• Title, Summary, Keyword: 일과 자녀돌봄

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Convergent Research on Balancing Experience of Work and Child care of North Korean Female Defectors (북한이탈여성의 일과 자녀돌봄 양립 경험에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Yoojung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.385-395
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    • 2017
  • This qualitative research is conducted to explore the balancing experience of work and child care of North Korean female defectors. Five of North Korean female defectors from double income family in their 40's were selected and interviewed. The interview data were analyzed by a phenomenological qualitative method. The five categories were derived from the data and included as follows: , , , , . Based on the results of the research the suggestions for practical services, such as parenting education, career path development programs and policies with gender perspective were made. Limitations of the research and further research recommendations were suggested as well.

Work, Care or Leisure? - The Effects of Gender and Education on Time Allocation of Full-time Working Parents (노동인가, 돌봄인가, 여가인가? -전일제 임노동자 맞벌이 부모의 시간배분에 대한 젠더 영향과 학력의 조절효과-)

  • Joo, Eunsun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.5-34
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    • 2014
  • This study investigates time allocation among paid work, child care and leisure of dual earner parents of pre-school child. The focuses of this study are time allocation of full-time dual earner parents which can be affected by traditional gender role ideology, and if the gender effects can be diminished or not. So the analysis were about gender effects in the time allocation and the moderating effects of education on gender effects. According to the analysis, the hypothesis are partly corroborated. Even though gender is not effective on paid working time(production time), it affects the time allocation for child care and leisure. There are significant gender gaps in time share for child care(family time) and time share for leisure(private time). The education has moderating effects on gender effects. When education years getting longer, gender gap in child care time becomes narrow, however gender gap in leisure time becomes wide. Because the education is expected to cultivate the sense of value of child care, it can bring decrease of gender gap in care time. According to the result on leisure time share, the education is not expected to make changes in patriarchical gender role in terms of leisure and it doesn't contribute work and life balance.

The Policy Demand of the Family Sector for Work-Family Balance (맞벌이 가정의 일-가정 균형을 위한 가정생활 영역의 정책적 요구 : 자녀돌봄 및 가사노동을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Hee-Keum;Seo, Ji-Won
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.61-81
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy demands of the family sector for work-family balance, with a focus on the child care and household labor provisions. For empirical analysis, data were collected from 197 dual-income families with at least one young child under age 10 in the metropolitan area via self-administered questionnaires. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, child care provisions for working mothers and fathers were insufficient and unfair, and the ratio of child care provisions offered by familial child care network was high. The characteristics of child care provisions for working parents were associated with family structure, working conditions, and demographic variables. Second, household labor provisions for working mothers and fathers were also insufficient and unfair, and the ratio of socialization was high. Third, the level of family satisfaction varied by the level of child care and household labor provisions, respectively, controlling family structure, working conditions, and demographic variables. The empirical results of the study provided policy implications for work-family balance.

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The Effect of Burden of Caring Unmarried Adult Children on Depression of Employed Women: Mediating Effects of Couple Communication and Job Satisfaction (취업 여성의 미혼 성인자녀 돌봄 부담이 우울에 미치는 영향 : 부부의사소통과 일 만족도의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Ouk-Sun;Paik, Jina
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.293-303
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of burden of caring unmarried adult children on depression of employed women and to verify the mediating effects of couple communication and job satisfaction. For the purpose, the data from the fourth year Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families on 586 employed women with baby boomer husbands and unmarried adult children were analyzed by using structure equation modeling. The found results are as follows. First, burden of caring unmarried adult children of employed women had a positive effect on their depression, while it had a negative effect on couple communication and job satisfaction. Second, couple communication of employed women influenced negatively on their depression and had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between burden of caring unmarried adult children and depression. Third, the effect of burden of caring unmarried adult children on depression of employed women was partly mediated by their job satisfaction. Further, the practical programs to enhance couple communication and job satisfaction, as well to reduce depression, were presented.

The Effects of Spouse's Housework Intervention on Women's Depression (배우자의 가사 노동 개입이 여성 우울증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun-Jung;Yang, Hee-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.280-289
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated the effects of spousal intervention in housework on female depression. To achieve this, an empirical 10-day field survey of 119 mothers of children after school age was conducted in Suwon, Incheon, Yeoju and Gwangju, Gyeonggi-do through structured questionnaires. The findings were as follows. Spousal intervention in housework had a significant effect on female depression, but there were different prevalence rates of female depression according to the status of spousal childcare on weekdays and weekends. In other words, there was a difference in the effects of spousal intervention in housework on female depression according to weekday childcare and weekend childcare. These findings indicate that reducing housework burdens by spousal intervention in housework helps to lower and prevent female depression. Consequently, because there is a difference in the effects of spousal intervention in housework on female depression according to the level of simple weekday or weekend childcare and the degree of intervention, spousal intervention and sharing all family management duties, including housework and childcare, can maximize the effect.

