• Title/Summary/Keyword: 일반목표

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Robotics (6)

  • Lee, Bong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 1985
  • Servo의 안정성: Servo는 정상상태, 과도상태의 특성을 문제삼기에 앞서 먼저 안정하지 않으면 안된다. 제어량과 제어편차와 같이 제어 loop 속의 신호가 일정치에 수검하지 않는 현상을 불안정이라 한다. 제어량의 feedback을 정(positive)으로 하며 일반 목표치에는 수검하지 않고 제어편차는 단조롭게 정, 또는 부(negative)의 방향으로 발산한다. 이것은 접속 잘못에 의한 이상현상에 속한다. 이것에 대해서, 부 feeeback으로 하여도 제어 량이 목표치에 수검하지 않고 지속적으로 진동하는 불안현상도 있다. 이들은 선형발진과 비선형발진으로 구분할 수 있다.

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Launch Environmental Test for Dual Thrust Module of Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (다목적 실용위성(KOMPSAT)의 추진 장치(DTM)에 대한 발사환경 시험)

  • 김홍배;문상무;이상설
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 1997
  • 1999년 한반도 상공에 발사되어 21세기 한국의 우주 시대를 열어나갈 국내 최초의 다목적 실용위성인 KOMPSAT의 개발이 한국 항공 우주 연구소를 주관 기관으로 국내외의 여러 기업 및 연구기관들이 참여한 가운데 현재 진행 중이다. 본 논문에서는 위성체의 설계, 제작 및 시험의 국산화 일환으로 국내에서 제작된 이중 추진 장치(Dual Thrust Module)의 발사 환경 시험에 대한 과정 및 결과에 대하여 언급코자 한다. 일반적으로 목표 궤도에서 발사체로부터 분리된 위성체는 자세 제어를 수행하며, 또한 저궤도 위성의 경우 궤도상에 존재하는 공기등의 저항으로 인하여 빈번한 궤도수정이 필요하다. DTM은 이러한 궤도수정 업무를 담당하는 중요한 위성체의 부품이다. 그러나, 지상에서 발사시 발사체로부터 전달되는 진동 및 소음의 영향으로 인하여 기능 장애를 일으킬 우려가 있음에 따라, 제작된 DTM은 위성 본체에 장착되기 전 반드시 발사 시와 동일한 환경하에서 고유의 기능을 성공적으로 수행할 수 있는지에 대한 검증 절차가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 DTM의 발사 환경 시험을 성공적으로 수행함으로써 위성체 및 부품의 시험기술을 축적하여 국내 위성 개발 분야에 기여코자 한다.

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An Investigation of Multi-path Propagation Characteristics Considering Slope of the Ground (지면의 경사를 고려한 다중경로 전파특성 분석)

  • Chae, Gyoo-Soo;Lim, Joong-Soo;Kim, Min-Nyun
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.201-204
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    • 2007
  • 본 논문에서 디지털지도를 이용하여 다중경로 전파의 특성을 연구하였다. 일반적으로 목표물에서의 전계의 세기는 직접파와 지면 반사파의 합으로 구해진다. 이 논문에서는 수직면의 장애물인 고압선, 철탑, 산악지형의 경사면 등에 의한 반사파를 고려하여 전체 전계를 계산 하였다. 그리고 지면 반사의 경우, 지면의 경사를 고려하여 목표물에서의 전체 전계의 정확도를 향상시켰다.

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실시간 동적 프로그래밍에 기초한 확률 계획기의 설계 및 구현

