• Title, Summary, Keyword: 이화명충

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Placement of Insecticides in the Root Zone of the Plants for Rice Insect Control (살충제 수도근부주변처리의 해충 방제효과)

  • Choi S. Y.;Lee H. R.;Ryu J. K.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 1977
  • During 1976 the effects of insecticide placement in the root zone of the rice plants were evaluated for control of rice insect pests in the screenhouse and in the paddy field at Suweon. The methods of insecticide placement included the use of encapsuled formulation and injection of liquid formulation. In screen house experiments, the root' zone placement of carbofuran was highly effective up to 30 days after treatment against the striped rice borers (Chilo sujppressalis) and up to 17 days after treatment against the small brown planthopper(Laodelphax xtriatellus) and the brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens), while the root-zone placement of omethoate and disyston were ineffective. In field experiments, the injection in every other row by the liquid applicator designed at IRRI was less effective for control of the striped "'rice borers and the small brown planthoppers than the caupsule placement. The single root·zone placement of liquid carbofuran, however, seemed to be equal in 'effectiveness to two broadcast applications of carbofuran and diazinon. In the plots treated at 5 days after transplanting, incidence of the dead hearts by the striped rice borers was much lower than in the plots treated at the 18 days after transplanting.

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Chemical Resistance of Striped Rice Borer, Chilo Suppressalis, and Green Rice Leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps (이화명충과 끝동매미충의 약제저항성)

  • Lee Seung Chan;Yoo Jai Ki
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 1975
  • The study was planned to detect resistance levels of striped rice borers (Chilo suppressalis Walker) and green rice leafhoppers(Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler) from different localities to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides using topical application. Strains of overwintering striped rice borers were collected from 7 different areas in Gyeonggi Province and they were kept under conditions of about $25^{\circ}C$ for 10 days. Overwintered and reared larvae of striped rice borers were compared for response to insecticides. The strains of green rice leafhopper were collected from Iri, Milyang, Pyongtaek, Echeon and Suweon. Insects were multiplied in the lab. All insecticides tested were organphosphates(MPP, MEP and Diazinon) and carbamate (NAC), which have been used in control of rice insect pests for over past 10 years. The results obtained were as follows; a. With MPP compound, resistant levels of the Joam, Suweon, and Echeon strains of C. suppressalis were from 2 to 4 times as compared with the Yangpyong strain. b. With MEP insecticide, resistant levels of the Kimpo, Pyongtaek, Yongin, Echeon, Suweon, and Joam strains of C. suppressalis were from 2 to 6 times as compared with the Yangpyong strain. c. With Diazinon, resistant levels of the Suweon strain of C. suppressalis were 3 times greater than the Yangpyong strain; but the resistant levels of Kimpo, Pyongtaek, Yongin, and Echeon strains approximated the later. 4. The overwintered larvae of C. suppressalis were more tolerant to the insecticides than the larvae reared in the lab. e. With MEP, resistant levels of the Iri, Milyang, and Pyongtaek strains of N. cincticeps to the Suweon strain showed 13, 8, 7 and4 times, respectively. f. With MPP, resistant levels of the Iri and Pyongtaek strains of N. cincticeps were 7 and 4 times as compared with the Suweon strain, respectively. g. With NAC, resistant levels of the several strains of if. cincticeps showed no difference, and seemed not to have developed resistance yet.

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Studios on the Synthetic Pheromones of Striped Rice Borer and Tortricid Insect Pests (이화명충과 과수잎말이나방류 해충의 합성 Pheromone에 관한 연구)

  • Song Y. H.;Song H. Y.;Kim H. K.;Chang Y. D.;Lippold P. C.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 1978
  • Pheromones of several insect species were evaluated in a screening program in terms of their usefulness in pest forecasting and control in Korea. Species included striped rite borer (Chilo suppressalis) and tortricid moths, which attack deciduous fruit, and colding moth. The pheromone of striped rice borer was supplied through the courtesy of the Tropical Products Institute, London. Pheromones of other species were obtained from Cornell University and the Zoecon Corporation of Palo Alto, California. 'rho results of this experiment were as follows: 1. Live traps containing virgin striped rice borer female moths were more effective in attracting male moths than were the pheromone traps. 2. Since the effectiveness of the striped rice borer pheromone decreased dramatically with time, it was difficult to estimate the peak tine of the borer emergence. 3. The primary species trapped in deciduous fruit orchards was the oriental fruit moth, Grapholitha molesta. The traps were baited with the phermones, OFM and LAW. 4. Several moth species were trapped with OBLR. RBLR. SPAR and ArcM phermones but few were trapped with the remaining eight tortricid pheromones. 5. The following tortricid pheromones might be useful for forecasting the species given: OFM, LAW : Grapholitha molesta OBLR : Archips breviprecanus OBLH, RBLR, ArcM : Archippus coreensis Archips fuscocupreanus Hoshinoa longicellana SPAR, TBM ; Phyroderces sp.

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Control of Overwintering Striped Rice Borer, Chilo suppressalis W. in Straw Handicrafts with Phostoxin Fumigation (Phostoxin 훈증 처리에 의한 볏짚 제품내의 월동 이화명충 방제)

  • Chang Y. D.;Kim H. S.;Yoo J. K.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.71-73
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    • 1978
  • Overwintering striped rice borer, Chilo suppressalis W. larvae, pupae and adults in rice straw handicrafts were exposed to different doses and periods of phostoxin in gas chambers(ave.temp. 27C). The following results were obtained; 1. For 100 percent mortality, larvae required 48 hours, pupae 24 hours and adults only 8 hours of exposure. 2. The insecticidal effect of tile fumigant was more dependent upon the length of exposure than the dosage of fumigant.

