• Title/Summary/Keyword: 이주

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Spatial Conceptualization of Transnational Migration : Focusing on Place, Territory, Networks, and Scale (초국가적 이주와 정착을 바라보는 공간적 관점에 대한 연구 : 장소, 영역, 네트워크, 스케일의 4가지 공간적 차원을 중심으로)

  • Park, Bae-Gyoon
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.616-634
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    • 2009
  • Criticizing the existing social science approaches to transnational migration for their ignorance of spatial perspectives and the resultant limits in the understanding of the concrete processes of international migration and settlement, this paper aims to examine how spatial perspectives and geographical epistemology can positively contribute to the understanding and conceptualization of transnational migration. In particular, it emphasizes that the processes of transnational migration cannot be solely understood in terms of 1) global capitalist restructuring and economic rationality, 2) the impacts of deterritoralized transnational networks, or 3) the operation of immigration regimes constructed at the national scale. Alternatively, this paper argues that the conceptualization of 'transnational space', which is based on the understanding of the socio-spatial dimensions - that is, place, territory, scale and networks - that affect the processes of transnational migration, could significantly contribute to the understanding of the transnational migration.

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Growth of the Business Area for Migrant Workers and Ethnic Networks : In Case of Wongok-Dong, Ansan (이주 노동자를 대상으로 하는 상업 지역의 성장과 민족 네트워크 -안산시 원곡동을 사례로-)

  • Jang, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.523-539
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to explain the growth of the business area for migrant workers and the spatial characteristics of the start-up of business, location selection and market area of the employers from foreign countries by focusing on the ethnic networks in Wongok-Dong, Ansan. The results of this study are summarized as follows. The businesses for Chinese workers among migrant workers are located densely and have many kinds of businesses relative to the businesses for migrants from other countries having small number of migrant workers in this area. Moreover, The employers from foreign countries come to Korea through the migrant networks. And they are located in Wongok-Dong, Ansan in which the migrants community is developed. These things made it clear that they regard ethnic networks as important factor for migrant businesses. While the market area of businesses for Chinese workers is restricted to Wongok-Dong or Ansan city, the market areas of businesses for migrant workers from other countries are expanded nationwide through ethnic networks.

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Factors affecting the Oral Health Behavior of Immigrant Women in a Multi-cultural Family (다문화 가정 이주여성의 구강건강 행위에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yun, Hyun-Kyuong;Choi, Gyu-Yil
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.268-275
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    • 2012
  • The Purpose of research was conducted to study the effect on the behavior for oral cavity health management, use of dentistry, realities of the diet and state of oral cavity in order to increase awareness and management by women from multicultural families to ensure health of their oral cavity. Women of the Philippines nationality who migrated to Korea after tended to manifest higher frequency of getting treatment at dentistry compared to women of the other nationality. Women of the Japanese nationality who migrated to Korea tended to manifest high frequency of getting treatment at dentistry as well. It is necessary to analyze the difference in the adaption to the society and to the Korean culture in depth by each nation, income level, occupation to be considerate by alleviating financial burden on them.

Community Participation Affects Marriage Immigrant Women's Parenting Efficacy (지역사회참여가 결혼이주여성의 양육효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ah Min;Rhee, Chaie-Won
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.55
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    • pp.237-264
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    • 2017
  • This study empirically tests whether community participation has a positive effect on parenting efficacy among marriage immigrant women in South Korea. The 3rd wave of the Gyoenggi Education Welfare Panel data was used, which includes 396 marriage immigrant women residing in Gyoenggi Province. Findings of hierarchical multiple regression analyses suggested that higher Korean language proficiency, shorter duration of residency, lower parenting stress and more positive family environment were associated with higher parenting efficacy. Community participation level had a statistically significant and positive impact on parenting efficacy, even after controlling for other variables. The type of community activities did not have significant impact on parenting efficacy, except for children's school activities, which had a negative impact on parenting efficacy. Implications for social work practice are discussed.

