• Title, Summary, Keyword: 인공수유

Search Result 31, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Differences in Maternal Role Attainment for Breastfeeding and Bottlefeeding Mothers at Four Months after Delivery (모유수유 유무와 산후 4개월된 어머니의 모성역할 획득정도 차이)

  • Lee, Hae-Kyung
    • 모자간호학회지
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-40
    • /
    • 1994
  • 모유수유 유무와 아기의 신체적, 정서적 발달과의 관계, 모유수유 성공에 영향을 주는 요소, 모유수유를 성공시키기 위한 전략 등 모유수유를 증진시키기 위한 연구는 많이 이루어 졌다. 이에 비하여 모유수유가 어머니의 모성행위, 어머니의 만족에 미치는 영향 등 모유수유 유무가 어머니의 정서에 미치는 영향에 관한 조사는 거의 이루어지지 않은 실정이다. 그러나 많은 모성간호사들은 모유수유 어머니가 인공수유 어머니보다 아기 양육에 더 자신감을 갖고 있고, 어머니로서의 역할에 더 만족한다고 믿고 있다. 또한 피치못할 사정으로 인공수유를 하는 어머니들 스스로도 모유수유를 하지 못함 때문에 아기에 대한 죄의식을 갖고 있을 수 있다. 그래서 생후 4개월된 아기를 갖고 있는 어머니를 대상으로 모유수유 유무와 어머니의 모성역할 긴장과 모성역할 획득 정도에 차이를 연구하였다. 연구결과 모유수유 유무에 따라 모성역할 획득정도에 차이가 없었으며, 모성역할 긴장에도 차이가 없었다. 또한 남편의 지지와 친척 및 친구의 지지를 공변량으로 처리하여 모유수유 유무에 따라 모성역할 획득정도에 차이를 알아 본 결과 모유수유 유무에 따라 모성역할 획득 정도에 차이가 없었고, 모성역할 긴장 역시 차이가 없었다.

  • PDF

Current Understanding and Practices of Breast feeding by Mothers (모유수유에 대한 산모의 의식과 실천 현황)

  • Park, Eun Young;Cho, Su Jin;Lee, Keun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.48 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1162-1165
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose : The objective of this survey was to develop an operational plan for breast feeding education. In order to comprehend current breast feeding patterns, we aimed to examine the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding breast feeding of mothers and to compare the data with a similar study done 6 years ago. Methods : A total of 127 mothers who delivered healthy babies at Ewha Womans University Dongdaemun Hospital were interviewed and asked to complete a survey on their perception of breast feeding during their postpartum stay in the hospital. A follow up phone interview was carried out at 1, 2 and 3 months after delivery and similar questions were asked. Results : At the time of delivery, 96.1 percent of mothers planned to breast feed, including 73.2 percent of exclusive breast feeding and 22.8 percent of mixed feeding. The duration of breast feeding planned was mostly 7-12 months. Breast feeding had been recommended by family members. Between 1-3 months, exclusive breast feeding was maintained at least 50 percent but a large number of mothers who had practiced mixed feeding changed to formula feeding. This trend demonstrates an increase in the rate of breast feeding at 3 months compared to a similar study done in 1999. The main reasons for discontinuing breast feeding were insufficient amount of milk(35.0 percent) and return to work(27.5 percent). Conclusion : Breast feeding rate has increased in Korea since 1999 but failure to continue exclusive breast feeding still occurs mainly within the first month after delivery. Breast feeding education should focus on supportive care to mothers practicing mixed feeding.

A comparative study on iron deficiency anemia based on feeding patterns of nine-month-old infants (9개월 영아의 수유방법에 따른 철결핍빈혈에 대한 연구)

  • Yun, Hyun Jin;Choi, Eun Jeong;Choi, Eun Jin;Hong, Su Young
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.51 no.8
    • /
    • pp.820-826
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose : This study was conducted to evaluate the red cell indices and frequency of iron deficiency anemia based on the feeding patterns of nine-month-old infants. Methods : Blood tests were performed on 253 nine-month-old infants, who visited Il Sin Christian Hospital for health check-ups from January to December 2007. Their parents answered telephonic questions regarding their feeding patterns and weaning foods. Results : Three infants groups were created according to feeding patterns before they started weaning foods. One group was exclusively breast-fed (48.6%), another had mixed feeding (27.3%), and the third had artificial milk feeding (24.1%). Red cell indices (hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, MCH) of the breast-fed group were comparatively lower than those of the other two groups (P<0.05). Twenty-five infants (9.9%) were diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia. According to feeding patterns, the frequency of anemia was highest in the breast-fed group. Six infants who started weaning foods before six months of age (113 infants) were diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia (5.3%), and nineteen who started after six months of age (140 infants) were diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia (13.6%). Conclusion : When nine-month old infants visit hospitals for health check-ups, pediatricians must consider their feeding pattern and weaning foods histories, and then recommend screening blood tests for iron-deficiency anemia.

