• Title, Summary, Keyword: 입원

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Estimation of cost by unnecessary readmission of the tertiary hospitals (불필요한 재입원 비용 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Min Sun;Lee, Won Jae
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2017
  • Unnecessary readmissions could be the result of the inadequate and unnecessary treatments. Adequate quality indicators for readmission are important because they can identify inadequate spending by inpatients as well as quality screening. This study attempted to estimate the cost incurred by unnecessary readmissions. The Health Insurance Claims Data of 18 years or older who were admitted in the tertiary hospitals in 2014 were analyzed. Admissions and readmissions were sorted and readmissions were classified into planned and unplanned readmissions. We adopted 28 days as a criteria for the classification of the readmission. Proportion of the patients were higher in readmissions among cancer, accompanied diseases, and special rehabilitation patients. Cost of the readmissions were 50% of the total cost of the admission among the patients of same diseases, same departments, and same hospitals. Almost 1,000billion Won were used by the unnecessary readmissions. We need to reduce the readmissions in regions, departments, and diseases studying the pattern of the readmissions. National level efforts are required to improve quality of care and reduce cost by the unnecessary readmissions.

Comparison of mortality on discharged to residential area inpatients with Seoul area (거주지 입원과 서울 입원의 퇴원시 사망률 비교)

  • Lim, Ji-Hye
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.517-520
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구의 목적은 지방 환자의 거주지 입원과 서울 입원의 퇴원시 사망률을 비교하여 치료결과를 파악함으로써 향후의 효과성 분석을 위한 기초 자료를 제시하는데 있다. 2005년, 2008년도 환자조사 자료 중 지방거주 환자 자료 333,280건과 419,873건을 연구대상으로 하였으며, 자료분석은 기술통계, 카이제곱 검정, 로지스틱 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 퇴원시 사망에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대해 연도, 성, 보험유형, 의료기관유형, 입원경로, 내원경위, 주진단, 거주지의 효과를 통제한 후 살펴본 결과 거주지 입원환자의 퇴원시 사망률이 서울 입원환자에 비해 2.2배 높은 것으로 나타났다. 암환자의 경우도 효과를 통제한 후 퇴원시 사망률을 살펴본 결과 거주지 입원환자의 사망률이 서울 입원환자에 비해 3.4 배 높게 나타났다. 정부는 지역주민의 의료의 접근성을 높이기 위해 의료공급량의 확충과 분배보다는 지역의료의 질적수준을 향상시키는 방향으로 정책을 펼쳐야 한다.

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Appropriateness of Admissions in the Emergency Room of a Tertiary Hospital (응급실 방문 환자의 입원의 적절성에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Cho, Hong-Jun;Lee, Sang-Il
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.58-67
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    • 1995
  • Background: This paper describes an effort to provide baseline informations for appropriate utilization of emergency room in a tertiary hospital. Methods: Authors have evaluated that the admissions in the emergency room were medically necessary by objective criteria, Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol(AEP), for one month in a tertiary hospital. Data were analysed by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression to exmaine statistical significances at the level of 0.05. Results: The prevalence of inappropriate decisions for admission was found to be 47.8%(154/322). Whether the physician decided the patient to admit or not was affected by type of services, number of departments involved, patients' medical condition, route of visit, and a day of the week visited. Level of appropriateness of admission is significantly related to patients' age, type of services, and a day of the week visited. Conclusion: We found that substantial proportion of admissions through emergency room are medically unnecessary and that non-medical factors are related to physician's for admission decisions and level of appropriateness of admission. This suggests that policy measures be required to relieve the overcrowding problem and to reduce non-emergent utilization of emergency room in a tertiary hospital.