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Studies on the Rice Stem Borer Control Using Sterile-Male Technique 1. On the Radiosensitivity of Rice Stem Bore. (Chilo suppressalis Walker) (웅성불임을 이용한 이화명충 방제에 관한 연구 1. 이화명충의 방사선 감수성에 관한 연구)

  • Chung K. H.;Ryu J.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.117-120
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    • 1971
  • This experiment was carried out to obtain basic informations on the development in sterile-male technique of rice stem borer. The species considered is Chile suppressalis Walker. Different developmental stages of the insect namely; larval, pupae and adult were irradiated with $Co^{60}$ gamma ray. The results obtained were as follows: 1) A 1:1 sex ratio in the pupal stage was observed. 2) In the pupal stage sub-lethal dosages$(LD_{50})$ were 26 KR and 26.7 KR for female and male, respectively. 3) The total number of egg masses per female increased with the increasing gamma ray dosages and average number of eggs produced per female decreased in the cross between normal female and irradiated male. 4) The sterile dosage $(SD_{90})$ of the gamma ray irradiation showed 23 KR in the male. 5) The pupal stage is most convenient developmental stage for irradiation.

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Local Differences in Post-diapause Developmental Period of Striped Rice Borer; Chilo suppressalis(Walker), (Lepidoptera: pyralidae) (월동(越冬) 이화명충(二化螟蟲) 발육(發育)의 지역간(地域間) 차이(差異))

  • Uhm, K.B.;Lee, J.O.;Cho, E.J.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 1986
  • Local difference in post-overwinter developmental periods was investigated by incubating the overwintered larvae collected from 8 locations at $25^{\circ}C$ begining January 15 and February 15. Based on the 2nd incubation test, it was found that Chunseong colony had the shortest pre pupal period of 17.9 days, while Gwangsan colony had the longest 27.7 days. In general, prepupal period showed negative correlation with latitudes. Average pupal periods were not significantly different among colonies. Adult emergence period showed the same trend as prepupal periods. Chunseong and Pyeongtaeg colonies emerged faster than the other colonies and showed a single peak of adult emergence, while Nonsan, Iri, Gwangsan colony showed several peaks of adult emergence.

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Studies on the Selective Toxicity of Insecticides for Rice Insect Pests between Some Dominant Rice Insect Pests and a Predatious Spider, Pirata subpiraticus (수도주요해충 및 포식성천적 황산적거미에 대한 살충제의 선택독성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo J.K.;Kwon Y.W.;Park H.M.;Lee H.R.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.166-171
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    • 1984
  • The present studies were conducted to investigate the relative toxicity of several insecticides to the rice insect pests and the predatious spider, Pirate subpiraticus. In laboratory test by topical application, BPMC and MIPC for the plant and leafhoppers were toxic to Nilaparvata lugens, but less toxic to Pirata subpiraticus. Other carbamate insecticides such as carbaryl, carbofuran, and MTMC showed highly toxic effect on P. subpiraticus as well as N. lugens. No organophosphates showed selective toxicity to P. subpiraticus. Thiocyclam, effective to Chilo suppressalis and Sesamia inferens, had highly good selective toxicity to P. subpiraticus. In case of insecticides for Nephotettix cincticeps, BPMC only had a little selective toxicity between N. cincticeps and P. subpiraticus. Organophosphate insecticides which had been reported to induce chemical resistance to N. cincticeps showed high $LD_{50}$ value to N. cincticeps. In pot trials, dust formulation was more toxic to P. subpiraticus than emulsifiable concentrate. It was more toxic to P. subpiraticus to increase number. of insecticide application.

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Studies on the varietal resistance to the rice stem borer, Chilo suppressalis WALKER. (I) Relation between the resistance and nitrogen and silica contents of host plant (이화명충에 대한 수도품종의 저항성에 관한 연구 (I) 품종간의 질소 및 규소함량이 저항성요소에 미치는 영향)

  • Shim J. W.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.4
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    • pp.51-54
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    • 1965
  • The study was initiated to investigate the nature of varietal resistance to the rice stem borer (Chilo suppressalis WALKER), specially the rotation of the resistance to the silica and nitrogen content of the host Plants. 1. The body freight of the larvae, reared on the stem of the various varieties of rice plants, when weighed at the age of 25 days old, showed great variation, and ranged from 21.24 mgrs. to 45.77 mgrs. depending on the used varieties of tile rice plants. And generally the varieties of Indica types were showed greater body weight than that of Japonica types in this experiments. 2. The positive correlation coefficients of percent survivals to body weight, developement, oviposition preference and rate of damage to host plants were significant, and consequently the percent survival could be used as a criteria of resistance. 3. The content of silica in the host plants was significantly correlated with both the degree of boring on the leaf and attractovemess of larvae, and the total nitrogen content of plants showed significant positive correlation coefficient with larval attractivenes, but not significant with the degree of boring on the leaf. 4. Since the attractiveness and boring manner were significantyly correlated to resistance criteria of rice plant to the pest, it could be considered that the resistance is the results of chain reaction of the factors mentioned above.

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