• Title, Summary, Keyword: 인삼재배

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Crop Rotation of the Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) and the Rice in Paddy Field (고려인삼(高麗人蔘)의 답전윤환재배(畓田輪換栽培) 효과(效果))

  • Jo, Jae-Seong;Kim, Choong-Soo;Won, Jun-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1996
  • The crop rotation of rice and ginseng in paddy field has very important meaning because up-land field suitable for ginseng cultivation is now being insufficient day by day in main ginseng production area. This studies were conducted to define basic problems related to ginseng cultivation and replanting in paddy field. In Keumsan district, the most serious problem on ginseng cultivation in paddy field was excess of mineral salts left behind in the soil of rice cultivation. The amounts of organic matters, CEC and the mineral elements including potassium were higher in the soil of paddy ginseng field compared to those of upland. Plant growth of 3 and 4 year old ginseng and root yield of four year old ginseng cultivated in paddy field of 1st and replanting were not decreased compared to those of 1st - planting of up-land field, but those were significantly decreased in replanted compared to those of first planted upland field. Crop rotation with ginseng and rice in paddy field seemed to be a good way to avoid hazards of continuous cropping of ginseng with it's outyield of root and less infection of diseases. Amounts of crude saponin and ginsenosides of ginseng cultivated in paddy field were not differ from those of upland field.

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Farm Study of Direct Seeding Cultivation of the Korean Ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) (고려인삼의 직파재배에 관한 조사 연구)

  • Won, Jun-Yeon;Jo, Jae-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.308-313
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    • 1999
  • Direct seeding is a cultivation method of Korean ginseng which can cut down production cost and increase productivity. This study was conducted to obtain detailed information about this method and to aid the development of it in Korea. Major pre-crops before ginseng cultivation were rice, corn and rye, and organic matters, such as rice straw, rye straw and poultry feces were used for basal fertilization. In direct seeding of the ginseng field, seeding density was 196 to 210 seeds per $3.3m^2$ and germination ratio was 67%. Survival ratio of 4-year-old ginsengs which were products of direct seeding was 51%, and more than 100 plants per $3.3m^2$ survived. The most critical diseases in the directly seeded ginseng field were grey mold, damping off, and stem diseases including stem spot disease. Plant growth of the ginseng cultivated by the direct seeding method was not different from the ginseng cultivated by transplanting method. But the root of the ginseng cultivated by the direct seeding method took the shape of a shorter main root compared to the ginseng cultivated by the transplanting method. Root yield per $3.3m^2$ of the direct seeding ginseng field was larger compared to the field of the transplanting cultivation.

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The history of ginseng cultivation in Ganghwa area (강화 지역의 인삼 재배 역사)

  • Lee, Sungdong
    • Journal of Ginseng Culture
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    • v.2
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2020
  • Ginseng was first addressed ever in the medical record in HyangYakGooGupBang (鄕藥救急方), the oldest Korean medical book published in Kingdom of Goryeo (918-1392) when Ganghwa was the provisional capital city at the time. It is believed that ginsengs in Ganghwa were planted and cultivated from 1100s. Intensive ginseng production in Ganghwa began when Ganghwa became the special district of the Kaesong Ginseng Union (開城人蔘組合) in 1920s, this intensive production continued till the Korean War in 1950. After the Korean War ended in 1953, ginseng production was resumed. In 1967, Ganghwa Ginseng Association (江華蔘業組合) was founded. The total acreage of ginseng harvested was nearly 200 ha in 1967 and it increased to ha 900 in 1974. By mid-1970s, Ganghwa became the largest ginseng region in Korea by total production and acreage. Most of ginseng roots cultivated in Ganghwa are six years old. Ganghwa, which was already well-known for red ginseng productions, has become even more famous for ginseng production.

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A Study on the Development of Jeonbuk-Ginseng (전북인삼 명품화 방안 연구 - 진안인삼산업 중심으로 -)