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Comparison of Rehospitalization during the First Year of Life in Normal and Low Birth Weight Infants Discharged from NICU (신생아 집중치료실에서 퇴원한 정상 체중아와 저출생 체중아의 재입원에 관한 비교)

  • Min, Sae Ah;Jeon, Myung Won;Yu, Sun Hee;Lee, Oh Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.12
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    • pp.1503-1511
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Although the short- and long-term outcomes of low birth weight(LBW) neonatal intensive care unit(NICU) survivors have been extensively studied, much less information is available for normal birth weight(NBW) infants(greater than 2,500 gm) who require NICU care. Methods : We retrospectively examined the neonatal hospitalizations and one year health status of 302 NBW and 131 LBW admissions to our NICU. Information on the neonatal hospitalization was obtained from a review of medical records. Postdischarge health status was collected by using telephone surveys and medical records. Results : After initial discharge, 21.2% of the NBW infants and 23% of the LBW infants required rehospitalization during the first year of life and there was no significant difference between the two groups. The reasons for rehospitalization of the NBW infants included respiratory disorders (32.1%), G-I problems(26.2%), genitourinary problems(11.9%), surgery(10.7%), cardiac problems(7.1%), and congenital/developmental problems(1.2%). For the LBW infants, the order of frequency was the same, with the percentages slightly different. Neonatal risk factors related to the rehospitalization of the NBW infants included mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, and congenital anomaly. But no positive significant correlation of neonatal risk factors with rehospitalization of LBW infants was found. Conclusion : Low and normal birthweight NICU survivors were rehospitalized at similar rates. The most common cause of rehospitalization was respiratory problems. Neonatal risk factors related to rehospitalization of NBW infants were mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, and congenital anomaly. However, no positive significant correlation of neonatal risk factors with rehospitalization of LBW infants was found. The data suggests that NBW infant survivors, as well as LBW infant NICU survivors, require close follow up.

Readmission of late preterm infants after discharge from nursery (신생아실에서 퇴원한 후기 조산아들의 재입원에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Myo-Jing
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.8
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    • pp.888-892
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : To evaluate the risk factors for hospital readmission during the neonatal period among late preterm infants who were discharged after nursery care. Methods : In this retrospective study, we reviewed medical records of 135 late preterm infants readmitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) during the neonatal period, after discharge from nursery of IL Sin Christian Hospital from January 2003 to December 2008. We compared the risk factors of the hospital readmission group with the control group. Results : The gestational age and birth weight of 135 study infants were $36^{+1}{\pm}0.5$ weeks and $2,718.4{\pm}296.9gm$, respectively. Identified risk factors of hospital readmission were breastfeeding (71.9% vs. 44.4%), short duration of nursery stay ($3.3{\pm}1.6$ days vs. $4.1{\pm}2.0$ days), firstborn (60.0% vs. 45.3%), and maternal pregnancy complication (31.9% vs. 18.8%). Jaundice accounted for the majority of hospital readmissions (83.7%), and the age at hospital readmission was $6.2{\pm}3.6$ postnatal days, mostly at 5-6 postnatal days (40.7%). Identified risk factors of hospital readmission due to jaundice were spontaneous normal vaginal delivery (43.4% vs. 1.8%), younger maternal age ($29.8{\pm}3.4$ yrs vs. $32.1{\pm}4.2$ yrs), and lower maternal pregnancy complication (28.3% vs. 50%). Conclusion : Identified risk factors of hospital readmission were breastfeeding, short duration of nursery stay, firstborn, and maternal pregnancy complication. Jaundice accounted for the majority of hospital readmissions, and the age at hospital readmission was $6.2{\pm}3.6$ postnatal days.

Duration of Abstinence after Discharge from Alcoholism Inpatient Treatment - Comparing Voluntarily vs. Involuntarily Admitted Patients - (알코올중독자의 입원동의 여부에 따른 퇴원후 단주기간에 관한 연구)

  • Rhee, Chaie-Won
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.57-81
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    • 2008
  • Motivation has been identified as an important factor predicting long-term outcomes of alcohol abuse treatment. Whether a patient agreed on his/her inpatient treatment at time of hospitalization could be an indicator of their motivation for treatment. This study focused on this aspect of treatment motivation and examined whether this factor predicts post-discharge abstinence. A sample of 145 individuals who were hospitalized for alcohol abuse treatment participated in the baseline data collection, of which only 66 successfully completed the 8 month follow-up telephone interview. The findings of survival analysis suggest that voluntarily admitted individuals had significantly longer duration of post-discharge abstinence compared to their counterparts. A Cox proportional hazards regression model revealed that voluntary admission and family support were significant predictors for post-discharge relapse of drinking, after controlling for the effects of marital status, living alone, and working status. Implications for social work practice are discussed.

