• Title/Summary/Keyword: 일상생활활동능력

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The Effect of the Activity of Daily Living of Adult People with Physical Disabilities on Spouse's Caregiving Stress and Depression (성인 신체장애인의 일상생활활동능력이 배우자의 부양스트레스와 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Deok Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.371-380
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the caregiving stress and depression of spouses who support adults with physical disabilities, calculate the activity of daily living (ADL) of the disabled and determine the correlation of each area and the influence of their ADL on the caregiving stress and depression of spouses. This study was performed on 86 spouses of the disabled who were receiving rehabilitation treatment in two hospitals located in S and K cities from July to August 2016. According to the results, the total caregiving stress scores were $71.43{\pm}17.78$ and the economic and psychological stresses among low items were higher than the other items. The total depression score was $50.34{\pm}26.41$, which was slightly higher than the average of normal adults. The caregiving stress and depression were high for aged women, for cases of high caregiving expense and time, for young disabled and for stroke disease. Factors that affected the caregiving stress were the age of the disabled and the duration of their disability; their ADL had no influence on the caregiving stress. The result showed that the depression affected their age, disabled type and grade, and ADL. Actual policy support capable of giving economic, physical, and psychological assistance should be prepared to reduce caregiving stress and depression.

The Effect of Cognitive Rehabilitation Program Using Virtual Reality (VR) Contents on Cognitive function, Depression, Upper Extremity Function and Activities of Daily Living in the Elderly (가상현실(Virtual Reality) 콘텐츠를 활용한 인지재활프로그램이 노인의 인지기능, 우울감, 상지기능 및 일상생활능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-June;Park, Jin-Hong;Cho, Young-Suk;Kim, Keum-Sook
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cognitive rehabilitation programs using Virtual Reality(VR) content on the daily living abilities such as cognitive abilities, depression, and upper extremity functions of the elderly. The study group analyzed the effectiveness by separating the experimental group, which is the virtual reality cognitive rehabilitation application group, and the control group, the universal cognitive stimulation program application group. As a result of the study, the MMSE-K score improved by 13.0% in the experimental group and 2.3% in the control group. The improvement in each area of the experimental group was found to be 3.1% MBI, 7.1% MFT(Rt.), 3.5% MFT(Lt.), and 25.4% K-GDS. As a result of comparing the pre-post score change between each group, there was a significant difference between groups in daily living ability (p<.001) and MFT(Rt.)(p<.01). In addition, as a result of comparing the changes in absolute alpha waves to confirm the degree of depression through brain waves, there was no statistically significant difference. However, in the experimental group, it was confirmed that the average value increased to a positive value. This study is an experiment to verify the effectiveness of the cognitive rehabilitation program using virtual reality contents, and suggests a new intervention method to maintain and improve the daily life ability, cognitive function, depression and upper extremity function of the elderly.

Convergence Effect of Virtual Reality Program on Activities of Daily Living Ability in Stroke Patients : Meta-Analysis (가상현실 프로그램이 뇌졸중 환자의 일상생활활동 능력에 미치는 융합적 효과 : 메타분석)

  • Choi, Ki-Bok;Cho, Sung-Hyoun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2020
  • This study was designed to test the convergence effectiveness of virtual reality programs for patients with stroke by using meta-analysis. Based on the PICOS criteria, we searched domestic literature and selected the final 9 studies in relation to 'stroke' and 'virtual reality programs'. Evaluation of the risk of bias in individual studies was conducted using evaluation tools according to the design of each study. The effect size of the meta-analysis was calculated using CMA program. The mediating effect analysis was conducted by sub-group analysis and meta-regression analysis. The overall effect size of the virtual reality program on the activities of daily living ability was Hedges's g=0.302(95% CI: 0.064~0.540), Therefore, virtual reality programs can increase the activities of daily living in stroke patients and have a positive impact on the medical industry that the convergence of virtual reality industry and healthcare industry.