  • Kim, Hyeon-Sik;Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Kim, In-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korea Inteligent Information System Society Conference
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    • pp.614-621
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    • 2007
  • 전통적 계획방식은 결정적 효과를 간진 동작들로 이루어진 도메인을 다룬다. 따라서 전통적 계획기는 동작이 환경을 어떻게 변화시킬지 명확하게 예측할 수 있다. 그러나, 많은 실제 응용들에서는 불완전한 정보와 비-결정적 효과를 처리할 수 있는 계획방식을 요구한다. 확률적 계획방식은 확률적 효과를 가진 동작들을 포함함으로써 이러한 요구를 만족한다. 확률적 계획기는 일반적으로 목표상태에 도달하기 위한 하나의 행동정책을 찾아내며, 이는 (상태, 동작)쌍들의 집합으로 표현된다. 그러나 확률적 효과를 포함시킴으로써 계획기들의 복잡도가 이전보다 증가되었다. 본 논문에서는 효율적인 확률적 계획기의 설계와 구현에 대해 설명한다. 이 계획기는 표준 PPDDL 언어로 표현된 도메인 묘사를 입력으로 받아들이며, 실시간 동적 프로그래밍 알고리즘을 채용하고, 간략화한 문제로부터 추출된 휴리스틱 지식을 이용한다. 생성된 상태들과 행동정책을 효율적으로 저장하기 위해, 이 확률적 계획기는 해쉬테이블을 이용한다.

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Development of the Tentative Educational Objectives for the Nursing College (대학간호교육목표의 시안개발)

  • Lee Haw-Ja
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.32-45
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    • 1995
  • This thesis is a study to develop the tentative objectives and present the professional and courses for the nursing college. The conclusions conducted by the purpose of this study are as follows. First, on the basis of the concepts of the nursing and the view-points of nursing education, the tentative goals for the nursing education are set up as follows. 1. To understand human being's life, dignity and their physical, mental, and social aspects. 2. To understand the basic concepts and the principles of human sciences, social sciences, natural sciences, and medical sciences. To apply their knowledges to nursing practices. 3. To diagnose and assess the problems of individual, family and community in terms of nursing practice. To develop the ability of planning, negotiation, management, and evaluation for the nursing education. 4. To develop appropriate knowlege, attitudes, and skills to promote the clients' health and treat their illness. 5. To accomplish all tasks effectively as a trained and qualified professional nurse through the endless studies. Second, the nursing areas and courses for the nursing college in terms of validity, Importance, continuity, relationship, utility and appropriateness are listed as follows. 1. Fundamental courses of the nursing. (1) General courses communication human development, behavior science, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology (2) Medical courses physiology, anatomy, pathology 2. Basic courses in nursing (1) General nursing fundamental nursing, introduction of nursing, nursing history, nursing process, health education, health assessment, philosophy of nursing, nursing psychology (2) Maternal-Child nursing child-health nursing, child-disease nursing, adolescent nursing, obstetric nursing, post-partum nursing, gyneco-pathy nursing (3) Adult nursing adult health nursing, adult disease nursing I(fluid & electrotonic, shock, anoxia disorder), adult disease nursing II(nutrition-excretion disorder, sexual dysfunction), adult disease nursing III(sense-, control-, activity-, sleep disorder), adult disease nursing IV(operation, rehabilitation, emergency), gerontological nursing (4) Psychiatric nursing child-adolescent psychiatric nursing, adult psychiatric nursing, gerontological psychiatric nursing, spiritual nursing (5) Community health nursing community nursing, school nursing, industrial nursing, family nursing, nursing epidemiology 3. Nursing management and research skills (1) Nursing management nursing administration, nursing ethics, laws related to nursing (2) Research skills nursing statistics, nursing research methodology Finally, the principles of the statement of the specific objectives are the followings : 1. To state the specific objectives on the basis of the syllabus of each courses. 2. To match a content with a verb or gerund as the basic form of objectives. 3. To control the level of the objectives according to the rule 'the higher the level of a content, the lower the level of a verb or a gerund'. This rule applies in the reverse, as well. 4. To decide the number of the objectives in each course on the basis of the numbers of the syllabus and the level of its comprehensiveness, 5. To correct, supplement or eliminate the stated objectives by a professional or professional groups in that area.