The Study on Trends and Factors of inpatient care of the province residents provided in Seoul (지방 환자의 서울 지역 입원진료의 추이 및 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yoo-Mi
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.755-758
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구의 목적은 지방 환자의 서울 지역 입원진료의 추이를 파악하고 그 요인을 규명하는 데 있다. 이를 위해 2005년 및 2008년 환자조사 입원자료를 이용하였으며, 서울지역 거주 환자를 제외하고 2005년 333,280명, 2008년 419,873명을 연구대상으로 하였다. 자료분석은 기술통계, 카이제곱 검정, 로지스틱 회귀분석을 실시하였다. 2005년 대비 2008년 성별, 연령별, 의료기관 유형 등 일반적 특성의 분포는 유사한 것으로 나타났다. 지방 환자의 서울지역 이용은 다소 증가한 것으로 나타났으며, 서울 지역 입원진료는 남자, 중장년층 건강보험환자가 타기관에서 의뢰되어 외래를 통해 입원하며, 주 거주지가 경기, 강원, 충북, 충남, 제주지역 순으로, 광역시는 상대적으로 낮았다. 질병군별로는 선천성 기형, 신생물, 종양이나 수술후 추후치료, 눈 질환, 혈액 조혈 면역기 질환, 근골격계 질환 순으로 지방환자의 서울지역 의료기관 입원 이용률이 높았다. 그러나 상대적으로 지방 입원진료 확률이 높은 노년층, 의료급여, 응급경유, 질병군별로 중증도가 높은 환자가 혼재되어 있어 있을 가능성이 있어 향후 중증도 보정에 대한 심층 연구가 필요한 것으로 판단된다.

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Analysis of Research Trends about Hospitalization Stress (입원 스트레스에 대한 국내 연구동향 분석)

  • Yoo, seung-yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.349-350
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    • 2015
  • 국내 입원 스트레스와 관련된 연구는 1970년대 중반부터 꾸준히 지속되어 2000년 중반 이후 급증하였으며, 대다수의 연구가 장기 입원환자를 대상으로 한 서술적 연구였고, 대부분의 연구에서 오래 전에 개발된 Volicer et al.의 HSRS(Hospital Stress Rating Scale)에 기반하여 입원 스트레스를 측정하고 있었다. 따라서 향후에는 한국인의 사회 문화적 특성과 고유한 정서에 맞고 현재 우리나라 의료 실정에 근거한 입원 스트레스를 규명하는 질적연구를 통해 이론적인 지식체를 축적하여야 하며, 이러한 연구결과의 함의에 맞는 측정 도구의 개발로 국외에서 개발된 오래된 측정도구들을 대치할 수 있어야 할 것이다. 또한 단기 입원 환자를 대상으로 입원 스트레스를 경감시키기 위한 중재와 그 효과를 측정할 수 있는 실험연구가 보다 많이 진행되어져야 하겠다.

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Diabetes Guide - 당뇨병 환자가 입원 치료 필요할 때

  • 사단법인한국당뇨협회
    • The Monthly Diabetes
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    • pp.59-61
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    • 2009
  • 미국의 사례에서 보면 전체 입원환자 중 약 7.2% 이상이 당뇨병환자이고, 이것은 비당뇨인에 비해 2.4배의 입원율에 해당한다고 한다. 우리나라에서도 사정은 비슷해 보통 1000병상에 당뇨병환자가 130명꼴에 달할 정도로 적지 않은 수를 보이고 있다. 그도 그럴 것이 당뇨병환자라면 아무 증상이 없고 불편이 없어도 혈당이 높다고 입원을 권하곤 하는데, 그 내막을 알아보자.

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Integrated Study on Hospitalization Stress Experience of Schizophrenic Patient (조현병 환자의 입원스트레스 경험에 대한 융합연구)

  • Park, Sun Ah;Park, Keun Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.397-408
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to understand and describe the hospitalization stress experience of patients with schizophrenia. The subjects of this study were 15 inpatients who were hospitalized in three psychiatric hospital closure wards. As a result of the study, the contents of hospitalized stress were classified into five categories, 17 sub-categories and 58 meaningful contents. The five top categories were 'missing and guilt for family', 'discomfort due to poor therapeutic environment', 'not respected of rights Patient's, 'anxiety about life after discharge', 'social prejudice and self-perceived stigma. This study has significant implications for the provision of basic data to mediate hospitalization stress of patients with schizophrenia.