-concept generally between Taekwondo participation group and non Taekwondo participation group. Second, there was a difference between Taekwondo exercise group and non Taekwondo exercise group according to 1st and 2nd, 1st and 3rd measurement point partially. Third, there were differences between the Taekwondo exercise group and non Taekwondo exercise group on the 2nd and 3rd measurement. In conclusion, Taekwondo discipline tended to have a large effect increasing physical self-concept.

The Relationship Between Social Stigma and Psychosocial Adjustment in Out-of-School Youth: The Moderating Effects of Self-concept Clarity (학교 밖 청소년의 사회적 낙인과 심리사회적 적응 간의 관계: 자기개념 명확성의 조절효과)

  • Lee, Hwa-Myung;Kim, Yeoung-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.549-562
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of social stigma on psychosocial adjustment in out-of-school youth and the moderating effects of self-concept clarity on the relationship between social stigma and psychosocial adjustment. The subjects in this study were out-of-school youth who resided in the city of Busan, on whom a survey was conducted. The findings of the study were as follows: First, social stigma was found to have exercised a negative influence on self-concept clarity. Second, social stigma was found to have exercised a negative influence on psychosocial adjustment. Third, self-concept clarity was found to have exercised a negative influence on psychosocial adjustment. Fourth, self-concept clarity was found to have had moderating effects on the relationship between social stigma and psychosocial adjustment. This study is of significance in that it attempted to seek ways of improving the psychosocial adjustment of out-of-school youth and urged offering counseling intervention geared toward boosting self-concept clarity by analyzing the moderating effects of self-concept clarity on the relationship between social stigma and psychosocial adjustment.

The Relationship Between Achievement Motivations of Science Gifted Students and their Perfectionism, Self-Concept, Parenting Behaviors (과학영재의 성취동기와 자기개념, 완벽주의, 부모양육행동과의 관계)

  • Lim, Jin-Hyun;Chun, Miran;Choe, Seung-Urn
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.985-1007
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    • 2012
  • The achievement motivations of science gifted students are very important in becoming experts who achieve high level. In this study, 77 8th graders of Science Gifted Education Center were divided into highly motivated and low motivated groups. Multidimensional Perfectionism, Self-Concept, Parenting Behaviors Scale were compared between these 2 groups, and predicting variables were verified through regression analysis. As a result, highly motivated students received higher scores on Perfectionism, self-directed Perfectionism, and other-directed Perfectionism. Self-concept scores were higher on factors of body, moral, personalities, social, and abilities as well. In Parenting Behaviors Scale, only the father's affection factor was influenced. The result of regression analysis revealed that self-directed Perfectionism, social self-concept, and moral self-concept had meaningful predictions. In parameter verification, partially mediated effect of self-directed Perfectionism and social self-concept was verified in the relationship between father's affection factor and achievement motivation. This study confirmed that self-directed Perfectionism of science gifted students has positive effects on adaptation. The importance of social and moral education and the father's affection were found as well.

The Influence of Adolescent Narcissism on Interpersonal Relationships: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self-concept Clarity (청소년의 자기애가 대인관계에 미치는 영향: 자기개념 명확성의 매개효과)

  • Jung, chul sang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.564-576
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    • 2020
  • The study aims to verify the influence of overt narcissism and covert narcissism in adolescents upon Interpersonal Relationship through self-concept clarify. Regular middle school students were surveyed over the period from November 4 to 22, 2019. A total of 470 questionnaires were used in the analysis for this study. The data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0 statistics suites. The study results are as follows. First, the covert and overt narcissism of adolescents had a negative impact on the self-concept clarity. Second, the self-concept clarity of adolescents had a positive impact on interpersonal relationships. Third, the covert and overt narcissism of adolescents had a negative impact on interpersonal relationships. Fourth, in the relationship between adolescent overt/ covert narcissism and interpersonal relationship, self-concept clarity all had a significant mediating effect. This research has empirically demonstrated the influence of the self-concept clarity upon interpersonal relationship in relation to the overt and covert narcissism of adolescents, so that the study findings provide a wider understanding of the adolescents who have difficulties with Interpersonal Relationships while helping enhance expertise in the counseling and education curriculum based on the characteristics of narcissists.