다문화 이주여성의 기업가정신과 창업기회인식, 긍정심리자본이 창업 의도에 미치는 영향

  • Jo, Seung-Mi;Kim, Jong-Seong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2021.11a
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    • pp.119-123
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    • 2021
  • 통계청의 '인구주택총조사' 결과(2019년 11월 1일)를 기준으로 발표한 '2019 지방자치단체 외국인 주민 현황'을 보면, 국내 체류 외국인은 2,216,612명으로 지난해인 2018년 2,054,621명에 비해 161,991명(7.9%) 증가했다. 이러한 결과는 우리나라 전체 인구(51,850,705명) 중 4.3%에 해당하며, 외국인 주민 최초 조사 연도인 2006년 536,627명과 비교했을 때 4배 이상 증가한 것을 확인할 수 있다. 국내 이민자들의 수가 증가함에 따라, 우리가 생각해야 할 점은 그동안 다문화 관련 정책적 환경이 급변하였을 뿐 아니라, 환경적 변화에 맞게 정책의 변화도 지속해서 이루어졌다는 것이다. 또한, 다문화가족의 양적 증가뿐 아니라, 거주 기간도 장기화되면서 초기 적응이라는 정책보다 구체적이고 포괄적인 새로운 정책 요구를 파악할 필요성이 대두되고 있다. 따라서 다문화가정 결혼이주여성들의 창업 의지에 미치는 요인들을 연구하는 것은 향후 다양한 다문화 정책 수립 및 창업, 경제활동 활성화에 있어 큰 의미가 있다. 다문화가정 결혼이주여성에 대한 창업 의지에 영향을 주는 요인에 관한 연구는 학문적으로 중요한 의미를 갖는데, 선행연구는 주로 북한이탈주민 및 다문화 이민자의 문화지능 또는 사회체제 등이 창업 의지에 영향을 미치는지 초점을 두어왔다. 본 연구의 목적은 다문화 이주민의 창업 의지에 관한 기존 선행연구들을 바탕으로 다문화가정 결혼이주여성들의 창업 의지에 영향을 미치는 요인을 실증분석해 보는 데 있는데, 해당 요인들을 파악함으로써 앞으로 다문화가정 결혼이주여성들의 창업 활성화를 위한 정부와 대학의 역할을 논의해 보고자 한다. 다문화가정 결혼이주여성들의 창업 의지에 영향을 미치는 영향은 개인적 특성(기업가정신)인 '진취성', '혁신성', '위험감수성', '기회 인식'과 긍정심리자본 특성인 '자기효능감', '희망', '회복력', '낙관주의' 등을 선정하였다. 해당 요인들을 바탕으로 수도권에 거주 중인 다문화가정 결혼이주여성들에게 설문조사를 진행하였으며, 설문조사 결과로 신뢰성 분석과 요인분석, 다중회귀 분석, 상관관계 분석 등을 통하여 본 연구에서 설계한 가설들을 검증해 보고자 한다.

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Empowerment Program Development and Effects for Internationally Married Women in Social Enterprises (사회적 기업에서 활동하는 결혼이주여성의 역량강화 프로그램 개발 및 효과)

  • Kim, Hyo-soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.528-543
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    • 2016
  • This study is aimed to develop and apply the empowerment program for Internationally married women working in social enterprises. Empowerment program consisted of six main construct factors such as job or child, being acknowledged as a family member, enduring for economic work, developing myself, getting to know company culture, living a meaningful life for a korean. According to research analysis, self-identity, self-efficacy, coping ability and social problem solving has significant effects on the program. Based on the results of this study, some discussion and suggestions were proposed for the empowerment program for internationally married women in social enterprises.