A study on the Balance between work and family according to the experience of child care support policy (돌봄노동의 사회적 지원 정책을 통해 본 일-가정 양립 실태에 대한 연구 : 학령전기 자녀를 둔 기혼취업여성의 경험을 중심으로)

  • Song, Hyerim;Yoo, Arang
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.101-125
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    • 2013
  • Recently family policy and social policy have focused on the balance between the work and family of working parents. The purpose of this study is to analyze the status of the work-life balance of married working women. For this purpose the eight married working women who care for 1 or more pre-school child(ren) were interviewed. The questionnaire used was consisted of 4 themes : 1) child care, 2) working situation, 3) the work-life balance and 4) the need to improve related policies. Through the interviews and data analysis we found the following : 1) Accessibility to educarecenter was considered the most important factor for working moms when they choose an educarecenter. In order to improve accessibility of educarecenters we have to install more educarecenters with various level. 2) All respondents look maternity leave and they evaluated that other services were very weak in terms of quality, usefulness and accessibility. 3) Many childcare services aid in creating work and family balance, however they are not effective. Therefore future policies should focus on providing more options for working women for appropriate services according to childcare needs, working conditions and preferences.

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Research on Development of a Customized Nursery School for Nurses (간호사를 위한 맞춤보육어린이집의 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Ki-Seon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.407-416
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    • 2019
  • This study is about a Customized Nursery School where working women can support work - life balance and a reduction in retirement or turnover. The research method is to identify the current status of Customized Nursery services and to recognize the recognition and need of the operation of Customized Nursery School. The importance of securing skilled nurses and preventing them from changing their jobs for the health and safety of people cannot be emphasized enough. A Customized Nursery School must be opened to reduce the retirement or change of jobs of working women nurses and to provide care for continuous work in three shifts from 365days to support the balance between the working mother and family. It is considered that nurses will put their children in relief when using retired nurses who have the ability to work 24hour rotation in a Customized Nursery School and when a Customized Nursery School be ran suited for the condition and demand of working women nurses, it is expected to reduce retirement and the change of jobs, also to give positive effect on marrige and family planning which would make improvement in low birthrate. To activate the Customized Nursery School, Creating a secure learning environment and qualification of educators great effort should be put. A program curriculum based on 'basic life and habits' should be the center of education. Continuous management and effort will need to be placed in continuous development of educators.

The effect of family care program in workplace on turnover intention and work-family interaction for married working women (기업의 자녀돌봄지원제도가 미취학자녀를 둔 기혼여성의 이직의향 및 일-가정 상호작용에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Young-Keum;Han, Young-Sun
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.61-87
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to demonstrate how having a family care program in the workplace for working women with preschool children affects these women's work and family life. This study employs a panel analysis based on data from the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Women and Families. The major results are as follows. First, financial support for nursery care is only significantly related to the turnover of married women with preschool children. Second, the negative effects of work on the family are significantly influenced by financial support for nursery care and maternity leave. Third, financial support for nursery care is also significantly related to the positive effects of work on the family. In conclusion, a family-friendly care program including financial support for nursery care and maternity leave in the workplace is an important support system for working mothers in raising their children.

The Study on Supporting Situation of the Community Child Care Service for the Work-Family Balance - Focused on Dual Income Families Living in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province (일-가정 균형을 위한 지역사회의 자녀 돌봄 지원 실태에 대한 연구 -서울, 경기지역 맞벌이 가정을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Seong-Eun;Jeong, Jee-Young;Han, Ji-Sue
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.147-168
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to research support systems of the community child care services for optimum work-family balance. For this purpose, the questionnaire to be completed combined four areas: the workplace, school, community and home. Then questions concerning demographic factors and community-related aspects were analysed for this article. After analyzing 197 questionnaires, supplementary questions were asked, by interview to 10 samples. Full-time working wives (eg. working from 9am to 6pm) who have 1 or more children under 10 years old, living in Seoul and Gyeonggi province were collected as samples. The results were as follows: First, child care from family and relatives, and community services was properly used during the week, but dual working parents took complete charge of child care on Saturdays. Second, emergency child care was usually provided by the family, while relatives and community child care services were used less. Third, parents spent 17% of their monthly income on total child care expenditure. Fourth, community child care services were not used often, but the level of satisfaction with them was very high. Finally, they used relatives' services for safety reasons and community services for location, and only based on informed decisions. Therefore, Saturday child care programmes need to be initiated to help physically and mentally tired parents, with more general provision of positive and diverse public support systems.

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