The Effect of Postpartum Depression on Breast-Feeding Practice in Puerperium Mothers (산욕기 산모의 산후우울이 모유수유 실천에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sun Mi;Kim, Byung Kwan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.17 no.7
    • /
    • pp.187-195
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between postpartum depression and breast-feeding in puerperium mothers to practice healthy breast-feeding. Puerperium mothers at postnatal care center completed an anonymous survey. Postpartum depression severity was observed at ($x^2=19.556$, p = 0.000). Postpartum depression was found to negatively affect healthy breast-feeding at a rate of Exp (B) = 0.887, p = 0.014. Puerperium mothers' postpartum depression has shown significant effect on breast-feeding practice, thus, when postpartum depression rate decrease, regular breast-feeding practice rate increased. Despite lacking robust statistical evidence, these results indicate that postpartum depression leads to bottle-feeding.

Iron and calcium status of women during lactation period by feeding form (수유기여성의 수유형태에 따른 철분과 칼슘영양상태)

  • 윤진숙;장희경
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.118-118
    • /
    • 2003
  • 수유기 여성은 임신과 출산이라는 신체적 생리적 변화과정을 겪은 대표적인 영양취약집단으로서, 수유기 여성의 영양상태는 본인의 건강회복뿐만 아니라 영유아의 영양에도 직접적인 영향을 주는 중요한 시기이다. 수유기 여성들에게 부족 되기 쉬운 철분과 칼슘영양상태를 수유형태별로 비교해 봄으로써 수유기여성의 영양교육을 위한 기초자료를 제시하고자 수유기여성 84명(모유영양군27명, 인공영양군 47명, 혼합영양군 10명), 비수유기여성 20명, 총 104명을 대상으로 일반적 환경 및 특성, 식이조사, 체지방 측정, 혈액분석, 골밀도 측정을 실시하였다. (중략)

  • PDF

Nurses 'Practices and Knowledge of Breast feeding in Korea and Thailand (한국과 태국의 일부 간호사의 모유수유에 관한 지식 및 실천정도)

  • Lee, Hae-Kyung;Deoisres, Wannee;Wacharasin, Chintana
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.202-215
    • /
    • 1996
  • 모유가 인공유보다 아기에게 신체적, 정신적으로 바람직하다는 것은 강조할 필요가 없다. 모유수유율을 증가시키기 위하여는 간호사들이 아기어머니에게 모유수유와 관련된 지식을 전달하여, 모유수유를 실천할 수 있게 적극적으로 도와주어야 한다. 이 연구는 신생아나 산모와 함께 일하는 한국의 간호사 60명, 태국의 간호사 50명을 대상으로 모유수유에 관한 지식과 이 지식을 얼마나 어머니에게 전달하는지를 비교 조사한 것이다. 연구결과 한국 간호사보다 태국 간호사가 모유수유에 관한 정보를 어머니에게 더 제공하고 있었고, 더 적극적으로 모유수유를 할 수 있게 도와주고 있었다. 또한 태국병원의 체계도 모자동실을 실시하는 등 어머니가 아기를 낳은 직후부터 모자수유를 할 수 있게 되어있는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 모유수유에 관한 지식정도를 비교한 결과 한국의 간호사가 태국의 간호사보다 더 정확한 지식을 갖고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이 연구 결과는 한국의 모성간호사들이 좀 더 적극적으로 어머니가 모유를 할 수 있도록 도와야 하며, 한국병원의 체계도 모유를 수유하기 쉽고 편안한 환경을 제공하여야 함을 나타내고 있었다. 또한 태국의 간호사와 한국의 모성간호사는 모유수유에 관한 최근의 지식을 정확하게 알아야 할 필요성을 제시하고 있었다.

  • PDF

Non-nutritive Sucking Habits of Preschool Children in Daejeon (대전지역 미취학 어린이의 비수유성 빨기 습관에 대한 조사 연구)

  • Bak, Seunghyo;Lee, Nanyoung;Lee, Sangho;Jeong, Hyeran
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.247-256
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of non-nutritive sucking in preschool children in Daejeon. This study assessed the relationship between contributing factors influencing the prevalence of non-nutritive sucking. Also, the effects of non-nutritive sucking on the primary dentition were investigated. The study included 841 children 18~65 months of age that visited a pediatric private dental clinic for oral examination. Both children and their guardians were surveyed. It was found that 32.8% of children exhibited non-nutritive sucking, and 37.7% of females displayed this behavior. The number of females showing this behavior was significantly greater than that of males. The prevalence decreased significantly with the breast-feeding period, and there was no association with either birth rank or maternal occupation. Finger sucking (62.6%) was more prevalent and of longer duration than pacifier sucking (37.4%). Malocclusion of the primary dentition was associated with the duration of this behavior.