Comparisons of physical Fitness, Self Efficacy, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, and Quality of Life between Institutionalized and Noninstitutionalized Elderly (가정노인과 양로원노인의 체력, 자기효능, 일상생활활동능력 및 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • 노유자;김춘길
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.259-278
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    • 1995
  • This study was done to investigate levels of physical fitness, self efficacy(SE), instrumental activities of daily living(IADL), and quality of life (QL), and their relationships among the elderly Data were collected from 47 noninstitutionalized elderly dwell-ing in their own homes and 43 institutionalized elderly living in homes for older people. The ages of the subjects were 65 years and over. The data were col lected from January 20th to February 20th, 1995. Physical fitness was measured with T.K. K dyna mometer, grip dynamometer, stop watch, and Purdue pegboard. Structured questionnaires developed by Kim by Lawton & Brody, and by Ro were adopted to measure SE, IADL, and QL, respectively. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results were as follows : 1. The noninstitutionalized elderly had higher scores in such measures of physical fitness as body weight, skinfold thickness, flexibility and coordination as compared to the institutionalized elderly. 2. On the following measures of physical fitness, men showed higher levels than women ; in height when standing, height when sitting, body weight, and muscle strength. Women had more trunk flexibility than men. 3. Muscle strength was positively correlated with height when standing, height when sitting, and body weight. The following measures of physical fitness, muscle strength, flexibility and coordi nation, were negatively correlated with "up and go”. 4. The noninstitutionalized elderly had higher scores in SE(t=2.28, p<0.05), IADL(t=2.24, p<0.05), and QL(t=2.41, p<0.05) as compared to the institutionalized elderly. 5. SE was positively correlated with both IADL(r=0.41, p<0.001) and QL(r=0.54, p<0.001), and the latter two variables were a positively correlated (r=0.30, p<0.001). 6. SE was positively correlated with the physical fitness measures of height when standing, body weight, strength of leg muscles, strength of back muscles, grip strength, and level of touching the floor, but negatively correlated with "up and go”. 7. Positive correlations were revealed between IADL and the physical fitness measures of height, strength of leg muscles, level of trunk muscle extension, level of touching the floor, and coordination. The IADL was negatively correlated with “up and go”. 8. QL was positively correlated with body weight (r=0.28, p<0.01) and skinfold thickness (r=0.26, p<0.05). 9. Age was negatively correlated with the physical fitness measures of height when standing, height when sitting, “up and go”, strength of leg muscles, strength of back muscles, grip strength, level of trunk muscle extension, and coordination. 10. Age was also negatively correlated with SE (r=-0.24, p<0.05) and IADL(r=-0.22, p<0.05). The above results suggest that caring elderly in their own homes were more effective and that nursing interventions to enhance physical fitness, SE, IADL, and QL especially for the institutionalized elderly are stressed.

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A Study on Self-Esteem, IADL, and Life Satisfaction in the Elderly (가정노인과 양로원노인의 자아존중감, 일상생활활동능력, 생활만족도에 관한 연구)

  • 김정선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.148-158
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    • 1998
  • This study was designed to identify degrees of self-esteem instrumental activities of daily living and life satisfaction in the elderly and to investigate the relationship between these factors thus contributing to effective nursing interventions to promote quality of life for both noninstitutionalized and institutionalized elderly. The subjects for this study included 130 noninstitutionalized and institutionalized elderly. The data were collected through personal interviews using a questionnaire, the time being from August 25 to September 7, 1997. The measurement tools were the Self-esteem Scale Developed by Rosenberg and translated by Jon, Byong Je (1974). the IADL scale develped by Lawton & Brody(1968). and the Life Satisfaction developed by Youn. Jin(1982).The data were analyzed by the S.P. S.S computer progam and included descriptive stasistics, t-test, One way ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient. The conclusions of this study are summerized as follows ; 1. There was a significant difference in Self-Esteem(t=7.05, P=.000). IADL(t=4.36, P=.000). and Life Satisfaction(t=6.63, P=.000) between the noninstitutionalized elderly and the institutionalized elderly. 2. There was a significant positive correlation between self-esteem and IADL(${\gamma}$=.4028). self-esteem and life satisfaction(${\gamma}$=.6415). and IADL and life satisfaction(${\gamma}$=.3884) in the noninstitutionalized elderly(P<.001). and between self-esteem and life satisfaction(${\gamma}$=.3883, P<.001). IADL and life satisfation(${\gamma}$=.2501, P<.05) in the institutionalized elderly. 3. According to the general characteristics of the noninstitutionalized and institutionalized elderly : Self-Esteem of the noninstitutionalized elderly was significantly different. according to educational level(F=4.491, P=.031). job(F=2.53, P=.044). living expense load(F=2.861. P=.044). and self-esteem, and of the institutionalized elderly, it was significantly different according to educational level only (F=4.480, P=.006). IADL of the noninstitutionalized elderly was significantly different according to age(F=3.018, P=.021). living expense load(F=3.034. P=.033). pocket money(F=3.606. P=.010). and for the institutionalized elderly, it was significantly different according to age(F=2.899, P=.042), and religion(F=2.847, P=.044). Life Satisfaction of the noninstitutionaized elderly( F=2.718, P=.037) and instiutionalized elderly(F=3.165, P=.030) was significantly different according to pocket money.

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The Effect of Daily Living Activities, Depression, Self-respect, and Social Activity Participation of the Rural Elderly on Their Life Satisfaction -Centering on Yeoju, Gyeonggi- (농촌노인의 일상생활수행능력과 우울감, 자아존중감 및 사회활동 참여가 생활만족도에 미치는 영향 -경기도 여주를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sim;Nam, Hee-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.957-984
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this research is to delineate how daily living activities, depression, self-respect, and social activity participation affects the life satisfaction of the rural elderly. The subjects of the research were elderly over-65-year-olds living in Yeoju, Gyeonggido and conducted from November 15 to November 30, 2009. The sampling method was convenience sampling among non-probability sampling, a total of 339 were used as analysis data. The collected data were then put through-frequency analysis, correlation analysis, simple regression analysis, analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis, and feasibility verification through SPSS SAS 9.1.3 program. As a result of hypothesis verification, daily living activities have a positive influence over life satisfaction. And the higher the elderly's self-respect, the greater their life satisfaction, and it was verified that depending on social activity participation, there is a difference in their life satisfaction. The purpose of this study is to verify and carry out action plan and ital.