  • Yoo, Byoung-Wan;Lm, Byung-Ok
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.3-3
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    • 2011
  • 국내 주요 인삼재배 산지 기반을 가진 전북 진안지역의 인삼 홍삼산업은, 재배농가 895호, 재배면적 402ha, 생산량 1,628톤, 홍삼가공업체 80개소, 판매업소 50개소로 지역경제의 25% 이상을 차지한다. 그러나 재배농가의 계열화 미흡(22%), 산지수집상(포전매매)에 의한 인근 유사 도매시장으로 재배물량과 부가가치 유출(78%), 가공시설의 노후화, 가공업체의 영세성(매출규모 연평균 2억11백만원)과 함께 중국, 캐나다, 미국 등의 국제 가격경쟁과 국내의 대기업 및 인삼산업 주요지역과의 경쟁이라는 상황에 직면하고 있다. 이러한 상황을 극복하고 지역특화명품산업으로 발전할 수 있는 방안으로, 인삼재배산지로서 원료공급지를 기반으로 하는 재배, 유통, 가공, 품질관리, 시설분야에 이르는 발전방안을 연구하였다. 산업원료 확보를 위해서는 인삼계열화 확대를 통해 원물 확보력을 강화하여야 한다. 재배분야의 경우에는 친환경재배 확대와 GAP 확대를 통해 원물의 품질경쟁력 뿐만 아니라 시장수요에 따른 브랜드마케팅 요인으로 특성화해야 한다. 유통분야는 계열화 확대를 통한 원물확보라는 산업경쟁력을 바탕으로 원료중심의 수취, 매취, 보관, 가공, 대형거래, 도소매 등 유통활성화와 유통규격포장 및 선별등급표준화를 통한 유통표준화를 추진하여야 한다. 가공의 경우, 원료홍삼 공급기능을 중심으로 가공산업을 선택 육성해야한다. 품질관리는 원물중심관리(성분, 잔류농약, 식품위생), 유통중심관리(연근, 등급), 경작중심관리(재배지, 재배자, 경작), 프로세스중심관리(재배 유통 가공 판매정보)로 구체화해야한다. 시설분야는 유통시설(대규모 집하시설, 보관시설 등 종합유통처리시설)과 가공시설(가공설비현대화, 가공공장 공인규격화;ISO, GMP, HACCP)의 지속적인 시설개선과 현대화를 추진하여야 한다.

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Research of Chemical Properties of Soil and Growth Characteristics of Panax ginseng under Organic and Conventional Cultivation Systems in Korea (국내 유기와 관행 재배 인삼의 토양화학성과 생육 특성 조사)

  • Lim, Jin-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.435-451
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    • 2016
  • The objective of the present study was to perform a comparative analysis of the chemical properties of the cultivation site soil and growth characteristics of organically and conventionally cultivated ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer). Organically and conventionally cultivated ginseng samples (4-, 5-, and 6-year-old) were collected from 52 fields at 14 locations throughout Korea. The samples were collected over three years from 2013 to 2015, with the collection period between October and November of each year. In order to increase the yield of organically cultivated ginseng, the amount of nutrients was increased to match that of the conventional cultivation system, which highlights the need for proper management in accordance with the standards for chemical properties of soil. Growth duration of organic ginseng was ${\geq}60days$ shorter than that of conventional ginseng and its average yield per 1ha was 60% than that of conventional ginseng. Root weight of organically cultivated ginseng was approximately 54% that of conventionally cultivated ginseng. Rhizome diameter and body shape index of organically cultivated ginseng were lower than those of conventionally cultivated ginseng, indicating that organically cultivated ginseng was thinner and longer than conventionally cultivated ginseng. Root length was greater in 5-year-old conventionally cultivated ginseng with a low percentage of paddy-upland rotation fields. The number of rootlets was lower in 5- and 6-year-old organically cultivated ginseng with a high percentage of direct seeding cultivation. Dry weight was distinctly lower in 5- and 6-year-old organically cultivated ginseng with early defoliation than that of conventionally cultivated ginseng. Incidences of notched belly and root rot tended to be higher in conventional cultivation, with the incidence of notched belly being distinctly higher in 4- and 6-year-old roots and root rot being more prevalent in 5- and 6-year-old roots. Red discoloration and eelworm damage, which are highly affected by soil moisture, were most common in the organically cultivated 4-year-old roots. Organically cultivated ginseng showed early defoliation than conventionally cultivated ginseng, as a result, its yield and weight were low, while the incidence of physiological disorders was low. In order to increase the yield of organically cultivated ginseng, studies on cultivation technology that can overcome early defoliation, as well as soil moisture management that can minimize physiological disorders, are required.