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The evaluation of penetration protective performance using applied element method for reinforced concrete lining (AEM을 이용한 철근콘크리트 라이닝의 관입 방호성능 평가)

  • Joo, Gun-Wook
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.377-396
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    • 2019
  • Explosion after penetration of a warhead in an underground structure generally causes considerable displacement, breakage and extensive damage to the target. Therefore, in order to reduce the damage effect, it is required to design an underground structure protection against penetration. In this study, major factors for improvement of penetration protection performance of reinforced concrete underground structures using applied element method are divided into strength (concrete UCS) and density (concrete thickness, reinforcement layers, reinforcement diameters, reinforcement spacings). Based on these major factors, this study performed numerical analysis of simulation of dynamic response by penetrators under various conditions and analyzed the results. The results of this study are expected to be used as basis materials to improve penetration protection performance of reinforced concrete underground structures.

A Study on the Adjustment of Posterior Probability for Oversampling when the Target is Rare (목표 범주가 희귀한 자료의 과대표본추출에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, U.N.;Lee, S.K.;Choi, J.H.
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.477-484
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    • 2011
  • When an event of target variable is rare, a widespread strategy is to build a model on the sample that disproportionally over-represents the events, that is over-sampled. Using the data over-sampled from the original data set, the predicted values would be biased; however, it can be easily corrected to represent the population. In this study, we investigate into the relationship between the proportion of rare event on a data-mart and the model performance using real world data of a Korean credit card company. Also, we use the methods for adjusting of posterior probability for over-sampled data of the offset method and the weighted method. Finally, we compare the performance of the methods using real data sets.

Reflections on the Elementary School Geometry Curriculum in the Netherlands -Based on the Realistic Mathematics Education- (네덜란드의 초등학교 기하 교육과정에 대한 개관 -현실적 수학교육을 중심으로-)

  • Chong, Yeong-Ok
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.197-222
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    • 2007
  • The study aims to reflect the elementary school geometry education based on the Realistic Mathematics Education in the Netherlands in the light of the results from recent researches in geometry education and the direction of geometry standards for school mathematics of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics in order to induce implications for improving korean geometry curriculum and textbook series. In order to attain these purposes, the present paper reflects the history of elementary school geometry education in the Netherlands, sketches the elementary school geometry education based on the Realistic Mathematics Education in the Netherlands by reflecting general goals of the mathematics education, the core goals for geometry strand of the Netherlands, and geometry and spatial orientation strand of Dutch Pluspunt textbook series for the elementary school more concretely. Under these reflections on the documents, it is analyzed what is the characteristics of geometry strand in the Netherlands as follows: emphasis on realistic spatial phenomenon, intuitive and informal approach, progressive approach from intuitive activity to spatial reasoning, intertwinement of mathematics strands and other disciplines, emphasis on interaction of the students, cyclical repetition of experiencing phase, explaining phases, and connecting phase. Finally, discussing points for improving our elementary school geometry curriculum and textbook series development are described as follows: introducing spatial orientation and emphasizing spatial visualization and spatial reasoning with respect to the instruction contents, considering balancing between approach stressing on grasping space and approach stressing on logical structure of geometry, intuitive approach, and integrating mathematics strands and other disciplines with respect to the instruction method.

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The Components of Portfolio Assessment for Korean Elementary Science Classroom (초등학교 자연과 포트폴리오 평가(Portfolio Assessment)의 구성 요소)

  • Kim, Chan-Jong;Kim, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.233-243
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    • 1998
  • Many science educators concern about the problems of assessment using paper & pencil test. Performance assessment is believed to be a very promising alternatives to traditional assessment. Portfolio assessment, a kind of performance assessment, has many desirable characteristics to foster students' creativity and increase students' responsibility for their own learning. However few research study has been dealt with this assessment method and few teacher adopts this method in science class. The characteristics and structures of portfolio assessment were explored by reviewing related literatures. The appropriate portfolio assessment was designed based on the results of exploration. For our primary science class, general and specific objectives are needed, depending on the nature of the instructional topics. The children's evidences for portfolio may be limited in their forms because of insufficient learning materials and reproducing facilities in classrooms. Large portions of children's evidence should be collected during class hours to reduce burdens of children. The evaluation criteria may be holistic rather than analytical because of large class size. Portfolio assessment will bring about many changes in primary science classes. Students' have more responsibility in science learning. Teachers will focus major instructional objectives, and concern more about students' meaningful learning. Although portfolio assessment requires more work to teachers and children it could be applicable to our science classroom.

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