The Effects of Physical Self-concept on Self-efficacy among University Students in Sports : Focusing on Hierarchical Regression Analysis. (스포츠에 참여 중인 대학생들의 신체적 자기개념이 자기효능감에 미치는 영향: 위계적 회귀분석을 중심으로)

  • Park, Young-Chan;Ko, Wi-Sug
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.318-329
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the physical self-concept and self-efficacy of undergraduates. Using the convenience sampling method of non-provability sampling, a total of 377 undergraduates from North Kyongsang Province G city were selected. Of the 377 completed questionnairescollected, a total of 354 surveys with structural equation modeling were analyzed using theSPSS 22.0 statistics program. The self-esteem, endurance, health, and flexibility factors have positive effects on improvingthe self-control efficacy factor of self-efficacy in the order of physical self-concept factors. On the other hand,the higher university students perceive that among the physical self-concepts, the physical activity factor had more negative effects on the self-regulated efficacy. The self-esteem, health, and muscle strength have positive effects on improvingthe confidence factor of self-efficacy in the order of physical self-concept factors. The more perceptive endurance than the appearance, sports competence, body fat, health, self-esteem, flexibility, muscle strength of physical self-concept, and the more influence on self-efficacy. Overall, the higher the perception of physical activity factors among the physical self-concept factors, the more negative effects on the task difficult preference.

The Relationship between the Stage of Exercise Behavior Change and Physical Self-Concept and Self-Efficacy of Casino Security Employees (카지노 시큐리티 종사자의 운동변화단계에 따른 신체적 자기개념과 자기 효능감의 관계)

  • Chun, Yong-Tae;Oh, Jung-Il
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.21
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    • pp.95-120
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    • 2009
  • This study was designed to investigate the relationship between the stages of exercise behavior change and physical self-concept and self-efficacy of security employees in hotel casinos. The sampling was drawn from employees at 8 casinos which had more than 30 employees. Participants were selected by convenience sampling method and they completed questionnaires about Physical Self-Concept and Self- Efficacy by self-administration method under supervision of trained researchers SPSS 16.0 (Statistical Package for the Social Science) was used for data analysis in the present study. Reliability and validity were examined for the present study. The principle component factor analysis and varimax rotation were used for the present study. Eigen value 1.0 was the criterion for selecting factors. Chi-square (X) 2 test was utilized for measuring the difference in gender and types of job duties at the stages of exercise behavior change. One-way ANOVA was employed to examine the relationship between the stages of exercise behavior change as an independent variable and physical self-concept and self-efficacy as dependent variables. The Scheffe method was used to determine mean differences of groups as a follow-up test. Multiple regression analysis was utilized to test the difference of physical self-concept as dependent variable and self-efficacy as independent variable. To verify hypothesis for the study, a statistical significance level of $\alpha$=.05 was used. The results were as follow: first, there were differences found for gender and types of job responsibilities in the stages of exercise behavior change. Secondly, as security employees progressed through the stages of exercise behavior change, their physical self-concept and self-efficacy improved. Finally, physical activity and body fat had significant main effects on self-efficacy.

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The Effect of Physical Self-Concept and Leisure Sport Participation Level on Leisure Sport Satisfaction (신체적 자기개념과 여가스포츠 참여수준이 여가스포츠 참여만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-Ahm
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among physical self-concept, leisure sport participation satisfaction, and leisure sport participation level. By analysing a total of 353 university students participating in leisure sport with structural equation modeling through AMOS 20.0 statistics program, this study found the followings. First, the physical self-concept has a positive influence on leisure sport participation satisfaction. Second, leisure sport participation level has a positive influence on leisure sport participation satisfaction. Third, there was no significant mediating effect of leisure sport participation level on the relationship between physical self-concept and leisure sport participation satisfaction.