Predictors of breast-feeding discontinuation in some followed-up hospital-delivered mothers (추적조사된 대구시내 일부 병원분만 산모에서 모유수유중단 예측변수)

  • Lee, Choong-Won;Lee, Moo-Sik;Park, Jong-Won;Lee, Mi-Young;Kang, Mi-Joung;Shin, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Se-Youp
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.845-862
    • /
    • 1995
  • We followed prospectively some hospital-delivered mothers to identify characteristics of those not initiated breast-feeding and predictors of breast-feeding discontinuation in monthly telephone interviews. Recruits were composed of 482 mothers who delivered their babies at one university hospital and one OB/GYN clinic in September to November 1991. Breast-feeding discontinuation was defined as switch to 100% formula lasting more than one week regardless of solid foods. Average age of the study subjects was 27.3 years of age(standard deviation 3.2). Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated native place, occupation, method of delivery and method of feeding considered to be better for maternal health were statistically significant(p<0.1) between initiators and non-initiators of breast feeding. In starting cohort(N=242) of those initiated breast-feeding, that median of breast-feeding discontinuation were 5 months and 25th and 75th percentiles were 3 and 9 months respectively. In Cox's proportional hazard model, mothers with $10\sim13$ years of education were 2.63 times (95% confidence interval, CI $1.50\sim4.60$) more likely to discontinue than those with less than 9 years of education and those with more than 13 years of education were 3.55 time (95% CI $1.99\sim6.33$). Compared with house wife, mothers with part-time jobs were 1.99 times (95% CI $0.86\sim4.57$) more likely to discontinue and those with employed full-time were 1.55 times (95% CI $0.96\sim2.51$). These results suggest that the predictors of initiation and discontinuation of breast-feeding may be different and different target populations should be selected to promote initiation and to prevent discontinuation of breast-feeding according to the period after birth.

  • PDF

FACTORS AFFECTING MAXILLARY ANTERIOR TEETH CARIES IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN (취학전 어린이의 상악 유전치 우식증과 관련 요인)

  • Jong, Seung-Yol;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Ra, Ji-Young;Lee, Dong-Jin;An, So-Youn;Kim, Ji-Yeong;Song, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.635-641
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of study was to investigate the etiologic factors of maxillary primary anterior caries. The subjects of study were 401 preschool children, 214 boys and 187 girls, from 36 to 71 months old of randomly selected seven nurseries in Iksan city. The prevalence of maxillary primary anterior teeth was cross-analyzed with gender, age, breast feeding or bottle feeding, length of feeding, sweet snack intake frequency, beginning of toothbrushing, and toothbrushing frequency per day. The prevalence was 43.0% in boys and 26.7% in girls, and there was significant association between the prevalence and gender in cross analysis(P<0.01). The prevalences of the shorter than 2 years of feeding group, the from 2 to 3 years group, and the longer than 3 years group were 31.0%, 43.2%, and 63.2%, respectively, and there was significant association between the prevalence and the length of feeding(P<0.01). Daily intake of sweet snacks had a significant association with the prevalence(P<0.05). There was no significant association between the prevalence and the variables of age, breast feeding or bottle feeding, beginning of toothbrushing, and toothbrushing frequency per day(P>0.05).

  • PDF

Study on Infant Feeding Practice in Sockcho-City (속초시 영유아의 이유실태조사)

  • 이정실;김을상
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.469-476
    • /
    • 1991
  • This study was conducted to investigate the weaning practice of 170 infants, aged 6 to 20 months, in Sockcho city Kangwon province. Informations on the infant feeding were obtained by interviewing mothers in three different pediatric clinics located in Sockcho. In this survey 40.4% of infants were breast-fed, while 44.1% of them were bottle-fed. Among subjects 75.9% of infants began to be weaned within 6 months. Among those who finished weaning aleady, 56.7% of infants fnished weaning 11 to 13 months. Sixty percent of mothers got the nutritional knowledge on infant feeding by the aid of cook book and child care book. Fruit juice was firstly introduced as infant food. The most favorite food for infants was fruit juices which were followed by soup, and e99 Pudding. Cereals were used frequently as infant foods while meat & fish, beans and vegetables were lesser used for infants. For the improvement of nutritional states of infants. nutritional education programmes and development of infant food is needed.

  • PDF