An Exploratory Study on Dispute Resolution Pattern of Vietnamese and Cambodian Marriage Immigrant Women in Multi-Cultural Family (다문화가족 결혼이주여성의 분쟁해결방식에 대한 탐색적 연구: 베트남·캄보디아 출신여성을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Yongkyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 2020
  • This study examines dispute resolution patterns which Vietnamese and Cambodian marriage-immigrant women have utilized in their lives of South Korea. We implement two independent studies using quantitative and qualitative study based on interview method. Our findings show that first, most of marriage immigrant women from Vietnam and Cambodia adopt conflict avoidance method to resolve their disputes. Second, most of respondents tend to consult with people from mother countries in dispute resolution. Third, multi-cultural family support center may play an important role for consulting disputes of cross-border marriage women.

The Trend of Foreign Professional Workers' Influx and Their Geographical Distribution in South Korea (우리나라의 외국인 전문직 이주자 현황과 지리적 분포 특성)

  • Yim, Seok-Hoi;Song, Ju-Youn
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.275-294
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    • 2010
  • In recent years, international migration of professional workers is significantly increasing as globalization has been deepened more and more. South Korea is not an exception for this case. Immigration of professional workers have steadily increased since 2000 in Korea, and the number reached approximately to 50,000 in 2009. In addition, it is a major trend that immigrants of short-sojourn are decreasing and ones of long-sojourn increasing. Our research shows that foreign language instructor has the greatest number of foreign professional immigrants. The next is professional immigrants related to business-activities. There are considerably entertainers, but they have greatly decreased since 2003. Majority of foreign professional immigrants settle down in a few metropolises. Especially, they reside in Seoul Metropolitan Area and Southeast coastal region. Professional immigrants trend to do with Korean on the base of their offices rather than residental communities in terms of adaptation, and they do not have strong will to reside permanently in Korea. Moreover, they are located at a blind spot of Korean government's foreign immigrant policy, comparing to foreign workers and female marriage immigrants.

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Construction Process of Gender in the Biographies of Migrant Women -Based on the Biographies of the Korean female Migrant Workers in Germany- (이주여성의 생애사에 재현된 젠더의 구성과정 -재독한인여성의 생애사를 중심으로-)

  • Yang, Yeung-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.325-354
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    • 2012
  • The current research intends to analyse the construction process of gender in the biographies of migrant women. Ten autobiographical-narrative interviews with Korean female migrant workers in Germany were conducted and the following conclusions were ascertained through the analysis of Schutze's autobiographical-narrative interview: The genders in their biographies were constructed similar before their marriage, but different after their marriage according to the work-family balanced type and the family centered type. Before their migration the 'process of life' as female high school students and female workers showed that both types had partially deconstructed a sex-segregated gender. The process of life as female migrant workers after their migration showed that both types had partially constructed a sex-neutral gender. The process of life after their marriage exhibited that the former strengthened and strengthens a sex-neutral gender in a double position as female migrant workers and female marriage migrants, but the latter reconstructed a sex-segregated gender again and intensifies this in a process of time. Based on these results, some implications for the social work practice were addressed, which emerged from the understanding on the gender in the biographies of migrant women.

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Study on the Characteristics Pertaining to the Acculturation Strategies among Immigrated Women in Korea (이주여성의 문화적응유형과 관련 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Hye-Ji
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.1
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    • pp.163-194
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of the presented study were to investigate the characteristics related to the acculturation strategies and to investigate characteristics which discriminated the acculturation strategies among immigrated women in Korea based on the multidimensional perspective on acculturation. The study was designed as a social survey study. Data from 346 immigrated women were analyzed. Findings indicated that 37% of the respondents were marginalization, 30% were integration, 18% were segregation, and 15% were assimilation. Integration was associated with Vietnam nationality, younger age, lower level of education. Assimilation was related to longer period of residence, higher number of children, lower level of resilience. Marginalization was associated with North Korea, Japan, China nationality, older age, higher level of education. Segregation was related to older age, higher level of education, lower number of children. Also, Southeast nationality, age, level of education, spouse, and number of children significantly discriminated the acculturation strategies. Especially, the rate of correct discrimination was 80% only for integration. Practical implications from this study were discussed.

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