Selection to be Compatible Site for Ginseng Information System in Kumsan Area (인삼정보시스템 구축 및 이를 활용한 재배적지 분석(금산지역))

  • 김윤영
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2002
  • The methodology introduces the establishment of a regional ginseng information system, which combines a ginseng database and GIS functionalities. The use of a database and GIS in the execution of ginseng studies may be expressed as shown in Kumsan-Gun. The process from defining a high-quality ginseng problem to providing advice and suggestions for solution of the problem is carried out through five steps: a) data collection and retrieval of data from a database; b) processing of data and preparing model input using a GIS; c) running a high quality-ginseng model; d) interpretation of model output using GIS; e) visualization and translation of study results for discussion with involved parties and advice to principals. In ginseng management it is necessary to deal efficiently and adequately with occurring ginseng situation and problems. This requires the availability of a ginseng information system based on a GIS in Kumsan-Gun, which provides up-to-date information which is quickly accessible and easy to process.

Effect of Fine Bubble Treatment on the Growth of Two-year-old Ginseng (2년 근 인삼재배 시 파인버블(Fine bubble)처리가 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Chul-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.549-555
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    • 2017
  • The production of ginseng cultivation is decreasing due to shortage of cultivated land and climate change, so additional methods are needed. Therefore, the physiological and morphological characteristics of finebubble were analyzed by applying them to ginseng cultivation which is the representative crop of Korea. The application of fine bubble water to 2 year old ginseng showed that stem length and leaf were increased, and weight increased as main root increased in root. In particular, it is shown that the weight of roots increases with the increase of leaf size. This is because the total chlorophyll content is high and it is judged to be related to the increase of photosynthesis efficiency. When the results of this study were confirmed, it was confirmed that ginseng cultivation using fine bubbles showed no inhibition of growth of ginseng. According to the results of physiological characteristics and subdividing results, It was confirmed that the growth of about 10% to 15% of the growth was increased and that the growth of ginseng was increased by applying the fine bubble when growing ginseng.

Effect of Substrate on the Production of Korean Ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) in Nutrient Culture (한국인삼 양액재배시 배지의 영향)

  • Dong Sik Yang;Gung Pyo Lee;Park, Kuen Woo
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.199-204
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    • 2002
  • To overcome a decrease of Korean ginseng production caused by successive cropping, we have tried to develop a nutrient culture system for Korean ginseng production. For determining the optimal substrate, mixture of sand and TKS-2 (S+T), peatmoss (P), reused rockwool (RR), and granular rockwool (GR) were investigated. The overall physico-chemical properties of RR fell into the reported optimal range for the ginseng cultivation. However, bulk density of S+T was a little higher than that of soil in Korean ginseng fields. The top fresh weight of the ginseng was high in RR and S+T substrates. The root fresh and dry weights in the RR were remarkably greater than that in the conventional soil (CS) of Korean ginseng fields. In terms of ginseng quality, the vitamin C content of ginseng root in nutrient culture was higher than that in CS. However, the contents of crude saponin and total ginsenosides in ginseng between in the nutrient culture and in the soil culture did not show any significant differences.

The first region of ginseng cultivation in the Joseon dynasty (조선 최초의 가삼 재배지에 대하여)

  • Koh, Seungtae
    • Journal of Ginseng Culture
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    • v.2
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2020
  • Ginseng, also known as Insam, has solidified its status as one of the supreme drugs classified as life time expansion drug since ancient times and was used as a panacea based on its pharmaceutical effectiveness. The demand for ginseng rapidly increased as the demand for ginseng, which targeted only noble class people, expanded to other social class people. Accordingly, the wild ginseng supply reached its limit due to the extinction caused by indiscriminate harvesting and the difficulty of harvesting, and thus the ginseng supply method shifted to the cultivation of high-priced ginseng rather than complicated wild ginseng foraging. Although the timing of ginseng cultivation (also called gasam) in Korea has been studied, the research on the first cultivation area has not been reported yet. In this study, we critically reviewed Korea's first ginseng cultivation site by arranging data related to ginseng cultivation, and the historical data cited here include Joseon Wangjo Sillog (The Annals of Joseon Dynasty), Imwon Gyeongjeji (The Mid-19 Century Encyclopedia Koreana on Rural Living, Edible plants and Herb Volumes), Oju Yeonmun Jangjeon Sango (An Encyclopedic Writing during the Latter Half Period of the Joseon Dynasty), Junggyeongji (The Junggyeong Town Chronicle), Jeungbo Munheon Bigo (The largest encyclopedia of Joseon Dynasty), Insamsa (The Ginseng History) and etc. As a result of data assortment and critical review, the first ginseng plantation in the Joseon Dynasty resulted in the Yeongnam region, and in Yeongnam region, I have no choice but to conclude that it is Punggi-myeon (currently Punggi-eup, Yeongju-si, Gyeongbuk).

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