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Rehabilitation Program using Virtual reality content on Cognition, Activities of daily living, and Upper extremity functions in Cerebrovascular disease (가상현실 콘텐츠를 활용한 인지재활프로그램 훈련이 뇌혈관질환 환자의 인지, 일상생활활동, 상지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Young-Seok;Kim, Keum Sook;Kim, Young-June;Park, Jin-Hong;Lee, Geon-Ho;Baek, So-Young;Hwang, Do-Yeon;Kwon, Ki-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.537-545
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    • 2020
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of cognitive rehabilitation program (CRP) using virtual content, for recovering patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD). A total of 34 patients with CVD were divided into a control group and an experimental group, and subsequently subjected to a virtual content based CRP, followed by cognition, ADLs, and upper limbs. The control group completed a universal rehabilitation program (URP), and the experimental group was provided a URP and a virtual content based cognitive rehabilitation program. For both groups, respective programs were conducted twice a day, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Both groups showed significant improvement in ADLs (p<0.05); but the amount of change in the experimental group 5 point improved significantly (p<0.05). Cognition was significantly different for both groups (p<0.05). However, the experimental group showed a greater change (2 point) than the control group when considering the amount of change (p<0.05). Comparing the amount of change in the upper extremity, the experimental group showed a significant change (0.7 point) than the control group (p<0.05). This study confirms that compared to URP, CRP using virtual content significantly improves ADLs and cognition.

A Study on Effects of Tai-Chi Exercise Program on Pain, Flexibility, Perceived Health Status and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living for Osteoarthritis Patients (태극권이 골관절염 환자의 통증, 유연성, 지각된 건강 상태 및 일상생활활동능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Baek, Myung-Wha
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.119-131
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine effect of Tai-Chi exercise program on pain, flexibility, perceived health status and instrumental activities of daily living for osteoarthritis patients. To evaluate the effects, quasi-experimental study was used for pre and post test with a nonequivalent control group. Method: Fifty-two subjects participated in the experiment(twenty-seven for experimental group and twenty-five for control group) and they were from two different senior citizen centers in J city. The experiment period was from April 2002 through August 2002. The experiment group took part in Tai-Chi exercise program for eighteen weeks(three times a week for four weeks and five times a week for fourteen week). The exercise was performed for 50 minutes at every time (15 minutes for warm-up, 30 minutes for Tai-Chi exercise, and 5 minutes for ending). In order to pursue study purpose, the SPSS/WIN 8.0 program was chosen for the statistical analysis; ANCOVA was employed in examining test hypothesis; t-test and $X^{2}-test$ were used to examine homogeneity between experimental and control group. Result: The study results were as follows: Score of pain decreased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of flexibility increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of perceived health status increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Score of IADL increased significantly after of Tai-Chi exercise program. Conclusion: As shown in the results, Tai-Chi exercise program can be effective nursing intervention for osteoarthritis patient to improve pain, flexibility, perceived health status and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living.

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A Study on Depression and Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly Lived Small City (일부 중소도시지역 노인들의 우울 및 인지기능장애에 관한 연구)

  • Yi, Seung-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.275-287
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    • 1994
  • For the purpose of promotion mental health in the elderly lived small city, a personal interview was conducted for 150 elderlies aged 65 years or more in the Kyungpook Andong city between 29th of August and 9th of September, 1994. The major findings were as follows; 1. The variables related depression were chronic disease, level of physical ability, smoking habits(pack/day) and school education. 2. The variables related cognitive impairment were level of physical ability, age, sex and chronic disease. It was revealed by this study, the female elderlies who had beend not educated and had chronic disease were higher depression or cognitive impairment. so the prospective research with these variables is need.

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The Effect of Virtual Reality-based Sitting Balance Training Program on Ability of Sitting Balance and Activities of Daily Living in Hemiplegic Patients (앉기자세에서 실시한 가상현실 균형훈련이 뇌졸중 환자의 앉기 균형 및 일상생활활동 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Minjae;Koo, Hyunmo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : This study examined the effects of balance training using virtual reality program on sitting balance ability and activities of daily living (ADL) in stroke patients. Method : In the study, 20 patients with hemiplegia were divided into two groups: experiment group (EG) of 10 patients and control group(CG) of 10 patients. The two groups received general occupational therapy for 30 minutes, per day, at a rate of 5 times per week for 6 weeks. The EG was additionally conducted which was performed virtual reality balance training and the CG was conducted general occupational therapy balance training for 30-minutes, once a day, 3 times a week for 6 weeks. Result : The evaluations of this study included: limit of stability(LOS), modified Functional Reach Test(mFRT), and modified Barthel Index(MBI). The patients were evaluated before and after their six week training programs. Significant differences in the LOS, mFRT, MBI were found between pretest and posttest scores in both the EG and CG groups(p<.05). Also, LOS, mFRT, MBI were significant different between the groups at post-test(p<.05). Conclusion : The study findings suggest that virtual reality balance training can improve sitting balance and ADL ability in stroke patients.